Efficacy, power and costs of high brightness LEDs have got levels that make them an attractive solution in many lighting system applications.
The luminous efficacy of a light source is the ratio between the emitted luminous flux and the amount of the absorbed energy to transmit it. It is expressed in lumen/watt (lm/W). The lumen, the measure unit of the luminous flux, is equal to the luminous flux detected in a solid angle of one steradian and emitted towards all directions from a source with a luminous intensity of 1 candle. (the steradian –sr symbol- is the SI unit of solid angle and it is defined as " the solid angle subtended at the center of a sphere of radius r by a portion of the surface of the sphere having an area r ²".