"Using Cross-Age Teaching to Deliver Farm to School Lessons"


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Power Point Presentation used at Taking Root the national Farm to Cafeteria Conference.

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  • Flannery and Rachel introductions: college and AmeriCorpsTeresa and Johnice introductions:
  • (Rachel): We’re going to do some talking at you, just for a bit and then turn it over to you to engage and be interactive. We hope you have fun today! We’re going to play a game too, one that should hopefully keep you engaged and attentive throughout the presentation. Throughout the 90 minutes, be listening for the following words: X, X, X, X, X, and X. We’re going to have a quiz at the end.
  • (Rachel):To cater to the size of the group and honor time, we’re not going to have you introduce yourselves to everyone. Rather, please turn to your neighbor, and introduce yourself, tell where you’re from and what organization you’re affiliated with, and respond to the following question: Who was your role model as a child and why? I’m sure the majority of you had a role model as a child, this is one of the unique benefits of cross-age teaching. Keep those specific traits you admired as we talk about cross-age teaching.
  • (Teresa) The Northeast Iowa Food and Fitness Initiative is one of nine national Initiatives funded by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation supporting healthy local food systems and creating environments for active lifestyles. After two and half years of planning using funds from the Kellogg, NE IA FFI recently entered implementation phase. Even though Iowa is considered the breadbasket of the US, 90 percent of all the food Iowan’s eat is produced outside the state (source: Iowa’s Local Food Systems: A Place to Grow from the Iowa Policy Project www.iowapolicyproject.org) The Initiative includes a 6 county region about the size of Connecticut and is the only rural model aside from Tohono O’odham.
  • (Flannery):Throughcareful planning with involvement of community members, NE IA FFI identified schools as the centers of its rural communities, and youth as drivers of change, the Initiative adopted two national programs to pilot in 6 counties. Safe Routes to School enables communities and schools to improve safety and encourage more childrento safely walk and bicycle to school. And, the other effort, is the focus of today’s presentation…Farm to School. Farm to School is a logical fit for the Initiative as the program aims to connectK-12th grade students with their community’s agricultural roots. The Initiative identified one school in each of the 6 counties to pilot the program.
  • (Rachel)Conceived in 2004 with several pilot programs in California and Florida, Farm to School has grown to over 2,000 programs in 49 (?) states. Northeast Iowa’s Farm to School chapter is one of 9 existing programs in the state (??). All programs are in their infancy but with recent legislation ( ??several bills in the house or senate) and the First Lady’s Let’s Move Campaign, we’re hopeful these programs will continue to grow and strengthen. Explain states that have funding Iowa currently doesn’t have any state funding.
  • (Flannery)The Northeast Iowa Food and Fitness Initiative relied on its diverse core team to create northeast Iowa’s Farm to School vision. This model emerged late last September. And as you can see, each component: food service, education, and school gardens are interdependent. The structure of the FFI’s Farm to School reinforces local and healthy options. Hence, food service might offer local greens in the school cafeteria. Students could also have the opportunity to grow greens in their school garden, perhaps even eating some of those greens in their school lunch. They could also learn about greens in their classrooms from teachers and high school students (show folio) and take a field trip to a farm where greens are grown. We are currently 8 months into the pilot program, and have ____ each component of the program but realize that shifting food culture in schools will take considerably more investment. Here is the progress made thus far… TIMELINE: Sept.- May 8 months to date. School meetings Nov-Dec. First activity: Cross-age teacher training January 13 & 14
  • (Johnice):Implementation: ServSafe, SafeFood, Bidding and Procurement MeetingsStat about children eating school meals etc. Across the country, school food service has felt the affects of budget cuts receiving a reimbursement of $ per meal and In preparation to safely introduce local foods into school meals, the Initiative offered ServSafe and SafeFood trainings, which familiarized food service staff with proper food handling techniques. Food service staff have appreciated the opportunity to network at these trainings and also review food prep. practices. In order schools to streamline use of local foods, the Initiative has collaborated with the Iowa Dept’ of Ed. and USDA.
  • (Teresa):The NE IA Food and Fitness Initiative has provided grants for kitchen equipment… TV salad bar story?This past January Turkey Valley High School students and staff welcomed the addition of a salad bar to their cafeteria. Patty O’Holleran, her family and consumer science classes, and kitchen staff member Diane Shileny explored styles and prices deciding on a six-foot long salad bar with space for 20 containers. They used FFI mini-grant dollars to purchase it. Since its unveiling, Shileny has been responsible for prepping ingredients. The smorgasbord features apple salad, coleslaw, deviled eggs, fresh oranges & apples, greens, salad toppings and Shileny’s homemade croutons. Students have eagerly gobbled the fresh options. According to Clint Rodgers, physical education/health instructor, one-third of the student body eats the salad bar daily, and the option isn’t available yet to k-3rd grade. The salad bar is now paying for the hot lunch program at Turkey Valley.
  • (Flannery):Concept: Create a school garden specific to each schoolEach school has created their own unique plan for a school garden, examples… one of the schools will grow potatoes in their school colors. In one of our more diverse school districts, students are planting seeds from Guatemala and Eastern Europe where many of the students families came from. David Cavagnaro
  • Johnice:Coming soon! We realize that having a face-to-face connection with local farmers is one of the most influential ways to encourage students to eat local foods. We hope to have a field day experience for our students this coming fall.
  • (Rachel):We know we need teacher buy-in in order for our farm to school programs to be sustainable. In order to expose teachers to ways to integrate food education across disciplines we hosted a workshop…
  • VIDEO: Teresa And last but not least… cross-age teaching. What is Cross Age Teaching? The Northeast Iowa Farm to School program uses a unique and effective model called cross-age teaching. This model engages high school students to serve as Farm to School educators. Each month for 20-40 minutes a group of 3-5 high school students teach 2nd grade student about a local food. They use these folios developed by a 4H Youth Development specialist with Iowa State University.  
  • (Rachel):Why we decided to do it…benefits to teachers and students“It is an observed fact that children, with proper training and support from adults, are able to function effectively in the roles of helpers and teachers of younger children—and that the older children find this type of experience meaningful, productive, and a source of valuable learning for themselves” (Lippitt & Lohman, 1965, p. 113). The term “cross-age teaching” refers to any program which uses children and youth to work with and/or help other children and youth (Benard, 1990). “The saying ‘he who teaches others, teaches himself,’ is very true, not only because constant repetition impresses a fact indelible on the mind, but because the process of teaching in itself gives a deeper insight into the subject taught” (Gartner, Kohler, and Riessman, 1971, p. 14-15).Children directly learn attitudes, values, and skills through peer modeling and reinforcement.Peer interactions tend to be more frequent, intensive, and diverse and allow for experimentation, and thus are powerful arenas for shaping youth’s behavior.According to the Segals (1986), peers are especially critical in the development of internalized moral standards.Through reciprocal peer interactions, children learn to share, to help, to comfort, and to empathize with others.Through peer interaction children learn critical social skills such as impulse control, communication, creative and critical thinking, and relationship or friendship skills.Peer relationships have a strong influence on achievement (Sishion, 1990; Ladd, 19990; Taylor, 1989).Lastly, peer interactions are powerful influences on a child’s development of identity and autonomy (Bukowski & Hoza, 1989).
  • The who:High school (FFA, FFI Teams, FCS, Ag. classes) - Elementary (2nd grade)Train high school youth: techniques for teaching, youth development, role modeling, presentation skills, interactive lessons, peer critique, importance of local foodsScheduling: getting high school youth out of the classroom and collaborating with elementary school teachers.High school prep time before lessonsElementary school teachers use/incorporate F2S lessonsEvaluations
  • (Johnice)Purchasing local foods
  • (Flannery): Successes:-Heard children tell their parents about what they learn. At one school a family made the pork wraps for Mother’s Day. -Role modeling, elementary schoolers knowing names of high schoolers. One team teacher and her mother, who happens to supervise at the high school ran into a second grader at the store. Student was trying desperately to get the attention of the high schooler. -High schoolers learn along with the kids.-Schools have shown readiness to expand program.
  • Obstacles: Students time/missing class-Some classes only allot 20 minutes, which isn’t enough time.-Difficult to find time to prep. Lessons-Some curriculum is over the student’s head-Evaluation-Works the smoothest when administration is on board.
  • Logistics: -Groups of five (if more than 20 people) breakup by counting. -Hand out the cheese folio (you will be modeling cross age lessons,15 minutes to review folio, plan lesson, and we will draw one group that will present. We want everyone to go through the preparation and experience the lessons as the students do. Explain concept of group guidelines and ask groups to make a list of 5.) -Draw presenting group (15 minutes to prepare)-Presentation (15 minutes to do lesson)-Share feedback about how the lesson went (10-15 minutes) -Getting done early: Have other lessons available to look at, presentation board, -15 minute window: two of us put cheese on plates while other two help groupsThings to bring:CoolerCheese (3-4 samples)Crackers and/or applesApple slicerPaper plates with numbered sectionsToothpicksAntibacterial gel/gloves75 folios with draft watermarkGifts for presenters Ziplock bags Bowls Flip charts Markers Extra paper for groups
  • "Using Cross-Age Teaching to Deliver Farm to School Lessons"

