Chain-of-Custody and Baseline Testing Old Issues New Issues Environment Water Resources Presentation for the Professional ...
Presented by: <ul><li>Mr. Brian Oram, Professional Geologist (PG),  Soil Scientist, Licensed Well Driller, IGSHPA  </li></...
B.F. Environmental  Consultants Inc. <ul><li>Professional Consulting Services in the areas of water quality, soils, stormw...
Water-Research Center <ul><li>Education and Outreach Program funded by    B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc.  </li></ul><...
Water-Research Center <ul><li>Education and Outreach Program funded by    B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc.  </li></ul><...
Announcements <ul><li>Announcement – New Private Well Owner and Watershed Survey for Marcellus Shale Region  - Going to Of...
Target Audience <ul><li>Professionals providing baseline testing services or chain-of-custody to the public. </li></ul><ul...
What is the Marcellus Shale Factor? <ul><li>We have been educating private wellowners for 25+ years- but it was difficult ...
Goals <ul><li>Private Well Water Quality for the Region </li></ul><ul><li>Existing Problems in Region </li></ul><ul><li>Br...
Looks Like Clean Artesian Well Water – Guess What? The Water Contains – Bacteria, Iron, Manganese,  Arsenic (above Drinkin...
The Paper Work- Is the Start of the Chain-of-Custody Process ? <ul><li>Chain-of-Custody </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Related to H...
Chain-of-Custody It does not start here.
Chain-of-Custody <ul><li>Sampling Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Sampling Operations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short-Term </li><...
What is Chain-of-Custody? <ul><li>“ This is a legal term that refers to the ability to guarantee the identification and in...
When Should We Use Chain-of Custody <ul><li>ALWAYS- “Since there is no way to know in advance which samples and data may b...
Keep the Process Simple <ul><li>As you learn how to conduct chain-of-custody procedures, remember these general guidelines...
Chain-of-Custody Once the Parameters have been Selected- The Chain-of-Custody Process Starts Here with the Certified Labor...
Step 1. Sampling Preparations <ul><li>Reagents and materials that will be used during sampling  are prepared. (lab) </li><...
Step 2. Sampling Operations   <ul><li>The field-sample custodian gives the reagents and supplies to the field sampler </li...
Remember <ul><li>Samples and data are considered to be in your custody when: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they are in your physic...
Record <ul><li>Data recordings should be clearly identified with permanent, non-erasable markings that do not interfere wi...
<ul><li>Baseline Testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Selecting Water Quality Parameters- Based on Objectives. </li></ul></ul><ul...
Well Purging / Field Monitoring <ul><li>Document the Source Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source Type, GPS Location, Y...
Entrance Photo Locate Well Look for Treatment (Bypass System) Work as a Team
Landscape Perspective Problems – Note Plug Missing Set a Positioning Standard
The Existing Conditions – Make Sure to Look for Treatment <ul><ul><li>Is there a treatment system?  Document the type of s...
Look for Treatment What we have no treatment ?  Really Make Sure to By-Pass Treatment Systems Note – Not all Systems have ...
Look for Treatment Reverse Osmosis Unit – Basement  Closet on the Floor System in Garage – Two Rooms Away from the Pressur...
Photo Document Sampling Site, Purging, and Monitoring Process
Purge Time, minutes C O N C E N T R A T I O N 1 WBV = 45 minutes   Methane Increases with Purge Time. How Many Private Wel...
Wellbore Volume- Volume of Water in Storage (WBV) <ul><ul><li>Well Depth from Drillers Log – 300 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><...
1 ft 250 ft 1 ft 250 ft 50 ft 75 ft Specific Capacity =  Gpm/ft of drawdown gpm = 5 gpm Static Water Level – 50 feet Dynam...
<ul><li>Make sure to complete the  </li></ul><ul><li>Following: </li></ul><ul><li>Take Notes and Record </li></ul><ul><li>...
Step 3. Sample Transport <ul><li>The  field-sample custodian  is responsible for recovering, preserving (adding acid), tra...
Step 4. Receipt, Storage, and Transfer   <ul><li>The  lab-sample custodian  is responsible for maintaining the chain-of-cu...
Step 5. Sample Analysis <ul><li>Includes chemical analysis of samples according to the appropriate method.  </li></ul><ul>...
