Coal, Oil, and Gas Wellness and Water 2013 Panel Discussion June 2013 Coal, West Virginia

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The full version of my panel discussion related to coal, oil, mountaintop removal, and natural gas development. The importance of working together, changing and updating laws, conservation, educating our children, and developing a long-term energy plan for our country.

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Coal, Oil, and Gas Wellness and Water 2013 Panel Discussion June 2013 Coal, West Virginia

  1. 1. Coal/ Aggregate (MTR) and Gas Drilling My PA Perspective Presented at: Wellness and Water 2013 June 29 – 30, 3013 ~ WV Wesleyan College, Buckhannon, WV
  2. 2. Mr. Brian Oram, Professional Geologist (PG),Mr. Brian Oram, Professional Geologist (PG), Professional Soil Scientist (PA and WV), LicensedProfessional Soil Scientist (PA and WV), Licensed Well Driller (PA)Well Driller (PA) B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. http://www.bfenvironmental.com Water Research Center http://www.water-research.net Carbon County Groundwater Guardians http://www.carbonwaters.org Presented by
  3. 3. Water-Research Center Education and Outreach Program funded byEducation and Outreach Program funded by B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc.B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. Outreach ProgramsOutreach Programs • Environmental and Professional Education and Training for Citizens andEnvironmental and Professional Education and Training for Citizens and Local MunicipalitiesLocal Municipalities • Water Quality Help Guides – Information LibraryWater Quality Help Guides – Information Library • Community and Business Outreach ProgramsCommunity and Business Outreach Programs • Low Cost – Informational Water Testing Program with National LaboratoryLow Cost – Informational Water Testing Program with National Laboratory • Citizen Monitoring Programs- Developing Low Cost Water Quality SensorsCitizen Monitoring Programs- Developing Low Cost Water Quality Sensors • Targets Young Adults, Watershed Organizations, Coalition, EnvironmentalTargets Young Adults, Watershed Organizations, Coalition, Environmental Groups, Professionals, and KidsGroups, Professionals, and Kids http://www.water-research.net
  4. 4. Carbon County Groundwater Guardians The Carbon County Groundwater Guardians (CCGG) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit, volunteer, environmental education organization which provides homeowners with information on private wells, water quality and quantity, and septic systems Not an Advocacy Group 1. Education 2. Fact Based Approach 3. Scientific Method 4. Target Education of Kids and Families 5. Delivery Statewide
  5. 5. B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. • Professional Consulting Services in the areas of water quality, soils, stormwater, geology, aquifer analysis, and land-development. • Baseline – Chain-of-Custody- Sourcewater Protection • Expert Testimony • Online Training in Alternative Energy • Professional and Educator Training • Water Treatment Process/ Product Development • http://www.bfenvironmental.com
  6. 6. Our Work on Coal Legacy Issues 1. Education and Awareness – Kids 2. Developing Innovative Solutions for Use, Mitigation, and Treatment (Local Agencies, Professionals, Researchers) 3. Mine Land Reclamation and AMD Treatment 4. Assisting in Health Based Research, such as Polycythemia vera and Private Well Water Testing and Analysis. 5. Events – Rain Barrel Workshops and Energy Expos (2009 and 2010)
  7. 7. Mine Water Treatment System and Water Reuse BEFORE POW Process AFTERBefore
  8. 8. Oil and Gas
  9. 9. Shale Gas No – We don’t want this situation - This mindset is Causing Grid Lock? We ALL Live Downstream ! Our Drinking Water The Match Of the Century – Pick a Side and Lets See Who Wins.
  10. 10. • Citizen Groundwater and Surface Water Database For PA (Community Action) What is in the Database? Go to http://www.carbonwaters.org or http://www.water-research.net
  11. 11. This is Drinking Water in PA? What about this Health Crisis in PA? Iron / Manganese Bacteria Sediment / Gases Corrosion 50% Other 50%
  12. 12. Our Work – Education and Outreach Fact Based – No Spin Zone • Speaking to Lease Holder and Land Trusts Groups • Speaking to Advocacy Groups/ Watershed Groups – Working on Sourcewater Protection Committees – Industry Groups, Local Agencies • Educating Private Well Owners on Baseline Testing, Chain-of-Custody, Citizen Science • Commenting and Recommending Regulatory Changes • Developing Education and Training Materials
