Sandra CashMailbox 108 Living with the Romanov Family Around the end of World War I, the Russians were beginning to lose hope inwinning the war. In 1915, four million Russian soldiers had died from World War I, andthe economy was horrible (Summers and Mangold 37). Losing all these Russian soldiersmade the Russians feel despair. In hopes of encouraging the Russian people, TsarNicholas II decided he should be leading his troops, so he released his great commander-in-chief (Summers and Mangold 37). With the tsar away, Nicholas II left his wife inpower, and Alexandra trusted and asked for advice from Rasputin (Summers andMangold 37). A servant of the Romanov family might see these events, and events tocome in this way.Dear Journal, The year is 1915; it seems as if we have been fighting in the Great War forever. Itwould be one thing if we were actually winning some battles, but instead we seem to bealways defeated. I am not sure that Nicholas II is the emperor we thought he would be. Ican remember when Groza newspaper said, “only Tsar Nicholas II was capable tofurnishing bread and peace to the Russian people; only he could save the country fromtotal ruin” (Rabinowitch 43). This does not seem to be the case, for if the Tsar Nicholas IIwas to bring bread and peace to us, the prices of food and such would not go up, whenthere are so many of us the common people who are out of jobs (Summers and Mangold37). Although he did try, his best to prevent Russia becoming involved with this horriblewar (Ryan). Ever since Tsar Nicholas II left to be the head of his troops, he left his
empress Alexandra in power. The empress is influenced by that disgusting Rasputin, whoif he feels that a person has insulted him, he has that person taken out of office (Summersand Mangold 38). I will talk about Rasputin at another time, for I must go since theempress is calling.Dear Journal, How does one go about telling about Rasputin? Maybe I should explain how hebecame so influential to the empress Alexandra. You see Alexei, who is the only son ofNicholas and Alexandra, if he gets the littlest bump, bruise, or cut, it makes him bleed alot more than common people, and gives him intense pain (Summers and Mangold 35).This being the case, the poor boy has had a lot of doctors look at him and try to help him,but they just don’t seem to know how to help him. Well since any mother wants to helpher children when they are in pain, Alexandra went out looking for someone who couldhelp Alexei. She found Rasputin, who is supposed to have “miraculous powers of healingand prophecy” (Summers and Mangold 36). I do not know what Rasputin actually does,but he does seem to help Alexei when Alexei has been hurt. In any case, since Rasputinhas helped Alexandra’s son, she relies on his advice (Summer and Mangold 36).Whenever he comes to the palace, he looks disgusting! He is dirty, he looks as if he nevercleaned his beard and nails, he has long hair, these steel-blue eyes in deep sockets, thickbushy eyebrows, and he wears peasant clothing (Carrère dEncausse 147). He is also aperson you do not want to insult, for if you did he would use his influence to have youdismissed so that he could put a person who he liked in your place (Summer andMangold 37). It is Rasputin who dismissed cabinet ministers, and other high people, inorder to replace them with his incompetent nominees (Ryan). I believe it is through
Alexandra’s foolishness that Rasputin influences her, and is why so many Russians aretrying to overthrow the Romanov dynasty.Dear Journal, Well the food shortages keep getting worse, and the economy is horrible to thepoint where workers are willing to listening to some of the most extreme speakers(Palmer and Colton 707). Right now, the main revolutionary people are the Bolsheviks,and they are the only ones, because they seem to change their program to what therevolutionary people want (Palmer and Colton 707). As it is when the cook sends me outfor food in the morning, I see a long line of poor hungry people at the bakeries (Summerand Mangold 38). I’m afraid that there is no way to stop this revolution, for with thingsgetting worse like the economy, that the people will only see the revolution as a way tostop this. As it is, Rasputin was assassinated around Christmas of 1916, I mean I neverliked him, but I would never wish someone to kill him (Summer and Mangold 38). Iwonder if he saw that coming since he supposedly had the power of prophecy. We shallsee how bloody this revolution will be, I hope it will not be bloody, but we shall see.Dear Journal, It’s mid-January in the year of 1917. I’ve heard talk that Tsar Nicholas II has beentold by royalists, and foreign diplomats that he will be overthrown so it is best toabdicate now (Summer and Mangold 38). Of course, Nicholas II will not listen to them;he denies it and left back for headquarters (Summer and Mangold 38). Since he left, StPetersburg has had riots and army mutinies, I’m afraid that, since I am one of their palaceservants, the revolutionary people might take their wrath out on me too (Summer andMangold 38).
