India's Wind Energy Market Potential

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According to an assessment India has wind potential of 65,000 MW;

There are land areas with excellent wind project potential where wind speeds exceed 9.0 m/s at 80 meter hub height in some of the higher elevations;

Lower elevation areas also show promise with speeds at 100 m height ranging from 6.5 m/s - 8.0 m/s;

The significant resource coupled with continued government support makes India a very attractive location for wind development;

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  • can anybody say, at Gujarat, which are the places, where a company can plan the wind-turbine OR wind-farm? the place must suitable for frequently wind flow at any time of day. Not more Fast Wind-Flow OR Not very Slow Flow of Wind is needed...
    contact : ashok44p@yahoo.co.in
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India's Wind Energy Market Potential

  1. 1. A POTENTIAL ASSESSMENT
  2. 2. India’s Power Sector Despite Government of India’s (GOI) endeavour to augment power generation capacity of different sources, demand and supply gap is increasing; Energy shortage in 2007‐ 08 was estimated at 10% ( touching 17% during peak seasons); By 2012, India’s energy requirement to touch 975,222 MU ( and peak demand 1,571,070 MU); an increase of 31.9% and 44.3% respectively from the current demand; * GOI aims to increase the per capita consumption of electricity to 1000 units by year 2012, envisaged a capacity addition of 100,000 MW to meet its mission of ‘Power for All by 2012’; * Central Electricity Authority  (CEA) estimates 
  3. 3. India’s Power Sector Renewable  Energy  Thermal,  Sources,  93475.34  13242.41  MW MW Hydro,  36877.76  MW Nuclear, 4102  MW Currently 24.7 % of installed energy generation capacity is from hydro power, 64.6% from thermal generation including gas; Nuclear energy constitutes about 2.9% and non‐conventional energy sources, of which wind energy is predominant, constitute about 7.7%; Source: Ministry of Power, Government of India (as on Feb 28, 2009) 
  4. 4. India’s Power Sector Private  Total Installed Capacity (in MW) Sector,  22628.75 State Sector,  76115.77 Central  Sector,  48970.99 Source: Ministry of Power, Government of India (as on Feb 28, 2009) 
  5. 5. Wind Energy Sector Wind, hydro, biomass and solar are the main renewable energy sources; Wind energy has posted the highest growth rates; 26.95 billion units of electricity were generated from wind during 2005‐ 06 to 2007‐08; In 2008, India added 1,800 MW taking the total wind energy installed capacity to 9,645 MW; This placed it in the 5th position in the world, after USA (25,170 MW), Germany (23,900 MW), Spain (16,754 MW) and China (12,210 MW); Source: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India
  6. 6. Wind Energy Sector Wind Power Generation: Target Vs Achievement ( In MW) Target Achievement 1742 1716 1663 1500 1000 450 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Source: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India
  7. 7. Wind Energy: GOI Policy Under the 11th Five Year Plan (2007 to 2012), GOI has envisaged plans to increase the installed capacity of renewable energy to 10 per cent of total power generation; Out of 70,000 MW installed capacity addition during the 11th Plan period, 14,500 MW (about 20%) capacity additions is proposed from renewable.; A bulk of the proposed renewable power capacity addition is expected through private investment, for which a suitable policy environment would need to continue; Source: Planning Commission, Government of India
  8. 8. Wind Energy: GOI Policy A target of 10,500 MW has been fixed for Eleventh Five Year Plan for wind power capacity addition through commercial projects with private sector investments; Grid‐interactive wind power projects Physical Targets of 11th Plan 10500 MW Proposed Outlay Rs 75 Crore (for demo) Distributed/decentralized wind power Physical Targets of 11th Plan 950 MW Proposed Outlay Rs 1900 Crore Source: Planning Commission, Government of India
  9. 9. Wind Energy: GOI Policy GOI has taken various steps to promote Wind Energy in the country; In the 11th Five Year Plan the Government has announced Central Financial Assistance schemes (CFA) for the Grid‐interactive renewable power projects; The government provides subsidies for the distributed/ decentralized power projects that are and also dispersed generation of electricity; A provision of Rs.75 crore is being kept for demonstration wind power project in States where there is sizable potential but no commercial activity has commenced; GOI has announced Generation based incentives (GBI) for Grid Interactive Wind Power Projects” during 2008‐09 to 2011‐12. Source: Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Government of India
  10. 10. Wind Energy: Potential Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh account for over 99% of wind power installations in India; The state wise achievement in the last three years State 2005‐06 2006‐07 2007‐08 Andhra Pradesh 0.5 0.8 0.0 Gujarat 84.5 284 617 Karnataka 144 266 190 Kerala 0.0 0.0 8.5 Madhya Pradesh 11 16 130 Rajasthan 73 112 69 Tamil Nadu 858 578 381 Source: Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Government of India
  11. 11. Wind Energy: Potential The capacity addition depends on various factors such as quality of wind potential, land availability for wind power generation and grid penetration etc; Source: Center for Wind Energy Technology
  12. 12. Wind Energy: Potential According to an assessment of AWS Truewind, India has an wind potential of 65,000 MW; There are land areas with excellent wind project potential where wind speeds exceed 9.0 m/s at 80 meter hub height in some of the higher elevations; Lower elevation areas also show promise with speeds at 100 m height ranging from 6.5 m/s ‐ 8.0 m/s; The significant resource coupled with continued government support makes India a very attractive location for wind development;

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