The Slavs and the First Bulgarian Empire Prepared by Pavlin Pavlov Hinkov
Origin and homeland The Slavs were agroup of peoples,who inhabitedEastern Europe tillVII-X century BC andspoke similarlanguages.
The main Slavic tribal groups II-IV centuries BC the main Slavic tribal groupsthe east group – anti the west – venedi the south – slavini
Way of life The Slavs lived invillages near rivers,lakes or marshlands.They used the waterbarriers as a defense. They cultivated theirland and grew milletand wheat, pettedanimals and birds,hunted and fished.
Society The basic social unitwas the clan. It wasusually led by theeldest. Some of the clanswere united in a tribe.The leader of the tribewas a prince.
Religion of the Slavs VolosPerun Lada Svarog Dajbog
The first Bulgarian empire (681 – 1018) Led by Kubrat and Asparuh the ancient Bulgarians moved to the Balkan Peninsula and united with the Slavs and Thracians. And they formed the new nationality of the Bulgarians.
The reign of Khan KrumDuring the governshipof Khan Krum (803-814) Bulgaria grew tothe south-east,inhabiting the territoryfrom nowadays Sofia(811 A.D.) tonowadays Odrin (813A.D.).
Conversion of the Bulgarians Prince Boris the First– Michael (852-889)imposed Christianityas the official religionto unite the ancientBulgarians and theSlavs, who haddifferent religions andto rise up the prestigeof Bulgaria among theChristian countries.
The AlphabetThe same alphabet(with some modifi-cations) is used inother languages asRussian, Ukrainian,Belarusian, Serbian,Macedonian andsome Central AsianAltaic languages.
The end of the First Bulgarian Empire After the battle Basilthe second ordered theblinding of 14 000Bulgarian captives.When King Samuelsaw them he died. Till 1018 the countrywas conquered by theByzantium.