    1. 1. Farm to SchoolUsing Cross-Age Teachers to Deliver Farm to School Lessons<br />The Pepperfield Project<br />
    2. 2. Enriching Farm to School 101<br />Class Syllabus <br /><ul><li>Class Roster
    3. 3. What’s the Northeast Iowa Food & Fitness Initiative?
    4. 4. Nuts & Bolts: Northeast Iowa’s Farm to School Chapter
    5. 5. Cross-Age Teaching
    6. 6. Lab: Interactive Cross-Age Teaching Lesson
    7. 7. Dismissal</li></li></ul><li>Who was your role model as a child? Why?<br />
    8. 8. What’s the Northeast Iowa Food & Fitness Initiative?<br />Nine W.K. Kellogg Initiatives<br />Six counties in northeast Iowa<br />
    9. 9. Vision: Northeast Iowa Food & Fitness Initiative <br />
    10. 10. Nuts & Bolts: Northeast Iowa’s Farm to School Chapter<br />
    11. 11. Teacher Workshops<br />Cross-Age Teaching<br />Field Trips/Producer Visits<br />Food Service Trainings<br />Northeast Iowa Farm to School Vision<br />
    12. 12. Food Service Trainings<br />
    13. 13.
    14. 14. School Gardens<br />
    15. 15. Education: Field Trips/Producer Visits<br />
    16. 16. Education: Teacher Workshops<br />
    17. 17. Education: Cross-Age Teaching<br />
    18. 18. “He who teaches others, teaches himself” -John Amos Comenius<br />
    19. 19. How it looks…<br />
    20. 20. Sourcing…<br />
    21. 21.
    22. 22.
    23. 23. Lab: Interactive F2S Lesson<br />“Tell me and I’ll forget; show me and I may remember; involve me and I’ll understand”Chinese Proverb<br />You will now have 25 to 30 minutes to model a cross-age lesson. <br />1.) Find groups<br />2.) Review folio<br />3.) Plan lesson with group<br />4.) Present <br />5.) Feedback<br />
    24. 24. Thank you!<br />Questions?<br />Contact Info:<br />Teresa Wiemerslage, Johnice Cross, Rachel Wobeter & Flannery Cerbin<br />http://www.iowafoodandfitness.org<br />