542 d 5considerations_team1(revised)


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There are special considerations in teaching listening and speaking expecially for EFL learners.

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  • I also like Promise97's ideas,too. I'm begin to learn to English for listening. Listening is very important. That ppt is very good and awesome. Thanks!
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  • Your group did an excellent job. I really like the quality of the slides. The content is clear and to the point.
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  • Hi This is Kyoung A You.
    I fully agree your opinion that Test-centered education circumstance is big discouragement to improve students' ability of listening. But if they do not have pressure for test, do they practice listening?
    I, of course, studied listening for tests. I think it is very hard for teachers to give students proper motivation when there are no tests. That is why teachers should consider an important motivational factor when they teach.
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  • Hello, I’m Yeonjoo Ryu. It is very helpful presentation for ESL teachers.

    I was especially interested in studying listening through BBC or CNN news. I think BBC and CNN are very good materials for students. It’s because their grammatical accuracy is very high and their pronunciation is very clear. However, using news is not good for beginner-level students. Technical terms about economy or politics are hard to them, and anchor’s speaking speed is somewhat fast. It may decrease their interests in language learning. Therefore, teachers should use BBC or CNN news as listening materials for intermediate-level students.

    As you mentioned on slides, exposure to English using environment is very important factor for improving speaking skills. But classroom hours are very limited. To overcome the time limitation, teachers have to solve this problem. Your tip, English Only Zone, is a good idea, and Using software for self-learning is a good choice, too. I really like your solutions on these slides. Thank you for sharing us. (Comment by Yeonjoo Ryu)
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  • Hello~ I am Yunjoung So~^^ Your group presentation was awesome~! I learned a lot from your group presentation....thank you..first I agree that teachers are not willing to try various teaching methods. As you mentioned in presentation, listening part for example, students are accustomed to picking up right answers after listening some stories. It makes students get skills for tests. Of course, it is better than not done.

    As you presented, it is important for the teacher to provide numerous opportunities for students to practice actively engaged in the process such as pre-listening ,while-listening, and post-listening harmoniously.
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542 d 5considerations_team1(revised)

