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The Key Role of 'Barefoot Ecologists' in the TURF system of Galicia (NW Spain)

The Key Role of 'Barefoot Ecologists' in the TURF system of Galicia (NW Spain)

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Speed presentation given by Inés Naya during the World Small-Scale Fisheries Congress celebrated in Bangkok, Thailand in October, 18-22, 2010

Speed presentation given by Inés Naya during the World Small-Scale Fisheries Congress celebrated in Bangkok, Thailand in October, 18-22, 2010

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The Key Role of 'Barefoot Ecologists' in the TURF system of Galicia (NW Spain)

  1. 1. OCTOBER, 18-22, 2010 - WORLD SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES CONGRESS - BANGKOK, THAILAND The key role of the “barefoot ecologists” in the co-managed TURF system of Galicia (NW Spain) Gonzalo Macho, Inés Naya, Juan Freire and José Molares
  2. 2. The Role of the Barefoot Ecologists in the TURF System of Galicia (NW Spain) OCTOBER, 18-22, 2010 - WORLD SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES CONGRESS - BANGKOK, THAILAND Galicia (NW Spain) BANGKOK SPAIN GALICIA
  3. 3. OCTOBER, 18-22, 2010 - WORLD SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES CONGRESS - BANGKOK, THAILAND Galician Regional Authority Jurisdiction over coastal waters since 1981 Coastal waters 1200 km of coast 4500 km2 of fishing area Fishing: 15000 Artisanal fishers 196000 Tn (422M€) S-Fisheries: Highly organized 19500Tn (116M€)
  4. 4. OCTOBER, 18-22, 2010 - WORLD SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES CONGRESS - BANGKOK, THAILAND The Role of the Barefoot Ecologists in the TURF System of Galicia (NW Spain) Types of S-Fisheries in Galicia: Resources S-Fisheries (Orensanz et al. 2005): SMALL-SCALE * SPATIALLY-STRUCTURED * SEDENTARY-STOCKS SELECTIVE
  5. 5. OCTOBER, 18-22, 2010 - WORLD SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES CONGRESS - BANGKOK, THAILAND Types of S-Fisheries in Galicia: Fishing Strategies From Boats: Coastal gatherers: Raños Highly Selective Resource-specific Gear and Techniques High Heterogeneity
  6. 6. OCTOBER, 18-22, 2010 - WORLD SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES CONGRESS - BANGKOK, THAILAND The Role of the Barefoot Ecologists in the TURF System of Galicia (NW Spain) Management of S-Fisheries Based in Exploitation and Management PlansExploitation and Management Plans (E&MP) ● Resource/Gear-Specific ● Proposed by the Confrarías →→ Modified and approved by FA DRAWING UP AND DAILY IMPLEMENTATION OF E&MP TECHNICAL ASSISTANTSTECHNICAL ASSISTANTS
  7. 7. OCTOBER, 18-22, 2010 - WORLD SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES CONGRESS - BANGKOK, THAILAND The Role of the Barefoot Ecologists in the TURF System of Galicia (NW Spain) The Technical Assistants (Barefoot Ecologists) Marine Science or Biology graduates, or Aquaculture Technicians Hired by and working in the confrarías with FA funding LinkLink between confrarías and government. Provide technical and basic scientific supporttechnical and basic scientific support to the fishing communities (Barefoot Ecologists sensu Prince 2003). In charge of developing the Exploitation and ManagementExploitation and Management PlansPlans (E&MP) for the S-Fisheries
  8. 8. OCTOBER, 18-22, 2010 - WORLD SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES CONGRESS - BANGKOK, THAILAND The Role of the Barefoot Ecologists in the TURF System of Galicia (NW Spain) RESPONSABILITIES AND DUTIES OF THE TECHNICAL ASSISTANTS AssessmentAssessment of S-Fisheries Stock enhancementenhancement Help with sanitary monitoringsanitary monitoring of S-Fisheries beds AdministrationAdministration AdviceAdvice to fishers Fisheries development projectsdevelopment projects In collaboration with research agencies, universities and consultancies First-sale market assistanceassistance Others
  9. 9. Brief History of the ATs
  10. 10. OCTOBER, 18-22, 2010 - WORLD SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES CONGRESS - BANGKOK, THAILAND The Role of the Barefoot Ecologists in the TURF System of Galicia (NW Spain) REQUIREMENTS FOR ADDRESSING WEAKNESSESS Higher support and adviceHigher support and advice from fisheries authority Training programsTraining programs Development of consistent indicators andconsistent indicators and sampling protocolssampling protocols NetworkingNetworking Clarification of rolerole of technical support provided by Technical Assistants in thein the decision making processdecision making process
  11. 11. MID-TERM GOALS: TRAINING PROGRAMS BAREFOOT ECOLOGIST TOOLBOX INTERNATIONAL NETWORK
  12. 12. OCTOBER, 18-22, 2010 - WORLD SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES CONGRESS - BANGKOK, THAILAND Acknowledgements All Technical AssistantsAll Technical Assistants of the Galician Confraríasof the Galician Confrarías Pedro FerreiroPedro Ferreiro Asociación GalegaAsociación Galega de Técnicos en Xestiónde Técnicos en Xestión de Recursos Mariñosde Recursos Mariños
  13. 13. The Role of the Barefoot Ecologists in the TURF System of Galicia (NW Spain) OCTOBER, 18-22, 2010 - WORLD SMALL-SCALE FISHERIES CONGRESS - BANGKOK, THAILAND References ● Prince J. The barefoot ecologist goes fishing. Fish and Fisheries. 2003;4:359-371. ● Orensanz J, Parma AM, Jerez G, et al. What are the Key Elements for the Sustainability of "S-fisheries"? Insights from South America. Bulletin of Marine Science. 2005;76:527- 556(30).

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