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Wikipedia and Copyright - Università Bocconi

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Wikipedia and Copyright, presentation at Università Bocconi, 25 settembre 2017.

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Wikipedia and Copyright - Università Bocconi

  1. 1. I hereby assert that I am the creator and/or sole owner of the exclusive copyright of WORK [ insert link ]. I agree to publish that work under the free license Creative Commons attribution share-alike 3.0. I acknowledge that I grant anyone the right to use the work in a commercial product, and to modify it according to their needs. I am aware that I always retain copyright of my work, and retain the right to be attributed in accordance with the license chosen. Modifications others make to the work will not be attributed to me. I am aware that the free license only concerns copyright, and I reserve the option to take action against anyone who uses this work in a libelous way, or in violation of personality rights, trademark restrictions, etc. I acknowledge that I cannot withdraw this agreement, and that the work may or may not be kept permanently on a Wikimedia project. DATE, NAME OF THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER Wikipedia and Copyright, Università Bocconi, 25/09/2017. Iolanda Pensa, iolanda.pensa@supsi.ch, http://iopensa.it - Researcher, SUPSI, Switzerland.
  2. 2. Wikipedia. © & ™ All rights reserved,Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.
  3. 3. © Information Architects,Web Trand Map 2007/V2, 2007.
  4. 4. Wikipedia è un “nuovo territorio”.
  5. 5. GLAMVisual Tool (SUPSI support WMCH, 2016-2017). Concept I. Pensa, design G. Profeta. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Research:GLAM_visual_tool
  6. 6. Distribution of offline Wikipedia on DVD, USB key and in classrooms. Credits:Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa. Wikipedia Zero. Access to Wikipedia on mobile phones for free.
  7. 7. Wikimedia Commons Immagini e video WikiData collegamenti interwiki e informazioni statistiche Wikipedia 400 milioni di lettori 280 versioni linguistiche 70.000 volontari 30 milioni di articoli Wikisource Documenti, pubblicazioni e manoscritti I PROGETTI WIKIMEDIA ////////////////////////// I contenuti dei progetti Wikimedia sono liberi. Chiunque può usarli e modificarli per fini commerciali e non (citando la fonte e condividendoli con la stessa licenza Creative Commons). Wiki voyage Informazioni turistiche OpenStreetMap Mappa con dati georeferenziati Wikipedia e i progetti Wikimedia sono siti Internet con la licenza cc by-sa gestiti da comunità di utenti che rispondono dei loro contributi. Wikimedia Foundation è l’ente che sostiene Wikipedia e i progetti Wikimedia e ne gestisce i server. Wikimedia Italia sostiene Wikipedia e i progetti Wikimedia in Italia.
  8. 8. © Bili Bidjocka, Ecriture Infinie, http://www.ecritureinfinie.org.
  9. 9. Still dal video.Alessandro Serravalle, Wikipedia dietro le quinte, 2015, cc by-sa.
  10. 10. Creative Commons licenses.
  11. 11. “The big opportunity with open licenses is far more practical: it has the potential to dramatically increase the impact, reach and scale of the ideas we invest in…” The Shuttleworth Foundation, 2008
  12. 12. Robin Good, http://www.masternewmedia.org
  13. 13. Edit Wikipedia. Communication campaign in public libraries. Design by Alessandro Serravalle developed within Wikipedia dietro le quinte, 2015 (Bachelor thesis), cc by-sa.
  14. 14. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  15. 15. Writing an article on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  16. 16. Correcting a mistake on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  17. 17. Adding text to an article on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  18. 18. Edit Wikipedia. Communication campaign in public libraries. Design by Alessandro Serravalle developed within Wikipedia dietro le quinte, 2015 (Bachelor thesis), cc by-sa.
  19. 19. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Fondazione Cariplo onWikipedia in Italian, 09/2011, CC BY-SA.
