U8 Referee Training
Introduction
There are more than 500,000 children playing AYSO
soccer and each one of those children has a right to a
safe...
Why AYSO?
The Vision of AYSO is to provide
world class youth soccer programs
that enrich children’s lives.
What makes AYSO unique?
The philosophy of the organization is to educate and
develop young people by encouraging their int...
Everyone Plays®

Our goal is for kids to play soccer – so we mandate
that every player on every team must play at least
ha...
Everyone Plays®

This includes our VIP -Very Important Players
Balanced Teams

Each year we form new teams as evenly as possible –
because it is fair and more fun when teams of equal
ab...
Open Registration

Our program is open to all children between 4 and
19 years of age who want to register and play soccer....
Positive Coaching
OSITIVE
NSTRUCTIONAL

P I E

NCOURAGING

Encouragement of player effort provides for greater
enjoyment b...
Good Sportsmanship

• We strive to create a safe, fair, fun and positive
environment based on mutual respect, rather than ...
Good Sportsmanship

AYSO’s Kids Zone program
is one of the first of its kind to promote good
sportsmanship and appropriate...
Player Development

We believe that all players should be able to develop
their soccer skills and knowledge to the best of...
Player Development

AYSO provides a number of programs that support
player development including EXTRA and AYSO Soccer
Cam...
Volunteer Philosophies?

AYSO’s philosophies apply to volunteers too!
AYSO Philosophies Mnemonic
G
O
B
E
Positive
Player
AYSO Philosophies Mnemonic
Good sportsmanship
Open Registration
Balanced Teams
Everyone Plays
Positive Coaching
Player Dev...
AYSO Team

KIDS
COACHES
AYSO Team
Team Rules
– Work Together
– Help Each Other
– Protect Each Other
– Do Our Best
Every AYSO Venue is a Kids Zone!
Kids Zone guidelines encourage
appropriate sideline behavior – key
to promoting a fun, sa...
Kids Zone Sidelines
Spectators agree to respect the following rules:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–

Kids are # 1
Fun, not winning is...
Quiz
Which of the following is NOT one of the core AYSO
philosophies?
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Balanced Teams
Open Registration
Pro...
U-8 Referee Course
U-8 Referee Course
Objectives
•
•
•
•

Know what to expect from U-8 players
Know the parts of the field
Know the number of...
U-8 Referee Course
Objectives
• Successfully manage pre-game duties
• Know how to start,
when to stop,
and how to restart ...
U-8 Referee Course
Objectives
• Manage post-game situations
• Comprehend the Referee’s facilitative role
• Understand the ...
History of the Game
Soccer is known as Football outside the USA

Tribal lore had battle victors kicking body
parts around
...
History of the Game
The modern game dates from 1863 when the
Laws of the Game were established at a
London pub
Two faction...
History of the Game
FIFA (Federation International de
Football Association) governs the
worldwide game
USSF (United States...
History of the Game
The Laws of the Game can be
summarized in three simple words:

Safe
Fair
Fun
Philosophy of Refereeing
The Laws of the Game are intended to provide that
games should be played with as little interfere...
Philosophy of Refereeing
• Younger Games:
More a friendly guide than policeman.
• Give younger players a second chance.
• ...
Understanding Younger Players
U-6 Players
Physical Characteristics
• Early stages of development
• Can run, jump and skip,
but motor skills are still de...
U-6 Players
Social/Emotional Characteristics
•
•
•
•
•

Craves praise and attention
Fearful of unknowns
Needs encouragemen...
U-6 Players
Thought/Cognitive Characteristics
•
•
•
•

Lacks judgment regarding own safety/abilities
Does not think logica...
U-8 Players
Physical Characteristics
•
•
•
•
•

Plays hard and works at playing hard
Sense of timing is developing
Eye-han...
U-8 Players
Social/Emotional Characteristics
•
•
•
•
•
•

Starting to define likes and dislikes
Friendship is important
“P...
U-8 Players
Social/Emotional Characteristics
•
•
•
•
•
•

Self-esteem and self concept a big issue
Becoming more outgoing
...
U-8 Players
Thought/Cognitive Characteristics
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Beginning to understand moral rules of behavior
Can solve som...
Understanding Younger Players
Implications for how
we officiate these
games
Referees never
touch a child
Dealing with Coaches/Spectators
AYSO Team concept to enlist cooperation
•
•

Remain calm and professional
Maintain control...
Law 1 – The Field
The Field of Play

