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Heritage Management - 03. copyright and wikipedia

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Iolanda Pensa, Lessons "Heritage Management", Università di Bergamo, 2017.

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Heritage Management - 03. copyright and wikipedia

  1. 1. Concepts and As-is analysis Critical analysis Proposal 1.The Concept of Heritage 2. Stakeholders 3. Copyleft and Wikipedia 4. Interpretations and Services 5.Target Groups 6. Implications of Heritage 7.Authenticity 8. Structure of a Proposal 9. Strengths / Weaknesses 10.Threats / Opportunities Map a territory Identify Heritage/Stakeholders Identify Licenses/Sources Identify Services Analyze Target groups involved Analyse Message(s) promoted Identify Existing Gaps Show Concept/Message/Target Produce a SWOT Describe Services Lessons Assignment Competence Iolanda Pensa, Heritage Management, Università di Bergamo, 2017. iolanda.pensa@supsi.ch - http://iopensa.it
  2. 2. © Information Architects,Web Trand Map 2007/V2, 2007.
  3. 3. Wikipedia. © & ™ All rights reserved,Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.
  4. 4. Writing an article on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  5. 5. Correcting a mistake on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  6. 6. Adding an image on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  7. 7. Translating an article on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  8. 8. Adding text to an article on Wikipedia. DensityDesign Research Lab-INDACO Department Politecnico di Milano, ShareYour Knowledge, 2011-2012, cc by-sa.
  9. 9. Creative Commons licenses.
  10. 10. Robin Good, http://www.masternewmedia.org
  11. 11. “The big opportunity with open licenses is far more practical: it has the potential to dramatically increase the impact, reach and scale of the ideas we invest in…” The Shuttleworth Foundation, 2008
  12. 12. Permissions - Wikimedia Commons <permissions-commons@wikimedia.org> I hereby assert that I am the creator and/or sole owner of the exclusive copyright of WORK [ insert link ]. I agree to publish that work under the free license Creative Commons attribution share-alike 3.0. I acknowledge that I grant anyone the right to use the work in a commercial product, and to modify it according to their needs. I am aware that I always retain copyright of my work, and retain the right to be attributed in accordance with the license chosen. Modifications others make to the work will not be attributed to me. I am aware that the free license only concerns copyright, and I reserve the option to take action against anyone who uses this work in a libelous way, or in violation of personality rights, trademark restrictions, etc. I acknowledge that I cannot withdraw this agreement, and that the work may or may not be kept permanently on a Wikimedia project. DATE, NAME OF THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER
  13. 13. http://umap.openstreetmap.fr/en/
  14. 14. The countries promoting the contest Wiki Loves Monuments 2010-2013 and documenting with a total of 900’000 images cultural heritage around the world, 2014, cc by-sa.
  15. 15. Chiajna Monastery, Bucharest, Romania.Author: Mihai Petre,Wikimedia Commons, 2011, cc by-sa.
  16. 16. Tomb of Safdarjung, New Delhi, India.Author: Pranav Singh,Wikimedia Commons, 2012, cc by-sa.
  17. 17. The windmills of Kinderdijk,The Netherlands,Author:Tarod,Wikimedia Commons, 2012, cc by-sa. Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.Author:Thaler – Tamás Thaler,Wikimedia Commons, 2013, cc by-sa. Monastery and chateau in Zbraslav, Prague, Czech Republic.Author: Zdeněk Fiedler, Wikimedia Commons, 2013, cc by-sa. Baptistery of St. Peter, San Pietro in Consavia church,Asti, Italy.Author: Marco Odina, Wikimedia Commons, 2012, cc by-sa.
  18. 18. Winning images of Wiki Loves Monuments 2013.Wikimedia Commons, cc by-sa.
  19. 19. Taking a photo of a monument and uploading it on Wikipedia.Wikipedia under the free license Creative Commons attribution share alike, allowing commercial use. Photo uploaded Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes.
  20. 20. Really, taking a photo of a monument and uploading it on Wikipedia.Wikipedia under the free license Creative Commons attribution share alike, allowing commercial use. Authorization from the owner List of monuments Georeferentiating the monument Authorization from the artist Authorization from institutions overseeing heritage Photo uploaded Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes.
  21. 21. Facilitating the upload of photos of monuments on Wikipedia: open licenses, open data, authorizations (for commercial use), freedom of panorama. (Authorization from the owner) List of monuments and your content about heritage Open data about heritage (Authorization from the artist) Authorization from institutions overseeing heritage Photo uploaded Providing also your photos Better knowledge for anyone, also for commercial purposes.
  22. 22. Freedom of panorama, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Freedom_of_panorama, cc by-sa.
  23. 23. Freedom of Panorama https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Freedom_of_panorama
  24. 24. Concepts and As-is analysis Critical analysis Proposal Estimated time 20 hours 1.The Concept of Heritage 2. Stakeholders 3. Copyleft and Wikipedia 4. Interpretations and Services 5.Target Groups 6. Implications of Heritage 7.Authenticity 8. Structure of a Proposal 9. Strengths / Weaknesses 10.Threats / Opportunities Map a territory Identify Heritage/Stakeholders Identify Licenses/Sources Identify Services Analyze Target groups involved Analyse Message(s) promoted Identify Existing Gaps Show Concept/Message/Target Produce a SWOT Describe Services Lessons Assignment Competence
