World bank doing business in mauritius 2013

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World bank doing business in mauritius 2013

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World bank doing business in mauritius 2013

  1. 1. Economy Profile: Mauritius
  2. 2. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 2© 2013 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development /The World Bank1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433Telephone: 202-473-1000; Internet: www.worldbank.orgAll rights reserved.1 2 3 4 15 14 13 12A copublication of The World Bank and the International Finance Corporation.This work is a product of the staff of The World Bank with external contributions.Note that The World Bank does not necessarily own each component of the contentincluded in the work. The World Bank therefore does not warrant that the use of thecontent contained in the work will not infringe on the rights of third parties. The riskof claims resulting from such infringement rests solely with you.The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this work do notnecessarily reflect the views of The World Bank, its Board of Executive Directors, orthe governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy ofthe data included in this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and otherinformation shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgment on the part ofThe World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement oracceptance of such boundaries.Nothing herein shall constitute or be considered to be a limitation upon or waiver ofthe privileges and immunities of The World Bank, all of which are specificallyreserved.Rights and PermissionsThis work is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license(CC BY 3.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0. Under the CreativeCommons Attribution license, you are free to copy, distribute, transmit, and adaptthis work, including for commercial purposes, under the following conditions:Attribution—Please cite the work as follows: World Bank. 2013. Doing Business 2013:Smarter Regulations for Small and Medium-Size Enterprises. Washington, DC: WorldBank Group. DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-9615-5. License: Creative CommonsAttribution CC BY 3.0Translations—If you create a translation of this work, please add the followingdisclaimer along with the attribution: This translation was not created by The WorldBank and should not be considered an official World Bank translation. The World Bankshall not be liable for any content or error in this translation.All queries on rights and licenses should be addressed to the Office of the Publisher,The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA; fax: 202-522-2625;e-mail: pubrights@worldbank.org.Additional copies of all 10 editions of Doing Business may be purchased atwww.doingbusiness.org.Cover design: Corporate Visions, Inc.
  3. 3. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 3CONTENTSIntroduction .................................................................................................................................. 4The business environment .......................................................................................................... 5Starting a business ..................................................................................................................... 14Dealing with construction permits ........................................................................................... 23Getting electricity ....................................................................................................................... 34Registering property .................................................................................................................. 41Getting credit .............................................................................................................................. 50Protecting investors ................................................................................................................... 57Paying taxes ................................................................................................................................ 66Trading across borders .............................................................................................................. 74Enforcing contracts .................................................................................................................... 83Resolving insolvency .................................................................................................................. 93Employing workers .................................................................................................................... 99Data notes ................................................................................................................................. 106Resources on the Doing Business website ............................................................................ 111
  4. 4. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 4INTRODUCTIONDoing Business sheds light on how easy or difficult it is the paying taxes indicators, which cover the periodfor a local entrepreneur to open and run a small to January–December 2011).medium-size business when complying with relevant The Doing Business methodology has limitations. Otherregulations. It measures and tracks changes in areas important to business—such as an economy’sregulations affecting 11 areas in the life cycle of a proximity to large markets, the quality of itsbusiness: starting a business, dealing with construction infrastructure services (other than those related topermits, getting electricity, registering property, trading across borders and getting electricity), thegetting credit, protecting investors, paying taxes, security of property from theft and looting, thetrading across borders, enforcing contracts, resolving transparency of government procurement,insolvency and employing workers. macroeconomic conditions or the underlying strengthIn a series of annual reports Doing Business presents of institutions—are not directly studied by Doingquantitative indicators on business regulations and the Business. The indicators refer to a specific type ofprotection of property rights that can be compared business, generally a local limited liability companyacross 185 economies, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, operating in the largest business city. Becauseover time. The data set covers 46 economies in Sub- standard assumptions are used in the data collection,Saharan Africa, 33 in Latin America and the Caribbean, comparisons and benchmarks are valid across24 in East Asia and the Pacific, 24 in Eastern Europe economies. The data not only highlight the extent ofand Central Asia, 19 in the Middle East and North obstacles to doing business; they also help identify theAfrica and 8 in South Asia, as well as 31 OECD high- source of those obstacles, supporting policy makers inincome economies. The indicators are used to analyze designing regulatory reform.economic outcomes and identify what reforms have More information is available in the full report. Doingworked, where and why. Business 2013 presents the indicators, analyzes theirThis economy profile presents the Doing Business relationship with economic outcomes and presentsindicators for Mauritius. To allow useful comparison, it business regulatory reforms. The data, along withalso provides data for other selected economies information on ordering Doing Business 2013, are(comparator economies) for each indicator. The data in available on the Doing Business website atthis report are current as of June 1, 2012 (except for http://www.doingbusiness.org.
  5. 5. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 5THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTFor policy makers trying to improve their economy’sregulatory environment for business, a good place to ECONOMY OVERVIEWstart is to find out how it compares with the regulatoryenvironment in other economies. Doing Businessprovides an aggregate ranking on the ease of doing Region: Sub-Saharan Africabusiness based on indicator sets that measure andbenchmark regulations applying to domestic small to Income category: Upper middle incomemedium-size businesses through their life cycle.Economies are ranked from 1 to 185 by the ease of Population: 1,286,051doing business index. For each economy the index iscalculated as the ranking on the simple average of its GNI per capita (US$): 8,240percentile rankings on each of the 10 topics included inthe index in Doing Business 2013: starting a business, DB2013 rank: 19dealing with construction permits, getting electricity,registering property, getting credit, protecting DB2012 rank: 24*investors, paying taxes, trading across borders, Change in rank: 5enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency. Theranking on each topic is the simple average of thepercentile rankings on its component indicators (see * DB2012 ranking shown is not last year’s publishedthe data notes for more details). The employing workers ranking but a comparable ranking for DB2012 thatindicators are not included in this year’s aggregate ease captures the effects of such factors as dataof doing business ranking, but the data are presented corrections and the addition of 2 economiesin this year’s economy profile. (Barbados and Malta) to the sample this year. See the data notes for sources and definitions.The aggregate ranking on the ease of doing businessbenchmarks each economy’s performance on theindicators against that of all other economies in theDoing Business sample (figure 1.1). While this rankingtells much about the business environment in aneconomy, it does not tell the whole story. The ranking onthe ease of doing business, and the underlyingindicators, do not measure all aspects of the businessenvironment that matter to firms and investors or thataffect the competitiveness of the economy. Still, a highranking does mean that the government has created aregulatory environment conducive to operating abusiness.
