Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Wikipedia and Africa at ECAS 2015

520 views

Published on

The role of scholars in contributing to Wikipedia, Paris, ECAS, 09/06/2015. http://www.ecas2015.fr

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Wikipedia and Africa at ECAS 2015

  1. 1. Iolanda Pensa, SUPSI Switzerland - iolanda.pensa@supsi.ch - http://iopensa.it The role of scholars in contributing to Wikipedia, Paris, ECAS, 09/06/2015 The license Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  2. 2. DoYOU edit Wikipedia?
  3. 3. You should.
  4. 4. Wikimania 2012. Foto Helpameout, 2012, cc by-sa. Iolanda Pensa, iopensa. I am part of the Wikimedia community. I have been editing Wikipedia as a volunteer since 2006. Professionally I have been scientific director of the project WikiAfrica between 2007 and 2012 and I am now researcher at SUPSI Switzerland. I am currently the lead of Wikimania 2016 Esino Lario, the Wikipedia world gathering in Italy, in a mountain village over Lake Como.
  5. 5. 1.Why 2. Open licenses 3.Wikipedia Primary School
  6. 6. 1.Why
  7. 7. Marc Augé’s non-placesAchille Mbembe’s borders Jean-Loup Amselle’s connections Homi K. Bhabha’s location of culture Arjun Appadurai’s cultural dimensions of globalization Saskia Sassen’s global city Yochai Benkler’s networked social production and open collaboration Don Tapscott and Anthony Williams’s Wikinomics Maja van derVelden’s contact zone on Wikipedia Mathieu O’Neil’s cyberchiefs Heather Ford’s missing Wikipedians Sarat Maharaj’s art and knowledge production Tirdad Zolghadr’s approach to art and exhibitions Steven Weber’s open source production V.Y. Mudimbe’s invention of Africa Michel Foucault’s power and knowledge Edward Said’s Orientalism Mark Graham’s Africa on Wikipedia Frantz Fanon’s colonial violence and weight We need to rewrite historyRasheed Araeen
  8. 8. Representations of Africa Africa in public domain content (-early XX century) uploaded on Wikipedia Self-representation Sources Licenses Restitution Sharing knowledge and problematic content which it is not easy to share (art from secret societies, human remains, content not contextualized…) Dissemination of academic knowledge Reaching the public Background knowledge Historiography Oral sources Availability of sources Access to sources Access to data Languages Colonial and post-colonial archives Niche Power Control Research ethics Relationships with institutions and governments Academic credits Intercultural dialogueContemporary society Geographic dynamics History GeographyAnthropology Culture Authorship Internet Mobile phones ICTConnectivity
  9. 9. © Information Architects,Web Trand Map 2007/V2, 2007.
  10. 10. Wikipedia as a new continent, participating with a growing role in shaping culture and local cultures, and contributing to cultural processes.
  11. 11. Distribution of offline Wikipedia on DVD, USB key and in classrooms. Credits:Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa. Wikipedia Zero. Access to Wikipedia on mobile phones for free.
  12. 12. Wikipedia editors. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  13. 13. 2. Open licenses
  14. 14. Creative Commons licenses.
  15. 15. “The big opportunity with open licenses is far more practical: it has the potential to dramatically increase the impact, reach and scale of the ideas we invest in…” The Shuttleworth Foundation, 2008
  16. 16. Chimurenga Library, 2007-2008. A project promoted by Chimurenga and supported by lettera27/WikiAfrica, GNU GPL / cc by-sa.
  17. 17. Far usare le licenze a istituzioni
  18. 18. Raccolte Extraeuropee del Castello Sforzesco, Milano, 2012,Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa.Raccolte civiche Extraeuropee, Castello Sforzesco, Milano. Images and catalogue on Wikimedia Commons while the collection was not online nor exhibited, 2012, cc by-sa.
  19. 19. The National Archives UK,Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa.
  20. 20. WikiAfrica/ShareYour Knowledge 2006-2012. Status report, 2013, cc by-sa. http://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/GLAM/Case_studies/WikiAfrica/Share_Your_Knowledge/Institutions Event: conference/training/workshop Research Archives Wiki Loves Monuments Notebooks (Detour, myDetour,WikiAfrica special editions) Presentations and events Creative Commons affiliate Orange and Orange Foundation (free Wikipedia on mobile phones) Brooklyn Museum Feed My Starving Children International Institute for Communication and Development Sustainable Sanitation Alliance Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung AfricaFilms.tv Western Province Government – Department of museums - 28 museums in Western Cape Province, South Africa, Bartolomeu Dias Museum, Beaufort-West Museum, Caledon Museum, Cango Caves Museum, Cape Medical Museum, CP Nel Museum, Drostdy Museum, Fransie Pienaar Museum, Genadendal Mission Museum, George Museum, Groot-Brakrivier Museum, Hout Bay Museum, Huguenot Memorial Museum, Jan Dankaert Museum, Koopmans De Wet House Museum, Montagu Museum, Old Harbour Museum, Paarl Museum, Robertson Museum, SA Fisheries Museum, Sendinggestig(Missionary)Museum, Shipwreck Museum, Simon's Town Museum, Stellenbosch Museum, Transport Riders Museum, Wellington Museum, Wheat Industry Museum, Worcester Museum Gambia National Museum Sungani Zakwathu Cultural Heritage Promotions Postal Museum, Matengatenga, Malawi Zanzibar National Museum Phuthidikabo Museum, Mochudi, BotswanaSeychelles People Defense Forces Museum (SPDF) Uganda National Museum Dataset of administrations in Botswana
