Advancing Teaching and Learning through Open Content, Open Technology, Open Knowledge

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  • Advancing Teaching and Learning through Open Content, Open Technology, Open Knowledge

    1. 1. A Collaborative Publication Project Advancing Teaching and Learning through Open Content Open Technology Open Knowledge Vijay Kumar Senior Associate Dean & Director Office of Educational Innovation & Technology , MIT Asia Society, New Delhi March 2008 `
    2. 2. Technology’s role in advancing Access and Quality <ul><li>(National Knowledge Commission Recommendations) </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing capabilities of Open Educational Resources, Networks and digital technologies offer unprecedented opportunities to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Serve the knowledge needs of diverse communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amplify interaction among students and teachers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduce innovative and interactive educational experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capacity Building for Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop ecology for sustainable transformation of education in India. </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Global Ambitions The elimination of “unfreedoms”, knowledge, education, health. - Amartya Sen Investment in human capital creates positive multiplier effects on family and next generation. Photo by TikkunGer via Flickr, cc license
    4. 4. Hands-On Experiences for an Increasingly Complex and Connected World (Earth at 89 GH;courtesy of J. Grahn, Chalmers U. & J. del Alamo )
    5. 5. Global Challenge: Too Many on the Outside, Looking In Photo by mathew ramsey via Flickr Photo by joepub via Flickr Photo by kawaface via Flickr Photo by Shavar via Flickr Photo by Felipe Pimentel via Flickr
    6. 6. MIT OpenCourseware 1800 courses <ul><li>Site Highlights </li></ul><ul><li>Syllabus </li></ul><ul><li>Course Calendar </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture Notes </li></ul><ul><li>Exams </li></ul><ul><li>Problem/Solution Sets </li></ul><ul><li>Labs and Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Video Lectures </li></ul>
    7. 7. Making a Difference – Educator Use Professor Richard Hall LaTrobe University in Melbourne, Australia, now teaching information systems, beginning microprocessors, and advanced computer-aided software engineering. OCW saved him “an enormous amount of time and stress.” “ I was delighted by the way the material is so coherently presented. It is truly inspiring to see this level of excellence .”
    8. 8. Making a Difference – Student Use Kunle Adejumo, Engineering student at Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria, Nigeria “ Last semester, I had a course in metallurgical engineering. I didn’t have notes, so I went to OCW. I downloaded a course outline on this, and also some review questions, and these helped me gain a deeper understanding of the material.”
    9. 9. Accelerating Global Movement Higher Education
    10. 10. Journals, Books, Videos, Data, Games …
    11. 11. June 9, 2009 95 OCW Sites in 10 Languages                          
    12. 12. MIT Online Laboratories “ If you can’t come to the lab… the lab will come to you!”
    13. 13. iLabs at MIT Microelectronics device characterization (EECS, deployed 1998) Shake table (Civil Eng., deployed 2004) Dynamic signal analyzer (EECS, deployed 2004) Polymer crystallization (Chem. E., deployed 2003) Heat exchanger (Chem. E., deployed 2001)
    14. 14. The iLab Vision Service Broker Lab Server Client Campus network Internet University Databases <ul><li>Order of magnitude more lab experiences </li></ul><ul><li>More lab time to users/researchers </li></ul><ul><li>More sophisticated labs available </li></ul><ul><li>Communities of scholars created around iLabs sharing educational & research content </li></ul>
    15. 15. iLabs in China <ul><li>Zhejiang University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>50 Net Labs today (Electronic, Power and Automation/Controls) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong interest in adopting iLabs </li></ul></ul>electromotor system elevator system triple-tank system
    16. 16. K-12
    17. 17. Interactive Bilingual Math Content This is an example of an interactive unit resource. A full English and Spanish Bilingual intervention unit in Geometry.
    18. 18. Interactive illustrations This is an example of a simple Flash based interactive “Learning Object.” This and many other learning objects were donated by the Australian Curriculum Corporation.