  6. 6. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 6THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTFigure 1.1 Where economies stand in the global ranking on the ease of doing businessSource: Doing Business database.
  7. 7. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 7 THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT For policy makers, knowing where their economy relative to the regional average (figure 1.2). The stands in the aggregate ranking on the ease of economy’s rankings on the topics included in the doing business is useful. Also useful is to know how ease of doing business index provide another it ranks relative to comparator economies and perspective (figure 1.3).Figure 1.2 How Mauritius and comparator economies rank on the ease of doing businessSource: Doing Business database.
  8. 8. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 8THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTFigure 1.3 How Mauritius ranks on Doing Business topicsSource: Doing Business database.
  9. 9. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 9THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTJust as the overall ranking on the ease of doing business year Doing Business introduced the distance to frontiertells only part of the story, so do changes in that ranking. measure. This measure shows how far each economy isYearly movements in rankings can provide some indication from the best performance achieved by any economy sinceof changes in an economy’s regulatory environment for 2005 on each indicator in 9 Doing Business indicator sets.firms, but they are always relative. An economy’s ranking Comparing the measure for an economy at 2 points inmight change because of developments in other time allows users to assess how much the economy’seconomies. An economy that implemented business regulatory environment as measured by Doing Businessregulation reforms may fail to rise in the rankings (or may has changed over time—how far it has moved toward (oreven drop) if it is passed by others whose business away from) the most efficient practices and strongestregulation reforms had a more significant impact as regulations in areas covered by Doing Business (figure 1.4).measured by Doing Business. The results may show that the pace of change varies widelyMoreover, year-to-year changes in the overall rankings do across the areas measured. They also may show that annot reflect how the business regulatory environment in an economy is relatively close to the frontier in some areaseconomy has changed over time—or how it has changed and relatively far from it in others.in different areas. To aid in assessing such changes, lastFigure 1.4 How far has Mauritius come in the areas measured by Doing Business?Note: The distance to frontier measure shows how far on average an economy is from the best performance achieved by anyeconomy on each Doing Business indicator since 2005. The measure is normalized to range between 0 and 100, with 100 representingthe best performance (the frontier). The overall distance to frontier is the average of the distance to frontier in the 9 indicator setsshown in the figure. See the data notes for more details on the distance to frontier measure.Source: Doing Business database.
  10. 10. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 10THE BUSINESS ENVIRONMENTThe absolute values of the indicators tell another part business regulation—such as a regulatory process thatof the story (table 1.1). The indicators, on their own or can be completed with a small number of proceduresin comparison with the indicators of a good practice in a few days and at a low cost. Comparison of theeconomy or those of comparator economies in the economy’s indicators today with those in the previousregion, may reveal bottlenecks reflected in large year may show where substantial bottlenecks persist—numbers of procedures, long delays or high costs. Or and where they are diminishing.they may reveal unexpected strengths in an area of Table 1.1 Summary of Doing Business indicators for Mauritius Best performer globally Madagascar DB2013 Seychelles DB2013 Botswana DB2013 Mauritius DB2013 Mauritius DB2012 Namibia DB2013 Indicator Kenya DB2013 DB2013 Starting a Business (rank) 14 12 99 126 17 133 117 New Zealand (1) Procedures (number) 5 5 10 10 2 10 10 New Zealand (1)* Time (days) 6 6 61 32 8 66 39 New Zealand (1) Cost (% of income per 3.3 3.6 1.6 40.4 10.8 18.5 14.3 Slovenia (0.0) capita) Paid-in Min. Capital (% of 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 91 Economies (0.0)* income per capita) Dealing with Construction Hong Kong SAR, China 62 60 132 45 148 56 57 Permits (rank) (1) Hong Kong SAR, China Procedures (number) 16 16 22 9 16 12 17 (6)* Time (days) 143 143 145 125 172 139 126 Singapore (26) Cost (% of income per 28.5 30.6 172.7 211.9 1,116.9 110.9 25.3 Qatar (1.1) capita)
  11. 11. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 11 Best performer globally Madagascar DB2013 Seychelles DB2013 Botswana DB2013 Mauritius DB2013 Mauritius DB2012 Namibia DB2013Indicator Kenya DB2013 DB2013Getting Electricity (rank) 44 44 90 162 183 87 144 Iceland (1)Procedures (number) 4 4 5 6 6 7 6 Germany (3)*Time (days) 84 91 121 146 450 38 147 Germany (17)Cost (% of income per 295.1 328.5 353.8 1,208.2 9,056.7 482.2 429.8 Japan (0.0)capita)Registering Property 60 66 51 161 147 169 66 Georgia (1)(rank)Procedures (number) 4 4 5 9 6 8 4 Georgia (1)*Time (days) 15 22 16 73 74 46 33 Portugal (1)Cost (% of property value) 10.6 10.6 5.1 4.3 10.5 13.8 7.0 Belarus (0.0)*Getting Credit (rank) 53 80 53 12 180 40 167 United Kingdom (1)* Strength of legal rights 6 6 7 10 2 8 4 Malaysia (10)*index (0-10)Depth of credit 5 3 4 4 0 4 0 United Kingdom (6)*information index (0-6)Public registry coverage 56.3 49.8 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 Portugal (90.7)(% of adults)Private bureau coverage United Kingdom 0.0 0.0 58.9 4.9 0.0 63.9 0.0(% of adults) (100.0)*Protecting Investors 13 13 49 100 70 82 70 New Zealand (1)(rank)Extent of disclosure index Hong Kong SAR, China 6 6 7 3 5 5 4(0-10) (10)*
  12. 12. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 12 Best performer globally Madagascar DB2013 Seychelles DB2013 Botswana DB2013 Mauritius DB2013 Mauritius DB2012 Namibia DB2013Indicator Kenya DB2013 DB2013Extent of director liability 8 8 8 2 6 5 8 Singapore (9)*index (0-10)Ease of shareholder suits 9 9 3 10 6 6 5 New Zealand (10)*index (0-10)Strength of investor 7.7 7.7 6.0 5.0 5.7 5.3 5.7 New Zealand (9.7)protection index (0-10) United Arab EmiratesPaying Taxes (rank) 12 13 39 164 68 112 20 (1)Payments (number per Hong Kong SAR, China 7 7 32 41 23 37 27year) (3)* United Arab EmiratesTime (hours per year) 161 161 152 340 201 350 76 (12)Trading Across Borders 15 16 147 148 112 140 33 Singapore (1)(rank)Documents to export 5 5 6 8 4 9 5 France (2)(number)Time to export (days) 10 10 27 26 21 25 16 Singapore (5)*Cost to export (US$ per 660 737 2,945 2,255 1,197 1,800 876 Malaysia (435)container)Documents to import 6 6 7 7 9 7 5 France (2)(number)Time to import (days) 10 10 37 26 24 20 17 Singapore (4)Cost to import (US$ per 695 689 3,445 2,350 1,555 1,905 876 Malaysia (420)container)Enforcing Contracts (rank) 58 56 68 149 156 41 83 Luxembourg (1)