  20. 20. Mounir Fatmi, Les connexions, 2003-2004, installation
  21. 21. <spam> </spam> Contribute to Wikipedia! Make cultural content fully accessible online and reach the 500 million Wikipedia readers. Make background knowledge mainstream. Use open licenses
  22. 22. WikiAfrica/ShareYour Knowledge 2012. Iolanda Pensa, status report with mistakes, 2013, CC by-sa. Status http://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM/Case_studies/WikiAfrica/Share_Your_Knowledge/Institutions Event: conference/training/workshop Research Archives Wiki Loves Monuments Notebooks (Detour, myDetour,WikiAfrica special editions) Presentations and events Creative Commons affiliate Orange and Orange Foundation (free Wikipedia on mobile phones) Brooklyn Museum Feed My Starving Children International Institute for Communication and Development Sustainable Sanitation Alliance Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung AfricaFilms.tv Western Province Government – Department of museums - 28 museums in Western Cape Province, South Africa, Bartolomeu Dias Museum, Beaufort-West Museum, Caledon Museum, Cango Caves Museum, Cape Medical Museum, CP Nel Museum, Drostdy Museum, Fransie Pienaar Museum, Genadendal Mission Museum, George Museum, Groot-Brakrivier Museum, Hout Bay Museum, Huguenot Memorial Museum, Jan Dankaert Museum, Koopmans De Wet House Museum, Montagu Museum, Old Harbour Museum, Paarl Museum, Robertson Museum, SA Fisheries Museum, Sendinggestig(Missionary)Museum, Shipwreck Museum, Simon's Town Museum, Stellenbosch Museum, Transport Riders Museum, Wellington Museum, Wheat Industry Museum, Worcester Museum Gambia National Museum Sungani Zakwathu Cultural Heritage Promotions Postal Museum, Matengatenga, Malawi Zanzibar National Museum Phuthidikabo Museum, Mochudi, BotswanaSeychelles People Defense Forces Museum (SPDF) Uganda National Museum Dataset of administrations in Botswana
  23. 23. Il paesaggio culturale alpino su Wikipedia. Progetto Italia-Svizzera. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/The_Alps_on_Wikipedia
  24. 24. Dal 2006 licenza libera compatibile con Wikipedia e documentazione storica e contemporanea caricata su Wikimedia Commons alla massima risoluzione.
  25. 25. Archivio Pietro Pensa, Pergamene 2, 14. Investitura ecclesiastica, Milano, 1745 maggio 28. Giovanni Battista Campagnoli, vicario generale della diocesi di Milano, investe il chierico Giovanni Giorgio Anselmo Serponti della cappellania dei S.S. Francesco e Andrea, di iuspatronato Serponti, eretta nella chiesa parrocchiale diVarenna, vacante per la morte del cappellano Alessandro Cassina. Perg. mm. 430x245, rr. 22, sigillo pendente.
  26. 26. The mountain village of Esino Lario, Province of Lecco, Italy bidding to host Wikimania 2016, the international gathering of Wikipedia volunteers. Map Compare.
  27. 27. Il paesaggio culturale alpino su Wikipedia. Progetto Italia-Svizzera. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/The_Alps_on_Wikipedia Forking-friendly
  28. 28. Beyond and Around Copyright Cultural Heritage and Freedom of Panorama
  29. 29. Chiajna Monastery, Bucharest, Romania.Author: Mihai Petre,Wikimedia Commons, 2011, cc by-sa.
  30. 30. The windmills of Kinderdijk,The Netherlands,Author:Tarod,Wikimedia Commons, 2012, cc by-sa.   Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.Author:Thaler – Tamás Thaler,Wikimedia Commons, 2013, cc by-sa. Monastery and chateau in Zbraslav, Prague, Czech Republic.Author: Zdeněk Fiedler,Wikimedia Commons, 2013, cc by-sa. Baptistery of St. Peter, San Pietro in Consavia church,Asti, Italy.Author: Marco Odina,Wikimedia Commons, 2012, cc by-sa.