Penalty
Area

Goal
Area

Halfway Line

Corner
Flag

Halfway
Flag
Center
Mark

Goal

Goal Line

Penalty
...
Pre-Game Duties and Activities
•
•
•
•
•
•

Arrive Early
Check Field and Equipment
Introduce Yourself to the Coaches
Check...
Pre-Game Duties and Activities
Arrive Early
• At least 20 minutes prior to game time
– (30 minutes if first game of the da...
Pre-Game Duties and Activities
Arrive Early
With Required Equipment
Pre-Game Duties and Activities
Check Field and Equipment
•
•
•
•
•
•

Markings
Holes, glass, rocks, debris, etc.
Goals (pr...
Pre-Game Duties and Activities
Introduce Yourself to the Coaches
• Learn their names
and write them down
• Be Approachable...
Pre-Game Duties and Activities
Check Players Equipment
• Team Uniform
– Shirt, Shorts, Socks, Shin guards, Shoes

• Shin g...
Pre-Game Duties and Activities
Check Players Equipment
• Nothing dangerous (in your opinion)
– No jewelry, watches, earrin...
Check For Learning
During the safety inspection of the players, the referee
notices that a player is wearing earrings. She...
Check For Learning
In a U-8 game, the ball offered by the home team is
a size 4 but otherwise acceptable.
What should the ...
Check For Learning
During the field inspection, the referee notices that
a goal is being held in place by two bricks place...
Check For Learning
The goalkeeper must wear a jersey that is ____ ?
Different from the referee and all other players
It is...
Check For Learning
Knee braces may be worn by a player. (True/False)
True
But only if padded and if it is safe for all pla...
Now that we’ve finished
our pre-game activities....
How do we start the game?
Starting the Game
Conduct the Coin Toss
• Have players Greet Each Other
• Away team calls it
• Winner of the coin toss
cho...
Starting the Game
Kick-Off
Verify the correct number of
players on the field
(no visible or audible counting)

U-6 Games
5...
Defenders must be 10 yds from the ball
All players must be on their own side

A

A

D
D
A

A

D

D

D
A
A
A

D
A

D

D
Starting the Game
Kick-Off
• The ball is stationary in the center of the field.
• Referee blows whistle to start play.
• B...
Keeping Time
• Time starts when the ball has been put into play
(kicked and moves forward).
• The match consists of two eq...
Check for Learning
The team that wins the coin toss chooses ____ ?
Which goal to attack
Where should the players be on a k...
Stopping the Game
There are seven reasons to stop play:
1. Ball goes out of play
2. The referee deems it necessary
3. Goal...
The lines of the field are part
of the area they define:
In Play
In Play

IN
OUT
In Play

Either in the air or on the grou...
The ball’s position determines
whether it is in or out of play
Not the player’s position
Play is stopped when the Referee
deems it necessary
Sometimes there are
outside influences that
make it necessary to
stop ...
Play is stopped when a Goal is Scored
When the ball crosses
wholly over the goal line,
between the goalposts
and beneath t...
Play is stopped when a
Foul is committed
This is something that is
unfair or unsafe.
Play is stopped for Injuries
ANYTIME

IMMEDIATELY
In younger players’
games it’s better to
err on the side of
caution
Play is stopped for Injuries
• Blood on clothing must be neutralized
• Blood on the body must be removed
• This is the coa...
Play is stopped for Substitutions
There are four opportunities for substitutions:
• Approx. midway through the first half
...
Play is stopped at the end of the first
half and at the end of the game
Check for Learning
When can the referee stop play for an injury?
Anytime / Immediately

A player dribbling the ball steps ...
Checking for Learning
Is this ball IN or OUT of play?

OUT

IN

IN Play
Checking for Learning
How many substitution opportunities are there in
a regulation match?
Four

Name Them
Approx. midway ...
Checking for Learning
A player is injured and leaves the field
(with the referee’s permission).
What are the coach’s subst...
Checking for Learning
A player is injured and leaves the field
(with the referee’s permission).
The coach decides to subst...
Checking for Learning
If the boundary line of the field is a rut in the grass
and the ball gets caught in the rut as it ro...
Checking for Learning
According to the National Rules and Regulations,
what is the minimum amount of time each team
member...
Break
Fouls
The fouls that most commonly occur in U-8 and
younger age groups include:
•
•
•
•
•
•