  13. 13. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 13 Best performer globally Madagascar DB2013 Seychelles DB2013 Botswana DB2013 Mauritius DB2013 Mauritius DB2012 Namibia DB2013 Indicator Kenya DB2013 DB2013 Time (days) 645 645 625 465 871 270 915 Singapore (150) Cost (% of claim) 16.3 16.3 28.1 47.2 42.4 35.8 15.4 Bhutan (0.1) Procedures (number) 36 36 28 44 38 33 37 Ireland (21)* Resolving Insolvency 64 83 29 100 151 59 65 Japan (1) (rank) Time (years) 1.7 1.7 1.7 4.5 2.0 1.5 2.0 Ireland (0.4) Cost (% of estate) 15 15 15 22 30 15 11 Singapore (1)* Outcome (0 as piecemeal sale and 1 as going 0 1 1 0 0 0 concern) Recovery rate (cents on 40.9 35.1 64.8 29.5 12.9 42.3 39.6 Japan (92.8) the dollar)Note: DB2012 rankings shown are not last year’s published rankings but comparable rankings for DB2012 that capture the effects ofsuch factors as data corrections and the addition of 2 economies (Barbados and Malta) to the sample this year. The rankingmethodology for the paying taxes indicators changed in Doing Business 2013; see the data notes for details. For more informationon “no practice” marks, see the data notes. Data for the outcome of the resolving insolvency indicator are not available forDB2012.* Two or more economies share the top ranking on this indicator. A number shown in place of an economy’s name indicates thenumber of economies that share the top ranking on the indicator. For a list of these economies, see the Doing Business website(http://www.doingbusiness.org).Source: Doing Business database.
  14. 14. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 14STARTING A BUSINESSFormal registration of companies has many WHAT THE STARTING A BUSINESSimmediate benefits for the companies and forbusiness owners and employees. Legal entities can INDICATORS MEASUREoutlive their founders. Resources are pooled asseveral shareholders join forces to start a company. Procedures to legally start and operate aFormally registered companies have access to company (number)services and institutions from courts to banks as Preregistration (for example, namewell as to new markets. And their employees can verification or reservation, notarization)benefit from protections provided by the law. Anadditional benefit comes with limited liability Registration in the economy’s largestcompanies. These limit the financial liability of business citycompany owners to their investments, so personal Postregistration (for example, social securityassets of the owners are not put at risk. Where registration, company seal)governments make registration easy, moreentrepreneurs start businesses in the formal sector, Time required to complete each procedurecreating more good jobs and generating more (calendar days)revenue for the government. Does not include time spent gatheringWhat do the indicators cover? informationDoing Business measures the ease of starting a Each procedure starts on a separate daybusiness in an economy by recording all Procedure completed once final document isprocedures officially required or commonly done in receivedpractice by an entrepreneur to start up andformally operate an industrial or commercial No prior contact with officialsbusiness—as well as the time and cost required to Cost required to complete each procedurecomplete these procedures. It also records the (% of income per capita)paid-in minimum capital that companies mustdeposit before registration (or within 3 months). Official costs only, no bribesThe ranking on the ease of starting a business is No professional fees unless services requiredthe simple average of the percentile rankings on by lawthe 4 component indicators: procedures, time, costand paid-in minimum capital requirement. Paid-in minimum capital (% of income per capita)To make the data comparable across economies,Doing Business uses several assumptions about the Deposited in a bank or with a notary beforebusiness and the procedures. It assumes that all registration (or within 3 months)information is readily available to the entrepreneur  Has a start-up capital of 10 times income perand that there has been no prior contact with capita.officials. It also assumes that the entrepreneur will  Has a turnover of at least 100 times income perpay no bribes. And it assumes that the business: capita. Is a limited liability company, located in the  Does not qualify for any special benefits. largest business city.  Does not own real estate. Has between 10 and 50 employees.  Is 100% domestically owned. Conducts general commercial or industrial activities.
  15. 15. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 15STARTING A BUSINESSWhere does the economy stand today?What does it take to start a business in Mauritius? costs 3.3% of income per capita and requires paid-inAccording to data collected by Doing Business, starting minimum capital of 0.0% of income per capita (figurea business there requires 5 procedures, takes 6 days, 2.1).Figure 2.1 What it takes to start a business in MauritiusPaid-in minimum capital (% of income per capita): 0.0Note: Time shown in the figure above may not reflect simultaneity of procedures. For more information on the methodology ofthe starting a business indicators, see the Doing Business website (http://www.doingbusiness.org). For details on theprocedures reflected here, see the summary at the end of this chapter.Source: Doing Business database.
  16. 16. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 16STARTING A BUSINESSGlobally, Mauritius stands at 14 in the ranking of 185 regional average ranking provide other usefuleconomies on the ease of starting a business (figure information for assessing how easy it is for an2.2). The rankings for comparator economies and the entrepreneur in Mauritius to start a business.Figure 2.2 How Mauritius and comparator economies rank on the ease of starting a businessSource: Doing Business database.
  17. 17. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 17STARTING A BUSINESSWhat are the changes over time?While the most recent Doing Business data reflect how process have changed—and which have not (table 2.1).easy (or difficult) it is to start a business in Mauritius That can help identify where the potential fortoday, data over time show which aspects of the improvement is greatest.Table 2.1 The ease of starting a business in Mauritius over timeBy Doing Business report year Indicator DB2004 DB2005 DB2006 DB2007 DB2008 DB2009 DB2010 DB2011 DB2012 DB2013 Rank .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12 14 Procedures 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 (number) Time (days) 46 46 46 46 7 6 6 6 6 6 Cost (% of income per 10.5 9.9 8.8 8.0 5.3 5.0 4.1 3.8 3.6 3.3 capita) Paid-in Min. Capital (% of 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 income per capita)Note: n.a. = not applicable (the economy was not included in Doing Business for that year). DB2012 rankings shown are not lastyear’s published rankings but comparable rankings for DB2012 that capture the effects of such factors as data corrections and theaddition of 2 economies (Barbados and Malta) to the sample this year.Source: Doing Business database.
