C9 understanding china's education system and youth culture - kongli liu

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C9 understanding china's education system and youth culture - kongli liu

  1. 1. Understanding China’s EducationSystem and Youth CultureKongli LiuAssistant Director, U.S.-China InstituteBryant University, Smithfield, RIkliu1@bryant.edu
  2. 2. LanzhouBeijing
  3. 3. SnapshotsofU.S.-China EducationComparison and Exchanges
  4. 4. OECDProgram for International Student Assessment (PISA)• Started in 1997• Assessed every 3 years• 15-year olds• Three key subjects: reading, math and science• Currently over 70 countries/regions participate
  5. 5. Source: http://www.oecd.org/pisa/OECDProgram for International Student Assessment (PISA)
  6. 6. Chinese Students Studying in the U.S.050,000100,000150,000200,000250,000
  7. 7. Chinese Students Studying in the U.S.Source: IIE Open Door Report: http://www.iie.org/Research-and-Publications/Open-Doors/Data
  8. 8. Chinese Students Studying in the U.S.• Reasons• Trend1. Age2. Diverse majors and areas3. Diverse education background
  9. 9. “Tiger Mom”
  10. 10. Tiger MomIs it really about who’s superior?• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GAel_qRfKx8• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XaG9McaTVoI
  11. 11. Visualizing Chinese Education• Urban vs. Rural• Youth Culture• Progress, Challenges & Future
  12. 12. National College EntranceExamination (Gaokao)• Extremely competitive• Exam subjects (Chinese, Mathematics, ForeignLanguage, Sciences or Social Studies)• Total score is the only admission criteria for over95% of colleges• Extensive 3-day exams (June 7-9)• Provinces have autonomy on test contents• Admission rate: national (72%), urban (80-90%), rural (30-40%)
  13. 13. National College EntranceExamination (Gaokao)Pros and Cons
  14. 14. Emphasis on Math, Science, andEnglish throughout PreK-12• Mathematics (begins at age 3; by age 5 studentsare doing what American students learn in 2ndgrade)• English (begins by age 5 or 6 in many urbanschools, becomes mandatory at 3rd grade)• Elementary teachers are specialized in subjects(Chinese, math, English, etc.)• At grade 10 or 11, students choose concentrations:sciences or humanities
  15. 15. Education Values• Scholarship and academic achievement are highlyvalued in Chinese culture• Education for personal cultivation, careeradvancement, family glory, and serving the country• Every child can learn and it all depends onindividual efforts• Teachers enjoy relatively high social status• Teacher authority in classroom• Good teachers are not born, but trained.
  16. 16. “Chinese Idol” 2005
  17. 17. China Youth CultureOnline Videos:China Daily: Post-80s Generationhttp://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/video/2010-12/23/content_11820151.htmPBS Frontline: Young and Restless in Chinahttp://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/youngchina/
  18. 18. Resources
  19. 19. Thank you!Questions?Kongli LiuAssistant Director, U.S.-China InstituteBryant University, Smithfield, RIkliu1@bryant.edu

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