Dear Journal, As soon as Nicholas heard about the riots and army mutinies in St Petersburg, hetried to return to the capital, but he was blocked by rebel troops (Summer and Mangold38). Due to this, the imperial train had to go to Pskov, where the tsar finally listened tothe advice from his generals (Summer and Mangold 38). I am so happy that he has finallydecided to listen to his generals’ advice!Dear Journal, What a week it has been, I will begin to tell you what all has happened in thisweek. On March 15, 1917, Tsar Nicholas II abdicated (McKay, Hill, Buckler, Ebrey,Beck, Crownston, and Wiesner-Hanks 859)! I am hoping since he has abdicated that thisrevolution will end and Russia will become peaceful once again. Tsar Nicholas II signedhis throne to his brother, the Grand Duke Michael, but he refused the throne (Ryan).Since the Grand Duke Michael, does not want the throne of Russia, a ProvisionalGovernment will be formed (Ryan). This provisional government, from myunderstanding, is a compromise between the Duma and the new revolutionary leaders(Summers and Goldman 38). I hope this provisional government works and ends thisrevolution.Dear Journal, Well today, I had to pack, for the Romanov family is moving to the palace atTsarskoe Selo. It is a few miles south of St Petersburg. We are moving there for theRomanov’s safety (Summer and Goldman 38). In the palace of Tsarskoe Selo, theRomanov family is to be on house arrest. This is the better option, for the extremists wantthem dead, and for Nicholas and Alexandra to be in an actually prison (Summer and
Goldman 39). Thankfully, the new minister of justice, Alexander Kerensky is a goodman, for he said, “I will not be the Marat of the Russian Revolution. The RussianRevolution does not take vengeance” (Summer and Goldman 39). I think so long asAlexander Kerensky is here, he will keep the Romanov family safe. Too many people arespreading rumors that the tsar is betraying Russia, since the press is now freed fromcensorship (Summer and Goldman 39).Dear Journal Today, Kerensky warned Nicholas “The Bolsheviks are after me and then theywill be after you” (Summer and Goldman 39) I hope that nothing becomes of this! Onlytime will tell I guess.Dear Journal, It’s August of 1917, the government has arranged for the Romanov family to bemoved again, but this time to Tobolsk, in Siberia (Summer and Goldman 40). I am yetagain packing the Romanov family to bring them to another place for their safety.Although this time, we will be taking less because I hear we will be living in theGovernor’s house over there (Summer and Goldman 40).Dear Journal, We made it here to Tobolsk safe and sound. The Romanov family is adapting tolife here well. They have a garden that the girls tend to, and Nicholas who was alwaysinterested in exercise enjoyed this time to exercise and do chores. The rebellion is stillgoing strong right now, from what I hear. They are now calling it the “OctoberRevolution” or the “Bolsheviks Revolution” (Summer and Goldman 40). The Bolsheviksare bringing Lenin to power. This is because the Provisional Government was unable to
end the Bolshevik Revolution, and help the horrible economy. They believe that Lenin,the leader of the Bolsheviks, is the only one who will keep his promise of peace and agood life if a dictatorial social government is created (Volkov and Bouis 51). TheBolsheviks are slowly making this house seem more like a prison (Summer and Goldman40). They have built this horrible looking stockade around the house, and now theRomanov family has ration cards (Summer and Goldman 40). I hope this does not getworse for the Romanov family, maybe things will die down.Dear Journal, We have only been here in Tobolsk eight months and yet they are moving usagain (Summer and Goldman 40)! The Romanov family will be moved to Ekaterinburgin the Ural Mountains (Summer and Goldman 40). Although this time, we are movingbecause there are rumors that the Romanov family is playing to escape. Of course this isfalse but they will not believe that (Summer and Goldman 40). I am to help them move,and then I am suppose to leave, go back home to St Petersburg, this has me worried thatsomething horrible will happen. I hope I am wrong, well I must go help pack yet again.Dear Journal, I got a letter from a friend who lives in Ekaterinburg, telling me of the horriblething that happened to the Romanov family. On July 17, a truck came for the Romanovfamily, late at night (Carrère dEncausse 273). Twelve men came and told the guards,“The Romanovs have to go to the basement because the town is not calm” (CarrèredEncausse 273). They family got up and dressed, and did as they were told. They went toa room in the basement that had wooden walls coated with plaster, all the furniture hadbeen removed (Carrère dEncausse 273). Alexandra asked for a chair, so that they could
sit, and the commandant ordered for two chairs (Carrère dEncausse 273). Once they weresitting on the chairs, the commandant had the detachment come in, and he told theRomanovs that since their relatives were continuing their aggression against SovietRussia, the Ural regional soviet had decided to shoot them (Carrère dEncausse 273). Thatis the end of the Romanov family. I am afraid I was right, when I thought somethinghorrible would happen to them. The Bolshevik revolution ended the Romanov dynasty. Nicholas II was the lastTsar of Russia. The Bolshevik came to power because Lenin concentrated on four points.His first point was for peace in the Central Powers, second he said he would give land tothe poor people, third he would transfer factories and other industries from their ownersto committees of workers, and lastly, he would recognize the soviets, or workers, as theruling power to replace the Provisional Government. This is what won over the soldiers,peasants, and workers: the promise of “peace, land, and bread” (Palmer and Colton 707).In March of 1918, the Bolsheviks renamed themselves the Communist Party, whichwould play a role in World War II (Palmer and Colton 707).
Works CitedCarrère dEncausse, Hélène. Nicholas II: the Interrupted Transition. New York: Holmes & Meier Publishers, 2000. Print.McKay, John, Bennett Hill, John Buckler, Roger Ebrey, Roger Beck, Clare Crowston, and Merry Wiesner-Hanks. A History of World Societies. Ninth. 2. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2012. Print.Palmer, R, and Joel Colton. A History of the Modern World. fifth. New York : Alfred A. Knopf , 1978. Print.Rabinowitch, Alexander. The Bolsheviks Come to Power: the Revolution of 1917 In Petrograd. New York: W.W. Norton, 1976. Print.Ryan, James. "Tsar Nicholas II." Tsar Nicholas II (2005): 1-2. EBSCO MegaFILE. Web.Summers, Anthony, and Tom Mangold. The File On the Tsar. 1st U.S. ed. New York: Harper & Row, 1976. Print.Volkov, Solomon, and Antonina W Bouis. The Magical Chorus: a History of Russian Culture From Tolstoy to Solzhenitsyn. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2008. Print.