  18. 18. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 18STARTING A BUSINESSEqually helpful may be the benchmarks provided by a business (figure 2.3). These benchmarks help showthe economies that over time have had the best what is possible in making it easier to start a business.performance regionally or globally on the procedures, And changes in regional averages can show wheretime, cost or paid-in minimum capital required to start Mauritius is keeping up—and where it is falling behind.Figure 2.3 Has starting a business become easier over time?Procedures (number)Time (days)
  19. 19. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 19STARTING A BUSINESSCost (% of income per capita)Paid-in minimum capital (% of income per capita)Note: Ninety-one economies globally have no paid-in minimum capital requirement.Source: Doing Business database.
  20. 20. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 20STARTING A BUSINESSEconomies around the world have taken steps making greater firm satisfaction and savings and moreit easier to start a business—streamlining procedures registered businesses, financial resources and jobby setting up a one-stop shop, making procedures opportunities.simpler or faster by introducing technology and What business registration reforms has Doing Businessreducing or eliminating minimum capital requirements. recorded in Mauritius (table 2.2)?Many have undertaken business registration reforms instages—and they often are part of a larger regulatoryreform program. Among the benefits have beenTable 2.2 How has Mauritius made starting a business easier—or not?By Doing Business report yearDB year Reform Mauritius made starting a business faster by implementing aDB2008 centralized database linking the company registry with tax, social security, and local authorities. On-line reforms further simplified registration process andDB2009 formalities were streamlined, reducing the number of procedures.DB2010 No reform as measured by Doing Business.DB2011 No reform as measured by Doing Business.DB2012 No reform as measured by Doing Business.DB2013 No reform as measured by Doing Business.Note: For information on reforms in earlier years (back to DB2005), see the Doing Business reportsfor these years, available at http://www.doingbusiness.org.Source: Doing Business database.
  21. 21. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 21STARTING A BUSINESSWhat are the details?Underlying the indicators shown in this chapter for STANDARDIZED COMPANYMauritius is a set of specific procedures—thebureaucratic and legal steps that an entrepreneurmust complete to incorporate and register a new City: Port Louisfirm. These are identified by Doing Businessthrough collaboration with relevant local Legal Form: Private Limited Liability Companyprofessionals and the study of laws, regulations and Paid in Minimum Capital Requirement: Nonepublicly available information on business entry inthat economy. Following is a detailed summary of Start-up Capital: 10 times GNI per capitathose procedures, along with the associated timeand cost. These procedures are those that apply toa company matching the standard assumptions(the ―standardized company‖) used by DoingBusiness in collecting the data (see the section inthis chapter on what the indicators measure).Summary of procedures for starting a business in Mauritius—and the time and cost Time to No. Procedure Cost to complete complete Incorporate and register the business and search for compagny name on line Entreprenuers can form a company without having to go through notary services. An annual registration fee of MUR 2000 is payable to the Registrar of Companies by small private companies (compagnies with a turnover of less than MUR 30 Million). The company must also register with the Commercial Registry to get a business registration card. Therefore, the company must complete an application form (downloaded from the Internet : http://www.boimauritius.com). The Commercial Registry automatically informs the tax and local authorities, therefore, the company is not MUR 2,000 for required to register separately with the Tax Office unless it intends to 2 days registration + MUR 1 import equipment and thus needs a tax account number. Otherwise, 100 for name search registration at the Tax Office is automatic; the Registrar of Companies sends the list of registered companies to the Mauritius Revenue Authority, which then creates the tax account for these companies. The entrepreneur must complete an application form and submit the employment contracts, the employer registration, and of the certificate of incorporation on the Central registration database (two copies). Data is downloaded from the Central Business Registration Database system located at the Registrar of Companies. Potential employers are contacted by the Social Security Office. The social security is connected to the online business registry and obtains all the relevant information when a business is registered. 2 Receive inspection by local authorities about 4 days no charge
  22. 22. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 22 Time to No. Procedure Cost to complete complete The business licensing process was simplified. Once the company is registered, the Commercial Registry provides relevant agencies with an electronic notice about the newly registered business and the expected start date of its business activities. These agencies including other relevant ministries and the local authorities (the sanitary authority, the police department, the fire services department, ministry of health, ministry of the environment, and so forth). Subsequently, local authorities will select those prospective businesses that intend to trade within its jurisdiction and will communicate fees, relevant guidelines, and any other provisions. The relevant local authority will carry out ex-post control during company operation to ensure compliance with its guidelines. Note that business license application forms and guidelines can be found at the municipality’s Web site. * Pay license fees In addition to satisfying guidelines issued by the local authority, the prospective company must pay license fees according to the trade 1 day, (simultaneous 3 classification published by the local authority. The fee for the current MUR 6,000 with procedure 2) financial year must be paid in 15 days of the start of the business and no later than January 15th in subsequent financial years. The authority will levy a 50% surcharge on any unpaid amount within the prescribed period. * Register with the Social Security Office The entrepreneur must complete an application form and submit the employment contracts, the employer registration, and the certificate of incorporation on the Central registration database (two copies). Data is 1 day, (simultaneous no charge 4 downloaded from the Central Business Registration Database system with procedure 2) located at the Registrar of Companies. Potential employers are contacted by the Social Security Office. Online registration for socialsecurity at the time of registration is possible, however the system is not completely operational. * Make a company seal 1 day, (simultaneous 5 USD 12 with procedure 2)* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.Source: Doing Business database.
