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INSPIREd solutions for Air Quality problems


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Presentation by Alexander Kotsev at the Atmosys ( final conference November 2013

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INSPIREd solutions for Air Quality problems

  1. 1. INSPIREd solutions for Air Quality problems Alexander Kotsev Serving society Stimulating innovation Supporting legislation
  2. 2. The European data puzzle
  3. 3. The European data puzzle • • • • • 24 official languages 3 official alphabets Different institutional setups Diverse data governance Celebrated diversity
  4. 4. Air Quality data exchange on EU level • Broad spectrum of initiatives & projects • Excellent results on project level, however …  Projects do end …  Full European coverage on finite scale is still a challenge  On EU level still no operational capability for: – Easy combination of data – Across domains – Across borders – In near-realtime – Mutual use of official data and such collected by citizens – Combinations of all the above • New EEA e-Reporting on ambient air quality • Operational from Jan 2014
  5. 5. Interdisciplinary perspective on Air Quality • AQ is closely related to at least the following: • Environmental Noise  Same sources of AQ and noise pollution • Health • Exposure of population  long term and short term • Meteorology and Climate change • Quality of life measures • Ecosystem services
  6. 6. INSPIRE to the aid • EU-wide SDI perspective on data • Ultimate goal is to unlock spatial data and lay down foundations of European SDI • INSPIRE is a Framework Directive • Into force since 15th of May 2007 • Detailed technical provisions are laid down in: Implementing Rules on • Metadata • Spatial Data • Network services • Data and Service sharing (policy)
  7. 7. INSPIRE principles  Data should be collected once  Distributed Service Oriented Architecture (SOA)  Possible to combine data from different sources  Focus on information relevant for governance  Focus on reusability  GI should be easily discoverable, together with its metadata
  8. 8. INSPIRE thematic scope Annex I 1. Coordinate reference systems 2. Geographical grid systems 3. Geographical names 4. Administrative units 5. Addresses 6. Cadastral parcels 7. Transport networks 8. Hydrography 9. Protected sites Annex II 1. 2. 3. 4. Elevation Land cover Ortho-imagery Geology Annex III 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Statistical units Buildings Soil Land use Human health and safety Utility and governmental services 7. Environmental monitoring facilities 8. Production and industrial facilities 9. Agricultural and aquaculture facilities 10.Population distribution – demography 11. Area management/ restriction/regulation zones & reporting units 12. Natural risk zones 13. Atmospheric conditions 14. Meteorological geographical features 15. Oceanographic geographical features 16. Sea regions 17. Bio-geographical regions 18. Habitats and biotopes 19. Species distribution 20. Energy Resources 21. Mineral resources
  9. 9. A collaborative effort
  10. 10. INSPIRE Roadmap for Implementation 2020 All Annex II+III data 2018 All Annex I data 2015 New Annex II and III data interoperable 2013 New Annex I data interoperable, Harmonized conditions for access to data Metadata Annex III 2012 Download and transformation services 2011 Discovery and view services 2010 Metadata Annex I and II
  11. 11. Value added of INSPIRE • Platform for establishment of partnerships • Fully synchronized with other EU policies • Re-use of public sector information (PSI, Directive 2003/98/EC) • Shared Environmental Information System (SEIS) principles • Domain specific EU legislation (AQ directive, END directive, etc.) • Built around • Consensus of all stakeholders from:   Domains Member States • International standards • CEN • ISO • Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)
  12. 12. Value added of INSPIRE • Building blocks for interoperable SDI in the following context • Cross-country • Cross-domain • Combination of the above • Harmonization and standardization of environmental data across Europe (and beyond) • Legally binding for public administrations with data in scope • Business aspects of INSPIRE • Rapidly growing geospatial sector • Powered by INSPIRE conference
  13. 13. Relevant components • Consolidated data model (extensible) • Encoding into GML • Coordinate and temporal reference systems • UML model • INSPIRE Metadata • Enable the discovery of Data and Services in a SOA
  14. 14. Relevant components INSPIRE Registry Online service for common identifiers and definitions for data encoding purposes
  15. 15. Relevant components INSPIRE Network services • In INSPIRE data should be made available where best managed 1. Discover  Expose metadata through INSPIRE compliant discovery service 2. View Interactive view of data through an INSPIRE compliant data service  Unified portrayal through OGC Styled Layer Descriptor (SLD) 3. Download   Web Feature Service  Atom feeds 4. Transform  ETL
  16. 16. Relevant components INSPIRE Geoportal • Central access point to the INSPIRE infrastructure and resources (250000+)  “The face” of INSPIRE • Connection to all MS network services  cross-border data discovery and visualisation  support to  policy making
  17. 17. Key pillars of data interoperability Conceptual data models Encoding Harmonised vocabularies Registers • conceptual • to overcome • provide unique models interoperability INSPIRE Conceptual Frameworkand persistent documents independent of issues caused by identifiers for concrete free-text and/or reference to • cross-domain encodings multi-lingual resources harmonization content • standard • allow their • based on a encoding: GML, • allow additional consistent common but also terms from local management modelling possible to vocabularies and versioning framework derive other • managed in a encodings (e.g. common UML D2.6:Methodologyon RDF) based repository D2.7: Guidelines D2.9: O&M D2.10.3: Common for Specification D2.5: Generic for Encoding Guidelines data models Development Conceptual Model • objects types, properties & described in relationships
  18. 18. JRC INSPIRE/Air Quality pilot Apply INSPIRE and Shared Environmental Information System (SEIS) principles to Air Quality e-Reporting to the EEA • Close collaboration with • European Environmental Agency • DG Environment • Volunteer Member State institutions
  19. 19. Project Outputs • One reporting model, satisfying both the legally binding requirements of: 1. Extension of INSPIRE (2007/2/EC) data model with reporting obligations from Directives 2004/107/EC and 2008/50/EC as regards the reciprocal exchange of information and reporting on ambient air quality. • Cross-border case study for the exchange of harmonized air quality data in near-real time (NL-BE) • Open source reporting instruments • INSPIRE compliant Sensor Observation Service (SOS) • Air Quality “Plans and Programs” e-Reporting tool • Reflect lessons learned for INSPIRE evolution
  20. 20. Air Quality “Plans and Programs” e-Reporting platform • Platform for e-Reporting in compliance with AQ directive implementing provisions • High relevance to Appraisal FP7 project
  21. 21. Air Quality “Plans and Programs” e-Reporting platform • Open source solution • Hierarchy of regional levels • Multilingual • Data Upload • Exports into xml • Fully compliant with Directives 2004/107/EC and 2008/50/EC
  22. 22. Thank you  the INSPIRE community looks forward to working with you • INSIRE forum: • INSPIRE National contact points • Joint Research Centre JRC team