Launching, sustaining and expanding chinese language programs in urban schools 2

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  • These are approximations of US grades. Multiple sources: Pufahl, Ingrid, Rhodes, Nancy C., and Christian, Donna. 2002. Foreign Language Teaching: What the United States Can Learn From Other Countries . Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education. Li, Minglin. 2007. Foreign Language Education in Primary Schools in the People’s Republic of China. Current Issues in Language Planning , vol.8, no. 2, pp. 148-161. Goto Butler, Yuko. 2007. Foreign Language Education at Elementary Schools in Japan: Searching for Solutions Amidst Growing Diversification. Current Issues in Language Planning , vol.8, no.2, 2007.pp. 129 – 147. Gargesh, Ravinder. 2006. Language Issues in the Context of Higher Education in India . PowerPoint presentation given at the Language Issues in English Medium Universities Across Asia Symposium at University of Hong Kong, June, 2006. Available online, March 10, 2009: www.hku.hk/clear/doc/DAY%201/Ravinder%20Gargesh.PPT. Eurydice. 2005. Key Data on Teaching Languages at School in Europe . Eurydice: Brussels, Belgium. Russia-InfoCenter. 2006. General Education. Available online, March 11, 2009: http://www.russia-ic.com/education_science/education/system/103/ Dixon, L. Quentin. 2003. The Bilingual Education Policy in Singapore: Implications for Second Language Acquisition. Paper presented at the Annual International Symposium of Bilingualism, (Tempe Arizona, April 30-May3, 2003). Available online March 11, 2009: http://eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/1b/2d/e8.pdf
  • National Center for Education Statistics (2000). Enrollment in foreign language courses compared with enrollment in grades 9 through 12 in public secondary schools, fall 1948 through fall 2000. Digest of Educational Statistics , Table 53. Furman, Nelly, Goldberg, David and Lusin, Natalia (2007). Enrollment in foreign languages other than English in United States Institutions of Higher Education, Fall 2006. Modern Language Association , web publication 12, November 2007.
  • Launching, sustaining and expanding chinese language programs in urban schools 2

    1. 1. The Case for Teaching Mandarin Chinese Remarks of Harvin C. Moore, Trustee Houston Independent School District2012 National Chinese Language Conference Washington, DC April 15, 2012
    2. 2. 20 of the Top 24 Industrialized Countries Begin the Study of a World Language in Grades K-5 Lower Upper Middle Elementary Elementary High School School School School Beginning 5-7 8-10 11-13 14 Age Grade K-2 3-5 6-8 9 Number of 1* 8 12 3 Countries (US) Sources: Pufahl, Rhodes, & Christian, 2002; Li, 2007; Goto Butler, 2007; Gargesh, 2006; Eurydice, 2005; Russia-InfoCenter, 2006; Dixon, 2003 Slide used with permission, courtesy Shuhan C. Wang, Ph.D., Deputy Director, National Foreign Language Center, University of Maryland 3
    3. 3. Only 12 US States Require the Study of World Languages School Level Number of States Elementary 1 Middle School 1 High School Graduation 6 Elementary & Middle School 1 Elementary, M.S. and H.S. 3 Source: National World Language Education Survey: A State of the States Report in 2009 (Wang, Evans, & Liau, 2009)Slide used with permission, courtesy Shuhan C. Wang, Ph.D., Deputy Director, National Foreign Language Center, University of Maryland 4
    4. 4. Portion of World Population Using Two or More Languages Monolingual 1/3 Bilingual & Multilingual 2/3Source: Crystal, 1997. Slide used with permission, courtesy Shuhan C. Wang, Ph.D., Deputy Director, National Foreign Language Center,University of Maryland
    5. 5. Second Language Study BenefitsAcademic Progress in Other Subjects• Curtain & Dahlberg 2004 • Garfinkel & Tabor 1991• Dumas 1999 • Andrade, Kretschmer & Kretschmer 1989• Armstrong & Rogers 1997 • Holobow 1988• • Lapkin, et al 1990 Saunders 1998 • Ratte 1968• Masciantonio 1977 • Haakuta 1986• Rafferty 1986 • Cummins 1981• Andrade 1989 • Landry 1973• Kretschmer & Kretschmer 1989 • Bialystok & Hakuta 1994• Eaton 1994 • Fuchsen 1989• Saville-Troike 1984 • Bruck, Lambert, Tucker 1974• Diaz 1983 • Weatherford 1986• Caldas & Boudreaux 1999 • Cooper 1987• Thomas, Collier & Abbott 1993 • Eddy 1981• Lopata 1963 • Horn & Kojaku 2001 • Grosse 2004• Lemberger 1990 • Bastian 1980• Carpenter & Torney 1974 Full bibliography of these studies can be found at http://www.umaine.edu/flame/BenefitsofSecondLanguage.pdf
    6. 6. Second Language Study Narrows Achievement Gaps“Children of color, children from economically disadvantaged backgrounds, and English Language Learners make the greatest proportional achievement gains from foreign language study.” -Curtain & Dahlberg 2004 Photo: Washington Yu Ying Public Charter School
    7. 7. Foreign Language Ability is key to our National Interests“A pervasive lack of knowledge about foreign cultures and foreign languages threatens the security of the United States as well as its ability to compete in the global marketplace and produce an informed citizenry.” -National Research Council, 2007
    8. 8. Slide used with permission, courtesy Shuhan C. Wang, Ph.D., Deputy Director, National Foreign Language Center, University of Maryland 10
    9. 9. 2nd only to CA ($12B)Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Graphic by the US-China Business Council, 2011
    10. 10. Future International Trade Leader (today a sidewalk writer)Slide used with permission, courtesy Shuhan C. Wang, Ph.D., Deputy Director, National Foreign Language Center, University of Maryland 12
    11. 11. They’re coming… …will they come to your community? Graphic from “Many Rich Chinese Consider Leaving” by Jeremy Page, Wall Street Journal, November 2, 2011

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