Step 6.  Procedures for Data   <ul><li>Chain-of-custody procedures for data are just as important as those for samples.  <...
More Information on Setting Up Chain-of-Custody Programs <ul><li>http://www.epa.gov/apti/coc/ </li></ul><ul><li>EPA Online...
Should You or Your Company Rely on Some Standard List of Baseline Testing Parameters  ? Baseline Testing in PA- Are You Re...
For the Record <ul><li>We Recommended the following be added or part of a baseline test back in 2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
Same Baseline Parameters? Quarry Saline Seeps Mixed Hazards Really – We are Going to Use List of Parameters for  Every Wel...
Citizen Database at Wilkes University- Guidelines for Submission II. Guidelines for Data Submission 1. Third Party Sampler...
New Community Resource Download a Free Copy (pdf) or Link to  a copy at  http://www.bfenvironmental.com <ul><li>Also: </li...
B.F. Environmental  Consultants Inc. <ul><li>Professional Consulting Services in the areas of water quality, soils, stormw...
Water-Research Center <ul><li>Education and Outreach Program funded by    B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc.  </li></ul><...
Recent Site Tour- Towanda, PA (4 Well Sites in One Day – Great Trip) Frac Job Watching A Bit Change and Real-Time Data
If you need help. <ul><li>Give us a Call  </li></ul><ul><li>B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mr. ...
Presented by: <ul><li>Mr. Brian Oram, Professional Geologist (PG),  Soil Scientist, Licensed Well Driller, IGSHPA  </li></...
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Chain of Custody Baseline Testing Marcellus Shale

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Chain of Custody Process and How It Relates to Private Wells and Unconvential Natural Gas Development (Marcellus / Utica) Shales

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  • This slide is a good opportunity to describe the work that the speaker’s company does concerning the location and construction of residential water wells. The speaker should describe his/her experience with these subjects.
  • Chain of Custody Baseline Testing Marcellus Shale

    1. 1. Chain-of-Custody and Baseline Testing Old Issues New Issues Environment Water Resources Presentation for the Professional – Chain of Custody
    2. 2. Presented by: <ul><li>Mr. Brian Oram, Professional Geologist (PG), Soil Scientist, Licensed Well Driller, IGSHPA </li></ul><ul><li>B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bfenvironmental.com </li></ul><ul><li>Water Research Center http://www.water-research.net </li></ul>
    3. 3. B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. <ul><li>Professional Consulting Services in the areas of water quality, soils, stormwater, geology, aquifer analysis, and land-development. </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline – Chain-of-Custody </li></ul><ul><li>Expert Testimony </li></ul><ul><li>Water Treatment Process/ Product Development </li></ul><ul><li>Online Training Courses for Professionals </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bfenvironmental.com </li></ul>
    4. 4. Water-Research Center <ul><li>Education and Outreach Program funded by B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental and Professional Education and Training for Citizens and Local Municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>Water Quality Help Guides – Information Library </li></ul><ul><li>Community and Business Outreach Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Low Cost – Informational Water Testing Program with National Laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen Monitoring Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Website: http://www.water-research.net </li></ul>
    5. 5. Water-Research Center <ul><li>Education and Outreach Program funded by B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental and Professional Education and Training for Citizens and Local Municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>Water Quality Help Guides – Information Library </li></ul><ul><li>Community and Business Outreach Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Low Cost – Informational Water Testing Program with National Laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen Monitoring Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Website: http://www.water-research.net </li></ul>
    6. 6. Announcements <ul><li>Announcement – New Private Well Owner and Watershed Survey for Marcellus Shale Region - Going to Offer 200 Free Radon in Water Tests . http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/NMG6RQ3 </li></ul><ul><li>Want to host a community meeting to discuss baseline testing, gas migration, community monitoring, Citizen Groundwater/Surfacewater Database or other issues – call (570) 335-1947, [email_address] or </li></ul><ul><li>Visit Us at http://www.bfenvironmental.com </li></ul><ul><li>New Fact Sheet Related to Methane Gas and Updating the Free Booklet </li></ul><ul><li>for Private Well Owners. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Target Audience <ul><li>Professionals providing baseline testing services or chain-of-custody to the public. </li></ul><ul><li>Professionals providing consulting services to the Gas Companies </li></ul><ul><li>Community Advocates and Scientists </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal and Local Officials </li></ul><ul><li>Water Supplies and State Regulators </li></ul>
    8. 8. What is the Marcellus Shale Factor? <ul><li>We have been educating private wellowners for 25+ years- but it was difficult to get citizens to test their well water. It looks clear – I am not sick – It is fine. </li></ul><ul><li>The Marcellus Shale Factor – Baseline Testing for Natural Gas Development is conducting Testing and Citizens are be told they have a Problem NOW. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Private Well Construction and Placement - Some Private Wells may be the pathways for Contamination. </li></ul><ul><li>WE NEED TO PROTECT OUR SOURCE WATER- not just from Marcellus Shale Development and other hazards, but from “us” and our past. </li></ul><ul><li>How do we track an unregulated activity – such as: Private Wells and Identify Zones or Areas that are Vulnerable to Contamination. </li></ul><ul><li>This lead to the idea for creating the Citizen Groundwater / Surfacewater Database </li></ul>WE Support the Citizen Groundwater Database at Wilkes University !