  25. 25. Assignment Map a territory Identify Heritage/Stakeholders Identify Licenses/Sources Identify Services Analyze Target groups involved Analyse Message(s) promoted Identify Existing Gaps Show Concept/Message/Target Produce a SWOT Describe Services A personal research focusing on a specific territory. The research includes cultural mapping and as-is analysis, critical analysis and personal proposal. 7500 words with slides. Concepts and As-is analysis Critical analysis Proposal AssignmentCompetence Expected Outcomes (format) Area Heritage Services Wikipedia Legislation Stakeholders Target Groups Message(s) Gaps Concept SWOT Heritage New Services Budget (excel)
  26. 26. Assignment Map a territory Identify Heritage/Stakeholders Identify Licenses/Sources Identify Services Analyze Target groups involved Analyse Message(s) promoted Identify Existing Gaps Show Concept/Message/Target Produce a SWOT Describe Services A personal research focusing on a specific territory. The research includes cultural mapping and as-is analysis, critical analysis and personal proposal. 7500 words with slides. Assignment Expected Outcomes (format) Area Heritage Services Wikipedia Legislation Stakeholders Target Groups Message(s) Gaps Concept SWOT Heritage New Services Budget (excel) Evaluation Sufficient At least 20 heritage sites mapped and described, plus the list. At least 20 services mapped and described. All content produced according to the request. Up to 5 mistakes. Good No mistakes. Excellent No mistakes and depth of the as-is analysis, critical analysis and proposal.
  27. 27. Assignment: Identify the territory you want to focus on A place you care about A place you want to visit A place you already know well A place where you want to work A village, a city, a region, an existing administrative unit, a transnational area… Map a territory
  28. 28. Assignment: Register on OpenStreetMap https://www.openstreetmap.org Map a territory
  29. 29. http://umap.openstreetmap.fr/en/ Assignment: Register on umap and create a mapMap a territory
  30. 30. Types of heritage attractions Source:Adapted from Timothy & Boyd, Heritage Tourism, 2003, p. 22 (adapted from Prentice 1994) Natural history attractions Scientific attractions Manufacturing centres Primary production attraction Craft centres and workshops Transportation attractions Sociocultural attractions Galleries Performing arts attractions Festivals and pageants Religious attractions (including sacred places, pilgrimage, temples, churches, mosques, rivers, grottoes, forests, mountains, cemeteries, points along spiritual routes) Attractions associated with historic people Military attractions (including battlefields, war graves, memorials, cemeteries) Genocide monuments Pleasure gardens Theme parks Villages and hamlets Countryside and treasured landscapes Towns and townscapes Villages and hamlets Seaside resorts and seascapes Regions Assignment: Map HeritageIdentify Heritage/Stakeholders
  31. 31. Titolo Personal National World Local Shared heritage Source:Adapted from Timothy & Boyd, Heritage Tourism, 2003, p. 14 (from Timothy 1997) Different scales in linear tourist attractions (heritage trails such as slave routes) Recognitions Assignment: Map HeritageIdentify Heritage/Stakeholders
  32. 32. Tangible Heritage Landscapes Intangible Heritage Museums Villages Traditions Churches Mountains Festivals Buildings Natural areas Lifestyles Mountain shelters Seaside resorts Culinary heritage Tombs Craft Assignment: Map HeritageIdentify Heritage/Stakeholders
  33. 33. Example of your map Assignment: Map HeritageIdentify Heritage/Stakeholders
  34. 34. Stakeholders Interests/Focus Resources Possible benefits from my proposal Municipality Supporting the image and identity of the territory and its community. Facilitating tourism. Fostering a positive reputation of the municipality. Coordinating the work of associations and volunteers. Ownership of the monuments… Website of the city council. Links with local associations and the community. Buildings (library, museum…) TBD Province Ownership of the monuments… TBD Region Ownership of the monuments… TBD FAI Ownership of the monuments… Management of the monuments… TBD Association XY Ownership of the monuments… Management of the monuments… TBD European Union Grant XY TBD UNESCO Monuments recognized as word heritage… TBD Assignment: Map HeritageIdentify Heritage/Stakeholders
  35. 35. Iran Sources about Heritage National Heritage Protection Act, 1930 List of all laws http://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/ir/laws/ Resources/Support Prince Claus Fund http://www.princeclausfund.org/en/programmes/grants-collaborations Iran Heritage Foundation http://www.iranheritage.org/ Roshan Cultural Heritage Institute http://www.roshan-institute.org/474551 Mandate/scope National heritage: protect and inventory Keywords: Protect, Knowledge, Identity,Admonition Heritage National heritage: all artifacts, buildings and places having been established before the end of Zandieh Dynasty era in Iran, either movable or immovable (1930) Heritage: relics which indicate man's historical progress and serve as a basis for a better knowledge of human identity and their path of cultural progress, thus providing for Man’s admonition (1986)6) Legislation Intellectual property (IP) Iran on WIPO http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en/profile.jsp?code=IR Assignment: Legislation
  36. 36. Assignment:Wikipedia Location/ Heritage Link Quality of the article Wikipedia in English Other linguistic editions Images Notes Esino Lario Museo delle Grigne Scuola degli arazzi di Esino Lario …
  37. 37. Unesco Global Heritage Fund World Monuments Funds ICOMOS International Council on Monuments and Sites European Union Europa Nostra Italy FAI Fondo Ambiente Italiano (UK National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty) Spain - France - Germany - Finland - Iran - South Africa - Namibia… Definitions of Heritage Definition of Heritage Scope/Mandate Support (links) Source (law, convention, charter) Keywords 21

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