  23. 23. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 23DEALING WITH CONSTRUCTION PERMITSRegulation of construction is critical to protect the WHAT THE DEALING WITH CONSTRUCTIONpublic. But it needs to be efficient, to avoid PERMITS INDICATORS MEASUREexcessive constraints on a sector that plays animportant part in every economy. Where complyingwith building regulations is excessively costly in Procedures to legally build a warehousetime and money, many builders opt out. They may (number)pay bribes to pass inspections or simply build Submitting all relevant documents andillegally, leading to hazardous construction that obtaining all necessary clearances, licenses,puts public safety at risk. Where compliance is permits and certificatessimple, straightforward and inexpensive, everyone Completing all required notifications andis better off. receiving all necessary inspectionsWhat do the indicators cover? Obtaining utility connections for water,Doing Business records the procedures, time and sewerage and a fixed telephone linecost for a business to obtain all the necessary Registering the warehouse after itsapprovals to build a simple commercial warehouse completion (if required for use as collateral orin the economy’s largest business city, connect it to for transfer of the warehouse)basic utilities and register the property so that it Time required to complete each procedurecan be used as collateral or transferred to another (calendar days)entity. Does not include time spent gatheringThe ranking on the ease of dealing with informationconstruction permits is the simple average of the Each procedure starts on a separate daypercentile rankings on its component indicators:procedures, time and cost. Procedure completed once final document is receivedTo make the data comparable across economies,Doing Business uses several assumptions about the No prior contact with officialsbusiness and the warehouse, including the utility Cost required to complete each procedure (%connections. of income per capita)The business: Official costs only, no bribes  Is a limited liability company operating in  Will be connected to water, sewerage the construction business and located in (sewage system, septic tank or their the largest business city. equivalent) and a fixed telephone line. The  Is domestically owned and operated. connection to each utility network will be 10 meters (32 feet, 10 inches) long.  Has 60 builders and other employees.  Will be used for general storage, such as ofThe warehouse: books or stationery (not for goods requiring  Is a new construction (there was no special conditions). previous construction on the land).  Will take 30 weeks to construct (excluding all  Has complete architectural and technical delays due to administrative and regulatory plans prepared by a licensed architect. requirements).
  24. 24. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 24DEALING WITH CONSTRUCTION PERMITSWhere does the economy stand today?What does it take to comply with the formalities to permits there requires 16 procedures, takes 143 daysbuild a warehouse in Mauritius? According to data and costs 28.5% of income per capita (figure 3.1).collected by Doing Business, dealing with constructionFigure 3.1 What it takes to comply with formalities to build a warehouse in MauritiusNote: Time shown in the figure above may not reflect simultaneity of procedures. For more information on the methodology ofthe dealing with construction permits indicators, see the Doing Business website (http://www.doingbusiness.org). For details onthe procedures reflected here, see the summary at the end of this chapter.Source: Doing Business database.
  25. 25. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 25DEALING WITH CONSTRUCTION PERMITSGlobally, Mauritius stands at 62 in the ranking of 185 other useful information for assessing how easy it is foreconomies on the ease of dealing with construction an entrepreneur in Mauritius to legally build apermits (figure 3.2). The rankings for comparator warehouse.economies and the regional average ranking provideFigure 3.2 How Mauritius and comparator economies rank on the ease of dealing with construction permitsSource: Doing Business database.
  26. 26. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 26DEALING WITH CONSTRUCTION PERMITSWhat are the changes over time?While the most recent Doing Business data reflect how of the process have changed—and which have noteasy (or difficult) it is to deal with construction permits (table 3.1). That can help identify where the potentialin Mauritius today, data over time show which aspects for improvement is greatest.Table 3.1 The ease of dealing with construction permits in Mauritius over timeBy Doing Business report year Indicator DB2006 DB2007 DB2008 DB2009 DB2010 DB2011 DB2012 DB2013 Rank .. .. .. .. .. .. 60 62 Procedures (number) 17 17 16 16 16 16 16 16 Time (days) 185 185 143 143 143 143 143 143 Cost (% of income 14.7 13.4 43.3 41.0 35.5 32.3 30.6 28.5 per capita)Note: n.a. = not applicable (the economy was not included in Doing Business for that year). DB2012 rankings shown are not lastyear’s published rankings but comparable rankings for DB2012 that capture the effects of such factors as data corrections andthe addition of 2 economies (Barbados and Malta) to the sample this year. For more information on ―no practice‖ marks, see thedata notes.Source: Doing Business database.
  27. 27. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 27DEALING WITH CONSTRUCTION PERMITSEqually helpful may be the benchmarks provided by possible in making it easier to deal with constructionthe economies that over time have had the best permits. And changes in regional averages can showperformance regionally or globally on the procedures, where Mauritius is keeping up—and where it is fallingtime or cost required to deal with construction permits behind.(figure 3.3). These benchmarks help show what isFigure 3.3 Has dealing with construction permits become easier over time?Procedures (number)Time (days)
  28. 28. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 28DEALING WITH CONSTRUCTION PERMITSCost (% of income per capita)Source: Doing Business database.
  29. 29. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 29DEALING WITH CONSTRUCTION PERMITSSmart regulation ensures that standards are met while building safety while keeping compliance costsmaking compliance easy and accessible to all. reasonable, governments around the world haveCoherent and transparent rules, efficient processes and worked on consolidating permitting requirements.adequate allocation of resources are especially What construction permitting reforms has Doingimportant in sectors where safety is at stake. Business recorded in Mauritius (table 3.2)?Construction is one of them. In an effort to ensureTable 3.2 How has Mauritius made dealing with construction permits easier—or not?By Doing Business report yearDB year Reform Mauritius made obtaining construction permits easier by combining procedures of getting development permit andDB2008 building permit, and it also set up an official time frame to process the permit application.DB2009 No reform as measured by Doing Business.DB2010 No reform as measured by Doing Business.DB2011 No reform as measured by Doing Business.DB2012 No reform as measured by Doing Business.DB2013 No reform as measured by Doing Business.Note: For information on reforms in earlier years (back to DB2006), see the Doing Business reportsfor these years, available at http://www.doingbusiness.org.Source: Doing Business database.
