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Yves Breem: Labour market integration of immigrants and their children in Estonia and other EU countries

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Integration conference "My home, our home: what unites us in a multicultural community" on 15th and 16th November in Tallinn, Estonia. Conference webpage: www.integrationconference.ee

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Yves Breem: Labour market integration of immigrants and their children in Estonia and other EU countries

  1. 1. Labour market integration of immigrants and their children in Estonia and other EU countries My home, our home: what unites us in a multicultural community 15-16 November 2018, Tallinn, Estonia Yves Breem International Migration Division Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs, OECD
  2. 2. A fifth of the OECD population has a migrant background, a third in Estonia but less than a tenth in most neighbouring countries Population with a migrant background, 2013, percentages of the total population Source: Settling In: Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264234024-en
  3. 3. Labour market outcomes: how the foreign-born compare with the native-born
  4. 4. 4 Employment is key for immigrant’s integration into the host society but they are less in employment than natives in most countries Employment rates by place of birth, 2017 15-64 year-olds Sources : International Migration Outlook 2018 https://doi.org/10.1787/1999124x, Eurostat 2018
  5. 5. 5 Immigrant unemployment is a tremendous issue in all EU countries, especially for those born outside the EU Unemployment rates by place of birth, 2017 15-64 year-olds Sources : International Migration Outlook 2018 https://doi.org/10.1787/1999124x, Eurostat 2018
  6. 6. Over-qualification rates by place of birth, 2017 15-64 year-olds highly educated Having a job is not enough: the quality of immigrant jobs is poorer than that of the native-born Sources : International Migration Outlook 2018 https://doi.org/10.1787/1999124x
  7. 7. Labour market participation rates of women by place of birth, 2017 15-64 year-olds The gender aspect: Immigrant women often face a double disadvantage Sources : International Migration Outlook 2018 https://doi.org/10.1787/1999124x, Eurostat 2018
  8. 8. 8 Immigrant disadvantage is transmitted to their native-born children NEET rates of youth, by migrant background, persons aged 15 to 34 not in education, 2017 Sources : Settling In: Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2018, forthcoming
  9. 9. What are the factors hampering labour market integration and how to address them
  10. 10. Employment rates of foreign-born population aged 15-64 and not in education, by education level, 2017 Differences with native-born, in percentage points Education improves the labour prospects, but gaps with the native-born remain large among the highly educated Sources : Eurostat 2018
  11. 11. Over-qualification rates by country of birth and place of education, 2011-12 15-64 year-olds highly educated Procedures of recognition of foreign qualifications should be strengthened Virtually every labour market in the OECD discounts foreign tertiary degrees Source: Settling In: Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264234024-en
  12. 12. Difference in employment rates between foreign- and native-born, by language, 2012 Mastering the host country’s language is the most important skill immigrants need to find their place in the labour market Source: Maching Economic migration with labour market needs, https://doi.org/10.1787/9789264216501-en
  13. 13. Advanced host-country language proficiency, 2014 Percentage of 15-64 year-olds This is a bigger issue in countries where the distance between the immigrant languages and the official language is large Sources : Settling In: Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2018, forthcoming Increase the offer for publicly funded language trainings with the right incentives
  14. 14. Lack of network hamper immigrants and their children to unleash their full potential Percentages of the native-born who interact at least once a week with immigrants, 2018 Sources : Settling In: Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2018, forthcoming Develop mentorship programmes and local community initiatives
  15. 15. Discrimination must be tackled to build a more cohesive society Persons who consider themselves members of a group that is or has been discriminated against on the grounds of ethnicity, nationality or race, 2002-12 Sources : Settling In: Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264234024-en
  16. 16. For further information: www.oecd.org/migration yves.breem@oecd.org 16/11 Thank you for your attention

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