Kicks an opponent
Trips an op...
Fouls
Kicking an opponent

Foul from behind - may be kicking or tripping
(From behind is most likely at least “Dangerous P...
Kicking an opponent
Kicking an opponent
Fouls
Tripping an opponent
Fouls
Pushing an opponent
Fouls
Holds an opponent
Holds an opponent
Holds an opponent
Holds an opponent
Holding Foul?
Fouls
Deliberately Handling the ball
Deliberately Handling the ball
• One Rule of Thumb is Be sure that the arm strikes the
ball, not the ball strikes the arm....
Deliberately Handling the ball
Unintentional contact
not a foul

Did ball hit arm?
Or
Did arm hit ball?
Dangerous Play
• High kick near opponent’s head
• Heading a low ball about to be kicked
• Playing ball on ground if oppone...
Dangerous Play
Dangerous Play
Dangerous Play

99
Dangerous Play
Check for Learning
The ball bounces up and hits a player in the arm, is
this a foul?
No

A player that is lying on the gro...
Check for Learning
The referee thinks a foul may have occurred, but
he is not sure. Should he stop play?
No
Restarting the Game
For some reason, the game has been stopped.
(Injury, goal, foul, ball out of play, etc.)

How do we re...
Restarting the Game
THROW-IN
When the ball passes out of play over a touch
line, play is restarted with a Throw-in
The thr...
Restarting the Game
THROW-IN
At the moment of delivering
the ball, the thrower must:
•Face the field of play;
•Have part o...
Restarting the Game
THROW-IN
•The ball is in play as soon as released and any
portion of it is on or over the outside edge...
Restarting the Game
THROW-IN
A second throw-in
should be allowed in
U-8 and below if the
first attempt is not
properly per...
Restarting the Game
GOAL KICK
When the whole ball passes over the goal
line, last touched by an attacker (not a
goal), pla...
GOAL KICK
All of these balls are legally placed
within the goal area.
Restarting the Game
GOAL KICK
The ball is in play when it leaves the penalty
area into the field of play.
The kicker canno...
Restarting the Game
CORNER KICK
When the whole ball passes over the goal
line, last touched by a defender (not a goal),
pl...
Restarting the Game
CORNER KICK
All of these balls are
legally placed
CORNER KICK
Players from the opposing team
must be 10 yds. from the ball.

The ball is in play when it is kicked
(with a k...
Restarting the Game
FREE KICKS
A way to restart play when the Referee
has stopped play because of a foul.
The free kick is...
If a Free Kick is
awarded to the
attacking team in
its opponent’s
penalty area, the
ball is moved out
to the top of the
pe...
Restarting the Game
The kicker may not
touch the ball a second
time until it has
touched another
player.
Restarting the Game
DROPPED BALL
A way to restart play for
an unusual but neutral reason.
Injury
Dog on the field
Stray ba...
DROPPED BALL
The referee drops the ball where it was
when play was stopped.
The ball is dropped from the
players’ waist he...
Check for Learning
The ball goes completely over the touch line, last
touched by an attacker. What is the restart?
Throw-i...
Check for Learning
Is this ball legally placed for a corner kick?
Yes
Check for Learning
How many players must be present for the taking
of a dropped ball?
There is no requirement

The ball go...
Referee Mechanics
What are the Duties of
the Referee ?
1.

2.
3.
4.

Keep a record of the match
a. Timekeeper
b. Scorekeeper
c. Control subs...
REFEREE COMMUNICATION / SIGNALS

Whistle

Voice

Hand
AYSO Incident Report
An Incident Report is required whenever there is a
serious incident involving AYSO participants, acti...
Key Takeaway
The Referee’s role is to ensure
the game is Safe, Fair and Fun
In AYSO,
It’s about more
than the game !
AYSO U8 Referee Clinic
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AYSO U8 Referee Clinic

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Presentation I use to run our Region's U8 Referee training class.

