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Graseck&Krizner Simulations

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Graseck&Krizner Simulations

  1. 1. Simulations in the Social Studies and Science: Building Global Perspectives and Knowledge
  2. 2. <ul><li>Susan Graseck , Founding Director, Choices for the 21 st Century Education Program, Brown University </li></ul><ul><li>L. J. Krizner , Education Officer, U.S. Department of State, U.S. Diplomacy Center </li></ul>Presenters:
  3. 3. <ul><li>A collaborative learning experience </li></ul><ul><li>Participants assume assigned roles , each with distinct perspectives or points of view </li></ul><ul><li>Interact with others in a specific situation or moment in time </li></ul><ul><li>Participants, representing multiple perspectives, come together to negotiate a hypothesized or true, current or historical, situation </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Engage visitors about the art, practice and challenge of diplomacy </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrate how diplomacy effects every person </li></ul><ul><li>Show the impact of the U.S. throughout the world </li></ul><ul><li>Reveal the work of the Department of State </li></ul><ul><li>Inspire future leaders to become involved </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Diplomacy is the art or practice of conducting international relations, such as in negotiating alliances, treaties, and agreements, and also the tact and skill in dealing with people. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Engage skills and knowledge needed to conduct diplomacy </li></ul><ul><li>Explore the relevance of diplomacy </li></ul><ul><li>Show how diplomacy shapes our nation </li></ul><ul><li>Use historical and contemporary references </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Begin to understand the nuances of “doing diplomacy” and conducting negotiations through compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Begin to understand the complexity of devising foreign policy with international partners </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from content experts and research the issues </li></ul><ul><li>Inspire participants to connect the issues to their community </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>American Government : The work of the DOS </li></ul><ul><li>Economics : Globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Science : Climate change </li></ul><ul><li>International Affairs : U.S. impact in the world & and the world impacts on the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>American History : Diplomatic History </li></ul><ul><li>Social Studies : Communities, civil engagement & participating in government and geography </li></ul><ul><li>Current events : Human rights </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-solving: Conflict resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Public speaking: How to negotiate and articulate positions </li></ul><ul><li>Project-based learning </li></ul><ul><li>Research and writing </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Reveal how diplomats negotiate across borders to solve problems </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity of cross-cultural communication </li></ul><ul><li>Deeper understanding of the issues and the world </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity to other perspectives and POV </li></ul><ul><li>Complexity in creating foreign policies and working with a global community to solve problems </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Simulations prepare the future leaders of our world to face challenges in an increasingly global environment </li></ul>
  12. 12. CHOICES Education Program A Program of the Watson Institute for International Studies Brown University
  13. 13. The Problem <ul><li>The U.S. influences events around the world—intentionally or not. </li></ul><ul><li>American students who do not know about the world beyond our borders and our place in it—and do not care—will be ill-prepared to fulfill their responsibilities as American citizens in the 21st century. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Our Mission <ul><li>To get more international content into the core curriculum at the secondary level nationwide. </li></ul><ul><li>To do this in a way that is teaching the skills and habits of active and responsible citizenship. </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimately to create a more informed and more engaged American public. </li></ul>
  15. 15. How does Choices work? <ul><li>Choices serves as a bridge between the academic world and the high school classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Choices draws on scholars for content. </li></ul><ul><li>And Choices draws on teachers for their classroom expertise. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Curriculum Development <ul><li>Our Content—Contemporary Global Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current Issues & Historical Turning Points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connect the past with the present </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explore the Past—Shape the Future </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Connect values with public policy </li></ul><ul><li>At the core of all Choices units is a framework of “choices” or policy options – Set up as simulations </li></ul>
  17. 17. From Whose Perspective? <ul><li>U.S. and Non-U.S </li></ul><ul><li>Current and Historical </li></ul>
  18. 18. Standards—Higher Order Thinking Skills <ul><li>Understand multiple perspectives and competing interpretations </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiate among fact, opinion, and interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Weigh importance and reliability of evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Explain its significance </li></ul><ul><li>Understand and use primary sources </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate rational conclusions </li></ul>
  19. 19. Global Environmental Problems: Implications for U.S. Policy <ul><li>A Simulation Demonstration </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Options Role-play <ul><li>Question: What should U.S. policy be? </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Engage students in multiple perspectives </li></ul><ul><li>Draw on the content they have learned </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare them to frame their own policy </li></ul>
  21. 21. What came before? <ul><li>Defining Environmental Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Environment v. Development </li></ul><ul><li>Issues on the International Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Role Play - International Meeting </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Set Up <ul><li>Four Options Groups </li></ul><ul><li>Presidential Advisory Panel </li></ul><ul><li>Options Group Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group Director </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic Policy Analyst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign Policy Analyst </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. The Options <ul><li>Option 1: Put the Economy First </li></ul><ul><li>Americans will act responsibly to reduce pollution in our country. Other nations should learn to do the same. </li></ul><ul><li>Option 2: Take the Lead In the Green Economy </li></ul><ul><li>We should develop and promote technology that will give us a jump-start in the growing market for environmentally sound products. </li></ul><ul><li>Option 3: Promote Sustainable Development </li></ul><ul><li>We must join with others to achieve a globally sustainable balance of development and environmental preservation. </li></ul><ul><li>Option 4: Protect Mother Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Unless we make major changes in the way all people live, we are all headed for catastrophe. </li></ul>
  24. 24. What does each Option say? <ul><li>How important is this issue? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the problem? </li></ul><ul><li>Governmental regulation v. free market </li></ul><ul><li>Fossil fuels v. renewable resources </li></ul><ul><li>View of international cooperation </li></ul>
  25. 25. Option 5 <ul><li>What do you think? </li></ul><ul><li>And where to from here? </li></ul>