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Financing the production of public art in Africa. 
The case study of doual’art - between resources, culture, development a...
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Contribute to Wikipedia! 
Use open licenses 
Make cultural content fully accessible online 
and reach the...
© Jeff Wall, Invisible Man, 2001. Cibachrome transparency, aluminium light box, 240x320 cm. Courtesy Documenta, Kassel, 20...
doual’art, Douala, Cameroon, Africa, cc by-sa.
Douala. Photo Emiliano Gandolfi, 2007, cc by-sa.
Joseph-Francis Sumégné, Douala, 1996, cc by-sa.
Lucas Grandin, Douala, 2010, cc by-sa.
Salifou Lindou, Douala, 2010, cc by-sa.
Tracey Rose, Douala, 2010, cc by-sa.
Hervé Yamguen, Douala, 2010, cc by-sa.
Alioum Moussa, Douala, 2005, cc by-sa.
Please find 4’000 images related to doual’art on Wikimedia Commons under cc by-sa. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Cate...
List of public art in Douala, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_public_art_in_Douala, Wikipedia, cc by-sa.
Methodology
Ars&Urbis International Workshop, 2007, cc by-sa.
€ 260.000 
€ 195.000 
€ 130.000 
€ 65.000 
€ 0 
€ 246.318 
€ 97.013 
€ 252.892 
€ 212.853 
€ 115.343 
2005 2006 2007 2008 ...
Self-financed 
€ 3.589 
Ministry of Culture 
€ 15.244 
IRCOD 
€ 9.950 
FNAC/Ambassade de France 
€ 501 
Cultures France 
€...
Self-financed 
3% 
ACP-UE 
€ 9.880 
lettera27 
€ 17.422 
Cultures France 
€ 20.000 
Casa Africa 
€ 14.941 
Arts Initiative...
Self-financed 
€ 65.184 
Alucam 
€ 762 
SGBC 
€ 3.049 
SABC 
€ 4.573 
MTN 
€ 4.573 
ACP-UE 
€ 35.097 
Gasworks 
€ 1.200 
B...
Reserve 
€ 328 
Self-financed 
€ 7.425 
UNESCO 
€ 203 
ACP-UE 
€ 14.497 
Flemmish institute of culture 
€ 4.500 
Orange Fo...
Reserve 
€ 38.352 
Self-financed 
€ 23.787 
CUD 
€ 1.151 
Kisskissbankbank 
€ 3.601 
Arterial Network (AFAI) 
€ 14.696 
SU...
Results and discussion
Mounir Fatmi, Les connexions, 2003-2004, installation 
1.
Cameroon International 
€ 174.749 
€ 206.755 
€ 96.509 
€ 78.143 
€ 6.098 
€ 18.833 
doual’art - Income - Cameroonian and ...
Partnership 
iStrike Foundation, NL 
€ 90.000 
€ 67.500 
€ 45.000 
€ 22.500 
€ 0 
Prince Claus Award, NL 
The Netherlands ...
Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis 
SUD 2007 SUD 2010 SUD 2013 
doual’art - Financial reports. 
2...
Biennial Foundation, Biennial Map, 2010.
Neighborhood 
Ownership of the land 
Involvement of young people 
Lucas Grandin, Douala, 2010, cc by-sa. 
Artist 
Location...
€ 260.000 
€ 0 
Partners 
In-kind contributions 
Volunteer work 
Maintenance 
Authorizations 
Networks 
Personal commitmen...
Arts Collaboratory Prince Claus Fund Arts Initiatives Gasworks 
Culture and Development - Cult&Dev 
Mondriaan Foundation G...
Context Objective Activities Expected results 
Evaluation 
Structure of a project. 
Budget 
Calendar
Context Objective Activities 
Budget 
Calendar 
Expected results 
Problem solving 
Infrastructures 
Intercultural dialogue...
© Samuel Fosso, La Femme américaine libérée des années 70, Série Tati, autoportrait I-V, 1997, coloured photography. In Af...
© Yinka Shonibare, Scramble for Africa, 2000 in Looking Both Ways: Art of the Contemporary African Diaspora, 2003. Commiss...