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  • Slide automatically updates pictures of children participating in AYSO.“The American Youth Soccer Organization was established in Torrance, California in 1964 with just nine teams and the dream to bring soccer to American children. Today, AYSO has more than 500,000 players in nearly 1,000 Regions across the country and each of those children has a right to a safe, fun, fair and positive environment for experiencing the benefits of sports.AYSO designed the Safe Haven program and the course you are about to take to fulfill this promise to our children.”
  • “Through the foresight of our founding fathers, AYSO uniquely envisions creating programs “that enrich children’s lives” – a theme you should see throughout all our coaching, officiating and management courses and in our policies, procedures and guidelines.”
  • The Philosophy of AYSO is to educate and develop young people by encouraging their interest and participation in soccer through its “Everyone Plays”, “Balanced Teams”, “Open Registration”, “Positive Coaching’”, “Good Sportsmanship” and “Player Development” concepts. “AYSO’s core philosophies, are unique among youth sports programs today. Each of the core philosophies is key to the content and structure of the AYSO soccer experience. We ask that everyone embrace these philosophies when dealing with our children.”
  • “We’re a soccer organization and our goal is for kids to play soccer so we mandate that every player on every team play at least half of every game. And when we say ‘Everyone Plays’ everyone plays”…
  • “Including our Very Important Players. Our VIP program offers players with disabilities the opportunity to experience teamwork and the joy of being outside with their families cheering them on.”
  • “Because it is more fun and fair when teams of equal ability play, we form new teams each year as evenly as possible.”
  • “There are no try-outs which exclude anyone from playing AYSO. Our program is open to all children between the ages of 4 and 19 who want to register and play soccer…. Interest and enthusiasm are the only criteria for playing AYSO. During registration, players may be asked to run through drills for the purpose of evaluating their skill levels. This is done so that player skills can be evenly distributed across all the teams to fulfill our second philosophy of Balanced Teams.”
  • “We believe that encouragement of player effort provides for greater enjoyment by the players and ultimately leads to better-skilled and better motivated players. Positive Coaching and Age and Developmentally appropriate training are the focus of AYSO’s coaching program. The Coaching program is one of the few programs to be fully accredited by NCACE – The National Council for Accreditation of Coaching Education.”
  • “Who does Good Sportsmanship apply to? It applies to everyone… and AYSO instills Good Sportsmanship in every facet of our programs because we want to create an environment based mutual respect rather than a win-at-all costs attitude.”
  • “Our newest philosophy approved by our executive members at the 2009 National Annual General Meeting - NAGM, is designed to enable greater enjoyment of the game by emphasizing programs that will allow players to develop to the best of their ability and desire.”
  • AYSO’s EXTRA programs allow for more competitive play opportunities the AYSO way by embracing the AYSO philosophies. AYSO Soccer camps offer AYSO and Safe Haven trained coaches.
  • Everyone should be encouraged to volunteer; More volunteers help balance the workload across more hands and bring more diversity and strength to the program; Our programs are open to anyone willing to complete an application, register and consent to background checking; We offer the same positive coaching & encouragement to anyone willing to volunteer;Everyone must be a good sport to make the program successful; andAYSO provides training programs for all the key job functions in order to maximize the volunteer experience.
  • The answer is C) Professional Coaching – AYSO’s philosophy is Positive Coaching.
  • Regional Commissioner and Safety Directors can provide Incident Report forms – also available under Resources on www.ayso.org. Give the report to your Safety Director or Regional Commissioner.
  • AYSO U8 Referee Clinic