  13. 13. Action Needed Oil and Gas Issues (Top 7 Issues- West Virginia) 1. Containment – Closed Loop Drilling, Lined Drill Pad, and Full Containment on Using Frac Tanks – no lined pits for flowback water. (Full Containment) 2. More Oversight and Public Disclosure. 3. Industry - Repair Roads and Upgrade Infrastructure 4. Monitoring and Tracking Water Withdrawals and Waste Disposal (Cradle to Grave). 5. No Burial of Materials or Cutting On-site – Surface activities should be survey located and recorded on the deed for the parcel. 6. Proper emergency response and monitoring plans 7. Cement bond logging and integrity testing for wells. Short List of Common Problems
  14. 14. Action on Oil and Gas Issues (others) • Weakness in Most State Regulations – Not Treating and Reusing the Flowback Water and NO Water Management Plans – Not Using Degrade Water Sources for Hydraulic Fracturing – Baseline Testing is Very Limited – Not Requiring Cement Bond Logging and long-term monitoring/testing. – Fines and Fees are TOO Low and inadequate oversight – Limited Baseline Testing – Testing should be at Predrilling, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, 2 year, etc. – Spills and Releases not properly reported, documented, investigated, cleaned up, and no final report. – Use lined pits contaminated water and permitting disposal in place! Short List of Common Problems
  15. 15. Lease Holders • Lease Holders – Attempt to add more Environmental Provisions into your lease. – This should include baseline testing of water, soil, and air quality. – Attempt to include surfacewater monitoring and monitoring and testing surrounding well owners. – Include requiring liners, closed loop drilling, Frac Tanks, etc – Join a Surface Rights or Royalty Owners Group – Work with Your Community – Develop or Form a Community Matters Group to Help Deal with Nuisance Issues, Complaints, and Concerns – Good Best Management Manual On Oil and Gas at http://www.pinchot.org/gp/Marcellus_Shale
  16. 16. Surface Owners • Join a Surface Owners Coalition • Lobby for Changing Mineral/Gas Rights Law- Give more control to the Surface Owner • Develop Surface Owners Rights • Change Municipal Authority by Changing Planning Code • Implement Zoning for Secondary Growth • Develop Sourcewater Protection Programs • Get Informed, Ask Questions, and Comment on Proposed Regulatory Changes • Education and Increase Awareness for Energy Efficient, Push for an Energy Policy • Work as a Community- Get Baseline Testing Done NOW • Form a Citizens Groundwater / Surfacewater Database – like http://www.water-research.net
  17. 17. My Suggested Approach On Energy and Conservation Issues • We Produce Twice the Amount of Energy We Use – 50% Waste • Promote Water and Energy Conservation (Target Kids) • Encourage the Purchase of Energy Efficient Products (Target Kids) • Promote Groundsource Heating and Cooling (Use Severance Taxes or Impact Fees to Promote Energy Efficiency) • Support Renewable Energy Research (all options on the table) • Develop a Long-Term Energy Strategy for the Country • Form a Groundwater Guardian Group – like http://www.carbonwaters.org
  18. 18. Educating the Community Electronic Copy (pdf) or Link to a copy at http://www.water-research.net Also: 1. New Portal – http://www.private-well-owner.org 2. New Web-portal on Methane Gas Migration And Mitigation Help Promote the Citizens Groundwater Surfacewater Database to Your Community Partners. Link to: http://www.carbonwaters.org or Pennsylvania Groundwater Forum (facebook)
  19. 19. Good Links • www.wvsoro.org • www.fracktracker.org • www.fracfocus.org • www.netl.doe.gov • Ours – http://www.bfenvironmental.com (Baseline Testing) http://www.water-research.net (Informational Water Testing) http://www.private-well-owner.org (Private Well Owner Support) Report Accidents and Spills WV DEP Spill Hotline – 1-800-642-3074 EPA Eyes on Drilling – 1-877-919-4372
  20. 20. Mr. Brian Oram, Professional Geologist (PG),Mr. Brian Oram, Professional Geologist (PG), Professional Soil Scientist (PA and WV), LicensedProfessional Soil Scientist (PA and WV), Licensed Well Driller (PA)Well Driller (PA) B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. http://www.bfenvironmental.com Water Research Center http://www.water-research.net Carbon County Groundwater Guardians http://www.carbonwaters.org Presented by
  21. 21. Coal/ Aggregate (MTR) and Gas Drilling My PA Perspective Presented at: Wellness and Water 2013 June 29 – 30, 3013 ~ WV Wesleyan College, Buckhannon, WV

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