The Netherlands 
€ 90.000 
€ 67.500 
€ 45.000 
€ 22.500 
€ 0 
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 
Arts Collaboratory 
€ 90...
Photo by Roberto Paci Dalò, cc by-sa, 2010.
© Tsesler & Voichenko, Welcome, Minsk, Road sign.
Conclusions
© Basim Madgi.
Images on Wikimedia Commons 
SUD 2007 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:SUD_Salon_Urbain_de_Douala_2007 
SUD 201...
Iolanda Pensa, cc by-sa, 2014. io@pensa.it - http://iopensa.it
Pensa - doual'art. Financing the production of public art in Africa.
Pensa - doual'art. Financing the production of public art in Africa.
Pensa - doual'art. Financing the production of public art in Africa.
Pensa - doual'art. Financing the production of public art in Africa.
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Pensa - doual'art. Financing the production of public art in Africa.

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Financing the production of public art in Africa.
The case study of doual’art - between resources, culture, development and agencies. Iolanda Pensa - ICCPR 2014 International Conference on Cultural Policy Research, 10/09/2014.

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Pensa - doual'art. Financing the production of public art in Africa.

  1. 1. Financing the production of public art in Africa. The case study of doual’art - between resources, culture, development and agencies. ! Iolanda Pensa - ICCPR 2014 International Conference on Cultural Policy Research, 10/09/2014. iolanda.pensa@supsi.it - http://iopensa.it
  2. 2. <spam> </spam> Contribute to Wikipedia! Use open licenses Make cultural content fully accessible online and reach the 400 million Wikipedia readers. Make background knowledge mainstream.
  3. 3. © Jeff Wall, Invisible Man, 2001. Cibachrome transparency, aluminium light box, 240x320 cm. Courtesy Documenta, Kassel, 2002.
  4. 4. doual’art, Douala, Cameroon, Africa, cc by-sa.
  5. 5. Douala. Photo Emiliano Gandolfi, 2007, cc by-sa.
  6. 6. Joseph-Francis Sumégné, Douala, 1996, cc by-sa.
  7. 7. Lucas Grandin, Douala, 2010, cc by-sa.
  8. 8. Salifou Lindou, Douala, 2010, cc by-sa.
  9. 9. Tracey Rose, Douala, 2010, cc by-sa.
  10. 10. Hervé Yamguen, Douala, 2010, cc by-sa.
  11. 11. Alioum Moussa, Douala, 2005, cc by-sa.
  12. 12. Please find 4’000 images related to doual’art on Wikimedia Commons under cc by-sa. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Archive_of_Doual%27art
  13. 13. List of public art in Douala, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_public_art_in_Douala, Wikipedia, cc by-sa.
  14. 14. Methodology
  15. 15. Ars&Urbis International Workshop, 2007, cc by-sa.
  16. 16. € 260.000 € 195.000 € 130.000 € 65.000 € 0 € 246.318 € 97.013 € 252.892 € 212.853 € 115.343 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 doual’art - Financial reports.
