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IEA-REA Workshop on Buildings Energy Efficiency Policies
February 17st, 2012




          Buildings Energy Efficiency Policies
            The European Policy Package



                             Yamina SAHEB & Ellina LEVINA
                              International Energy Agency


                       © OECD/IEA 2011
Why are Buildings Energy Efficiency
Policies important for the EU?

Buildings are responsible for:
    ~40 % of EU-Energy use
    ~36 % of the EU CO2-emissions


Buildings represent:
    9% of EU 27 GDP
    8% of EU-employees




                                      © OECD/IEA 2011
What are the main challenges for the
EU?
 Existing buildings:
    How to ensure buildings are deeply renovated?
    How to increase the renovation rate of existing
     building stock?
    How to overcome up-front investment needs?
    How to train buildings stakeholders at scale?


 New buildings:
   How to ensure that new buildings are low energy?



                                                       © OECD/IEA 2011
What is included in the EU policy
framework for buildings?
                        Demand side
 Building Envelope:
    Directive 2010/31/EU on Energy Performance of Buildings, recast
     of EPBD 2002/32/EC
 Appliances and Equipment
    Directive 2005/32/EC establishing a framework for setting Eco
     design requirements for energy using products
 Buildings components
    Directive 2010/31/EC establishing a framework for setting Eco
     design requirements for energy related products
 Buildings, Building Components, Appliances & Equipment
    Directive 2010/30/EC on labeling and standard product
     information on energy and other resources consumption by
     energy related products, recast of labeling directive 2002/40/EC
                                                                 © OECD/IEA 2011
What is included the EU policy
framework for buildings?
                   Supply side
 Directive 2006/32/EC on Energy end-use
  efficiency and energy services
 Directive 2004/8/EC on the promotion of
  cogeneration, CHP
 Energy Efficiency Directive (Delegated act
  adopted by the EC and send to the EU
  parliament & Council to accept/reject) It will
  repeal Directives 2006/32/EC and 2004/8/EC.


                                                   © OECD/IEA 2011
What is included in the Energy Performance
of Buildings Directive, EPBD 2002/91/EC?

 A methodology to calculate and rate the overall
  energy performance of building (heating,
  cooling, ventilation, lighting and hot water)
 Minimum energy performance requirements for
  new and existing buildings that undergo major
  renovation
 Energy Performance Certificate (EPC)
 Regular inspections of heating and
  air conditioning systems


                                              © OECD/IEA 2011
EPBD recast (Directive 2010/31/EC)
 Enactment: July 2010
 Implementation by Member States: July 2012
 EPBD recast gives instruction on how to set
  minimum energy requirements
 The aim is:
    To have equivalent level of ambition but no
     harmonization
    Shift focus from upfront investment cost to life cycle
     costs (cost-optimum methodology)
    MS complete framework with national parameters and
     report calculations and input data to the EC
    Comparison of results with current requirements and
     adjust building energy code (set at national level) when
     needed                                             © OECD/IEA 2011
What is new in EPBD recast (2010/31/EU)
 compared to EPBD (2002/91/EC)?
Requirements                                                 2002   2010
Minimum energy requirements                                    Y       Y
Extension of minimum energy requirements for all               N       Y
building segments
Methodology for calculating the cost-optimum level             N       Y
Energy performance Certificate                                 Y       Y
Publication of EPCs in all commercial announcements            N       Y
Extension of display of EPCs to buildings with more than       N       Y
500 m2 by 2012 now an those with more than 250 m2 in
2015
Independent control system for EPCs                            N       Y
Introduction of “nearly zero energy buildings” by 2021 for     N       Y
all buildings and 2019 for public buildings


                                                                      © OECD/IEA 2011
What are the new policy concepts in the
Energy Efficiency Directive for the buildings
sector?
  Public sector: lead by example, with annual
   renovation works covering at least 3% of the
   total floor area of their buildings
  Consumers: individual metering for better
   energy management
  Energy Efficiency obligation: Member States
   have to make sure that an equivalent of 1.5% of
   annual energy sales are saved through energy
   efficiency measures. Renovation of existing
   building stock will play a major role on meeting
   the EE obligation

                                                 © OECD/IEA 2011
What are the supporting measures at the
EU level to EPBD implementation?
 JESSICA: since 2010 for EE/RES in retrofitting,
  replaces ERDF
 ELENA: since 2009 grant for technical assistance
  for EE/RES on regional und local level
 EEE-F: New European Energy Efficiency Facility
    ~200 Mio.€ in cooperation with EIB for technical
     assistance, investment facilitation, contracting
    Impact assessment: financing instruments for EE
    Analysis of the appropriateness of EU funding for the
     EPBD as requested by the EPBD


