PhD Admission Pitching

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  • PhD Admission Pitching

    1. 1. Internet Of Things – A Bio-inspired approach in managing large scale, heterogeneous sensor networks<br />Alexandru IOVANOVICI, M.Eng.<br />Ph.D Studies Interview at POLITEHNICA University of TimisoaraSeptember 2011<br />
    2. 2. About myself … studies<br /><ul><li>Master’s Degree in Computer Engineering from POLITEHNICA University of Timisoara, in 2011</li></ul>Thesis: “Power analysis of H.264/AVC for mobile platforms”<br /><ul><li>Bachelor’s Degree in Computers from POLITEHNICA University of Timisoara, in 2009</li></ul>Thesis: “Wikitrafic: sistemcolaborativ de achizitie a parametrilor de traficrutier”<br />
    3. 3. About myself … publications<br />Indexed articles<br />Iovanovici A, Visan C, Marcu M – Performance and Power Consumption Investigation for Execution of Integer Operations on CPU and GPU Processors for Multimedia Applications [IEEEXplore];<br />Iovanovici A, Golcea S - Analizacorelaţieiimpuritate-dimensiunefractală cu aplicaţiipetopograme de raze-X ale unuicristal de KCl [ISSN 2066–3250, CNCCIS]<br />Iovanovici A - Metrici de evaluare a software-ului educational - Oradea 2008 [ISSN CNCSIS]<br />Non-indexed<br /> - 4 articles<br />In magazines<br /> - 5 articles<br />Books<br />Boar R, Iovanovici A, Toma A – TehnologiaInformatieisi a Comunicatiilor. Culegere de aplicatiipentruliceusiBacalaureat,Ed. Printpress, 2011, ISBN: 978-606-92458-1-1<br />
    4. 4. About myself … work<br /><ul><li>2007-present – teacher at “C.D. Loga” High School Timisoara
    5. 5. Teaching classes of Computer Programming (C/C++), Web Development, Databases, Object Oriented Programming (Java);
    6. 6. Coaching high school students for various competitions in the area of programming, IT&C, robotics with excellent results;
    7. 7. 2006-2011 – Systems Administrator, Programmer at Timis County Library
    8. 8. Full Member of the National Committee for Digitization and Library Automation
    9. 9. 2005-2006 – web developer at Artvis Media Design;
    10. 10. Various personal and part-time projects;
    11. 11. Active in the area of embedded systems (Arduino Romania founder) and robotics;
    12. 12. Speaker at local IT events (GeekMeet, CoWorkTM, MoBiDev)</li></li></ul><li>A few projects …<br />All are embedded systems with Arduino<br />Arduino is an Open Source embedded platfrom built around an Atmega MCU and with a nice IDE and dedicated language, based on AVRGCC with a set of macros built on top for low-level operations<br />
    13. 13. … and more projects<br />In the area of software development<br />I’m proficient in various programming languages and platforms such as C, Java, C#, PHP, Arduino, MySQL, db4o. I’m an avid user of Linux and MacOS. <br />
    14. 14. Internet of Things<br />what’s this all about ?<br />In 2008 the number of thingsconnected to the Internet exceeded the number of peopleon Earth.<br />And this things are not smartphones.<br />They are everything…<br />The third Age of the Internet<br />In the beginning there were the machines (Web 1.0), and then there were the humans (Web 2.0 – Social Web). Now we have “anything” connected to the Internet. And here is Web 3.0<br />
    15. 15. IoT … trends<br />
    16. 16. Internet of Things<br />what’s this all about ?<br />A Dutch start-up, Sparked, started using wireless sensors on … cows<br />When one cow is sick or pregnant, it sends a message to the farmer.<br />Each cow transmits200MBper year.<br />The third Age of the Internet<br />In the beginning there were the machines (Web 1.0), and then there were the humans (Web 2.0 – Social Web). Now we have “anything” connected to the Internet. And here is Web 3.0<br />
    17. 17. Internet of Things<br />what’s this all about ?<br />“The next logical step in the technological revolution connecting people anytime, anywhere is to connect inanimate objects. This is the vision underlying in Internet Of Things: anytime, anywhere, by everyone and anything” – ITU, November 2005<br />The third Age of the Internet<br />In the beginning there were the machines (Web 1.0), and then there were the humans (Web 2.0 – Social Web). Now we have “anything” connected to the Internet. And here is Web 3.0<br />
    18. 18. Internet of Things<br />issues<br />Unique addressability<br /><ul><li>RFID tags
    19. 19. Semantic Web
    20. 20. URI;
    21. 21. Powerful centralized “brains” acting as the human counterpart;
    22. 22. IPv6 -> identify any kind of object in the world;</li></ul>There are too many things in the world<br />The shear amount of data that the IoT is going to generate is more than any conventional computing architecture can process. <br />
    23. 23. Bio-inspired computing<br />What’s so cool about that ?<br />It is the use of computers to model nature …<br />and, more important, …<br />The study of nature to improve de design and implementation of computers, systems and algorithms<br />Nature is our best engineer<br />Most of the problems we face in the design and development of computer systems can be found in various systems from the nature, with solutions that work, too.<br />
    24. 24. IoT and Bio-computing<br />Emergent systems – modeling IoT specific networks as natural systems (ants, termites, bees, wasps);<br />Neural networks – simple computations across a large number of nodes;<br />Reliability and fault-tolerance – living things tend to get sick and heal almost by themselves. Large heterogeneous networks need similar mechanisms<br />Our body is the biggest network of things<br />The human body is composed of trillions of cells which work together quit well … most of the time<br />
