Title SUSCEPTIBILITY TO OBESITY FaMILY HISTORY AGE AT ONSET6th European Congress on ObesityCopenhagen, 31 May - 3 June 1995
Authors A. Mortoglou E. Kapantais E. Venaki Endocrine & Metabolic Dpt.Athens Medical Center hospital Athens - GREECE
Intro Long-term results of the treatmentof obesity are disappointing. Primary prevention is preferablethan treatment so as to decline theincidence of obesity in the community. The influence of family history andthe age when body weight initiallyincreased are critical to identify thosepeople who are more susceptible tobecome obese.
Methods 955 Females Age: 39.8±12.7(M±SD), range: 18 - 78 BMI: 35.11±6.57All answered a questionnaire, if they had: Obese father (BMI>30) Obese mother (BMI>27) Obese brothers (BMI>27 for females and >30 for males) When body weight increased for the first time, more than the 95th percentile for their age
Results 50 45 40 35 48.3% 30 25 20 15 34.7% 34.8% 10 5 0 ¶·Ù€Ú·˜ Father MËÙ€Ú· Mother A‰€ÏÊÈ· BrothersFamily history of obesity in 955 overweight females
Results BMI BMI 36.72 2 °ÔÓÂ›˜ % ¶ÔÛÔÛÙ¼ %2 parents 18.9 35.35 1 °ÔÓ€·˜ 1 parent 45.2 33.96 Î·Ó€Ó·˜ None 35.9 15 25 35 45 55 Family history of obesity in 955 overweight females
Results0.3 Age at onset obesity in 955 obese females0.20.1 0 15 30 45 60
Results40 35.630 33.920 22.710 0 9.6 AgeHÏ.AÚ¯.€ˆ˜ 25 at onset <25 BMI HÏ.AÚ¯. >25 BMI % Both Age at onset >25 2 °ÔÓÂ›˜ parents obese ¶·¯‡Ú·ÚÎÔÈ %
Conclusions Females with strong family history of obesityand mainly with obese mother, are in high riskto become obese. Those cases are fatter The age of first appearance of obesity isusually the childhood and adolescence. In those age groups and up to the 25th yearof life, prevention strategies must be applied.