    1. 1. U8 Referee Training
    2. 2. Introduction There are more than 500,000 children playing AYSO soccer and each one of those children has a right to a safe, fun, fair and positive environment for experiencing the benefits of youth sports.
    3. 3. Why AYSO? The Vision of AYSO is to provide world class youth soccer programs that enrich children’s lives.
    4. 4. What makes AYSO unique? The philosophy of the organization is to educate and develop young people by encouraging their interest and participation in soccer through our six philosophies:
    5. 5. Everyone Plays® Our goal is for kids to play soccer – so we mandate that every player on every team must play at least half of every game.
    6. 6. Everyone Plays® This includes our VIP -Very Important Players
    7. 7. Balanced Teams Each year we form new teams as evenly as possible – because it is fair and more fun when teams of equal ability play.
    8. 8. Open Registration Our program is open to all children between 4 and 19 years of age who want to register and play soccer. Interest and enthusiasm are the only criteria for playing.
    9. 9. Positive Coaching OSITIVE NSTRUCTIONAL P I E NCOURAGING Encouragement of player effort provides for greater enjoyment by the players and ultimately leads to better-skilled and better-motivated players.
    10. 10. Good Sportsmanship • We strive to create a safe, fair, fun and positive environment based on mutual respect, rather than a win-at-all-costs attitude, and our program is designed to instill good sportsmanship in every facet of AYSO.
    11. 11. Good Sportsmanship AYSO’s Kids Zone program is one of the first of its kind to promote good sportsmanship and appropriate sideline behavior. Every AYSO venue is a Kids Zone!
    12. 12. Player Development We believe that all players should be able to develop their soccer skills and knowledge to the best of their abilities, both individually and as a member of a team, in order to maximize their enjoyment of the game.
    13. 13. Player Development AYSO provides a number of programs that support player development including EXTRA and AYSO Soccer Camps.
    14. 14. Volunteer Philosophies? AYSO’s philosophies apply to volunteers too!
    15. 15. AYSO Philosophies Mnemonic G O B E Positive Player
    16. 16. AYSO Philosophies Mnemonic Good sportsmanship Open Registration Balanced Teams Everyone Plays Positive Coaching Player Development
    17. 17. AYSO Team KIDS COACHES
    18. 18. AYSO Team Team Rules – Work Together – Help Each Other – Protect Each Other – Do Our Best
    19. 19. Every AYSO Venue is a Kids Zone! Kids Zone guidelines encourage appropriate sideline behavior – key to promoting a fun, safe, familyfriendly environment. Parents and Spectators pledge to respect the tenets of Kids Zone. Coaches, Referees, Parents and Players abide by a Code of Conduct.
    20. 20. Kids Zone Sidelines Spectators agree to respect the following rules: – – – – – – – – – – Kids are # 1 Fun, not winning is everything Fans only cheer, only coaches coach No yelling in anger Respect the volunteer referees No swearing No alcohol, tobacco products or other controlled substances No weapons Leave no trash behind Set a proper example of Good Sportsmanship
    21. 21. Quiz Which of the following is NOT one of the core AYSO philosophies? a) b) c) d) e) Balanced Teams Open Registration Professional Coaching Everyone Plays Player Development
    22. 22. U-8 Referee Course
    23. 23. U-8 Referee Course Objectives • • • • Know what to expect from U-8 players Know the parts of the field Know the number of players in each age group Recognize ball in and out of play
    24. 24. U-8 Referee Course Objectives • Successfully manage pre-game duties • Know how to start, when to stop, and how to restart play. • Understand method of scoring • Basic understanding of Fouls, Misconduct and Free Kicks.
    25. 25. U-8 Referee Course Objectives • Manage post-game situations • Comprehend the Referee’s facilitative role • Understand the AYSO Team Concept
    26. 26. History of the Game Soccer is known as Football outside the USA Tribal lore had battle victors kicking body parts around Earliest “organized” game was called Calcio, played by the Romans.
    27. 27. History of the Game The modern game dates from 1863 when the Laws of the Game were established at a London pub Two factions split from one another. One was Rugby. The other was Football (soccer)
    28. 28. History of the Game FIFA (Federation International de Football Association) governs the worldwide game USSF (United States Soccer Federation) is the national governing body AYSO is a National Association member of USSF
    29. 29. History of the Game The Laws of the Game can be summarized in three simple words: Safe Fair Fun
    30. 30. Philosophy of Refereeing The Laws of the Game are intended to provide that games should be played with as little interference as possible, and in this view it is the duty of the referee to penalize only deliberate breaches of the Law. Constant whistling for trifling and doubtful breaches produces bad feelings and loss of temper on the part of the players and spoils the pleasure of spectators.
    31. 31. Philosophy of Refereeing • Younger Games: More a friendly guide than policeman. • Give younger players a second chance. • No public humiliation.
    32. 32. Understanding Younger Players