  30. 30. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 30DEALING WITH CONSTRUCTION PERMITSWhat are the details?The indicators reported here for Mauritius are BUILDING A WAREHOUSEbased on a set of specific procedures—the stepsthat a company must complete to legally build awarehouse—identified by Doing Business through City : Port Louisinformation collected from experts in constructionlicensing, including architects, construction Estimatedlawyers, construction firms, utility service providers MUR 10,405,000 Warehouse Value :and public officials who deal with buildingregulations. These procedures are those that apply The procedures, along with the associated time andto a company and structure matching the standard cost, are summarized below.assumptions used by Doing Business in collectingthe data (see the section in this chapter on whatthe indicators cover).Summary of procedures for dealing with construction permits in Mauritius —and the time and cost Time to No. Procedure Cost to complete complete Obtain plan approval from Central Electricity Board (CEB) The procedure of obtaining plan approval consists of a notification and 15 days MUR 250 1 a check that all the requirements have been met, rather than an approval per se. Approvals from the utilities and the Fire Department are a prerequisite for the building and land-use permit. * Obtain plan approval from Central Water Authority (CWA) The procedure of obtaining plan approval is a notification and a check 15 days MUR 250 2 that all the requirements have been met, rather than an approval per se. Approvals from the utilities and the Fire Department are a prerequisite for the building and land-use permit. * Obtain plan approval from WasteWater Management Authority (WMA) It is mandatory to obtain a building sewerage clearance before requesting a building and land-use permit. 2 sets of building plan must be submitted to either the Port-Louis Sewerage office for buildings in Port-Louis and in the northern parts of the island or Beau-Bassin 3 sewerage office for buildings in upper and lower Plaines-Wilhems and 15 days MUR 250 southern parts of the island An acknowledgement receipt will be issued upon deposit and clearance will be issued within 15 days. Obtain building and land use permit 4 21 days MUR 65,530 As of October 1, 2006, a single permit, the building and land-use permit (BLP), has replaced both the development permit and the building
  31. 31. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 31 Time toNo. Procedure Cost to complete complete permit. The authority for execution and enforcement of the Building Act and of the Town and Country Planning Act is the local authority of the town or district where the relevant establishment is to be built or the land to be developed. Every application for a building and land-use permit must be in accordance with provisions of the Building Act, the Town and Country Planning Act, and the Planning and Development Act of 2004. The following documents are needed along with the application: • Copy of the title deed or Copy of the lease and planning clearance from the Ministry of Housing and Lands if for state land • Consent of owner and copy of the owner’s national identity card • Copy of the national identity card of the applicant • Three sets of plans, comprising site and location plans, layout, elevations, and sections. • Public notification by way of plate display and notice in two daily newspapers (for development within residential zones) • Consent of neighbors (not required in this case because it is industrial). Consent is required if the distance between the new building and neighboring constructions is less than 1 meter for one-story buildings and 1.5 meters for two-story buildings • PER/environmental impact assessment (EIA) LICENSE for SCHEDULED undertakings: the PER is for small projects, while the EIA is for bigger ones with a potential environmental impact. Neither applies to a warehouse, as considered here • All plans must be signed by the draughtsman for buildings of less than 250 sq. m. in floor area and must include the name and address. The total floor area is to be indicated on the site plan, while the floor area for each level is to be indicated on the corresponding floor plans • For buildings of 250 sq. m. or more in floor area, all plans are to be signed by a registered professional architect, including the architect’s name, address, VAT registration number, and registration number with the Professional Architects Council. The total floor area is to be indicated on the site plan, while the floor area for each level is to be indicated on the corresponding floor plans. The application form can be obtained from the Planning Department of any local authority, Small Enterprises and Handicraft Development Authority (SEHDA), the Board of Investment, or the Ministry of Local Government, or it can be downloaded from various Web sites, including the Web sites of the agencies mentioned above In accordance with the Local Government Act 2011, applications for the building and land-use permit that are in accordance with the act and guidelines the development and building permits should, within 14 working days of the effective date of receipt of the application, and after approval of the Executive Committee, issue the Building and Land Use permit. The costs associated with the application for the dual permit include an application fee of MUR 500 + charges computed based on land area as follows: • MUR 10.00 per sq. m. for areas of 250 sq. m. or less • MUR 20.00 per sq. m. for areas ranging from 251 to 500 sq. m.
  32. 32. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 32 Time toNo. Procedure Cost to complete complete • MUR 50.00 per sq. m. for areas of more than 500 sq. m. Receive initial stage inspection5 By law, the company must notify the municipal authority in writing that 1 day no charge it plans to begin construction activities. In reality, this does not happen, and inspections are rarely carried out. Receive foundation level inspection6 1 day no charge Inspections rarely occur in practice. Receive roof inspection7 1 day no charge Inspections rarely occur in practice. * Request and receive fire inspection BuildCo needs a series of clearances in order to apply for a building permit, such as a fire clearance and clearances from the Central8 Electricity Board, Central Water Authority, and sewerage authorities. 1 day MUR 100 After completion of construction and before starting up business operations, BuildCo informs the Fire Department, which sends out inspectors and issues a fire certificate immediately after the inspection has been completed. Receive sewerage clearance from the WasteWater Management Authority (WMA) For the Building sewerage clearance you must deposit 2 sets of Building Plan to: • Port-Louis Sewerage office for buildings in Port-Louis and in the 1 day no charge9 northern parts of the island • Beau-Bassin sewerage office for buildings in Upper and Lower Plaines Wilhems and Southern parts of the island. An acknowledgement receipt will be issued upon deposit and Clearance will be issued within 15 days. Obtain sewage connection from WasteWater Management Authority (WMA) 60 days MUR 1,75010 * Receive inspection from the Central Water Authority (CWA) The application for a new water connection can now be submitted by email with all the required documents, which are: • ID Card / Passport 1 day no charge11 • Title Deed • A copy of the constitution of the body corporate or societé and the name of the Directors/Associés authorized to sign on behalf of the body Corporate/Societé • Site Plan / Location Plan • Front Elevation Drawing
  33. 33. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 33 Time to No. Procedure Cost to complete complete • Existing Water Supply (if any) • Water Requirement (in m3 daily) The minimum fee is MUR 1,300.00 for the registration and a non- refundable processing fee of MUR 500.00 (for non-domestic supply). New applications are processed within one month. Obtain water connection from CWA 12 14 days MUR 1,800 Obtain phone connection from Mauritius Telecom 13 10 days MUR 3,000 * Notify municipality of the completion of construction and receive final inspection At the end of the construction, BuildCo contacts the municipality to 14 apply for an occupancy permit. The municipality conducts the final 1 day no charge inspection within 10 days. The findings of this inspection are then sent to the Evaluation Office of the Ministry of Local Government. This office assesses the occupancy permit fee. This assessment takes another 10 days. * Obtain fire safety clearance The procedure of obtaining plan approval is a notification and a check 14 days MUR 250 15 that all the requirements have been met, rather than an approval per se. Approvals from the utilities and the Fire Department are a prerequisite for the building and land-use permit. Issuance of occupancy permit by the Ministry of Local Government 16 There is no need to register the building at the end of this process 10 days no charge because the building is registered for tax purposes through the issuance of an occupancy permit.* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.Source: Doing Business database.
