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School food procurement


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School food procurement

  1. 1. Teresa WiemerslageIowa State University ExtensionCommunications and ProgramCoordinatorNIFF Coalition 794-0599
  2. 2. “Why don’t wegrow our ownfood in theAmericanHeartland?”
  3. 3. NE Iowa Food & Farm Coalition Food System Support Team Child Nutrition Programs Procurement Overview
  4. 4. Why Local?DefiningLocal forYour School FFI Youth 4-H Team ICN January 18, 2012
  5. 5. Local Food is Good For…• You• Your Family• Community and School• Farmers• Environment What we eat matters…
  6. 6. 1. Apples15 Foods… 2. Bell peppersthat can be grown in 3. Broccolinortheast Iowa at a price 4. Cabbagesimilar to conventional 5. Carrots 6. Cauliflowerschool food sources. 7. Cucumbers 8. Melon: muskmelonLocal prices were based 9. Melon: honeydewon in-season prices on 10. Melon: watermelonproduce grown in the field. 11. Radishes 12. Summer squash 13. Tomatoes (slicing)Source: NE IA Food Service survey, 2010. 14. Tomatoes (cherry) 15. Winter squash
  7. 7. Examples of “Local”
  8. 8. QuestionWhat is your definition of “local”?
  9. 9. Strategy AEnsure that school district policies & practices support healthyliving of children, families and community membersPolicy and System Change Target – Procurement policy allows for geographic preference of local foods in schoolsActivities to support change in target:• Farm to School program• Home Grown Lunch Week• Food Service workshops• Producers contracts• K-3 Curriculum taught by high school students• School gardens
  10. 10. What is Procurement?•Generally, it is the process of purchasing goodsor services. Most important principle =COMPETITION• FREE AND OPEN competition. All suppliersare on the same level playing field and have thesame opportunities for that business.
  11. 11. Why is Competition Important?• Allows for best: •Cost of products and services •Quality of products and services•Important: Procurement procedures may never unduly restrict or eliminate competition.
  12. 12. Procurement Methods• Informal procurement •Small purchase threshold •Under $100,000•Formal Procurement •Competitive Sealed Bidding •Competitive Negotiation •Examples: milk, bread
  13. 13. QuestionWhy do you think a local farmermay need an advantage in biddingto a school?
  14. 14. Geographic Preference2008 Farm Bill amended the National SchoolLunch Act to allow institutions receiving fundsthrough the Child Nutrition Programs to apply ageographic preference when procuringunprocessed locally grown or locally raisedagriculture products.•Local = Discretion left to the institutionresponsible for procurement•Unprocessed = only those agricultural productsthat retain their inherent character
  15. 15. Cooling“Unprocessed” Refrigerating/freezing Drying/dehydrationmeans only those Washing Packagingagricultural products that Butchering livestock, fish andretain their inherent poultry Pasteurization of milkcharacter. The effects ofthe following handling and Size adjustment through sizepreservation techniques reduction made by: Peelingshall not be considered as Slicing, dicingprocessing: Cutting, chopping, grinding Shucking
  16. 16. Eligible for Geo Preference?(Processed or Unprocessed?)Sweet corn on the cob Geo. preferenceLocal Apples Geo. PreferenceLocal Yogurt Not Geo. PreferenceLocal Jam and jellies Not Geo. PreferenceLocal Honey Geo. PreferenceLocal Chicken Geo. Preference Schools can still purchase!
  17. 17. Using Geographic PreferenceTwo steps:1. Schools define local.2. Define Preference points • Percentage • Cents/pound • Points
  18. 18. EXAMPLE Product Spec: APPLES, FRESH: to be packed to US No.1 or higher standard. Any crisp variety; 125 count minimum. (40 lb case). Five, 125 ct boxes needed weekly for 16 weeks, Aug 29-Dec 15. Geo. Pref.: 100 miles and 10 cents/lb. Bidder 1 Bidder 2 Bidder 3 (Distributor) (Grocery Store) (Orchard)Price $25.00/case $26.00 $27.00 $0.625 $0.65 $0.675Meets Geo Pref No No YesFinal Price $0.625 $0.65 $0.575
  19. 19. Geographic Preference•Handout 5. Survey•South Winneshiek •Oelwein•Valley •North Winneshiek•Central • Riceville•North Fayette •Turkey Valley•St. Joseph
  20. 20. Implementing GeographicPreference in NE Iowa1. Define “Local” (TODAY)2. SFA defines preference points3. Present to School Wellness Team4. Take recommendation to School Board
  21. 21. Geographic Preference•Handout 6. Map with 50 miles and 100 miles.•Handout 7. Map with 250 miles.•Handout 8. Farms selling to schools
  22. 22. Step 1. Define LocalAsk your food service:What local foods does your school serve?What farmers supply local foods to your school?What would be a good definition of local for your schooldistrict? Discuss the pros and cons of each definition.· Your county?· Your county and surrounding counties?· 50 mile radius?· 100 mile radius?· 250 mile radius?· Your state?
  23. 23. Report Out
  24. 24. What’s Next?1. Define “Local” (TODAY)2. SFA defines preference points3. Present to School Wellness TeamTake It Further:4. Take recommendation to School Board