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Wikipedia in education - taking stock - OER conference lucerne 2019

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Iolanda Pensa, Luca Botturi, Beat Estermann, Wikipedia in Education, OER conference, Lucerne, 29/01/2019

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Wikipedia in education - taking stock - OER conference lucerne 2019

  1. 1. Wikipedia in Education: Taking Stock Iolanda Pensa & Luca Botturi, SUPSI Beat Estermann, Bern University of Applied Sciences OER Conference, Lucerne, 29 January 2019
  2. 2. Programme Morning Session ● The Wikimedia/Wikipedia Ecosystem ● Wikimedia in Education – An Overview Variety of Approaches (Typology) The Role of Wikimedia in Education Afternoon Session: Workshop ● Short Round of Introduction ● Wikimedia Education – Relating Our Own Experiences Wikipedia in the Classroom (Secondary School) Wikidata Assignments (Tertiary Level) Wikipedia Games (Primary School) ● Benefits of using Wikipedia in education ● Challenges and how to overcome them
  3. 3. © Bili Bidjocka, Ecriture Infinie, http://www.ecritureinfinie.org.
  4. 4. Edit Wikipedia. Communication campaign in public libraries. Design by Alessandro Serravalle developed within Wikipedia dietro le quinte, 2015 (Bachelor thesis), cc by-sa.
  5. 5. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Share Your Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  6. 6. The Wikimedia / Wikipedia Family Imagine a world in which every single human being can freely share in the sum of all knowledge! That’s our commitment.
  7. 7. Five Pillars of Wikipedia 1. Wikipedia is an encyclopedia specific style; notability criteria; no original research 2. Wikipedia is written from a neutral point of view balanced approach towards controversies; verifiable sources 3. Wikipedia is free content that anyone can use, edit, and distribute free copyright licenses 4. Wikipedia’s editors should treat each other with respect and civility seek consensus; assume good faith; no personal attacks 5. Wikipedia has no firm rules be bold!
  8. 8. « The Sum of All Human Knowledge» in form of Linked Open Data 1. A multilingual database 2. With sourced Statements 3. Freely usable by anyone (CC Zero) 4. An important node of the Semantic Web
  9. 9. Wiki(m/p)edia in Education Comes in Many Flavours
  10. 10. Elements of a Typology... - school levels: primary, secondary, tertiary; lifelong learning - institutionalization: curricular, extracurricular - platforms: Wikipedia, Wikidata, Wikiversity, Wikimedia Commons, … - formats: exploring; contributing: copyediting, article writing, translating, coding, recording, photographing, graphical design; games, contests - group size: individual assignments, group assignments, class/school projects - class size: 4 - 150 - course subjects: history, art history, literature, writing, technical communication, media studies, chemistry, regional planning and design, nature conversation, translation, ... - time frame: 1-hour, 1-day, week, semester, ... - learning objectives: information retrieval, writing skills, media literacy, critical thinking and research skills, online collaboration, technical and communication skills, ...
  11. 11. Approach proposed by the Wiki Education Foundation Wiki Education Foundation https://wikiedu.org/
  12. 12. Improving the Language and Style of Wikipedia Articles Source: Case Studies: How professors are teaching with Wikipedia
  13. 13. Improving the Content of Wikipedia Articles Source: Case Studies: How professors are teaching with Wikipedia
  14. 14. Translating Wikipedia Articles Source: Case Studies: How professors are teaching with Wikipedia
  15. 15. Contributing Photographs and Including them in Wikipedia Articles Source: Case Studies: How professors are teaching with Wikipedia
  16. 16. Creating Illustrations for Wikipedia Articles Source: Case Studies: How professors... (CC BY-SA 3.0) by Yue Guan
  17. 17. Creating Educational Videos Source: Case Studies: How professors are teaching with Wikipedia
  18. 18. Editing Wikipedia and Wikidata Photos: Shani Evenstein (CC BY-SA 4.0) “From Web 2.0 to Web 3.0” Undergraduate Course at Tel Aviv University
  19. 19. Flavours of Wiki(m/p)edia in compulsory education
  20. 20. Wikipedia as a multimedia content resource “How does a racoon look like?” Handy Safe Controlled Reliable
  21. 21. Wikipedia as a safe online search environment The Wikipedia scavenger hunt Closed, more stable and controlled but real environment Non-AI search tool
  22. 22. Wikipedia for creating special class content L’isola dei fake
  23. 23. Other information literacy activities Comparing online (wikipedia + web) search with offline search (books, encyclopaedia, vocabulary) Search skills in the practice: identifying keywords, interpreting snippets, searching within a document, etc. Reflecting on different types of online sources (where wikipedia is a kind of its own)