  31. 31. Winning images of Wiki Loves Monuments 2013.Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa.
  32. 32. Freedom of panorama, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Freedom_of_panorama, cc by-sa.
  33. 33. Taking a photo of a monument and uploading it on Wikipedia.Wikipedia under the free license Creative Commons attribution share alike, allowing commercial use. Photo uploaded Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes.
  34. 34. Really, taking a photo of a monument and uploading it on Wikipedia.Wikipedia under the free license Creative Commons attribution share alike, allowing commercial use. Authorization from the owner List of monuments Georeferentiating the monument Authorization from the artist Authorization from institutions overseeing heritage Photo uploaded Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes.
  35. 35. Facilitating the upload of photos of monuments on Wikipedia: open licenses, open data, authorizations (for commercial use), freedom of panorama. (Authorization from the owner) List of monuments and your content about heritage Open data about heritage (Authorization from the artist) Authorization from institutions overseeing heritage Photo uploaded Providing also your photos Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes.
  36. 36. Taking a photo of a monument and uploading it on Wikipedia.Wikipedia under the free license Creative Commons attribution share alike, allowing commercial use. Photo uploaded Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes.
  37. 37. Really, taking a photo of a monument and uploading it on Wikipedia.Wikipedia under the free license Creative Commons attribution share alike, allowing commercial use. Authorization from the owner List of monuments Georeferentiating the monument Authorization from the artist Authorization from institutions overseeing heritage Photo uploaded Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes.
  38. 38. Facilitating in Italy the upload of photos of monuments on Wikipedia: open licenses, open data, authorizations (for commercial use), freedom of panorama. (Authorization from the owner) List of monuments and your content about heritage Open data about heritage (Authorization from the artist) Authorization from institutions overseeing heritage Photo uploaded Providing also your photos Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes.
  39. 39. Visual information A tool for research, evaluation and GLAM-wiki cooperation References Information design used as a research tool within the project Wikipedia Primary School SSAJRP programme - https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Research:Wikipedia_Primary_School_SSAJRP_programme (conceived and lead by SUPSI and supported by the FNS and the South African national research funds). Project GLAM visual tools https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Research:GLAM_visual_tool (conceived and lead by SUPSI and supported by Wikimedia CH). Wikidata workshop SUPSI https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Wikidata_workshop_SUPSI
  40. 40. Editing history of articles, visualization by Giovanni Profeta, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa.
  41. 41. Editing history of articles, visualization by Giovanni Profeta, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa. Articles constantly edited Articles no longer edited
  42. 42. Page views in one year (2014), visualization by Giovanni Profeta, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa.
  43. 43. Page views in one year (2014), visualization by Giovanni Profeta, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa.
  44. 44. Incoming and outgoing links,August 2015, visualization by Giovanni Profeta, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa.
  45. 45. Incoming and outgoing links, March 2016, visualization by Giovanni Profeta, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa.
  46. 46. 2015 2016 2015 2016 Impact of methods applied, visualization by Giovanni Profeta, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa. Reviews by the Wikipedia community Reviews by experts
  47. 47. Network of the articles selected - August 2015, visualization by Giovanni Profeta, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa.
  48. 48. Network of the articles selected - March 2016, visualization by Giovanni Profeta, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa.