  21. 21. The Africa Centre in Cape Town South Africa promoting “WikiAfrica: Increasing the the quality and quantity of African content on Wikipedia”.
  22. 22. https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Primary_School - April 2014 WIKIPEDIA PRIMARY SCHOOL Providing on Wikipedia the information necessary to complete the cycle of primary education in the languages used by the different education systems. RESEARCH PROBLEM The research is developed within a Swiss-South African cooperation lead by the University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland (SUPSI) and the University of Cape Town, in partnership with Wikimedia Switzerland and the Africa Centre based in Cape Town, and with the support of SNF and the South African National Research Foundation (NRF).! Iolanda Pensa (principal investigator Switzerland), Tobias Schönwetter (principal investigator South Africa), Luca Botturi, Davide Fornari, Giancarlo Gianocca, Isla Haddow-Flood, Erica Litrenta, Giovanni Profeta, Kelsey Wiens. Wikipedia is meant to be an educational tool and it is currently available online, via mobile phones and offline. Experiences have shown that, once accessible, Wikipedia does not provide information that responds directly to curriculum-based questions. The project relies on Wikipedia as an existing and growing resource, it solves the need for an encyclopedia capable of responding to curriculum-based questions, and it fosters Wikipedia content, quality and outreach. THE PROJECT RESEARCH TEAM The research project developed within a Swiss-South African cooperation (2014-2017) focuses on the theoretical frame of Wikipedia Primary School and in developing and evaluating a system to assess Wikipedia articles for primary education and to involve a wide network of scholars and contributors in their production. ! More specifically the project aims at:! 1. Bridging Wikipedia and primary education. This objective implies to move the Wikipedia community towards a focus on primary education, and at the same time to strengthen the capacity of the education ecosystem to contribute to Wikipedia, and in general to open collaborative knowledge. 2. Enriching Wikipedia with new content relevant to primary education. This objective implies an assessment of the articles produced. 3. Fostering the development of translations and new content in different Wikipedia linguistic editions. This objective implies the release of existing educational resources (OER in cc by or cc by-sa), the production of datasets and the involvement of the Wikimedia movement. 4. Verifying and evaluating the use of Wikipedia as a source of information for primary education. This objective implies the involvement of stakeholders and data analysis. Wikipedia Primary School contributes to universal primary education and to the Millennium Development Goals (MDG2: Achieve Universal Primary Education). Even if it is scalable and international, the project is conceived primarily to address African countries and languages. 3
  23. 23. 1. Edit Wikipedia. 2. Use the open license cc by-sa on your content (photos, articles, your bachelor thesis…). 3. Review articles related to your expertise and suggest bibliography and improvements. 4.Ask your students to contribute to Wikipedia as an assignment. 5. Involve scientific journals in creating “Wikipedia sessions”. ShareYour Knowledge
  24. 24. cc by-sa, 2015. Iolanda Pensa, SUPSI Switzerland - iolanda.pensa@supsi.ch - http://iopensa.it DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  25. 25. Iolanda Pensa (SUPSI) The role of scholars in contributing to Wikipedia The role of scholars in contributing directly or indirectly to Wikipedia is extremely important. Scholars can write, share and review content related to Africa with a specific expertise which is not largely available at present among the Wikipedia community.They can suggest how to improve articles, they can involve students in writing and translating content as an assignment (which avoids plagiarism from Wikipedia and teaches students how Wikipedia works), they can produce articles for Wikipedia sessions of scientific journals and releasing content under the open license Creative Commons attribution or Creative Commons attribution share alike. Acknowledging Wikipedia articles as contribution to scientific journals is an increasing approach among academic publications; a well structured and complete article is not an original research, but it is more and more widely recognized as a complex and valuable contribution supporting original research, making it understandable to hundreds of thousands of readers, and facilitating further studies with relevant references; articles on scientific journals (commonly published in a specific journal session) attribute the article to its authors whereas the article on Wikipedia attributes the role to the publication and its reviewers (https:// meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Scientific_Journal/References). This presentation is based on the experience of WikiAfrica (http://www.wikiafrica.net), ShareYour Knowledge (a project involving 100 institutions in contributing to African content on Wikipedia and the Wikimedia projects by releasing documentation under open licenses), "Mobile A2K: Culture and Safety in Africa" (with research documentation such as 4000 images of public art in Douala between 1991 and 2013 made available on the Wikimedia projects (https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Mobile_A2K), of 4 years of teaching experience and Wikipedia assignments at NABA (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:WikiAfrica/ NABA)  and on the research project Wikipedia Primary School (https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/ Research:Wikipedia_Primary_School_SSAJRP_programme).
