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Cultural Competency Research -- Jenn Chin's presentation

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Jennifer Chin, with adviser Julian Agyeman, conducted research on cultural competency curriculum within accredited planning schools. The results are outlined in this PowerPoint presentation.

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Cultural Competency Research -- Jenn Chin's presentation

  1. 1. Research Presentation Cultural Competency as a Tool for Intercultural Planning Planning for the INTERcultural City
  2. 2. • Diversifying Suburbs: major shift in the first decade of the 21st century – more than half of all persons of color residing in large metropolitan areas are actually living in the suburbs • Majority/Minority Shift: the nation will become majority persons of color and minority white by 2042; as of 2008, nearly a quarter of all U.S. children had at least one immigrant parent (continued) Planning for the INTERcultural City
  3. 3. • Increasing Income Disparity: High-wage workers in large metropolitan areas earned more than low-wage workers by a ratio of more than five to one; the stark income disparity is described as a regional “pulling apart” • Growing Elder Populations: Large metropolitan areas are aging faster than the nation overall—in the 2000s, large metro areas reported a 45% increase in their 55-to- 64 year-old population The Brookings Institution State of Metropolitan America Report (2010) Planning for the INTERcultural City
  4. 4. Planners have a “special responsibility to plan for the needs of the disadvantaged and to promote racial and economic integration.” Furthermore, those certified “shall urge the alteration of policies, institutions, and decisions that oppose such needs.” AICP Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct (2009) Planning for the INTERcultural City
  5. 5. • regulatory and non-regulatory planning knowledge • technical planning knowledge • U.S. mainstream planning theory • conflict resolution, negotiation, and facilitation • participatory planning techniques (a little bit) Planning for the INTERcultural City Planning programs typically teach:
  6. 6. Theory and skills are seldom taught using an explicit diversity and equity lens—a cultural competency lens. If there is an ethical imperative to promote integration and plan for the needs of the disadvantaged, then planning schools, individual planners, and institutions must approach their practice with an active concern for cultural competency. Planning for the INTERcultural City
  7. 7. Culturally competent planning practice involves: • proactively acquiring and institutionalizing cultural knowledge in order to competently manage the dynamics of difference • evaluating and improving practice in four domains: • cultural awareness/beliefs • cultural knowledge • skills • behavior/practice (Cross et al, 1989; Lum, 2007; Vasquez, 2009; Rice, 2004: and White, 2004) Planning for the INTERcultural City
  8. 8. We wanted to know: How are U.S. planning schools addressing cultural issues in planning curricula? Are planning schools teaching students about cultural competency? Planning for the INTERcultural City
  9. 9. • Culture/Cross-Cultural/Multicultural • Ethnicity/Race • Gender • Class/Poverty • Diversity/Demographics/Immigration/"human settlements"/"ethnic group interactions" • Equity • Courses Focusing on Specific Cultural Groups • Age (children, elderly) • Ability/Disability • Religion • Sexual Orientation • Cultural Competence or Cultural Competency Planning for the INTERcultural City Curricula were evaluated for these words/terms:
  10. 10. • 130 out of 153 courses meeting the criteria were electives • Only 23 out of 153 courses meeting the criteria were graduation requirements • None of the courses apply a cultural competency frame to planning theory and practice Planning for the INTERcultural City The Results Are Not Good:
  11. 11. It can: • transform knowledge and practice • improves process and outcomes • change individual and institutional norms Planning for the INTERcultural City The cultural competency frame is a developmental tool that enables planners to be more intentional and proactive agents of justice and equity in planning
  12. 12. Planning for the INTERcultural City It can also strengthen our ability to facilitate the development of more integrated, sustainable communities Cultural competency is an ongoing learning process that can help us be more innovative in our practice
  13. 13. Visit the our wiki to access resources on cultural competency and intercultural planning: http://sites.tufts.edu/tuftsicp/literature/reading-list/ Planning for the INTERcultural City

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