  1. 1. 5 Considerations in Teaching Listening and Speaking California University of San Bernardino Team #1: In Young Choi Ja Eun Kim Kyung Chun Kim Min Jeong Kim EESL542D Listening and Speaking in TESOL
  2. 2. <ul><li>Special Considerations in </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Listening </li></ul><ul><li>By Min Jeong Kim and Ja Eun Kim </li></ul>I. The lack of teaching method II. Various accent for listening
  3. 3. I. The lack of teaching method <ul><li>Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Follows are reasons why we use a traditional method which is test preparing approach and unwillingly apply various effective listening methods. </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on writing and reading capacity rather than speaking and listening one </li></ul><ul><li>Test-centered education circumstance </li></ul><ul><li>The lack of opportunities to face the necessary to learn authentic tasks. </li></ul>This is the image students are having listening lesson of English at a public school.
  4. 4. Effective teaching method <ul><li>It is important for the teacher to provide numerous opportunities for students to practice listening skills and to become actively engaged in the listening process. The three phases of the listening process are: pre-listening, while-listening, and post-listening. </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless we only relate while-listening step to teach listening in the class, therefore we need to apply pre-listening and post-listening processes to teaching methods </li></ul><ul><li>Solution </li></ul>
  5. 5. Effective teaching method-1 <ul><li>Pre-listening step </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage to ask the question: What do I already know about this topic? and activate existing knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Build prior knowledge with provided appropriate background information about the topic by teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Articulate one’s purpose: why am I listening ? </li></ul><ul><li>Related Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Predict possible words and phrases that they might hear </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorm and discuss in pairs or groups </li></ul><ul><li>View films or photos </li></ul><ul><li>Write and share journal entries </li></ul>
  6. 6. Effective teaching method-2 <ul><li>Post-listening step </li></ul><ul><li>A sk questions of themselves and the speaker to clarify their understanding and confirm their assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>Summarize a speaker's presentation orally, in writing, or as an outline </li></ul><ul><li>Review their notes and add information that they did not have an opportunity to record during the speech </li></ul><ul><li>Analyse and evaluate critically what they have heard </li></ul><ul><li>Related Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Writing: response journal, learning log, or composition </li></ul><ul><li>Reading: further research on a topic or a contradictory viewpoint </li></ul><ul><li>Art or drama: designing a cover jacket after a book talk or developing a mock trial concerning the topic through drama in role </li></ul>
  7. 7. Effective teaching method-3 <Post-listening activity> Recording activity answering questions about listening tasks with a teacher in front of related backgrounds <Pre-listening activity> Making Predicting paper activity brainstorming and predicting possible words and then build a paper in pairs or groups about listening topic :family event <ul><li>Examples </li></ul>
  8. 8. II. Various Accents for Listening <ul><li>There is no standard English accent. </li></ul><ul><li>All speakers of English are expected to cope with many different aspects and learn how to understand them. </li></ul><ul><li>Current Korean learners have been taught with the American English accent only. </li></ul><ul><li>They have a hard time understanding the other different accents of English such as the British accent. </li></ul><ul><li>They need to be exposed to various English accents with authentic tasks. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Effecitve teaching method - 1 <ul><li>The following teaching ideas are based on “ Bottom-up Processing ”, which is one of the optimal teaching listening strategies. </li></ul><ul><li>New Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Students learn how to pronounce new vocabulary by listening to different English accents. (e.g. the American accent VS the British accent ) </li></ul><ul><li>Using computer dictionary website (such as Dictionary.com ) as an authentic tool – Students learn not only definitions but also accurate English accents that the dictionary website provides. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Effective teaching method - 2 <ul><li>Dictation </li></ul><ul><li>Students dictate phrases or sentences as listening to the American English Vs the British English. </li></ul><ul><li>Some Ideas of Class Activities for Dictation </li></ul><ul><li>Listening to a song </li></ul><ul><li>- Songs usually do not contain various English accents, but this activity will bring students’ alive participation. </li></ul><ul><li>- Pre-Listening : Introduce new vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>- While-Listening : Fill in the blanks </li></ul><ul><li>Correct wrong words of lyrics etc. </li></ul><ul><li>- Post-Listening : Students share their favorite songs. </li></ul><ul><li>Listening to a short conversation </li></ul><ul><li>- Pre-Listening : Predict what is happening with given titles or pictures/ Introduce new words for listening. </li></ul><ul><li>- While-Listening : Fill in the blanks/ Put sentences in order </li></ul><ul><li>- Post-Listening : Role-playing based on given situations. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Effective teaching method - 3 <ul><li>Video Clips </li></ul><ul><li>Students learn different English accents by watching some famous video or movie clips such as “ The Friends “ (for the American Accent) or “ Love Actually “ (for the British Accent) </li></ul><ul><li>Students are expected to understand main ideas of English by being exposed to various English accents. </li></ul><ul><li>Through this activity, students are also exposed to the target culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Some Class Activities using Video Clips; </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in the blanks (words/ idioms/ slangs/ jargons/ sentences like common expressions etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Predicting the main ideas </li></ul><ul><li>- Students predict what is going to happen next. </li></ul><ul><li>– Before watching the clip </li></ul><ul><li>- After watching some parts of the clip </li></ul>
  12. 12. Effective teaching method - 4 <ul><li>CNN/ BBC News </li></ul><ul><li>Students learn not only how to grasp main ideas but also to summarize by listening to various English accents on CNN/BBC News. </li></ul><ul><li>Some teaching tips using News </li></ul><ul><li>- Introduce new vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to the news without stopping </li></ul><ul><li>Listen again/ fill in the blanks on the provided scripture </li></ul><ul><li>Listen again + summarize in their own words </li></ul><ul><li>Role-playing: Be an anchor/a main news reader </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Special Considerations in </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>By In Young Choi and Kyoungchun Kim </li></ul>III. The lack of realia-authentic use IV. The lack of interaction