    9. 9. Goals <ul><li>Private Well Water Quality for the Region </li></ul><ul><li>Existing Problems in Region </li></ul><ul><li>Brief Introduction to Marcellus Shale and Importance of Proper Well Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Review of Hydraulic Fracturing </li></ul><ul><li>Methane Gas Migration </li></ul><ul><li>The Citizen Groundwater Database </li></ul><ul><li>Well Monitoring and Purging </li></ul><ul><li>Chain-of-Custody </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline Testing – What Parameters? </li></ul><ul><li>The PSU Findings </li></ul><ul><li>Educating the Community </li></ul>
    10. 10. Looks Like Clean Artesian Well Water – Guess What? The Water Contains – Bacteria, Iron, Manganese, Arsenic (above Drinking Water Standards) Smells Like Rotten Eggs (sulfur), and is Corrosive.
    11. 11. The Paper Work- Is the Start of the Chain-of-Custody Process ? <ul><li>Chain-of-Custody </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Related to Hiring a Third-Party Contractor and the Beginning of the Chain-of-Custody is when the Sampler Gets to The Sampling Point. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correct? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Chain-of-Custody It does not start here.
    13. 13. Chain-of-Custody <ul><li>Sampling Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Sampling Operations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Short-Term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long- Term </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sample Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Receipt, Storage, Transport </li></ul><ul><li>Sample Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Procedures for Data </li></ul>
    14. 14. What is Chain-of-Custody? <ul><li>“ This is a legal term that refers to the ability to guarantee the identification and integrity of samples from collection through reporting of test results. </li></ul><ul><li>For the purpose of litigation, it is necessary to prove the legal integrity of all samples and data as part of the chain of evidence. Therefore, it is necessary to have an accurate written history for the sample. </li></ul><ul><li>This history should include sample bottle preparation, bottle possession, handling, location of samples, and data from the time of preparing for sampling through collection and final reporting. This can be conducted by using chain-of-custody procedures and process. “ </li></ul><ul><li>Do not Forget Data Storage is Part of this Process. </li></ul>
    15. 15. When Should We Use Chain-of Custody <ul><li>ALWAYS- “Since there is no way to know in advance which samples and data may be involved in litigation, you should always follow chain-of-custody procedures whenever samples and data are collected, transferred, stored, analyzed, or destroyed.” </li></ul><ul><li>Samples and data are considered to be in your custody when: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they are in your physical possession; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they are in your view, after being in your physical possession; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they are in your physical possession and then locked so that tampering cannot occur; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they are kept in a secured area, with access restricted to authorized personnel only and that access and personnel is documented. </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Keep the Process Simple <ul><li>As you learn how to conduct chain-of-custody procedures, remember these general guidelines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep the number of people involved in collecting and handling samples and data to a minimum. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only allow people associated with the project to handle samples and data. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always document the transfer of samples and data from one person to another on chain-of-custody forms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always accompany samples and data with their chain-of-custody forms. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give samples and data positive identification at all times that is legible and written with permanent ink. </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Chain-of-Custody Once the Parameters have been Selected- The Chain-of-Custody Process Starts Here with the Certified Laboratory Image Source-http://www.epa.gov/apti/coc/
    18. 18. Step 1. Sampling Preparations <ul><li>Reagents and materials that will be used during sampling are prepared. (lab) </li></ul><ul><li>Materials and reagents may be used to calibrate sampling equipment or may become part of the sample itself. (lab and/or sampler) </li></ul><ul><li>Keep records, including the preparation date , name of the preparer, and location of the reagents and materials from preparation through use. (lab) </li></ul><ul><li>Lab-sample custodian starts the chain-of custody (COC) process by requesting that the laboratory technician prepare the reagents and supplies. The lab-sample custodian stores the materials prepared by the lab technician in limited-access locked storage until they are needed in the field. (lab) </li></ul><ul><li>Field-sample custodian takes possession of the reagents and supplies. (sampler) </li></ul><ul><li>All exchanges of reagents and supplies are documented on the Chain-of-Custody Forms </li></ul>
