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Prof. Tiit Tammaru: What leads to perfect segregation?

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Integration conference "My home, our home: what unites us in a multicultural community" on 15th and 16th November in Tallinn, Estonia. Conference webpage: www.integrationconference.ee

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Prof. Tiit Tammaru: What leads to perfect segregation?

  1. 1. Tiit Tammaru What leads to perfect segregation?
  2. 2. Dynamic Segregation Model by Thomas C Schelling (1969) Mixed population Preference-based sorting Segregated population
  3. 3. Segregation in different life domains is related EducationWork Education Residence
  4. 4. Other Group level segregation occurs on multiple reasons as a result of individual level sorting Skills Homophily Discrimination
  5. 5. Segregation between the Top and Bottom SES groups Inequality trends reversed in the 1980s Top 10% income share, 1915–2015 Source: Global Inequality Report 2018
  6. 6. Segregation between the Top and Bottom SES groups 0 10 20 30 40 50 Riga Oslo Prague Vilnius Helsinki Tallinn Budapest Stockholm Athens Madrid Amsterdam London Milan IndexofDissimilarity 2001 Medium Low High
  7. 7. Segregation between the Top and Bottom SES groups 0 10 20 30 40 50 Riga Oslo Prague Vilnius Helsinki Tallinn Budapest Stockholm Athens Madrid Amsterdam London Milan IndexofDissimilarity 2001 2011 Medium Low High
  8. 8. Key drivers of inequality in Europe: Globalisation and Technology Less skills More skills
  9. 9. Less skills More skills Global hunt for Talent Key drivers of inequality in Europe: Globalisation and Technology
  10. 10. Less skills More skills Global competition Global hunt for Talent Key drivers of inequality in Europe: Globalisation and Technology
  11. 11. Top SES neighbourhoods Middle SES neighbourhoods Bottom SES neighbourhoods Low socioecnomic inequality Low socioeconomic segregation Top SES neighbourhoods Middle SES neighbourhoods Bottom SES neighbourhoods High socioeconomic inequality High socioeconomic segregation Socio-spatialmobility Low income inequality: Low income inequality:
  12. 12. Residence Education Work Vicious circle of segregation:
  13. 13. Factors leading to perfect segregation:  High level of income inequality  Inter-generational transmission of poverty  High immigration focussing on labour needs  Low level of public interventions  Existence of homogenous neighbourhoods in the city
  14. 14. What about Estonia?:  Income inequality has increased significantly  Share of ethnic minorities is high  Kids are segregated from age three to different educational systems  School segregation transmits to the labour market  Differences on the labour market are transmitting to the housing market
  15. 15. Thank you! tiit.tammaru@ut.ee:

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