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How to do an Internet research - Heritage management

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Iolanda Pensa, Lessons "Heritage Management", Università di Bergamo, 2017. How to do an Internet research.

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How to do an Internet research - Heritage management

  1. 1. How to Do an Internet Research Iolanda Pensa, Università di Bergamo, 2017. iolanda.pensa@supsi.ch - http://iopensa.it
  2. 2. If you think you are the first one with that idea you didn’t do a research
  3. 3. Abstract Research question Hypothesis Literature review Methodology Results Discussion Conclusions Structure of a research paper / scientific article
  4. 4. Abstract Research question Hypothesis Literature review Methodology Results Discussion Conclusions Who did research on this topic before me? How can I demonstrate my hypothesis? What am I expecting to find? What I am looking for? Why? Confirmation of my hypothesis. Something new… My results compared to the literature review.
  5. 5. Start by asking your question.
  6. 6. Google Scholar https://scholar.google.com Google http://www.google.com Always ask yourself: where am I?Start searching: General search engines Google Books http://books.google.com If you are looking for papers: academic research and articles written by scholars. If you are looking for books. If you are looking for general websites.
  7. 7. At least 40 websites!
  8. 8. Always ask yourself: where am I?Start searching: Relevant websites AffiliationDate Author When was content written? Is it still relevant? Too old? Websites are not all the same! Which is the institution is behind this website? Is it a personal website? the website of a public institution? the website of a company? Is it for profit or non profit? Who wrote this? Who is this person? Is he/she a scholar, a journalist? a politician?
  9. 9. Start selecting!Start searching: Relevant websites Websites are not all the same! Main sources Institutional websites Good article Wikipedia
  10. 10. Look at links!Start searching: Relevant websites Websites are not all the same! Explore partners and financial supporters If you are looking for fundings look at who funded similar initiatives. Explore links
  11. 11. Use existing systems to organize bibliography and websites Zotero Use the feature of your browser EndNote Mendeley … Organise in folders Add comments / tags
  12. 12. Analyse and OrganiseStart searching: Relevant websites Websites are not all the same! Content 2Content 1 Content 3 Copied from Wikipedia Original source of Wikipedia Divergent One source better ?? Doubts Unique
  13. 13. Studies related to tourism economy art history history geology natural sciences Sources for heritage tourismHypothesis Guidebooks Local banks History and art history National and international studies City councils Provinces, Regions, mountain communities Hotels, agencies Ministry of tourism Public or non profit agencies Evaluations and official documents Blogs and personal experiences Specific events Websites of tourist and heritage networks ICOMOS, UNESCO… Wikipedia - check the references on Wikipedia
  14. 14. Messages and heritage tourismHypothesis What is promoted and what is not promoted Only nature is promoted Only churches are listened Only a specific event is promoted Content addresses a specific public Languages design Information for young people, children… A set of specific keywords are used: exotic, relaxing, adventure, fun… Keywords change according to the people/institutions Variety of accommodation and food The place has millions of websites talking about it or just 200, Feedback - quality of services and experiences
  15. 15. Abstract Research question Hypothesis Literature review Methodology Results Discussion Conclusions Who did research on this topic before me? How can I demonstrate my hypothesis? What am I expecting to find? What I am looking for? Why? Confirmation of my hypothesis. Something new… My results compared to the literature review.
  16. 16. If you still think you are the first one with that idea you didn’t do a research

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