  49. 49. Wikipedia Primary School, visualization by Giovanni Profeta, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School, cc by-sa. August 2015 March 2016
  50. 50. articles under examination August 2015 March 2016 incoming links per article (average) outgoing links per article (average) Google page rank (average) Issues per article (average) total amount of editors number of edits 174 176(2 new articles) 342(+10.6%)309 386 667(+173%) 5,19 0,59 845 1463 5,18(-0,003%) 0,52(-12%) 773(-8,5%) 1481(+1,2%) Network of the articles under examination life skills South Africa materials and others sound transport Acid Alcoholism Aloe Apartheid Atom Automobile Bias Bicycle Biome Boiling Borehole Bullying Ceramic Clay Climate Coal Cooking Decanting Design Discrimination Drakensberg Economy of South Africa Ecosystem Farm Fiber Food security Food Freedom Day (South Africa) Gangster Gas Gauteng Glass Health History of South Africa HIV HIV/AIDS Human nutrition Hydraulics Kaditshwene Khoikhoi Latitude List of South Africans Longitude Malaria Map Mapungubwe Mpumalanga Music of South Africa Nelson Mandela Nest Paper Pneumatics Politics of South Africa Pollution Rail transport Reproduction San people Sand Settling Sexism Sieving Soil Sound South African cuisine Stereotype Steve Biko Textile Trade Transport in South Africa Transport Vibration Walter Sisulu Water pollution Wax Wetlands Winnie Madikizela-Mandela Wood Wool Wikipedia Primary School (SUPSI 2014-2017).Wikipedia articles related to the South African primary school curriculum. Concept I. Pensa, design G. Profeta. Filling the knowledge gap
  51. 51. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  52. 52. Indirect systems of contributing to Wikipedia. Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes. Edit button Sources Sources Sources
  53. 53. Indirect systems of contributing to Wikipedia. Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes. Edit button Sources Sources Sources Language Policies Reputation Connectivity Electricity Volunteer model Personal computer IP Edit count Critical mass
  54. 54. Indirect systems of contributing to Wikipedia. External contributions under Reviews Production of encyclopedic articles Photos Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes. Edit button Playlist of articles Sources Sources Sources Content under
  55. 55. Indirect systems of contributing to Wikipedia. Content under External contributions under Reviews Production of encyclopedic articles Photos Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes. Edit button Expertise License clearing Playlist of articles Role of grant-makers Supporting new original research Sources Sources Sources
  56. 56. © Tsesler &Voichenko,Welcome, Minsk, Road sign.
  57. 57. Wikidata Workshop, Laboratory of visual culture at SUPSI, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Workshop_Wikidata_SUPSI, 2017.
  58. 58. Percentage of women and men, born in Africa between 1800-1999, with article on Wikipedia, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Workshop_Wikidata_SUPSI.
  59. 59. Percentage of women and men, born in Italy between 1800-1999, with article on Wikipedia, https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Workshop_Wikidata_SUPSI.
  60. 60. Niccolò Caranti,Wikimania Esino Lario, cc by-sa, 2016.
  61. 61. 2006 Harvard University 2012 George Washington University 2009 Centro Cultural San Martín, Buenos Aires 2015 Hilton, Mexico City 2008 Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Egypt 2011 Haifa Auditorium Complex, Israel 2013 Hong Kong Polytechnic University 2007Youth CenterTaipei 2016The entire village of Esino Lario, Lake Como area, Italy 2014 Barbican Centre in London 2010 Polish Baltic Philharmonic, Gdańsk 2005Youth Hostel Frankfurt, Germany 2017 Sheraton, Montréal, Canada Wikimania 2005-2017.
  62. 62. 600300 100 100 50 100 38 100 200 38 100 100 150 Esino Lario, Provincia di Lecco, Regione Lombardia, Italia. Photo Carlo Maria Pensa, cc by-sa. MeetupsPanels Support
  63. 63. 16 14 12 8 5 3 21 6 Photos https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Esino_Lario 9 4 13 10 11 7 15 2 1 3 4 65 7 8 9 10 11 1216 15 14 13 Villa Clotilde Primary school Multimedia room museum Bar restaurant 58 Theatre of the Kindergarten Former Hotel Italia Bar restaurant Oasi Bar restaurant Centrale Meeting Bar restaurant Montanina Collaborative space City hall Montecodeno Former cinema Bar La sosta Sport Hall MeetupsPanels Support Activating community, resources and knowledge of a territory.
  64. 64. Photos Iolanda Pensa 2015 & Niccolò Caranti 2016, cc by-sa.