    25. 25. IoT and Bio-computing<br />Artificial immune system – finding “strange” nodes in a deployment and fighting against intrusion in the network;<br />Endocrine system – signaling across large networks<br />Our body is the biggest network of things<br />The human body is composed of trillions of cells which work together quit well … most of the time<br />
    26. 26. What I want to do ?<br />Investigate the applicability of bio-inspiration to the organization and management of IoT networks<br />Design and propose a high-level standardization for the meta-data needed in my proposition;<br />Validate the proposition -> custom software simulator ->millions of nodes<br />points of extension for future development<br />Use living systems to model IoT<br />A worldwide IoT network at it’s peak can be a great challenge to design, deploy and maintain and the only tractable approach is that we seek inspiration in the natural world<br />
    27. 27. A few references<br /><ul><li>Kastanov et. al. - Smart semantic middleware for the internet of things
    28. 28. Yinghui Huang;   GuanyuLi - Descriptive models for the Internet Of Things, International Conference on Intelligent Control and Information Processing (ICICIP), 2010
    29. 29. Yinghui Huang;   Guanyu Li- A Semantic Analysis for the Internet of Things, International Conference on Intelligent Computation Technology and Automation (ICICTA), 2010
    30. 30. Miao Wu et. al. - Research on the architecture of Internet of Things, 3rd International Conference on Advanced Computer Theory and Engineering (ICACTE), 2010
    31. 31. Zihua H et. al. - The Research of Several Key Question of Internet of Things, International Conference on Intelligence Science and Information Engineering (ISIE), 2011
    32. 32. Li Li et. al. - The applications of WiFi-based Wireless Sensor Network in Internet of Things and Smart Grid, 2011 6th IEEE Conference onIndustrial Electronics and Applications (ICIEA);
    33. 33. Gan Gang et. al. - Internet of Things Security Analysis, International Conference onInternet Technology and Applications (iTAP), 2011
    34. 34. Uckelmann D et. al. - "An Architectural Approach Towards the Future Internet of Things”, Springer. p. 8, 2011
    35. 35. Miles, Stephen B. - RFID Technology and Applications. London: Cambridge University Press, 2011
    36. 36. Kevin Ashton - That 'Internet of Things' Thing, RFID Journal, July 2009</li></li></ul><li>Rob van Kraneburg at the first IoT conference, 2009<br />IoT holds danges, but it also hold promises<br />When billions of thingsare connected, talking and learning, the only limitation left will be our own imagination [CISCO on IoT]<br />
    37. 37. IoT “hot” topics<br /><ul><li>Intelligence
    38. 38. non-deterministic and open network in which auto-organized or intelligent entities will be interoperable and able to act independently (pursuing their own objectives or shared ones) depending on the context, circumstances or environments
    39. 39. Architecture
    40. 40. common standards would not be able to address every context or use;
    41. 41. predicting everything would be no more than defining a "global finality" for everything that is just not possible with any of the current top-down approaches and standardizations [Gautier 2010]
    42. 42. Complex system
    43. 43. the huge number of different links and interactions between autonomous actors, and its capacity to integrate new actors. At the overall stage it will likely be seen as a chaotic environment;
    44. 44. Size
    45. 45. 50 to 100 trillion objects, and be able to follow the movement of those objects. Every human being is surrounded by 1000 to 5000 objects [Wadner 2007]</li></li></ul><li>IoT “hot” topics<br /><ul><li>Time constraints
    46. 46. There will be billions of parallel and simultaneous events, time will no more be used as a common and linear dimension; it will be based on massive parallel systems;
    47. 47. Space constraints
    48. 48. the precise geographic location of a thing—and also the precise geographic dimensions of a thing—will be critical;
    49. 49. IoT-centric geospatial standards will play a key role in the Internet of Things.</li></li></ul><li>IoT implementations<br />Frameworks<br /><ul><li>Interaction between things and facilitate the emergent behavior;
    50. 50. Current implementations: real-time data logging
    51. 51. Pachube
    52. 52. Software development environments: develop custom software for IoT hardware devices</li></li></ul><li>IoT: state of the industry<br />Alcatel-Lucent:<br />touchTag -> RFID+QR<br />ConnectedHome:<br />AlertMe -> ZigBee;<br />Pachube:<br /> largest OpenSource data management infrastructure for sensors;<br />Nimbits:<br /> open source data historian server in the cloud;<br />
    53. 53. IoT: alliances<br />IEEE-IOT – iThings<br /><ul><li>Annual IEEE conference
    54. 54. International indexing</li></ul>The Council<br /><ul><li>Founded by RvK
    55. 55. Council is a think-tank, consultancy, accelerator and forecasting group</li></ul>European Union<br /> Action Plan For Europe<br />Industry<br /> Alcatel, Qualcom, IBM, <br />

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