The Golden Age of the Bulgarian culture IX – XI century Prepared by Petya Dimitrova
In the second half of theIX century, Bulgaria wasthe equivalent of theGerman Kingdom andByzantium. The culturalprosperity of theBulgarian state during thereign of King Simeon theGreat is called theGolden Age period.
864 – 27 May 927 Simeon I the Great Simeon I the Great was a Bulgarian ruler, who ruled Bulgaria from 893 to 927, during the First Bulgarian Empire.
Magnaur school In 878 the father of Simeon(Boris I ) sent him to Magnaur school in Constantinople. Simeon received an excellent education. He mastered Greek language very well.Simeon’s dream wasSimeons father - to make Bulgaria the most powerful nation in Europe. He expanded the Boris I borders of Bulgaria.
Events Chronology 894 - Simeon movedthe main market fromConstantinople to In the summer of 896, the Simeon conquered aThessaloniki. province with nearly 30 castles in Albania. 904 - Bulgariasborders reachedThessaloniki (the WhiteSea) and Drach (TheAdriatic Sea).
On 20 August 917 - near the River Aheloy Bulgarians achieved a great victory over the Byzantine army. In 924, todays western Serbiaand Kosovo were annexed toBulgaria.
In Preslav Simeon gathered the mosttalented Bulgarian writers. Under his care,they translated and wrote many booksneeded for the young Christian community. The new capital Preslav was built with a new royal palace, beautiful churches and monasteries. Simeon the Great was a patron of literature, painting, architecture.The Book of John the Exarch, which included adescription of Preslav and the palace of Simeon.
BavariaThe territorial extension of the Frankish Kingdomwas impressive.The head of the Franks wasCharlemagne. He conquered Bavaria anddivided the country by creating counties.Charlemagne was also a patron of architectureand the humanities.The great ruler led battles with nations ofEastern Europe. He fought with the Slavs andsome of them paid taxes. Charlemagnedefeated the strong state of the Avars near theUpper Danube.
Remains of Veliki Preslav.King Simeon built Veliki Preslav for 28 years.
Monuments of thegreat Bulgarianking - Simeon theGreat