    33. 33. U-6 Players Physical Characteristics • Early stages of development • Can run, jump and skip, but motor skills are still developing • Lots of energy, but in bursts. • Can still tire easily • Can’t sit still long
    34. 34. U-6 Players Social/Emotional Characteristics • • • • • Craves praise and attention Fearful of unknowns Needs encouragement Rapid and unpredictable mood changes Disposition to telling tall tales
    35. 35. U-6 Players Thought/Cognitive Characteristics • • • • Lacks judgment regarding own safety/abilities Does not think logically Asks lots of questions Fond of stories
    36. 36. U-8 Players Physical Characteristics • • • • • Plays hard and works at playing hard Sense of timing is developing Eye-hand coordination has improved Agility / endurance much better than U-6 U-8 can now balance on one foot
    37. 37. U-8 Players Social/Emotional Characteristics • • • • • • Starting to define likes and dislikes Friendship is important “Play” needs a purpose Afraid of failure Need for honesty training Starting to compare self to others
    38. 38. U-8 Players Social/Emotional Characteristics • • • • • • Self-esteem and self concept a big issue Becoming more outgoing Peer acceptance is very important Quick to tattle Cooperative with adults Interested in belonging to group
    39. 39. U-8 Players Thought/Cognitive Characteristics • • • • • • • Beginning to understand moral rules of behavior Can solve some problems Starting to grasp the Team concept Understands the viewpoint of others Needs concrete reinforcement Treats every little mistake as a major crime Rigidly interprets ideas of justice and fair play
    40. 40. Understanding Younger Players Implications for how we officiate these games Referees never touch a child
    41. 41. Dealing with Coaches/Spectators AYSO Team concept to enlist cooperation • • Remain calm and professional Maintain control of your emotions Intervene early to prevent escalation • A smile, wink or look can defuse a bad situation Keep adults focused on creating an enjoyable experience for the players
    42. 42. Law 1 – The Field
    43. 43. The Field of Play Penalty Area Goal Area Halfway Line Corner Flag Halfway Flag Center Mark Goal Goal Line Penalty Arc Penalty Mark Corner Arc Center Circle Touch Line
    44. 44. Pre-Game Duties and Activities • • • • • • Arrive Early Check Field and Equipment Introduce Yourself to the Coaches Check Players Equipment Brief Assistant Referees Conduct Coin Toss
    45. 45. Pre-Game Duties and Activities Arrive Early • At least 20 minutes prior to game time – (30 minutes if first game of the day) • In proper uniform
    46. 46. Pre-Game Duties and Activities Arrive Early With Required Equipment
    47. 47. Pre-Game Duties and Activities Check Field and Equipment • • • • • • Markings Holes, glass, rocks, debris, etc. Goals (properly secured) Nets (secured, no holes/gaps) Corner flags Ball
    48. 48. Pre-Game Duties and Activities Introduce Yourself to the Coaches • Learn their names and write them down • Be Approachable not Flippant, Cold or Arrogant
    49. 49. Pre-Game Duties and Activities Check Players Equipment • Team Uniform – Shirt, Shorts, Socks, Shin guards, Shoes • Shin guards must be under the socks • Goalkeeper’s shirt must be distinguishable from all other players and the referee
    50. 50. Pre-Game Duties and Activities Check Players Equipment • Nothing dangerous (in your opinion) – No jewelry, watches, earrings – No casts or splints (even if padded) • Knee braces are okay, but only if padded and safe to all players (in your opinion) • Medical alert bracelets secured with tape. The information must remain visible
    51. 51. Check For Learning During the safety inspection of the players, the referee notices that a player is wearing earrings. She explains that she had her ears pierced the previous day and if she removes the earrings the holes will close. What should the referee do? The referee should explain to the player that earrings are not permitted; if she wishes to play, she must remove them. The referee may choose to involve the coach.
    52. 52. Check For Learning In a U-8 game, the ball offered by the home team is a size 4 but otherwise acceptable. What should the referee do? Point out to the team that provided the ball that it is the wrong size and ask for a size 3 ball. If the team cannot provide one, ask the other team for one. If no size 3 ball is available, play the match with a size 4 ball.
    53. 53. Check For Learning During the field inspection, the referee notices that a goal is being held in place by two bricks placed on the back of the structure. What should the referee do? Bricks resting on the goal structure are not sufficient to anchor it securely. The referee should inform the coaches that the goals need to be securely anchored before the match can start.
    54. 54. Check For Learning The goalkeeper must wear a jersey that is ____ ? Different from the referee and all other players It is not necessary to check the field prior to the start of the match if it is the last game of the day. (True/False) False
    55. 55. Check For Learning Knee braces may be worn by a player. (True/False) True But only if padded and if it is safe for all players, in the opinion of the referee.
    56. 56. Now that we’ve finished our pre-game activities.... How do we start the game?
    57. 57. Starting the Game Conduct the Coin Toss • Have players Greet Each Other • Away team calls it • Winner of the coin toss chooses which goal to attack • The other team takes the kick-off