    19. 19. Step 2. Sampling Operations <ul><li>The field-sample custodian gives the reagents and supplies to the field sampler </li></ul><ul><li>Samples collected using the proper sampling techniques and methods. </li></ul><ul><li>The collected sample is placed in a non-reactive container and sealed. Some use tape, to prevent accidental opening and spillage. I use individual coolers that are closed.  </li></ul><ul><li>A legal custody seal is then applied over the top of the lid and down the side of the container to detect unauthorized opening of the sample. </li></ul><ul><li>Each sample container must be labeled with its own unique and permanent identification number to prevent container mix-up. </li></ul><ul><li>Samples should be in the possession of the field sampler or field-sample custodian or in limited-access locked storage. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Remember <ul><li>Samples and data are considered to be in your custody when: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they are in your physical possession; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they are in your view, after being in your physical possession; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they are in your physical possession and then locked up so that tampering cannot occur; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they are kept in a secured area, with access restricted to authorized personnel only (Locked Vehicle). </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Record <ul><li>Data recordings should be clearly identified with permanent, non-erasable markings that do not interfere with data. Information about the sample should include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>what (the parameter to be tested), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>where (the location site and sample location), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>when (date and time), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>how (measurement methodology used, including units for reporting and the instrument’s full-scale setting), an </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>who (signature of the sampler), and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preservation methods. </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>Baseline Testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Selecting Water Quality Parameters- Based on Objectives. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is should be based on site-specific and regional conditions and goals for the assessment. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proper Well Purging, Field Monitoring, and Sampling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documenting Existing Conditions and Well or Water Source Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Field Testing Parameters like pH, conductivity, temperature, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, and ORP. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chain-of-Custody Protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using a Certified Lab / Using Certified Methods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selecting Water Quality Parameters- Based on Objectives. </li></ul></ul>If you are working for a Company – Work in Mixed Teams ! Baseline Testing
    23. 23. Well Purging / Field Monitoring <ul><li>Document the Source Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source Type, GPS Location, Yield, Pump Setting, Static Water Level, and Existing Conditions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Owners name and address- Give the Well Owner the Unique ID for the Well and make sure this ID is part of the Chain-of-Custody and Appears on the Lab Report. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If possible calculate the wellbore volume and specific capacity for the well. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Properly purge the well and monitor the purging process. and Give Each Sampling Site a Unique ID Number that is Tracked with Sample. I repeat because this Important. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Document water appearance, sediment, odors, and any other information or observations – If possible photo document and have others confirm. </li></ul></ul>Take Lots of Digital Photos !
    24. 24. Entrance Photo Locate Well Look for Treatment (Bypass System) Work as a Team
    25. 25. Landscape Perspective Problems – Note Plug Missing Set a Positioning Standard
    26. 26. The Existing Conditions – Make Sure to Look for Treatment <ul><ul><li>Is there a treatment system? Document the type of system, Model Numbers, and make sure to by-pass the unit prior to collection. You may need to remove the particle filters. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Properly clean and prepare sampling site. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Field monitoring should include documenting static water level in the well, pH, conductivity, temperature, ORP and turbidity of the water. Others? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yes – Color, Clarity, Odor, Films, Sediments, Physical Condition of the water. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take Lots of Photos and in Entrance/ Exit Photo </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Look for Treatment What we have no treatment ? Really Make Sure to By-Pass Treatment Systems Note – Not all Systems have by-pass features.
