Learning Styles


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Learning Styles

  1. 1. Question Learning Styles Why do we need to know about the different learning styles? Learning Style Instructional Technology The “characteristic strengths or LEARNER preferences in the ways that learners take in and process information” Learning R. Felder TEACHER INSTRUCTION Learning Theories Instructional Methods LEARNER LEARNER Learning Learning TEACHER INSTRUCTION TEACHER INSTRUCTION 1
  2. 2. Learning Styles Why is There a Gap? Individuals learn in varied ways LEARNER Individuals teach in ways that they have been taught Learning TEACHER INSTRUCTION Bridging the Gap Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model Be aware of the differences of how students take in and process information V A L Try to balance instruction to address different learning styles vs V A L Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model Visual They remember what they see V I S U A L They learn more by looking at and observing vs Graphs Drawings Pictures V E R B A L Diagrams Video 2
  3. 3. Verbal Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model Verbal learners learn more through the use of words Textbooks, journals and other written material A V E Lectures, symposiums and other spoken explanations vs P V E Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model Active Active learners learn best by being A C T I V E directly involved They like group work and interaction vs “Learning by doing” “Let's try it out and see how it works” P A S S I V E Passive/Reflective Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model Works alone and usually learn best at their own pace S I N G Quietly thinks and reflects about the subject matter first before applying it and discussing it with peers or mentors vs "Let's think it through first" I I V E 3
  4. 4. Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model Sensing Likes being directly involved in hands-on or laboratory work S E N S I N G Effectively learns about information presented through vs Clear details Well-laid out procedures Verifiable facts I N T U I T I V E Practical applications External: sounds, sights, sensations Intuitive Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model Training would be more effective when discovery and exploration is involved G O A L Likes innovation and dislikes repetition Internal: insights and hunches vs S Q A L Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model Sequential They learn things step by step G L O B A L Logical and sequential process in solving problems appeals to them vs S E Q U E N T I A L 4
  5. 5. Global How can you apply? Learn by absorbing random chunks Visual learners Diagrams, charts, movies of information about the topic then Demonstrations putting it all together as a whole Discussions, oral reports Verbal learners They see and understand everything Writing projects in the “Big Picture” Active Learners Group projects, writing, Have difficulty explaining it since discussion, debate they see things in the “Big Picture” Passive Learners Time for reflection (Reflective) Journals How can you apply? Sensing Students Real-world application Hands-on activities Intuitive Students Open ended, speculative assignments Modes of Assessment Connections: Concept Maps Sequential learners Outlines, stepwise presentations Topic overviews Global learners Connections to other material Modes of Assessment What’s the Difference? Quiz Performance Task Open Ended assessment vs. evaluation 5
  6. 6. Assessment vs. Evaluation Assessment vs. Evaluation assessment evaluation quantitative qualitative Assessment vs. Evaluation Quiz Structured assessment rating True / False Multiple Choice Identification vs. Matching Type interpretation Performance Task Open Ended Unstructured Assessment Requires individual analysis and Requires the learner to do something synthesis that exhibits mastery or understanding Journal Writing Usually through a hands-on task or Essay long term project 6