                                                       © OECD/IEA 2011
What is included in the Eco design and
labeling Directives?
 The Eco design directive allows setting minimum
  energy requirements (MEPs) for energy using
  products (43 products included).
 The Eco design recast Directive allows setting
  minimum energy requirements for energy
  related products (final list of products to be
  included under discussion)
 Requirements are set at the EU level
 Member States are in charge of enforcement
 The labelling directives establish labelling
  requirements for energy related products
                                                   © OECD/IEA 2011
Which criteria to consider in the selection
of products to be regulated

 Significant volume of sales and trade
  (200.000 units per year)
 Significant environmental impact
 Significant potential for improvement
  without entailing excessive costs




                                          © OECD/IEA 2011
How the energy requirements are set?

1. Product definition, standards and
     legislation
2.   Economic ad market analysis
3.   Consumer analysis and local
     infrastructure
4.   Technical analysis of existing   Environmental
     products                            impact
                                       assessment
5.   Definition of base case
6.   Technical analysis of Best
     Available Technology
7.   Improvement potential                            © OECD/IEA 2011
Which energy related products are
 regulated in the EU?
Product                               Entry into force of Eco design
                                      requirements
Domestic refrigerators and freezers   August 2009 but labelling in force in
                                      December 2010
Domestic washing machines             December 2010 at the same time for
                                      the labelling one
Domestic dishwashers                  December 2010 at the same time for
                                      the labelling one
TVs                                   August 2009 but labelling in force in
                                      December 2010
Electric motors                       August 2009
Domestic lighting                     April 2009 with amendments in
                                      September 2009
Tertiary lighting                     April 2009
Simple set-top boxes                  February 2009
                                                                       © OECD/IEA 2011
Which energy related products are
 regulated in the EU?
Product                               Entry into force of Eco design
                                      requirements
Standby and off-modes losses of       January 2009
EuP
Ventilation fans                      April 2011
Circulators in buildings              August 2009 but amendments
                                      proposed in April 2011
Battery chargers and external power   April 2009
suppliers
Room air conditioners                 Regulation adopted in May 2011
Boilers                               On-going study since 2006
Water heaters                         On-going study since 2006
Computers                             On-going study


                                                                       © OECD/IEA 2011
To learn more about the European Buildings
     Energy efficiency policies, please visit:
http://ec.europa.eu/energy/efficiency/buildings/buildings_en.htm


            Thank you for your attention
              Yamina.saheb@iea.org
               Ellina.levina@iea.org



                                                              © OECD/IEA 2011

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Buildings Energy Efficiency Policies: The European Policy package