  17. 17. Self-financed € 3.589 Ministry of Culture € 15.244 IRCOD € 9.950 FNAC/Ambassade de France € 501 Cultures France € 20.000 Arts Collaboratory € 28.000 EED, Bonn € 38.058 € 90.000 € 67.500 € 45.000 € 22.500 € 0 NL DE FR CM € 100.000 € 75.000 € 50.000 € 25.000 15.244 20.000 € 28.000 doual’art - Rapport d’audit des états financiers, 2008. Total income 115.343 euro. € 18.833 € 30.451 € 38.058 € 28.000 2008 € 0 501 3.589 48.008 Cult&DevCult-coop Cult Dev Coop Research Ed Crowd Sponsors Services
  18. 18. Self-financed 3% ACP-UE € 9.880 lettera27 € 17.422 Cultures France € 20.000 Casa Africa € 14.941 Arts Initiatives € 17.252 Goethe Institut € 1.000 EED, Bonn € 43.760 Arts Collaboratory € 57.500 Prince Claus Fund € 25.000 € 90.000 € 67.500 € 45.000 € 22.500 € 0 NL DE USA ES FR IT Europe CM € 100.000 € 75.000 € 50.000 € 25.000 45.821 € 99.752 doual’art - Rapport d’audit des états financiers, 2009. Total income 212.853 euro. € 6.098 € 9.880 € 17.422 € 20.000 € 14.941 € 17.252 € 44.760 € 82.500 2009 € 0 6.098 17.422 43.760 Cult&DevCult-coop Cult Dev Coop Research Ed Crowd Sponsors Services
  19. 19. Self-financed € 65.184 Alucam € 762 SGBC € 3.049 SABC € 4.573 MTN € 4.573 ACP-UE € 35.097 Gasworks € 1.200 Bozar € 8.000 lettera27 € 7.500 Arts Collaboratory Mondriaan Foundation Arts Initiatives € 12.957 Goethe Institut FNAC/Ambassade de France € 2.836 AECID € 25.000 € 1.121 BKVB € 6.896 € 25.000 € 49.143 € 90.000 € 67.500 € 45.000 € 22.500 € 0 NL DE USA ES FR IT BE UK Europe CM € 100.000 € 75.000 € 50.000 € 25.000 14.896 61.218 € 63.300 doual’art - Rapport d’audit des états financiers, 2010. Total income 252.892 euro. € 78.143 € 35.097 € 1.200 € 7.500 € 8.000 € 2.836 € 25.000 € 12.957 € 1.121 € 81.039 2010 € 0 65.184 12.958 7.500 27.836 Cult&DevCult-coop Cult Dev Coop Research Ed Crowd Sponsors Services
  20. 20. Reserve € 328 Self-financed € 7.425 UNESCO € 203 ACP-UE € 14.497 Flemmish institute of culture € 4.500 Orange Foundation € 40.000 GIZ € 1.410 German Embassy Goethe Institut € 1.982 French institute of Cameroon € 3.045 € 2.182 Arts Collaboratory € 21.442 € 90.000 € 67.500 € 45.000 € 22.500 € 0 NL DE FR BE Europe UNESCO CM € 100.000 € 75.000 € 50.000 € 25.000 24.226 € 21.442 doual’art - Rapport d’audit des états financiers, 2012. Total income 97.013 euro. € 7.753 € 203 € 14.497 € 4.500 € 43.045 € 5.574 € 21.442 2012 € 0 7.753 40.000 3.592 Cult&DevCult-coop Cult Dev Coop Research Ed Crowd Sponsors Services
  21. 21. Reserve € 38.352 Self-financed € 23.787 CUD € 1.151 Kisskissbankbank € 3.601 Arterial Network (AFAI) € 14.696 SUPSI € 7.824 First Floor Gallery € 921 Tate Modern € 24.974 Goethe Institut Philip Aguirré € 46.900 lettera27 € 2.000 € 9.292 GIZ € 2.820 Arts Collaboratory € 70.000 € 90.000 € 67.500 € 45.000 € 22.500 € 0 NL DE IT BE UK ZW CH Afr-int Crowd CM € 100.000 € 75.000 € 50.000 € 25.000 72.795 9.292 € 84.696 doual’art - Rapport d’audit des états financiers, 2013. Total income 246.318 euro. € 24.938 € 3.601 € 14.696 € 7.824 € 921 € 24.974 € 46.900 € 2.000 € 12.112 € 70.000 2013 € 0 23.787 1.151 2.820 7.824 2.000 3.601 Cult&DevCult-coop Cult Dev Coop Research Ed Crowd Sponsors Services
  22. 22. Results and discussion
  23. 23. Mounir Fatmi, Les connexions, 2003-2004, installation 1.