    19. 19. Interactive Math Content <ul><li>A complete interactive Algebra course from The University of California and NROC. </li></ul><ul><li>Also: </li></ul><ul><li>Calculus I and II </li></ul><ul><li>Physics I and II </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Science </li></ul><ul><li>Biology and more. </li></ul>
    20. 22. Community+Content <ul><li>E-Science initiatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faulkes Telescope Project (Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access to telescopes in Hawaii, Australia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Access to experts and collaborative projects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hands On Universe (UC Berkeley) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Real data and applications for students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Student - Scientists interaction </li></ul></ul></ul>
    21. 23. OER Value Proposition <ul><li>Open high quality digitized educational content, tools and communities </li></ul><ul><li>Available anytime, anywhere for free </li></ul><ul><li>Localizable and re-mixable </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for collective improvement and feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Why OER since HE/lecturers are doing just fine? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alternate way to learn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accelerate/deepen learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Powerful engaging instruction </li></ul></ul></ul>
    22. 24. <ul><li>NOW is the TIME. Major changes in what we know about learning: </li></ul><ul><li>cognitive science </li></ul><ul><li>pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>possibilities from brain research </li></ul>are leading to new applications of technology in education
    23. 25. Accelerated Learning – OLI Challenges Conventional Wisdom
    24. 26. More bandwidth, increasing processing power, ubiquitous connectivity, rapid growth of mobile devices, decreasing costs… Increase capacity to access, collaborate, personalize, and create
    25. 27. Open Education Vision Elements <ul><li>Boundariless Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beyond Geopolitical: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Research-Teaching; Teacher-Learner; Courses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Blended Learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligently combine the physical and the virtual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate conventional pedagogy with net-learning to deliver quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(relevant) educational opportunities </li></ul></ul>
    26. 28. NKC Recommendations for OER <ul><li>Launch a national e-conten t and curriculum initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leverage global open educational resources movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support the production of quality content by a select set of Indian institutions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate development of online programmes for science and engineering laboratories – simulation s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Establish 50-100 laboratories (iLAB) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Undertake a large scale e-Curriculum development effort directed toward adaptation and adoption support . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher Training / Faculty Development </li></ul></ul></ul>
    27. 29. NKC Recommendations for OER <ul><li>Develop network-enabled delivery infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access : High b/w national network: establish Indian Research and Education Network (IREN) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delivery : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>distributed repositories of educational resources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Open, standards-based Service-Oriented Architecture </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Educational applications </li></ul></ul></ul>
    28. 30. NKC Recommendations for OER <ul><li>. Faculty and Institutional Development Program </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Promote distance and network based delivery techniques </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modernize current “correspondence course” programs for quality and access. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop domain competencies and teaching skills for quality education using quality faculty and high quality materials. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate DE into University curricula and organizational structures </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>National Portal for Open Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling resources for faculty and resource development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clearinghouse function and an interaction environment </li></ul></ul>
    29. 31. Is Education Ready for Opening Up Education? <ul><li>Inertial Frames </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scarcity vs. Abundance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pundit-Pupil vs. Peer-Peer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving Scools Vs Improving Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outdated premises (Historical Evolution….) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enabling Structures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sense Making </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ordering the digital disorder </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teacher education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitative infrastructure (Technical; Organizational; Financial) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accountability and Accreditation </li></ul></ul>
    30. 32. <ul><li> Quality Access and Opportunity </li></ul>Open for Educational Opportunity Open Content Open Tools Open Knowledge