  • 1. IEA-REA Workshop on Buildings Energy Efficiency Policies February 17st, 2012 Buildings Energy Efficiency Policies The European Policy Package Yamina SAHEB & Ellina LEVINA International Energy Agency © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 2. Why are Buildings Energy Efficiency Policies important for the EU? Buildings are responsible for:  ~40 % of EU-Energy use  ~36 % of the EU CO2-emissions Buildings represent:  9% of EU 27 GDP  8% of EU-employees © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 3. What are the main challenges for the EU?  Existing buildings:  How to ensure buildings are deeply renovated?  How to increase the renovation rate of existing building stock?  How to overcome up-front investment needs?  How to train buildings stakeholders at scale?  New buildings:  How to ensure that new buildings are low energy? © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 4. What is included in the EU policy framework for buildings? Demand side  Building Envelope:  Directive 2010/31/EU on Energy Performance of Buildings, recast of EPBD 2002/32/EC  Appliances and Equipment  Directive 2005/32/EC establishing a framework for setting Eco design requirements for energy using products  Buildings components  Directive 2010/31/EC establishing a framework for setting Eco design requirements for energy related products  Buildings, Building Components, Appliances & Equipment  Directive 2010/30/EC on labeling and standard product information on energy and other resources consumption by energy related products, recast of labeling directive 2002/40/EC © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 5. What is included the EU policy framework for buildings? Supply side  Directive 2006/32/EC on Energy end-use efficiency and energy services  Directive 2004/8/EC on the promotion of cogeneration, CHP  Energy Efficiency Directive (Delegated act adopted by the EC and send to the EU parliament & Council to accept/reject) It will repeal Directives 2006/32/EC and 2004/8/EC. © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 6. What is included in the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, EPBD 2002/91/EC?  A methodology to calculate and rate the overall energy performance of building (heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting and hot water)  Minimum energy performance requirements for new and existing buildings that undergo major renovation  Energy Performance Certificate (EPC)  Regular inspections of heating and air conditioning systems © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 7. EPBD recast (Directive 2010/31/EC)  Enactment: July 2010  Implementation by Member States: July 2012  EPBD recast gives instruction on how to set minimum energy requirements  The aim is:  To have equivalent level of ambition but no harmonization  Shift focus from upfront investment cost to life cycle costs (cost-optimum methodology)  MS complete framework with national parameters and report calculations and input data to the EC  Comparison of results with current requirements and adjust building energy code (set at national level) when needed © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 8. What is new in EPBD recast (2010/31/EU) compared to EPBD (2002/91/EC)? Requirements 2002 2010 Minimum energy requirements Y Y Extension of minimum energy requirements for all N Y building segments Methodology for calculating the cost-optimum level N Y Energy performance Certificate Y Y Publication of EPCs in all commercial announcements N Y Extension of display of EPCs to buildings with more than N Y 500 m2 by 2012 now an those with more than 250 m2 in 2015 Independent control system for EPCs N Y Introduction of “nearly zero energy buildings” by 2021 for N Y all buildings and 2019 for public buildings © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 9. What are the new policy concepts in the Energy Efficiency Directive for the buildings sector?  Public sector: lead by example, with annual renovation works covering at least 3% of the total floor area of their buildings  Consumers: individual metering for better energy management  Energy Efficiency obligation: Member States have to make sure that an equivalent of 1.5% of annual energy sales are saved through energy efficiency measures. Renovation of existing building stock will play a major role on meeting the EE obligation © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 10. What are the supporting measures at the EU level to EPBD implementation?  JESSICA: since 2010 for EE/RES in retrofitting, replaces ERDF  ELENA: since 2009 grant for technical assistance for EE/RES on regional und local level  EEE-F: New European Energy Efficiency Facility  ~200 Mio.€ in cooperation with EIB for technical assistance, investment facilitation, contracting  Impact assessment: financing instruments for EE  Analysis of the appropriateness of EU funding for the EPBD as requested by the EPBD © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 11. What is included in the Eco design and labeling Directives?  The Eco design directive allows setting minimum energy requirements (MEPs) for energy using products (43 products included).  The Eco design recast Directive allows setting minimum energy requirements for energy related products (final list of products to be included under discussion)  Requirements are set at the EU level  Member States are in charge of enforcement  The labelling directives establish labelling requirements for energy related products © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 12. Which criteria to consider in the selection of products to be regulated  Significant volume of sales and trade (200.000 units per year)  Significant environmental impact  Significant potential for improvement without entailing excessive costs © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 13. How the energy requirements are set? 1. Product definition, standards and legislation 2. Economic ad market analysis 3. Consumer analysis and local infrastructure 4. Technical analysis of existing Environmental products impact assessment 5. Definition of base case 6. Technical analysis of Best Available Technology 7. Improvement potential © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 14. Which energy related products are regulated in the EU? Product Entry into force of Eco design requirements Domestic refrigerators and freezers August 2009 but labelling in force in December 2010 Domestic washing machines December 2010 at the same time for the labelling one Domestic dishwashers December 2010 at the same time for the labelling one TVs August 2009 but labelling in force in December 2010 Electric motors August 2009 Domestic lighting April 2009 with amendments in September 2009 Tertiary lighting April 2009 Simple set-top boxes February 2009 © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 15. Which energy related products are regulated in the EU? Product Entry into force of Eco design requirements Standby and off-modes losses of January 2009 EuP Ventilation fans April 2011 Circulators in buildings August 2009 but amendments proposed in April 2011 Battery chargers and external power April 2009 suppliers Room air conditioners Regulation adopted in May 2011 Boilers On-going study since 2006 Water heaters On-going study since 2006 Computers On-going study © OECD/IEA 2011
  • 16. To learn more about the European Buildings Energy efficiency policies, please visit: http://ec.europa.eu/energy/efficiency/buildings/buildings_en.htm Thank you for your attention Yamina.saheb@iea.org Ellina.levina@iea.org © OECD/IEA 2011