  24. 24. Cameroon International € 174.749 € 206.755 € 96.509 € 78.143 € 6.098 € 18.833 doual’art - Income - Cameroonian and international resources. € 260.000 € 195.000 € 130.000 € 65.000 € 0 € 183.028 € 89.260 € 63.290 € 7.753 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
  25. 25. Partnership iStrike Foundation, NL € 90.000 € 67.500 € 45.000 € 22.500 € 0 Prince Claus Award, NL The Netherlands Partnership ICU Art Projects, NL Germany FR FR Cameroon 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 SUD 2007 SUD 2010 SUD 2013 Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis NL DE USA ES FR IT BE UK ZW CH Int EU UNESCO Crowd CM doual’art - Rapport d’audit des états financiers. Analysis based on countries.
  26. 26. Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis Ars&Urbis SUD 2007 SUD 2010 SUD 2013 doual’art - Financial reports. 260000 195000 130000 65000 0 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Prince Claus Award
  27. 27. Biennial Foundation, Biennial Map, 2010.
  28. 28. Neighborhood Ownership of the land Involvement of young people Lucas Grandin, Douala, 2010, cc by-sa. Artist Location City Country Africa Subject Nationality of the artist Frame (event) Typology of artwork Impact Process Beautification Technique Content License Reproducibility Safety Infrastructure Network of the artist Public 2.
  29. 29. € 260.000 € 0 Partners In-kind contributions Volunteer work Maintenance Authorizations Networks Personal commitment Technical support Access to content Participation 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 doual’art - Financial reports and some of the resources not included in the financial reports.
  30. 30. Arts Collaboratory Prince Claus Fund Arts Initiatives Gasworks Culture and Development - Cult&Dev Mondriaan Foundation Goethe Institut ACP-EU UNESCO Cultural cooperation - Cult-coop Ministry of Culture (Cameroon) Culture - Cult Development - Dev Cooperation - Coop BKVB EED Casa Africa IRCOD Arterial Network Tate Modern Bozar First Floor Gallery Philip Aguirré CUD (City of Douala) German Embassy GIZ AECID Cultures France FNAC/French Embassy French Institute of Cameroon SUPSI lettera27 Orange Foundation Flemish Institute of Culture Education Research doual’art income. This overview does not include Crowdfunding (- Crowd), Sponsors and Services. Also partnerships and in-kind contributions are not included.
  31. 31. Context Objective Activities Expected results Evaluation Structure of a project. Budget Calendar
  32. 32. Context Objective Activities Budget Calendar Expected results Problem solving Infrastructures Intercultural dialogue Cultural industries Active citizenships Participation Freedom of expression Public Engagement Culture Development Evaluation Qualitative Quantitative Metrics Number of people Coherence with the expected results Structure of a project. Biennial = 2 years Triennial = 3 years Research and experimentation? Value
  33. 33. © Samuel Fosso, La Femme américaine libérée des années 70, Série Tati, autoportrait I-V, 1997, coloured photography. In Africa Remix, p. 124.
  34. 34. © Yinka Shonibare, Scramble for Africa, 2000 in Looking Both Ways: Art of the Contemporary African Diaspora, 2003. Commissioned by and courtesy Museum for African Art NY.
  35. 35. The Netherlands € 90.000 € 67.500 € 45.000 € 22.500 € 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Arts Collaboratory € 90.000 € 67.500 € 45.000 € 22.500 doual’art - Rapport d’audit des états financiers. The Netherlands: Arts Collaboratory and Prince Claus Fund. € 90.000 € 67.500 € 45.000 € 22.500 € 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Prince Claus Fund € 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Prince Claus Award 3.
  36. 36. Photo by Roberto Paci Dalò, cc by-sa, 2010.
  37. 37. © Tsesler & Voichenko, Welcome, Minsk, Road sign.
  38. 38. Conclusions
  39. 39. © Basim Madgi.
  40. 40. Images on Wikimedia Commons SUD 2007 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:SUD_Salon_Urbain_de_Douala_2007 SUD 2010 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/SUD_Salon_Urbain_de_Douala_2010 SUD 2013 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/SUD_Salon_Urbain_de_Douala_2013 doual’art https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Doual%27art ! doual’art http://www.doualart.org mobile A2K Culture and Safety in Africa http://www.mobilea2k.org
  41. 41. Iolanda Pensa, cc by-sa, 2014. io@pensa.it - http://iopensa.it

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