  14. 14. III. The Lack of Realia-Authentic Use <ul><li>In EFL circumstance… </li></ul><ul><li>The students take less than 2~3 hours a week of English speaking classes. </li></ul><ul><li>The students speak in totally native language in real life. </li></ul><ul><li>The students don’t have enough opportunities to make use of any vocabularies, phrases, or expression that they learned from the classes. </li></ul><ul><li>The curriculum is still test-centered: Leaning reading and grammar are much more focused on than listening and speaking. </li></ul>
  15. 15. How to teach them better <ul><li>To create classroom speaking activities that will develop communicative competence… </li></ul><ul><li>Give the students more opportunities to practice language use freely: English Only Zone, English Speech Contest, E-pal </li></ul><ul><li>Allow the students communicative activities to practice using real-like settings: Situational conversation, Role-playing, Discussion, Debate, Presentation, Authentic task </li></ul><ul><li>Let the students learn autonomous self-regulated learning process: The teacher teaches scaffolding process so that they develop a plan, resolve a problem, complete an assignment and evaluate themselves working “together”. </li></ul><ul><li>Extend the amount of exposure to English: Radio and TV programs, Youtube clips, English Village, Online speaking </li></ul>
  16. 16. Effective teaching method - 1 <ul><li>Create optimum atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Create stress-free atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>- Help out instead of pointing out </li></ul><ul><li>- Promotion of learner autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>- Show respect as “Agent” of learning </li></ul><ul><li>Provide enjoyable topics </li></ul><ul><li>- Draw interest for active participation and Role-playing </li></ul><ul><li>- Use real-like situations and multimedia </li></ul>You can encourage the students to speak out more actively and creatively. “Create supportive atmosphere that allows them to make mistakes without fear of embarrassment. This will contribute to their self-confidence as speakers and their motivation to learn more (Burkart, 1998).”
  17. 17. Effective teaching method - 2 <ul><li>Make use of Role-playing and Discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Give various situations and conditions </li></ul><ul><li>- Practice to experience virtual reality in advance </li></ul><ul><li>- Provide supportive materials to have a lot to talk about </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage free discussion </li></ul><ul><li>- One issue can be varied without limitation </li></ul><ul><li>(reject traditional one correct answer and value multiple answers </li></ul><ul><li>and put someone in other’s shoes) </li></ul><ul><li>- Attract voluntary participation from the students </li></ul>To practice a variety of situations and conditions is effective .
  18. 18. Effective teaching method – 3, 4 <ul><li>Provide technological instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Use online or software programs </li></ul><ul><li>- Make up the lack of conversation with native speakers by using alternative ways </li></ul><ul><li>- Inform Radio/TV programs, useful websites or software for regular homework assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Practice makes perfect </li></ul><ul><li>Promote frequency of interaction and utterance </li></ul><ul><li>- Increase the number of time speaking English by students-to-students and Group-to-group interaction </li></ul><ul><li>- Cultivate the fluency by training a variety of speech samples </li></ul><ul><li>- Exploit familiarity with diverse tasks by repetition </li></ul>The student are having talk with a native speaker online.
  19. 19. IV. The Lack of interaction <ul><li>Several reasons why lack of interaction makes teaching speaking difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking class requires a lot of speaking practice. But lack of interaction makes it impossible for students to try speaking in class. </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking class needs comfortable circumstances so that students can speak actively feeling free. But lack of interaction can’t create such comfortable circumstances. </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking class should be dynamic and exciting to draw students into active participation. But lack of interaction makes speaking class boring and dull. </li></ul>
  20. 20. How to teach them better <ul><li>Here are several methods to increase interaction in speaking class. </li></ul><ul><li>Showing fun multimedia like movie clips and dramas, asking students wh-questions not yes-no questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Giving motivation to students asking information about their interests like dreams, favorite stars, and sports, then having them present their idea to class </li></ul><ul><li>Using some games so that students can talk or explain something each other like twenty question game, quiz, speed game, and so on. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Practical method to use fun multimedia for active interaction 1: PLEASE WATCH THIS FOR A WHILE! <ul><li>Show students one of Mr. Bean series </li></ul><ul><li>Ask students about the situation and the happening using wh-questions . </li></ul><ul><li>The examples can be “Who is he? Where is he? When is it? Why is he there? What is happening? How’s it going?&quot; </li></ul>3. As a review, ask students to explain the situation and actions while showing the movie clip again.
  22. 22. Effective teaching method - 2 <ul><li>Show students some jobs to think of their dreams </li></ul><ul><li>Ask students to draw their dreams on a canvas. </li></ul><ul><li>Have students explain the pictures to partners and a teacher. </li></ul><ul><li>Have students write things to make dreams come true. </li></ul>5. Have all students present their resolutions for their dreams to class. Dreams
  23. 23. Effective teaching method - 3 <ul><li>Ask students to make ten-member groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Each group leader draws lots to select one of many topics. Topics are like place, sport, job, holiday, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Each group member takes turns to explain words to their leader and the leader guesses the words. If one can’t explain, using gestures is acceptable. The winner team will get candy from a teacher. </li></ul>Are you ready? Everyone? You have to explain the holidays you will see to your leader. Go for it! What is the day? people wear ghost clothes and go around to get candy saying “Trick or treat.” What is the day? We can tell lies to people. So we make fun of other people all day long. What is the day? Boys and girls give and take gifts such as chocolate and candy. Time’s up! Good job! Games
  24. 24. I believe the children are our future Teach them well and let them lead the way