  34. 34. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 34GETTING ELECTRICITYAccess to reliable and affordable electricity is vital WHAT THE GETTING ELECTRICITYfor businesses. To counter weak electricity supply,many firms in developing economies have to rely INDICATORS MEASUREon self-supply, often at a prohibitively high cost.Whether electricity is reliably available or not, the Procedures to obtain an electricityfirst step for a customer is always to gain access by connection (number)obtaining a connection. Submitting all relevant documents andWhat do the indicators cover? obtaining all necessary clearances and permitsDoing Business records all procedures required for Completing all required notifications anda local business to obtain a permanent electricity receiving all necessary inspectionsconnection and supply for a standardizedwarehouse, as well as the time and cost to Obtaining external installation works andcomplete them. These procedures include possibly purchasing material for these worksapplications and contracts with electricity utilities, Concluding any necessary supply contract andclearances from other agencies and the external obtaining final supplyand final connection works. The ranking on theease of getting electricity is the simple average of Time required to complete each procedurethe percentile rankings on its component (calendar days)indicators: procedures, time and cost. To make the Is at least 1 calendar daydata comparable across economies, severalassumptions are used. Each procedure starts on a separate dayThe warehouse: Does not include time spent gathering information  Is located in the economy’s largest business city, in an area where other Reflects the time spent in practice, with little warehouses are located. follow-up and no prior contact with officials  Is not in a special economic zone where Cost required to complete each procedure the connection would be eligible for (% of income per capita) subsidization or faster service. Official costs only, no bribes  Has road access. The connection works Excludes value added tax involve the crossing of a road or roads but are carried out on public land.  Is 150 meters long.  Is a new construction being connected to  Is to either the low-voltage or the medium- electricity for the first time. voltage distribution network and either overhead  Has 2 stories, both above ground, with a or underground, whichever is more common in total surface of about 1,300.6 square the economy and in the area where the meters (14,000 square feet), and is built on warehouse is located. The length of any a plot of 929 square meters (10,000 square connection in the customer’s private domain is feet). negligible.The electricity connection:  Involves installing one electricity meter. The monthly electricity consumption will be 0.07 Is a 3-phase, 4-wire Y, 140-kilovolt-ampere gigawatt-hour (GWh). The internal electrical (kVA) (subscribed capacity) connection. wiring has been completed.
  35. 35. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 35GETTING ELECTRICITYWhere does the economy stand today?What does it take to obtain a new electricity procedures, takes 84 days and costs 295.1% of incomeconnection in Mauritius? According to data collected per capita (figure 4.1).by Doing Business, getting electricity there requires 4Figure 4.1 What it takes to obtain an electricity connection in MauritiusNote: Time shown in the figure above may not reflect simultaneity of procedures. For more information on the methodology ofthe getting electricity indicators, see the Doing Business website (http://www.doingbusiness.org). For details on the proceduresreflected here, see the summary at the end of this chapter.Source: Doing Business database.
  36. 36. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 36GETTING ELECTRICITYGlobally, Mauritius stands at 44 in the ranking of 185 regional average ranking provide another perspectiveeconomies on the ease of getting electricity (figure in assessing how easy it is for an entrepreneur in4.2). The rankings for comparator economies and the Mauritius to connect a warehouse to electricity.Figure 4.2 How Mauritius and comparator economies rank on the ease of getting electricitySource: Doing Business database.
  37. 37. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 37GETTING ELECTRICITYEven more helpful than rankings on the ease of getting performers on these indicators may provide usefulelectricity may be the indicators underlying those benchmarks.rankings (table 4.1). And regional and global bestTable 4.1 The ease of getting electricity in Mauritius Best performer in Best performer Indicator Mauritius DB2013 Mauritius DB2012 Sub-Saharan Africa globally DB2013 DB2013 Rank 44 44 Mauritius (44) Iceland (1) Procedures (number) 4 4 Comoros (3) Germany (3)* Time (days) 84 91 Rwanda (30) Germany (17) Cost (% of income per capita) 295.1 328.5 Mauritius (295.1) Japan (0.0)Note: DB2012 rankings shown are not last year’s published rankings but comparable rankings for DB2012 that capture theeffects of such factors as data corrections and the addition of 2 economies (Barbados and Malta) to the sample this year.* Two or more economies share the top ranking on this indicator. For a list of these economies, see the Doing Business website(http://www.doingbusiness.org).Source: Doing Business database.
  38. 38. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 38GETTING ELECTRICITYObtaining an electricity connection is essential to safety in the connection process while keepingenable a business to conduct its most basic operations. connection costs reasonable, governments around theIn many economies the connection process is world have worked to consolidate requirements forcomplicated by the multiple laws and regulations obtaining an electricity connection. What reforms ininvolved—covering service quality, general safety, getting electricity has Doing Business recorded intechnical standards, procurement practices and Mauritius (table 4.2)?internal wiring installations. In an effort to ensureTable 4.2 How has Mauritius made getting electricity easier—or not?By Doing Business report yearDB year ReformDB2012 No reform as measured by Doing Business.DB2013 No reform as measured by Doing Business.Source: Doing Business database.
  39. 39. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 39GETTING ELECTRICITYWhat are the details?The indicators reported here for Mauritius are based OBTAINING AN ELECTRICITY CONNECTIONon a set of specific procedures—the steps that anentrepreneur must complete to get a warehouseconnected to electricity by the local distribution City: Port Louisutility—identified by Doing Business. Data are collectedfrom the distribution utility, then completed and Name of Utility: Central Electricity Boardverified by electricity regulatory agencies and (C.E.B.)independent professionals such as electrical engineers, The procedures are those that apply to a warehouseelectrical contractors and construction companies. The and electricity connection matching the standardelectricity distribution utility surveyed is the one assumptions used by Doing Business in collecting theserving the area (or areas) in which warehouses are data (see the section in this chapter on what thelocated. If there is a choice of distribution utilities, the indicators cover). The procedures, along with theone serving the largest number of customers is associated time and cost, are summarized below.selected.Summary of procedures for getting electricity in Mauritius—and the time and cost Time to No. Procedure Cost to complete complete Submit application with Central Electricity Board (CEB) and await estimate An application can be submitted in person, by letter, fax or online. The following documents have to be attached: • location plan • site plan 1 • national identity card or passport nr. 25 calendar days MUR 34,897.4 • building permit • trade license from local authority • title deed of land acquisitioned or lease agreement (need to be notarized) • load details. Payment of the estimate is done at the utility. * Central Electricity Board (CEB) carries out external and visual internal inspection An external inspection of the site is done by the utility. Someone from 2 the customers party has to be present. An internal inspection (visual 7 calendar days no charge inspection only without tests) is done after completion of the internal wiring. It is requested by calling, over the counter, mail, email, fax. The customer’s electrical contractor is doing the internal wiring. The utility requests an installation wiring certificate from the contractor. The clients electrical contractor carries out the civil work for the transformer 3 The clients electrical contractor carries out the civil works for the 30 calendar days MUR 300,000.0 transformer. Trench details and transformer room details are provided by the utility. The works consist of the excavation of trenches, laying of pipe ducts in trenches, construction of concrete pillars, draw pits, supply and
  40. 40. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 40 Time to No. Procedure Cost to complete complete placing of poles, construction of transformer room. Central Electricity Board (CEB) carries out a routine inspection of the civil works, external connection works and meter installation An inspector from the utility carries out a routine check to verify compliance of the civil works with details provided by the utility. The 4 utility is in charge of the design of the connection and the physical 29 calendar days MUR 423,000.0 works. The external connection works can be done within one month. Material is always available. The customer does not have to buy material. The meter gets installed at the same time as when the connection is done by the utility. Electricity starts flowing from the moment the connection is done.* Takes place simultaneously with another procedure.Source: Doing Business database.
