“ i am the daughter of Earth and Water,And the nursling of the Sky; I pass through thepores of the ocean and shores; I change, but I cannot die ”
Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feeling (William Wordsworth) Poetry, in general sense, may be defined to be “the expression of the imagination”. (P.B. Shelley) Poetry is the best words in the best order. (S.T. Coleridge) Poetry : a highly organized, artistic genre of oral or written expression that seeks to instruct, inform, or entertain.The Definition of Poetry
In Webster’s Dictionary: poetry is the most pure literatureworks of art, its language is metrical and refining implicative, rhythmic, sentence neatly.
Kinds of Poetry In view of the varied principles on which itis divides poetry into three great classes :Lyrical, Narrative, and Dramatic. It isnecessary to observe, however, in practicallyevery narrative poem of any recognized merit,we have a good deal of the dramatic and thelyrical elements, and similarly, narration andsong cannot be entirely excluded fromdramatic poetry.
Poetry Can be differentiated most of the timefrom prose, prose frequently using morecomplete logical or narrative structuresthan poetry does. This does not necessarily imply thatpoetry is illogical, but rather that poetry isoften created from the need to escape thelogical, as well as expressing feelings andother expressions in a tight, condensedmanner.
In general one can say that poetry ischaracterised by an intimate relationshipof sound and meaning. Poems very oftenare based on a certain rhythmicalpattern. Good poetry appeals to thelistener´s or reader´s sense of beautywhich captures him for certain magicalelements that can never be fullyexplained.
His task in interpreting poetry is tograsp the author´s mood and intentionby understanding both his / herelevated thoughts and deep feelings.
The early 19th Century sawthe great Romanticpoets such as Keats,Shelley and WilliamWordsworth. In Americathere was also a powerfulmovement of poets, looselytermed “Early AmericanPoets” these includedEmily Dickinson, RalphEmerson and WaltWhitman.
In fact the influence of Romanticismcan be seen even in modern poetssuch as Gerard Manley Hopkins. Laterpoets of the twentieth century alsoacknowledged the influence of thiscreative period in poetry.
The movement However, it was the impact of the FrenchRevolution which gave the period its mostdistinctive and urgent concerns. Following theRevolution itself, which began in 1789, Britain wasat war with France on continental Europe for nearlytwenty years while massive repression of politicaldissent was implemented at home. Against thisbackground much of the major writing of the period,associated with the term Romantic, takes placebetween 1789 (when the French Revolution began)and 1824 (the death of Byron) and can be seen as aresponse to changing political and social conditionsin one respect or another.
Famous Poets & Poetry: 19th Century The 19th century saw the growingimportance of women in poetry. Womenlike Elizabeth Browning, Emily Dickinson,and Amy Lowell showed the world just howwell a women can perform when given thechance at a quality education.
• Charles Baudelaire Influenced an entire generation of poets.• Elizabeth Browning "How do I love thee?"• Robert Browning One of the foremost Victorian poets• Lewis Carroll "Alice in Wonderland"• E.E. Cummings He wrote over 2,900 poems.
• Emily Dickinson Was published posthumously.• Paul Dunbar 1st US-accepted African-American writer.• Ralph W. Emerson Led the Transcendentalist movement.• Robert Frost Known for his command of colloquial speech.• Khalil Gibran A Lebanese-American known for "The Prophet."• Oliver Wendell Holmes A Fireside Poet.
• Jean Ingelow A successful song and ballad poet.• Rudyard Kipling "prophet of British imperialism".• Henry W. Longfellow One of the five Fireside Poets.• Amy Lowell An early adherent to free verse.• Edgar Allan Poe Known for his tales of mystery.
• Amado Nervo The great Mexican poet.• Alfred Tennyson The famous English poet.• Walt Whitman Part of the transition to realism.• Oscar Wilde The great Irish poet.• William Butler Yeats Founded the Rhymers Club.
Conclusion• The best known Romantic poets were William Blake, William Wordsworth, Samuel T. Coleridge, Lord Byron, Percy Shelley, and John Keats.• Their poetry was dependent on various features peculiar to their time: a reaction against previous literary styles, arguments with eighteenth century and earlier philosophers, the decline in formal Anglican worship and the rise of dissenting religious sects, and the rapid and unprecedented industrialization of Britain and consequent changes in its countryside.