    31. 33. A Collaborative Publication Project <ul><li>“ How can we advance teaching and learning by taking full advantage of open education?” </li></ul><ul><li>A hardcover book + free online distribution with Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>30 chapters by 38 prominent leaders and visionaries (Foreword by John Seely Brown) </li></ul><ul><li>Tory Iyoshi & Vijay Kumar (Co-Editors), Mike Smith, Cathy Casserly, Diana Laurillard, Andy Lane, Flora McMartin, David Wley, Richard Baraniuk, and many others for sharing their wisdom. </li></ul>
    32. 34. Opportunities and Challenges in Open Knowledge Sharing <ul><li>Making tacit and local knowledge of effective teaching and learning visible and useful to others (both globally and locally) is not easy. (Iiyoshi, T. & Richardson, C.) </li></ul><ul><li>The commons must serve both as a repository and a seedbed. Open knowledge is not simply about making new pedagogical work available. It is about creating the conditions in which ever better ideas and models can come forward. (Huber, M. & Hutchings, P.) </li></ul><ul><li>Open sharing of knowledge of teaching and learning dramatically increases the role of inquirer in open education, and has enormous potential for changing the way faculty observe, think about, talk about, and transform their teaching and practices. (Gale, R.) </li></ul>Iiyoshi 4/4
    33. 35. A Collaborative Publication Project <ul><li>“ How can we advance teaching and learning by taking full advantage of open education?” </li></ul><ul><li>A hardcover book + free online distribution with Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>30 chapters by 38 prominent leaders and visionaries (Foreword by John Seely Brown) </li></ul><ul><li>Tory Iyoshi & Vijay Kumar (Co-Editors), Mike Smith, Cathy Casserly, Diana Laurillard, Andy Lane, Flora McMartin, David Wley, Richard Baraniuk, and many others for sharing their wisdom. </li></ul>
    34. 36. A Collaborative Publication Project <ul><li>“ How can we advance teaching and learning by taking full advantage of open education?” </li></ul><ul><li>A hardcover book + free online distribution with Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>30 chapters by 38 prominent leaders and visionaries (Foreword by John Seely Brown) </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons learned and visions of the future from: OKI, IMS, CNI, Sakai, Moodle, ETUDES, iCampus, VUE, Mellon Foundation, OCW, Connexions, OLI, MERLOT, OpenLearn, SOFIA, Creative Commons, LAMS, Hewlett Foundation, CASTL, VKP, ISSOTL, Open University, Carnegie Foundation, and more </li></ul>The Carnegie Foundation’s Book on Open Education (Winter 2008, MIT Press)
    35. 37. Opening Up Education: A Collaborative Publication Project <ul><li>Identify the educational value proposition and implications of open education initiatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Help illuminate the micro and macro factors that would move these initiatives from their current stage to their “golden” state. </li></ul><ul><li>Explore, as a community of practice and reflection, how we can effectively share educational innovations, pedagogical experience, and knowledge to continuously improve the quality of education. </li></ul>
    36. 38. Opening Up Education: A Discussion <ul><li>What is the educational value proposition? </li></ul><ul><li>What can we do as a community of practice and reflection to improve the quality of teaching and learning? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the sustainability considerations? </li></ul><ul><li>Is Higher Education ready for Opening Up Education? </li></ul>
    37. 39. iLabs: Extending Access to MIT Nuclear Reactor Laboratory (MIT-NRL) If You Can’t Come to the Lab… the Lab Will Come to You!” (Earth at 89 GHz; courtesy of J. Grahn, Chalmers U. & J. del Alamo)
    38. 40. Transform Teaching and Learning: Open Game Based Environments Open Language Learning Initiative This work is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
    39. 41. Influences: <ul><ul><li>Collectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory, Collaborative practices for developing and sharing educational materials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Software, networks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wikis; Blogs; Shared Bookmarks; flickr….. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Environments: Second Life. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remix </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vest, Kahle, Unsworth </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enablers: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Open & Community Source; Creative Commons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Architecture; Interoperability (OKI; eFrameworks.) </li></ul></ul>
    40. 42. Towards Action <ul><li>Functions of independent organisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leadership and coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional collaborations for content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adoption support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards for content development/adoption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State policy implications (licensing, IPR, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benchmarking against global best practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leverage global initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change management in institutions/agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance monitoring – qualitative/quantitative outcomes </li></ul></ul>
    41. 43. SUSTAINABILITY <ul><li>Technical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resilient content: takes advantage of tech. changes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open standards-based architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robust networks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Financial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxation on content used by private institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial model for value-added services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government funding, especially in initial stages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Organizational </li></ul>

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