    58. 58. Starting the Game Kick-Off Verify the correct number of players on the field (no visible or audible counting) U-6 Games 5v5 – Without a Goalkeeper U-8 Games 7v7 – Including Goalkeeper
    59. 59. Defenders must be 10 yds from the ball All players must be on their own side A A D D A A D D D A A A D A D D
    60. 60. Starting the Game Kick-Off • The ball is stationary in the center of the field. • Referee blows whistle to start play. • Ball is in play when kicked and moves forward. – This is when the timer starts
    61. 61. Keeping Time • Time starts when the ball has been put into play (kicked and moves forward). • The match consists of two equal periods. • Time is added for excessive time lost due to substitutions, time wasting or unusual delays. • The amount of time lost (if any) is determined by the referee.
    62. 62. Check for Learning The team that wins the coin toss chooses ____ ? Which goal to attack Where should the players be on a kick-off? Each team should be in its own half of the field. The team that is not taking the kick-off must be outside the center circle.
    63. 63. Stopping the Game There are seven reasons to stop play: 1. Ball goes out of play 2. The referee deems it necessary 3. Goal is scored 4. Foul is committed 5. Injury 6. Substitution 7. Halftime / End of Game
    64. 64. The lines of the field are part of the area they define: In Play In Play IN OUT In Play Either in the air or on the ground Out of Play
    65. 65. The ball’s position determines whether it is in or out of play Not the player’s position
    66. 66. Play is stopped when the Referee deems it necessary Sometimes there are outside influences that make it necessary to stop play.
    67. 67. Play is stopped when a Goal is Scored When the ball crosses wholly over the goal line, between the goalposts and beneath the crossbar. It does not matter which team put it there.
    68. 68. Play is stopped when a Foul is committed This is something that is unfair or unsafe.
    69. 69. Play is stopped for Injuries ANYTIME IMMEDIATELY In younger players’ games it’s better to err on the side of caution
    70. 70. Play is stopped for Injuries • Blood on clothing must be neutralized • Blood on the body must be removed • This is the coach’s responsibility
    71. 71. Play is stopped for Substitutions There are four opportunities for substitutions: • Approx. midway through the first half • Halftime • Approx. midway through the second half • Injury – Coach May Substitute the Player or Play Short until the Player can return
    72. 72. Play is stopped at the end of the first half and at the end of the game
    73. 73. Check for Learning When can the referee stop play for an injury? Anytime / Immediately A player dribbling the ball steps over the line. The ball is out of play. (True/False) False It’s the position of the ball (not the player) that determines whether the ball is in play or not.
    74. 74. Checking for Learning Is this ball IN or OUT of play? OUT IN IN Play
    75. 75. Checking for Learning How many substitution opportunities are there in a regulation match? Four Name Them Approx. midway through the first half Halftime Approx. midway through the second half Injury
    76. 76. Checking for Learning A player is injured and leaves the field (with the referee’s permission). What are the coach’s substitution options? 1. The team can play short until the player returns to the field (with the referee’s permission) 2. A substitute can replace the injured player.
    77. 77. Checking for Learning A player is injured and leaves the field (with the referee’s permission). The coach decides to substitute the injured player. Which player gets credit for the “quarter”? The player that started the “quarter”.
    78. 78. Checking for Learning If the boundary line of the field is a rut in the grass and the ball gets caught in the rut as it rolls, is it in play? Yes The lines are a part of the area they define. The ball remains in play until the entire ball crosses the entire line.
    79. 79. Checking for Learning According to the National Rules and Regulations, what is the minimum amount of time each team member must play? Half the game (two “quarters”)
    80. 80. Break
    81. 81. Fouls The fouls that most commonly occur in U-8 and younger age groups include: • • • • • • Kicks an opponent Trips an opponent Pushes an opponent Holds an opponent Deliberately Handling the ball Plays in a dangerous manner
    82. 82. Fouls Kicking an opponent Foul from behind - may be kicking or tripping (From behind is most likely at least “Dangerous Play”)
    83. 83. Kicking an opponent
    84. 84. Kicking an opponent
    85. 85. Fouls Tripping an opponent
    86. 86. Fouls Pushing an opponent
    87. 87. Fouls Holds an opponent
    88. 88. Holds an opponent
    89. 89. Holds an opponent
    90. 90. Holds an opponent
    91. 91. Holding Foul?
    92. 92. Fouls Deliberately Handling the ball
    93. 93. Deliberately Handling the ball • One Rule of Thumb is Be sure that the arm strikes the ball, not the ball strikes the arm. • Allow players to protect their faces. • “Hand” runs the full length of the arm.
    94. 94. Deliberately Handling the ball
    95. 95. Unintentional contact not a foul Did ball hit arm? Or Did arm hit ball?