  65. 65. Primary School. Photos Catherine de Senarclens 2016 and Niccolò Caranti 2016, cc by-sa.
  66. 66. New Museum. Photos Catherine de Senarclens and Niccolò Caranti, cc by-sa, 2016.
  67. 67. Former Museum delle Grigne. Photos Catherine de Senarclens 2015 & Nicolò Caranti 2016, cc by-sa.
  68. 68. Former cinema. Photos Catherine de Senarclens 2015 & Niccolò Caranti 2016, cc by-sa.
  69. 69. StreetVarenna-Esino.Cortenova 2015-2016. Photo Catherine de Senarclens, cc by-sa 2015.
  70. 70. Photo Niccolò Caranti,Wikimania Esino Lario, cc by-sa, 2016.
  71. 71. Upgrade of the electricity. Photo Catherine de Senarclens, cc by-sa, 2016.
  72. 72. Distribution of the broadband. Photo Catherine de Senarclens, cc by-sa, 2016.
  73. 73. Connectivity during Wikimania 2016. Internet speed upload and download. Screenshot Simone Sala and Eolo, 2016.
  74. 74. 100% 0,03% Wikimania London 2014. 1762 wikipedians in London (8 615 246 inhabitants). London City. Foto Di Joe D, cc by-sa 3.0.
  75. 75. 73% 27% Wikimania Esino Lario 2017. 1368 Wikipedians in Esino Lario (760 inhabitants). Photo Carlo Maria Pensa, cc by-sa.
  76. 76. Still from the video.Alessandro Serravalle, Wikipedia dietro le quinte, 2015, cc by-sa.
  77. 77. "Tiny Planet" stereographic projection of the spherical panorama of Monte Croce and Monte Pilastro. Cmglee,Wikimania Esino Lario, cc by-sa, 2016.
  78. 78. Photo Martina Corà,Wikimania Esino Lario, cc by-sa, 2016.
  79. 79. Photo Texaner,Wikimania Esino Lario, cc by-sa, 2016.
  80. 80. Guido Barindelli with Farah Jack Mustaklem. Photo Hadi,Wikimania Esino Lario, cc by-sa, 2016.
  81. 81. Lead Promoters Partners Supporters
  82. 82. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Research:Index
  83. 83. https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/Education
  84. 84. Supported byIn partnership withResearch by A research developed within a Swiss-South African cooperation lead by the University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland (SUPSI) and the University of Cape Town, in partnership with Wikimedia Switzerland and the Africa Centre based in Cape Town, and with the support of SNF and the South African National Research Foundation (NRF). Iolanda Pensa (principal investigator SUPSI), Tobias Schönwetter (principal investigator UCT), Florence Devouard, Luca Botturi, Marta Pucciarelli, Giovanni Profeta, Isla Haddow-Flood, Erica Litrenta, Heather Ford, Kelsey Wiens, Giancarlo Gianocca, Marco Lurati, Fabian Frei, Serena Cangiano. Wikipedia Primary School Providing the information necessary to the cycle of Primary Education 
 in the languages used by the different education systems
  85. 85. Permissions - Wikimedia Commons <permissions-commons@wikimedia.org> I hereby assert that I am the creator and/or sole owner of the exclusive copyright of WORK [ insert link ]. I agree to publish that work under the free license Creative Commons attribution share-alike 3.0. I acknowledge that I grant anyone the right to use the work in a commercial product, and to modify it according to their needs. I am aware that I always retain copyright of my work, and retain the right to be attributed in accordance with the license chosen. Modifications others make to the work will not be attributed to me. I am aware that the free license only concerns copyright, and I reserve the option to take action against anyone who uses this work in a libelous way, or in violation of personality rights, trademark restrictions, etc. I acknowledge that I cannot withdraw this agreement, and that the work may or may not be kept permanently on a Wikimedia project. DATE, NAME OF THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER
  86. 86. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa. Iolanda Pensa, Università Bocconi, 2017. This presentation is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 Unported License.

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