  24. 24. Wikipedia as a real case of online collaboration How is wikipedia organized? How can 70’000 active contributors work together? What happens if we try editing wikipedia? How shall we organize our class? How do we interact with the community? Thomas Hawk on Flickr.com
  25. 25. Wikipedia as an outlet for digital content We worked on a research project… Shall we share the knowledge we produced? Brad Flickinger on Flickr.com
  26. 26. Thank You! Contact: iolanda.pensa@supsi.ch beat.estermann@bfh.ch luca.botturi@supsi.ch Iolanda Pensa, Beat Estermann, Luca Botturi, Wikipedia in Education, 2019. cc by-sa all. Photo: Lane Hartwell, CC BY-SA 3.0
  27. 27. Workshop
  28. 28. Wikipedia in Education Iolanda Pensa & Luca Botturi, SUPSI Beat Estermann, Bern University of Applied Sciences OER Conference, Lucerne, 29 January 2019
  29. 29. Programme ● Short Round of Introduction ● Wikimedia Education – Relating Our Own Experiences Wikipedia in the Classroom (Secondary School) Wikidata Assignments (Tertiary Level) Wikipedia Games (Primary School) ● Benefits of using Wikipedia in education ● Challenges and how to overcome them
  30. 30. Elements of a Typology... - school levels: primary, secondary, tertiary; lifelong learning - institutionalization: curricular, extracurricular - platforms: Wikipedia, Wikidata, Wikiversity, Wikimedia Commons, … - formats: exploring; contributing: copyediting, article writing, translating, coding, recording, photographing, graphical design; games, contests - group size: individual assignments, group assignments, class/school projects - class size: 4 - 150 - course subjects: history, art history, literature, writing, technical communication, media studies, chemistry, regional planning and design, nature conversation, translation, ... - time frame: 1-hour, 1-day, week, semester, ... - learning objectives: information retrieval, writing skills, media literacy, critical thinking and research skills, online collaboration, technical and communication skills, ...
  31. 31. Approach proposed by the Wiki Education Foundation Wiki Education Foundation https://wikiedu.org/
  32. 32. Wikipedia Primary School, visualization by Giovanni Profeta, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa. August 2015 March 2016
  33. 33. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_public_art_in_Douala
  34. 34. What Teachers Think Insights from a FNS study in South Africa Botturi, L., Van Zyl, I., & Pensa, I. (2017). Wikipedia at School: teachers’ use and perceptions. The Case of South Africa. Proceedings of ICERI 2017, Sevilla, Spain,1148-1157. Language Wikipedia no. of articles English 5’500’000 Afrikaans 47’000 Zulu/Xhosa/ Sesotho < 1’000 Majority, school-texts available Minority, no school-texts available
  35. 35. What Teachers Think: Use of Wikipedia
  36. 36. Usefulness of Wikipedia - Perception by language
  37. 37. Usefulness of Wikipedia - Perception by ICT skills ICT Skills (proxy)
  38. 38. Wikidata Assignments
  39. 39. Wikidata Assignments @ Bern University of Applied Sciences, E-Government Institute Photo: Flickr user: Andrew Bossi Long Beach Island, CC BY-SA 2.0 Photo: Ansgar Koreng, CC BY 3.0
  40. 40. Assignment Formats & Learning Targets Assignment Formats ● Master of Business Informatics ○ “Cases and Exercises”, in groups of 2-3 students, 85h each ○ “Preliminary Study and Master Thesis”, individual assignment, 90h + 360h ● Gymnasium ○ One-week internship, 40h Learning Targets ● Ontology development (RDF / WD) ● Dealing with terminology issues; creation of multilingual vocabularies ● Data wrangling, data cleansing ● Data publication (WD) ● Querying data (RDF) ● Getting acquainted with the community aspects of LOD publication Not covered so far (possibly more adapted to students of informatics): ● Software development ● Machine learning ● Human-computer interaction
  41. 41. Insights ● Assignments to students with complementary competencies (e.g. software programming) yield the greatest benefits. ● Like with most assignments, there is varying engagement from the side of the students (cf. high workloads in their studies + job). ● Don’t expect anything from students after they have obtained their mark. ● It is worthwhile focusing assignments on community aspects. ● It helps if the supervisor is an active contributor to Wikidata. ● For some tasks, you need to assist students closely (e.g. creation of properties). ● My own role: somewhere between a volunteer putting in my own time and a paid supervisor.
  42. 42. Tools
  43. 43. Resources on Wikimedia Outreach
  44. 44. Brochures and Support Materials
  45. 45. Wiki Education Dashboard
  46. 46. Wiki Education Dashboard
  47. 47. Wiki Education Foundation Wiki Education Foundation https://wikiedu.org/
  48. 48. Benefits / Challenges

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