    28. 28. Look for Treatment Reverse Osmosis Unit – Basement Closet on the Floor System in Garage – Two Rooms Away from the Pressure Tank
    29. 29. Photo Document Sampling Site, Purging, and Monitoring Process
    30. 30. Purge Time, minutes C O N C E N T R A T I O N 1 WBV = 45 minutes Methane Increases with Purge Time. How Many Private Well Owners Normally Let Water Run for 45 minutes
    31. 31. Wellbore Volume- Volume of Water in Storage (WBV) <ul><ul><li>Well Depth from Drillers Log – 300 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well Diameter – 6 inches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Static Water Level (no pumping) – 51 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Column in the Well – 250 feet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water in the Well ( 250 ft * 1.5 g/ft = 375gallons) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 – Wellbore Volume – 375 gallons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If pump produces 5 gallons per minute, it will take 75 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to purge wellbore volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Normally – we attempt to purge 3 wellbore volumes as part of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a monitoring effort. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What level of purging is needed for this effort? </li></ul></ul>50 ft 1 ft 250 ft
    32. 32. 1 ft 250 ft 1 ft 250 ft 50 ft 75 ft Specific Capacity = Gpm/ft of drawdown gpm = 5 gpm Static Water Level – 50 feet Dynamic Level – 200 feet Sc = (5 gpm/ (150 ft))= Sc = 0.03 gpm/ft drawdown Estimating Specific Capacity Less head pressure more methane will be released. Methane
    33. 33. <ul><li>Make sure to complete the </li></ul><ul><li>Following: </li></ul><ul><li>Take Notes and Record </li></ul><ul><li>Observations </li></ul><ul><li>2. Label Each Container </li></ul><ul><li>Name, Site ID, Date, Time, </li></ul><ul><li>Parameters, Your Initials, </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation </li></ul><ul><li>3. Prepare Chain-of-Custody </li></ul><ul><li>4. Record Field Water Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Data During Purging Process </li></ul>I Got to Lose Weight !
    34. 34. Step 3. Sample Transport <ul><li>The field-sample custodian is responsible for recovering, preserving (adding acid), transport on ice, and storing the samples until they are delivered to the lab. Shipment of samples is time critical to ensure their integrity. </li></ul><ul><li>When common carriers are used, packages should be marked “deliver to addressee only.” </li></ul><ul><li>The seal label should read “Chain-of-Custody Sample – Authorization Required to Open”. </li></ul><ul><li>Samples transported by the U.S. Postal Service must be sent by registered mail, return receipt requested. Samples sent by private carriers, such as UPS, require a description of the items on the bill of lading.  </li></ul><ul><li>A copy of a Sampling Shipping Form should always accompany the transported samples. </li></ul><ul><li>The field-sample custodian should keep a copy of this form and any other shipping documents for his/her records. If the package is sent by common carrier, make sure the air-bill or package tracking information is included on the form so that samples can be tracked if necessary. </li></ul>
    35. 35. Step 4. Receipt, Storage, and Transfer <ul><li>The lab-sample custodian is responsible for maintaining the chain-of-custody procedures as samples are received and handled at the lab. </li></ul><ul><li>Samples should be in the possession of the lab-sample custodian, or in limited-access area or locked secured storage areas as they await analysis. </li></ul><ul><li>When samples are received, the lab-sample custodian verifies the number of samples, their identification, and their integrity to make sure they have not been tampered with. </li></ul><ul><li>Check in process may take 5 to 15 minutes per sample. </li></ul>
    36. 36. Step 5. Sample Analysis <ul><li>Includes chemical analysis of samples according to the appropriate method. </li></ul><ul><li>Samples should be analyzed in a timely manner to ensure the integrity of the results. </li></ul><ul><li>The analyst is responsible for maintaining the chain-of-custody procedures during this step.  During analysis, samples and intermediary solutions must be in continuous view of the analyst, or in limited-access locked storage. </li></ul><ul><li>After analysis, some samples will be discarded and others will be returned to the lab-sample custodian for secure storage—depending on the objectives of the project involved. If samples are toxic or hazardous, they must be disposed of safely. </li></ul><ul><li>The lab-sample custodian is responsible for maintaining the chain-of-custody procedures during Sample-Data Recordkeeping (Archiving). </li></ul>
