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1995 6th eco 1

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1995 6th eco 1

  1. 1. Title SUSCEPTIBILITY TO OBESITY FaMILY HISTORY AGE AT ONSET6th European Congress on ObesityCopenhagen, 31 May - 3 June 1995
  2. 2. Authors A. Mortoglou E. Kapantais E. Venaki Endocrine & Metabolic Dpt.Athens Medical Center hospital Athens - GREECE
  3. 3. Intro Long-term results of the treatmentof obesity are disappointing. Primary prevention is preferablethan treatment so as to decline theincidence of obesity in the community. The influence of family history andthe age when body weight initiallyincreased are critical to identify thosepeople who are more susceptible tobecome obese.
  4. 4. Methods 955 Females Age: 39.8±12.7(M±SD), range: 18 - 78 BMI: 35.11±6.57All answered a questionnaire, if they had: Obese father (BMI>30) Obese mother (BMI>27) Obese brothers (BMI>27 for females and >30 for males) When body weight increased for the first time, more than the 95th percentile for their age
  5. 5. Results 50 45 40 35 48.3% 30 25 20 15 34.7% 34.8% 10 5 0 ¶·Ù€Ú·˜ Father MËÙ€Ú· Mother A‰€ÏÊÈ· BrothersFamily history of obesity in 955 overweight females
  6. 6. Results BMI BMI 36.72 2 °ÔÓ›˜ % ¶ÔÛÔÛÙ¼ %2 parents 18.9 35.35 1 °ÔÓ€·˜ 1 parent 45.2 33.96 ηӀӷ˜ None 35.9 15 25 35 45 55 Family history of obesity in 955 overweight females
  7. 7. Results0.3 Age at onset obesity in 955 obese females0.20.1 0 15 30 45 60
  8. 8. Results40 35.630 33.920 22.710 0 9.6 AgeHÏ.AÚ¯.€ˆ˜ 25 at onset <25 BMI HÏ.AÚ¯. >25 BMI % Both Age at onset >25 2 °ÔÓ›˜ parents obese ¶·¯‡Ú·ÚÎÔÈ %
  9. 9. Results 60 400 - 11 ÂÙÒÓ 11 20 0-12 - 18 ÂÙÒÓ 12 - 18 19 - 35 ÂÙÒÓ Age ÂÙÒÓ 19 - 35 0 36 -50 36 - 50 % group>50 ÂÙÒÓ %MËÙ€Ú· > 50 BMI ¶·Ù€Ú· mother % BMI father % ¶ÔÛÔÛÙ¼ % %
  10. 10. Conclusions Females with strong family history of obesityand mainly with obese mother, are in high riskto become obese. Those cases are fatter The age of first appearance of obesity isusually the childhood and adolescence. In those age groups and up to the 25th yearof life, prevention strategies must be applied.

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