  26. 26. Extra
  27. 27. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Europeana_Fashion_Editathon_2013_Stra_03.JPG
  28. 28. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Glam_Wiki_meeting_at_Museum_of_Lodz_3.jpg
  29. 29. Writing an article on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  30. 30. Correcting a mistake on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  31. 31. Adding text to an article on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  32. 32. © Chacho Pueble, his great-aunt and photos by his sister Lula, http://www.behance.net/gallery/Grandmother-Tips/2392946.
  33. 33. © Bili Bidjocka, Ecriture Infinie, http://www.ecritureinfinie.org.
  34. 34. Spacial distribution of edits for Wikipedia in English. Erik Zachte, May 2011, cc by-sa.
  35. 35. Artwork: ©Yinka Shonibare, Scramble for Africa, 2000 in Looking BothWays:Art of the Contemporary African Diaspora. Commissioned by and courtesy Museum for African Art NY.
  36. 36. Chris Harrison,WikiViz, 2006. 3
  37. 37. © Tsesler &Voichenko,Welcome, Minsk, Road sign.
  38. 38. Contemporary African art
  39. 39. Permissions - Wikimedia Commons <permissions-commons@wikimedia.org> I hereby assert that I am the creator and/or sole owner of the exclusive copyright of WORK [ insert link ]. I agree to publish that work under the free license Creative Commons attribution share-alike 3.0. I acknowledge that I grant anyone the right to use the work in a commercial product, and to modify it according to their needs. I am aware that I always retain copyright of my work, and retain the right to be attributed in accordance with the license chosen. Modifications others make to the work will not be attributed to me. I am aware that the free license only concerns copyright, and I reserve the option to take action against anyone who uses this work in a libelous way, or in violation of personality rights, trademark restrictions, etc. I acknowledge that I cannot withdraw this agreement, and that the work may or may not be kept permanently on a Wikimedia project. DATE, NAME OF THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER
  40. 40. The license Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa. People and institutions do not need to become Wikipedias to contribute.
  41. 41. Chimurenga Library, 2007-2008. A project promoted by Chimurenga and supported by lettera27/WikiAfrica, GNU GPL / cc by-sa.
  42. 42. Raccolte Extraeuropee del Castello Sforzesco, Milano, 2012,Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa.Raccolte civiche Extraeuropee, Castello Sforzesco, Milano. Images and catalogue on Wikimedia Commons while the collection was not online nor exhibited, 2012, cc by-sa.
  43. 43. The National Archives UK,Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa.
  44. 44. National Gallery of Zimbabwe,Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa.
  45. 45. “The big opportunity with open licenses is far more practical: it has the potential to dramatically increase the impact, reach and scale of the ideas we invest in…” The Shuttleworth Foundation, 2008
  46. 46. Reviews
  47. 47. Mounir Fatmi, Les connexions, 2003-2004, installation
  48. 48. © Tsesler &Voichenko,Welcome, Minsk, Road sign.
  49. 49. © Mounir Fatmi, G8 Les balais, 2004, installation.
  50. 50. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Segundo_Editatón_Soumaya_Abierto_-_Dia_dos_-_35.JPG
  51. 51. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:QRpedia_codes_in_Silesian_Museum_Opava_03.JPG
  52. 52. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Archeowiki_-_Raccolte_Extraeuropee_01.JPG
  53. 53. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:QR_Code,_Museum_für_Hamburgische_Geschichte_IMG_1607_original.jpg
  54. 54. L’Herbarium di Neuchâtel e Wikipedia Jason Grant, conservatore degli erbari, Università di Neuchâtel
  55. 55. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  56. 56. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, Fondazione Cariplo onWikipedia in Italian, 09/2011, CC BY-SA.
  57. 57. 2006 Harvard University 2012 George Washington University 2009 Centro Cultural San Martín, Buenos Aires 2015Vasconcelos Library, Mexico City 2008 Bibliotheca Alexandrina, Egypt 2011 Haifa Auditorium Complex, Israel 2013 Hong Kong Polytechnic University 2007Youth CenterTaipei 2016The entire village of Esino Lario, Lake Como area, Italy 2014 Barbican Centre in London 2010 Polish Baltic Philharmonic, Gdańsk 2005Youth Hostel Frankfurt, Germany
  58. 58. 600300 100 100 50 100 38 100 200 38 100 100 150 Esino Lario, un comune montano delle Alpi in Provincia di Lecco, Regione Lombardia, Italia. MeetupsPanels Support Il raduno mondiale di Wikipedia nel 2016 è a Esino Lario.
  59. 59. 16 14 12 8 5 3 21 6 Il numero corrisponde alla fotografia. Foto https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Esino_Lario 9 4 13 10 11 7 15 2 1 3 4 65 7 8 9 10 11 1216 15 14 13 Villa Clotilde Primary school Multimedia room museum Bar restaurant 58 Theatre of the Kindergarten Former Hotel Italia Bar restaurant Oasi Bar restaurant Centrale Meeting Bar restaurant Montanina Collaborative space City hall Montecodeno Former cinema Bar La sosta Sport Hall MeetupsPanels Support Valorizzare gli spazi e le risorse del territorio.

×