    37. 37. Step 6. Procedures for Data <ul><li>Chain-of-custody procedures for data are just as important as those for samples. </li></ul><ul><li>If not properly protected and safeguarded, data can be lost, stolen, destroyed, or tampered. Even if the data is not tampered or corrupted – the process must be bullet proof and defendable. </li></ul><ul><li>Chain-of-custody procedures for data can be broken down into three steps. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 1. Data Acquisition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 2. Data Identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step 3. Data Processing and Recordkeeping </li></ul></ul>
    38. 38. More Information on Setting Up Chain-of-Custody Programs <ul><li>http://www.epa.gov/apti/coc/ </li></ul><ul><li>EPA Online Course on Chain-of-Custody </li></ul>
    39. 39. Should You or Your Company Rely on Some Standard List of Baseline Testing Parameters ? Baseline Testing in PA- Are You Relying on this? We Use the PSU 3- Tier Approach We Test for Parameters Recommend by PADEP We Use Parameters Recommended by an Organization We Use Parameters Recommended by Our Certified Lab <ul><li>My Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Hire a Licensed Professional </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline Parameters Should be Based on Conditions and Goals for this Process </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline Parameters Should be Based on Existing Problems in the Area (Known and Anticipated) and Source </li></ul>
    40. 40. For the Record <ul><li>We Recommended the following be added or part of a baseline test back in 2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Methane and Ethane (2009)– we added Propane in 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bromide, Surfactants, 21-Regulated VOCs with MTBE (2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arsenic, Strontium, Selenium (2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggested Lithium (2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radon in Water (2011) </li></ul></ul>
    41. 41. Same Baseline Parameters? Quarry Saline Seeps Mixed Hazards Really – We are Going to Use List of Parameters for Every Well in PA?
    42. 42. Citizen Database at Wilkes University- Guidelines for Submission II. Guidelines for Data Submission 1. Third Party Samplers following chain-of-custody to certified laboratory. 2. Submit detailed reports from certified laboratory with a GPS position for the well. 3. The water sample must be collected ahead of any water treatment system. 4. other conditions – Learn More at the Our Website. 5. For some recommendations on baseline testing – contact bfenviro@ptd.net Learn More – http://www.bfenvironmental.com/pawaters.php
    43. 43. New Community Resource Download a Free Copy (pdf) or Link to a copy at http://www.bfenvironmental.com <ul><li>Also: </li></ul><ul><li>We are Working on a Regional Citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Water Quality Database and Citizen Education </li></ul><ul><li>Programs. </li></ul>Add Your Data to the Citizen Database http://www.bfenvironmental.com/pawaters.php Great Value Added Service to Your Clients – Consider Adding a Community Education Program
    44. 44. B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. <ul><li>Professional Consulting Services in the areas of water quality, soils, stormwater, geology, aquifer analysis, and land-development. </li></ul><ul><li>Baseline – Chain-of-Custody </li></ul><ul><li>Expert Testimony </li></ul><ul><li>Water Treatment Process/ Product Development </li></ul><ul><li>Online Training Courses for Professionals </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bfenvironmental.com </li></ul>
    45. 45. Water-Research Center <ul><li>Education and Outreach Program funded by B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental and Professional Education and Training for Citizens and Local Municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>Water Quality Help Guides – Information Library </li></ul><ul><li>Community and Business Outreach Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Low Cost – Informational Water Testing Program with National Laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen Monitoring Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Website: http://www.water-research.net </li></ul>
    46. 46. Recent Site Tour- Towanda, PA (4 Well Sites in One Day – Great Trip) Frac Job Watching A Bit Change and Real-Time Data
    47. 47. If you need help. <ul><li>Give us a Call </li></ul><ul><li>B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mr. Brian Oram, Professional Geologist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>570 – 335-1947 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.bfenvironmental.com </li></ul></ul>
    48. 48. Presented by: <ul><li>Mr. Brian Oram, Professional Geologist (PG), Soil Scientist, Licensed Well Driller, IGSHPA </li></ul><ul><li>B.F. Environmental Consultants Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bfenvironmental.com </li></ul><ul><li>Water Research Center http://www.water-research.net </li></ul>

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