  41. 41. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 41REGISTERING PROPERTYEnsuring formal property rights is fundamental. WHAT THE REGISTERING PROPERTYEffective administration of land is part of that. If INDICATORS MEASUREformal property transfer is too costly orcomplicated, formal titles might go informalagain. And where property is informal or poorly Procedures to legally transfer title onadministered, it has little chance of being immovable property (number)accepted as collateral for loans—limiting access to Preregistration (for example, checking for liens,finance. notarizing sales agreement, paying property transfer taxes)What do the indicators cover? Registration in the economy’s largest businessDoing Business records the full sequence of cityprocedures necessary for a business to purchaseproperty from another business and transfer the Postregistration (for example, filing title with the municipality)property title to the buyer’s name. The transactionis considered complete when it is opposable to Time required to complete each procedurethird parties and when the buyer can use the (calendar days)property, use it as collateral for a bank loan or Does not include time spent gatheringresell it. The ranking on the ease of registering informationproperty is the simple average of the percentilerankings on its component indicators: procedures, Each procedure starts on a separate daytime and cost. Procedure completed once final document is receivedTo make the data comparable across economies,several assumptions about the parties to the No prior contact with officialstransaction, the property and the procedures are Cost required to complete each procedureused. (% of property value)The parties (buyer and seller): Official costs only, no bribes  Are limited liability companies, 100% No value added or capital gains taxes included domestically and privately owned.  Are located in the periurban area of the economy’s largest business city.  Has no mortgages attached and has been under the same ownership for the past 10  Have 50 employees each, all of whom are years. nationals.  Consists of 557.4 square meters (6,000 square  Perform general commercial activities. feet) of land and a 10-year-old, 2-storyThe property (fully owned by the seller): warehouse of 929 square meters (10,000  Has a value of 50 times income per capita. square feet). The warehouse is in good The sale price equals the value. condition and complies with all safety standards, building codes and legal  Is registered in the land registry or requirements. The property will be transferred cadastre, or both, and is free of title in its entirety. disputes.  Is located in a periurban commercial zone, and no rezoning is required.
  42. 42. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 42REGISTERING PROPERTYWhere does the economy stand today?What does it take to complete a property transfer in procedures, takes 15 days and costs 10.6% of theMauritius? According to data collected by Doing property value (figure 5.1).Business, registering property there requires 4Figure 5.1 What it takes to register property in MauritiusNote: Time shown in the figure above may not reflect simultaneity of procedures. For more information on the methodology ofthe registering property indicators, see the Doing Business website (http://www.doingbusiness.org). For details on theprocedures reflected here, see the summary at the end of this chapter.Source: Doing Business database.
  43. 43. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 43REGISTERING PROPERTYGlobally, Mauritius stands at 60 in the ranking of 185 regional average ranking provide other usefuleconomies on the ease of registering property (figure information for assessing how easy it is for an5.2). The rankings for comparator economies and the entrepreneur in Mauritius to transfer property.Figure 5.2 How Mauritius and comparator economies rank on the ease of registering propertySource: Doing Business database.
  44. 44. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 44REGISTERING PROPERTYWhat are the changes over time?While the most recent Doing Business data reflect how process have changed—and which have not (table 5.1).easy (or difficult) it is to register property in Mauritius That can help identify where the potential fortoday, data over time show which aspects of the improvement is greatest.Table 5.1 The ease of registering property in Mauritius over timeBy Doing Business report year Indicator DB2005 DB2006 DB2007 DB2008 DB2009 DB2010 DB2011 DB2012 DB2013 Rank .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 66 60 Procedures (number) 6 6 6 6 4 4 4 4 4 Time (days) 210 210 210 210 210 26 26 22 15 Cost (% of property value) 15.7 15.7 15.8 10.8 10.8 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.6Note: n.a. = not applicable (the economy was not included in Doing Business for that year). DB2012 rankings shown are not lastyear’s published rankings but comparable rankings for DB2012 that capture the effects of such factors as data corrections andthe addition of 2 economies (Barbados and Malta) to the sample this year. For more information on ―no practice‖ marks, seethe data notes.Source: Doing Business database.
  45. 45. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 45REGISTERING PROPERTYEqually helpful may be the benchmarks provided by (figure 5.3). These benchmarks help show what isthe economies that over time have had the best possible in making it easier to register property. Andperformance regionally or globally on the procedures, changes in regional averages can show wheretime or cost required to complete a property transfer Mauritius is keeping up—and where it is falling behind.Figure 5.3 Has registering property become easier over time?Procedures (number)Time (days)
  46. 46. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 46REGISTERING PROPERTYCost (% of property value)Source: Doing Business database.
  47. 47. Doing Business 2013 Mauritius 47REGISTERING PROPERTYEconomies worldwide have been making it easier for have cut the time required substantially—enablingentrepreneurs to register and transfer property—such buyers to use or mortgage their property earlier. Whatas by computerizing land registries, introducing time property registration reforms has Doing Businesslimits for procedures and setting low fixed fees. Many recorded in Mauritius (table 5.2)?Table 5.2 How has Mauritius made registering property easier—or not?By Doing Business report yearDB year Reform Mauritius made registering property cheaper by reducing theDB2008 property registration fee. Mauritius abolished two procedures, the requirement toDB2009 obtain clearance certificate from the Waste Water Authority and to obtain a tax clearance certificate for municipal taxes. Mauritius has made it easier to register property by setting aDB2010 statutory time limit of 15 days to obtain the final property title from the Land Registry.DB2011 No reform as measured by Doing Business.DB2012 No reform as measured by Doing Business. Mauritius made property transfers faster by implementing anDB2013 electronic information management system at the Registrar- General’s Department.Note: For information on reforms in earlier years (back to DB2005), see the Doing Businessreports for these years, available at http://www.doingbusiness.org.Source: Doing Business database.

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