Conferência Ethos Internacional 2012 - Ashok Chapagain
Water stewardship- A journey to better water management PRESENTED AT: ETHOS CONFERENCE 2012, WORKSHOP “WATER: RESPONSIBLE AND SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT” 12-06-2012Dr Ashok ChapagainSenior Water advisorWWF-UKachapagain@wwf.org.uk
Overview of the presentation Issue Water Rio & Water WWF Stewardship Scene setting for Rio + 20 on water
Issues and driversOur current global water challenges These challenges will grow due to 3 megatrends • 1.1 B people lack access to safe drinking • Global population will peak at 9 B by 2050 water, 2.6 B lack adequate sanitation • 65% of population and 1/3 of the land area in services severe water stress • 3 B additional people will live in cities in the • 2.7 B are already experiencing severe developing world with poor water and water scarcity at least one month in a sanitation infrastructure year • Temperature increase of 1-2 degrees by 2050 • Freshwater species are declining the • Climate change results in higher weather fastest, especially in the tropical regions variability, less freshwater stored in ice, more (70% decline of Living Planet Index since droughts and floods, and changes in the 1970) ecosystem • Water pollution is high, especially in • Urbanization and rising incomes, especially in BRIC developing countries where up to 70% countries, leading to higher consumption patterns of industrial wastewater is disposed • A near doubling of water for irrigation is without treatment needed through shifts in demand for different types of food
Why water is different from carbon? Water CarbonChronic global shortages already exist Global impacts are slowly increasingClear physical and financial risks to Specific risks to business are harder tobusiness – not only reputations defineSolving water problems is a local issue Solving carbon problems is a global issueNo single international convention Addressed through UNFCCCaddresses water comprehensivelyShortages can vary disastrously from CO2 increases and decreases graduallyyear to yearMeaningful solutions must be found in Cap and trade carbon trading systemsthe watershed to address impactsConfusion over response Confusion over measurement Response is Stewardship Response is Efficiency
WWF – Water StewardshipVision:• All stakeholders in our priority river basins, including an active private sector, are fully engaged in efforts to secure water for people and nature by recognizing and taking responsibility of their role in managing freshwater within the wider water cycle, and integrating the principles of good stewardship into their core (business) activities • By reducing the impacts of their own water footprints • By taking voluntary action to conserve freshwater ecosystems • By participating in constructive public policy and industry standard dialogues to improve water resource management
WWF – Water Stewardship strategy Ultimate goals per step for WWF: Governments incentivized and motivated to manage and Influence invest in water basins in a sustainable wayLevel of watershed sustainability governance Stakeholder Companies, governments and NGO’s are engaged engagement together in multi-stakeholder platforms to address issues Companies take action to optimize internal water Internal governance, improve water efficiency and reduce action pollution Knowledge Companies have detailed understanding of impact they of impact and their suppliers have (incl. footprint & risk) Companies, their suppliers and customers have (high Water level) understanding of the global water challenges, their awareness dependence on freshwater and their exposure to water related risks Progress
WWF Water Stewardship – examples Influence Governance Stakeholder Engagement Internal Action Knowledge of Impact Water Awareness
Primary (physical) risks Shared quantity; quality risksOther businesses Ecosystems Communities Governments Secondary risks regulatory; litigational; reputational; market Supply Direct Investments chains operations Economic impact Adapted from R Farrington 24
Role of businesses in water management 16th July 2011Godavri River, India – water consumption Shanghai, China – urban pollution Sugar mill, Africa – industrial pollution Asparagus, Peru – groundwater extraction 25
UN Conference on Environment and DevelopmentUNCED: Rio 1992• Agenda 21 Chapter 18 is dedicated to water.• Encouraged: – the global management of freshwater – the integration of sectoral water plans and programmes within the framework of national economic and social policy• For the first time, development and environment are seen as strongly associated.• Creation of the Commission on Sustainable Development
UN Conference on Environment and DevelopmentHowever, water is not yet a great priority• Almost exclusively dominated by the officials from the Environment ministries• Very few water professionals from developing countries participated• The Heads of States rarely, referred to water as an important environmental issue• Chapter 18, even though it was the longest chapter of the Agenda 21, was also the most poorly formulated
UN Conference on Environment and DevelopmentSome even argue that“In all probability, developments in the water sector would not have been very different at present, even if the Rio Conference had not taken place” - Prof. Asit K Biswas
Timeline: post Rio-1992 1994 - Ministerial Conference on Drinking Water Supply & Sanitation, Noordwijk 1994 – Int. Conference on Population & Development, Le Caire 1996 - UN Conference on Human Settlements, Istanbul 1997 - First World Water Forum, Marrakech 2000 - 2nd World Water Forum, Den Hague 2000 - United Nations Millennium Declaration 2001 - International Conference on Freshwater, Bonn 2002 - World Summit on Sustainable development, (Rio + 10), Johannesburg 2003 - 3rd World Water Forum, Kyoto + International Water Yea 2006 - 4th World Water Forum, Mexico 2009 – 5th World Water Forum, Istanbul, Turkey2012 – 6th World Water Forum, Marseille, France
NGOs, business, civil societiesNumerous platforms, tools and methods developede.g. WBCSD, WFN, IUCN, WRI, CEO water mandate, Risk tools etc.New concepts, ideas and standards emerged e.g. water accounting(water footprint), disclosure (such as CDP), Water stewardship, AWS,ISO etc.Risk element of water as a business motivation to engage, corporatewater strategies, certification etc.
Level of engagements Business engagement Consumer awareness Government involvement WFD (Water Framework Directive) food/energy/water in one coherent frame in development strategy legislation/WF accounting/product transparency etc. Engaging with other key players such as AWS, WFN , WBCSD, financial institutions GTZ , development banks, NGO’s etc.
& the list of a few partners on this journey…..
“we shan’t save all we’d like to, but we shall save a great deal more than if we had never tried.”“we shan’t save all we’d like to, but Founder Sir Peter Scott – WWFwe shall save a great deal morethan if we had never tried.” Sir Peter Scott – WWF FounderThank you very email@example.com