    96. 96. Dangerous Play • High kick near opponent’s head • Heading a low ball about to be kicked • Playing ball on ground if opponent in danger • Action that endangers Goalkeeper Teammate Doesn’t Count!
    97. 97. Dangerous Play
    98. 98. Dangerous Play
    99. 99. Dangerous Play 99
    100. 100. Dangerous Play
    101. 101. Check for Learning The ball bounces up and hits a player in the arm, is this a foul? No A player that is lying on the ground kicks at the ball, no one else is nearby. Is this Dangerous Play? No
    102. 102. Check for Learning The referee thinks a foul may have occurred, but he is not sure. Should he stop play? No
    103. 103. Restarting the Game For some reason, the game has been stopped. (Injury, goal, foul, ball out of play, etc.) How do we restart play?
    104. 104. Restarting the Game THROW-IN When the ball passes out of play over a touch line, play is restarted with a Throw-in The throw is taken by the opponents of the team that last touched the ball. The throw is taken from the approximate point on the line where the ball left the field.
    105. 105. Restarting the Game THROW-IN At the moment of delivering the ball, the thrower must: •Face the field of play; •Have part of each foot touching the ground either on or behind the line; and •Use both hands to deliver the ball from behind and over the head.
    106. 106. Restarting the Game THROW-IN •The ball is in play as soon as released and any portion of it is on or over the outside edge of the touchline. •Opposing players must be at least 2 yds. from the point of the throw-in. •A goal may not be scored directly from a throw-in.
    107. 107. Restarting the Game THROW-IN A second throw-in should be allowed in U-8 and below if the first attempt is not properly performed. If the second attempt is not successful, let it go.
    108. 108. Restarting the Game GOAL KICK When the whole ball passes over the goal line, last touched by an attacker (not a goal), play is restarted with a Goal Kick for the defending team. The ball is placed anywhere in the goal area.
    109. 109. GOAL KICK All of these balls are legally placed within the goal area.
    110. 110. Restarting the Game GOAL KICK The ball is in play when it leaves the penalty area into the field of play. The kicker cannot touch the ball a second time until it’s touched by any other player. A goal can be scored directly from a goal kick, but only against the opposing team.
    111. 111. Restarting the Game CORNER KICK When the whole ball passes over the goal line, last touched by a defender (not a goal), play is restarted with a Corner Kick for the attacking team. The ball is placed anywhere within the corner arc area.
    112. 112. Restarting the Game CORNER KICK All of these balls are legally placed
    113. 113. CORNER KICK Players from the opposing team must be 10 yds. from the ball. The ball is in play when it is kicked (with a kicking motion) and moves. It does not have to leave the corner arc area. The kicker may not move the corner flag. A goal may be scored directly from a corner kick.
    114. 114. Restarting the Game FREE KICKS A way to restart play when the Referee has stopped play because of a foul. The free kick is taken from the location of the foul, but no closer to the goal than the top of the penalty area
    115. 115. If a Free Kick is awarded to the attacking team in its opponent’s penalty area, the ball is moved out to the top of the penalty area The ball is in play once it is kicked and moves Direction of Kick
    116. 116. Restarting the Game The kicker may not touch the ball a second time until it has touched another player.
    117. 117. Restarting the Game DROPPED BALL A way to restart play for an unusual but neutral reason. Injury Dog on the field Stray ball
    118. 118. DROPPED BALL The referee drops the ball where it was when play was stopped. The ball is dropped from the players’ waist height. The ball is in play when it hits the ground. If a player kicks the ball before it hits the ground, the ball is dropped again.
    119. 119. Check for Learning The ball goes completely over the touch line, last touched by an attacker. What is the restart? Throw-in for the defending team The ball goes completely over the goal line (not a goal), last touched by a defender. What is the restart? Corner Kick
    120. 120. Check for Learning Is this ball legally placed for a corner kick? Yes
    121. 121. Check for Learning How many players must be present for the taking of a dropped ball? There is no requirement The ball goes completely over the goal line (not a goal), last touched by an attacker. What is the restart? Goal Kick
    122. 122. Referee Mechanics
    123. 123. What are the Duties of the Referee ? 1. 2. 3. 4. Keep a record of the match a. Timekeeper b. Scorekeeper c. Control substitutions d. File a written report Stop play for injury Restart play when it has been stopped Suspend/terminate a match for cause
    124. 124. REFEREE COMMUNICATION / SIGNALS Whistle Voice Hand
    125. 125. AYSO Incident Report An Incident Report is required whenever there is a serious incident involving AYSO participants, activities, facilities, or property including: • • • • • • • Injuries Threats of bodily harm Fighting Property damage Hospitalizations Law Enforcement Lawsuits
    126. 126. Key Takeaway The Referee’s role is to ensure the game is Safe, Fair and Fun
    127. 127. In AYSO, It’s about more than the game !

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