Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

EU Security Policy in Somalia: Analysis

900 views

Published on

Analysis of EU security policy in Somalia between 2005-2010

Published in: News & Politics, Business
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

EU Security Policy in Somalia: Analysis

  1. 1. Challenges in Dealing with Terrorism and Organized Crime in Somalia A Look at the European Security Strategy 2005-2010 November 23 rd , 2010 National Intelligence Conference Congreso Nacional de Inteligencia Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain
  2. 2. ‘ New Dimension of Organized Crime’ Strait of Mallaca
  3. 3. <ul><li>1. European Contribution </li></ul><ul><li>2. Current Somali Situation </li></ul><ul><li>3. EU Policy Weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>4. Discussion on Maximizing EU’s Investment in Somalia </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>EU Contribution to Somalia Humanitarian Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Food Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment for war wounds </li></ul><ul><li>Improved access to water </li></ul><ul><li>Water delivery during drought period </li></ul><ul><li>Cooked meals </li></ul>
  5. 6. EU Contribution: Military Aid <ul><li>AMISOM peacekeeping mission in Somalia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>African Union – 7000 soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EU Somalia Training Mission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EUTM Somalia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Train Somali & Ugandan troops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EU military officers & training: 14 EU countries ( € 6.2mil: 150 trainers => 76 Somali government soldiers ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EC Delegation in Kenya & United Nations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terrorism, small arms, light weapons, demobilization and disarmament </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Operation ATALANTA – EU NAVFOR <ul><li>EU’s 1st Maritime ESDP Mission !!! </li></ul><ul><li>Provides close escort protection by EU Naval Force warships to World Food Program shipments of food </li></ul><ul><li>To deter and disrupt piracy </li></ul><ul><li>To protect vulnerable shipping </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor fishing activities off the coast of Somalia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>*10 December 2010 marks 2 nd year anniversary of EU NAVFOR Somalia – Operation ATALANTA </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. 2. Current Somali Situation <ul><li>Transitional Federal Government (TGF) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most corrupt in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prime minister resignation (October 2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 yr mandate (exp 2009): 2yr extension (exp 2011) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increase in the displacement of people </li></ul><ul><li>Pirate attacks increased </li></ul><ul><li>World Food Program – No guarantee </li></ul><ul><li>Al Shabaab & insurgents: Child soldiers </li></ul>
  8. 9. Satellite images of the Afgooye corridor west of Mogadishdu show an increased population density. October 2010: 410,000 displaced people 2007 2010
  9. 10. Population: 7.7 million 4%
  10. 12. 3. EU Policy Weaknesses <ul><li>Superficial Solution = Superficial Results </li></ul><ul><li>Nation building comes at a high price $$$ </li></ul><ul><li>EU’s personal economic woes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Somalia ranks low on ‘priority list’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unreasonable expectations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20 warships to secure 10 times the size of Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prosecution Façade: Pirate capturing obsession </li></ul><ul><li>Disregard to ethnic disputes </li></ul>“ Hay que hablar mal de lo malo”
  11. 13. 4. Discussion on Maximizing EU’s Investment in Somalia <ul><li>As TFG comes to an end in 2011 its time to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rethink </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reevaluate EU Somali Policy </li></ul></ul>€ 200 mil invested Man power Military strength Financial Aid Confirm Check Verify Follow up European Tax Payer Money
  12. 14. EU Needs To… <ul><li>Reevaluate its geostrategic priorities and political ambitions in Somalia </li></ul><ul><li>Assess how the EU can more effectively make use of the European tax payer’s Euros </li></ul><ul><li>Forge stronger political alliances via the cooperation with other world powers in a joint strategy </li></ul>
  13. 15. “ Que salga algo nuevo de este congreso” Dr. Félix Sanz Foldán Director del Centro Nacional de Inteligencia
  14. 16. <ul><li>“ The fact is that there will never be enough warships to blanket cover this huge area….” </li></ul><ul><li>Merchant Navy Liaison Officer Simon Church </li></ul><ul><li>EU NAVFOR 2010 </li></ul>

×