Editing arcgis10

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Editing arcgis10

  1. 1. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Presentation Objectives What’s Changed Feature Templates Construction Tools Editing Tools Snapping Editing Attributes Some tips and Tricks if time This PowerPoint will be available at www.junipergis.com>links >presentations 1/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  2. 2. Editing in ArcGIS 10 What‟s Changed Editor Toolbar – Old Style Editor Toolbar – ArcGIS 10 2/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  3. 3. Editing in ArcGIS 10 What's Changed Start Editing Normal Start New option to start editing 3/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  4. 4. Editing in ArcGIS 10 What's Changed Editor Toolbar – Old Style Sketch Tools now are upfront, or… 4/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  5. 5. Editing in ArcGIS 10 What's Changed Editor Toolbar – Old Style … on the Feature Construction “mini” toolbar 5/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  6. 6. Editing in ArcGIS 10 What's Changed Editor Toolbar – Old Style ArcGIS 10 Feature Templates Some Tasks in Create Features 6/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  7. 7. Editing in ArcGIS 10 What happened to the Task List? 9.x Task List options – where they are now Old Style Task list items now on Editor Toolbar, - Construction Tools Add to Toolbar - Advanced Editing Toolbar - Topology Toolbar or other toolbars 7/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  8. 8. Editing in ArcGIS 10 ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview Feature Templates – used to define how features and attributes will work Construction Tools Editing Tools 8/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  9. 9. Editing in ArcGIS 10 ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview Snapping Editing Attributes 9/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  10. 10. Editing in ArcGIS 10 ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview The Editing Session All edits are performed in an “Edit Session” Table calculations can be done outside an edit session Start an Edit Session from layer context menu or Editor menu Editing can only be performed on data from one directory or geodatabase at a time. ArcView can edit Shapefiles and personal geodatabases. ArcEditor needed to edit SDE geodatabases. Editing tools and procedures work the same for all data types and software levels. ArcEditor and ArcInfo provide more tools 10/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  11. 11. Editing in ArcGIS 10 ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview The Editing Session Edits can be saved during an edit session or when you close the edit session. Edits work in conjunction with “Selectable” layers Can use any selection method to select features for editing. 11/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  12. 12. Editing in ArcGIS 10 ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview The Editor Toolbar Contains most editing commands and options Open by clicking on the Editor Button or opening the toolbar from Customize>Toolbars. 12/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  13. 13. Editing in ArcGIS 10 ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview The Editor Menu Start/Stop Editing; Save Edits Move… Construct Points… Buffer…Union… and Copy Parallel – create new features in the target layer (feature template). Merge... Split – modify features in the same layer. Clip – can be used to “subtract” areas from features. Validate Features (works with geodatabases) 13/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  14. 14. Editing in ArcGIS 10 ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview The Editor Menu Snapping – opens snapping dialog box More Editing Toolbars Editing Windows 14/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  15. 15. Editing in ArcGIS 10 ArcGIS 10 Editing Overview The Editor Menu Editor Menu Options… Options for Topology, Units, Annotation and Attributes Sticky move tolerance Classic Snapping Stream Tolerance 15/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  16. 16. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Create Feature Dialog Box Create Features Dialog Combines “Target Layer” & “Sketch” tools & “Task List” “Target Layers” become “Feature Templates” Feature Templates based on current symbology Some “Task List” and “Sketch” tool items included in the Construction Tools section Construction Tools change depending on feature type Each Template has a default tool 16/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  17. 17. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Create Feature Dialog Box Feature Templates Templates initially created from any visible layer in editable data frame/folder/Geodatabase Templates can be deleted, copied, changed ArcMap remembers how templates are organized next time you open the map If you add new layers, need to add templates 17/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  18. 18. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Create Feature Dialog Box Feature Templates Feature Templates are based on current symbology Can have multiple “templates” for each layer Best to set symbology before starting to edit Set symbology on categorical data, not quantitative Turn off layers you don‟t need - keeps the Create Features dialog cleaner 18/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  19. 19. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Create Feature Dialog Box Feature Templates - Template Properties Default Construction Tool Default Attribute Values Tags & Description Cannot change symbology 19/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  20. 20. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Create Feature Dialog Box Feature Templates - Organizing Templates Lists all Layers New (add) Templates Copy/Delete Tags Properties 20/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  21. 21. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Create Feature Dialog Box Feature Templates - Organizing Templates FilteringGrouping Templates Used to change order of templates 21/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  22. 22. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Create Feature Dialog Box Feature Templates - Other Uses Many editing commands require templates Might need to create Template in advance 22/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  23. 23. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Create Feature Dialog Box Feature Templates - Creating Features Select Template Select Construction Tool if not using default tool Start Sketching Old Way Set Target Layer Select Task Select Sketch Tool Start Sketching 23/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  24. 24. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Creating Features Feature Construction Tools – located many places Construct Tools in Create Features Default Tool set as part of Template Properties Choices change depending on feature type 24/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  25. 25. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Creating Features Feature Construction Tools Construction MethodsTools on Editor Toolbar Straight Segment (Sketch) End Point Arc Segment Midpoint Trace Right Angle Distance-Distance & Distance-Direction Intersection Arc Segment Tangent Curve Segment & Bezier Curve Segment 25/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  26. 26. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Creating Features Feature Construction Tools Feature Construction Mini toolbar Straight Segment (Sketch) End Point Arc Segment Trace; Etc… Constrain Parallel – select feature to mimic Constrain Perpendicular Finish Sketch Undo Use Tab key to move toolbar up or down 26/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  27. 27. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Creating Features Feature Construction Tools Sketch Tool Context Menu Opened by right-clicking an existing feature or an empty space. Similar to 9.x 27/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  28. 28. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Creating Features Feature Construction Tools Topology Toolbar Construct Polygons – Creates polygon features from selected lines Requires ArcEditor 28/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  29. 29. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Creating Features Feature Construction Tools Editor Menu Commands for creating new features Construct Points… – creates points along selected line segment Copy Parallel… Buffer… – creates Polygon if Feature Template is a Polygon, creates closed line if Feature Template is a Line. Union… – Creates new feature from multiple selected features - works on point, line and polygon features - some tools require a template 29/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  30. 30. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Editing Features Feature Editing – Workings with Sketches Sketches are the representation of the feature and are what is actually being edited. Sketches from existing features are in cyan with green vertexes; highlighted Sketches for new features will display with green lines and green vertexes. Certain tools work differently depending on whether you’re selecting Sketches or Features. Sketches are converted back to features when editing is saved or stopped. 30/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  31. 31. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Editing Features Feature Editing – Workings with Sketches Selection Anchor – controls how Some commands like Move, Scale, and Rotate operate. Change location by moving cursor over The anchor and clicking the <Ctrl> key to change cursor style when moving objects. Scale and Rotate commands let you change the anchor just by moving the cursor to the selection anchor. 31/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  32. 32. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Editing Existing Features Feature Editing – Editing Vertices Double-click a feature with the Edit Tool or click Edit Vertices on the Editor Toolbar to display sketch vertices Use Edit Vertices mini toolbar to Modify, Add, Delete a vertex, or to Finish Sketch or open Sketch Properties 32/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  33. 33. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Editing Existing Features Feature Editing - Sketch Context Menu Open by right-clicking a Sketch Similar to 9.x Can change segment type 33/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  34. 34. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Editing Existing Features Feature Editing Editor Toolbar Options Edit Vertices Reshape Feature Cut Polygon Split Line Rotate 34/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  35. 35. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Editing Existing Features Feature Editing Editor Menu Options Move… Split… – splits line segments by distance, percentage, number of parts Clip… – uses a selected polygon to clip out other features 35/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  36. 36. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Editing Existing Features Feature Editing Advanced Editing Toolbar Fillet Trim & Extend Line Intersection Explode Multi-part Features Generalize & Smooth Topology Toolbar Split Polygons – splits multiple polygons with a selected line Requires ArcEditor 36/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  37. 37. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Editing Existing Features Feature Editing Editing Toolbox – new in 10; requires ArcEditor, works on entire feature class, add to ArcToolbox Densify – adds vertexes to features Erase Point – erases points within or outside of selected feature Extend or Trim Line – extends or trims line features to another feature up to a specified distance Flip Line – flips start point to end point for lines Generalize – opposite of Densify Snap – snaps vertices in one layer to vertices, edges, or endpoints of another layer. Works like a bulk snap. 37/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  38. 38. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Snapping How Snapping Works Snaps for all features are active by default Snap tips show which snap/feature will be used Each snap type has unique icon Cannot set snap priority for layer or type Can turn snap types on/off Can use “classic” snapping - Editor>Options 38/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  39. 39. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Snapping How Snapping Works – Snapping Toolbar Turn on Snapping Toolbar from Editor menu Standard Snaps - Point, Endpoint, Vertex, Edge Turn Snapping on/off New Snaps - Intersection, Midpoint, Tangent Snapping Options Snapping tolerance is in Pixels only, not Map Units 39/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  40. 40. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Snapping Classic Snapping Set snapping priority – Layer at top of list has priority Set snap type for each layer or for sketches. Set Snap tolerance through Snapping>Options… Can be more useful in some cases Turn classic snapping on in Editor>Options 40/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  41. 41. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Editing Attributes Attribute Editor Similar to 9.x Options for sorting fields, fields to display Expand relationships for joins & relates Select Layer name to edit all selected features Select Feature to edit individual features 41/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  42. 42. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Editing Attributes Field Calculator Similar to 9.x Can use Python or VB Script 42/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  43. 43. Working with ArcGIS Chapter 13: Editing Features in ArcGIS Editing in ArcGIS – Advanced Editing Tools Advanced Editing Toolbar Topology Toolbar Spatial Adjustment Toolbar 43/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  44. 44. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Conclusion Editing Setup Organize layers by setting symbology before starting to edit Templates initially created based on symbology If you change symbology, you‟ll need to change templates Consider using an “Editing” map separate from “Display” map Turn off unneeded layers to keep Create Features dialog clean Organize table fields before starting to edit Turn off fields like Shape, Objectid, other unused fields 44/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  45. 45. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Conclusion Editing in ArcGIS – Editing keyboard shortcuts Shortcuts common to all editing tools Z Zoom In X Zoom Out C Pan V Show vertices Esc Cancel Spacebar Suspend snapping Edit tool Shift Add to/remove from selection Ctrl Move the selection anchor N Next selected feature Trace tool Tab Trace the other side of an edge O Open Trace Options dialog box 45/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  46. 46. Tips and Tricks Editing Basics and Setup Editor Menu – OptionsAttributes Automatically display the attributes dialog when editing 46/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  47. 47. Tips and Tricks Editing Basics and Setup Editor Menu – OptionsUnits Specifies Direction Types and Units for entering Angles Units for Distance can be changed on-the-fly by using abbreviations – m, mi, ft, „, etc. 47/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  48. 48. Tips and Tricks Editing Basics and Setup Editor Menu – Edit Commands Clip – Works with one selected feature and cuts a hole in all visible features; can be used as Auto Complete Polygon with polygons in different layers. Works with Points and Polygons. 48/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  49. 49. Tips and Tricks Editing Basics and Setup Editor Task List - Auto Complete Polygon Only works when completing to feature in the same layer For the same effect in different layers, draw the new polygon overlapping an existing polygon, then clip the new polygon with the existing polygon 49/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  50. 50. Tips and Tricks Editing Basics and Setup Working with Sketches - Sketch Tools Midpoint tool Trace Type “O” to open trace options 50/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  51. 51. Tips and Tricks Other Editing Toolbars Advanced Toolbar ExtendTrim – extendstrims lines to selected feature 51/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  52. 52. Tips and Tricks Other Editing Toolbars Advanced Toolbar Line Intersection – creates an intersection in a line at actual or implied intersection 52/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  53. 53. Tips and Tricks Other Editing Toolbars Spatial Adjustment Toolbar Defines which data will be adjusted. Controls how the adjustment methods will work, including adjustment area. Provides tools for creating and managing displacement links Sets parameters for attribute transfers 53/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John SchaefferJuniper GIS
  54. 54. Tips and Tricks Other Editing Toolbars Spatial Adjustment Toolbar - Rubbersheeting - Adjustment is applied piecewise throughout the layer or selected features, rather than equally to all features as in the transformation methods. Features are stretched and straight lines are preserved Features can be held in place with Identity Links After adjustment, all displacement links become Identity links. Adjustment can be limited to a specified area or applied to the entire extents 54/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John SchaefferJuniper GIS
  55. 55. Tips and Tricks Other Editing Toolbars Spatial Adjustment Toolbar - Edge SnapEdgematching - uses Rubbersheeting methods to match features along edges of layers. Match source layer to target layer or match to midpoints of links Match is based on displacement links that can be added manually, from a file, or automatically by drawing a window around the features to be matched. Edgematching can be enhanced by specifying common attributes between layers to use for matching 55/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John SchaefferJuniper GIS
  56. 56. Tips and Tricks Other Editing Toolbars Spatial Adjustment Toolbar - Attribute Transfer Lets the user transfer attributes and geometry between features Indicate source and target layers or features Attribute transfer can be between features in the same layer or in different layers. Specify the fields to transfer Fields can be “mapped” between layers, as long as the data type is the same 56/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John SchaefferJuniper GIS
  57. 57. Tips and Tricks Other Editing Toolbars Topology Toolbar and Map Topology Map Topology - Limited topology created in ArcMap with ArcView or ArcEditor. Works with Shapefiles as well as Geodatabase feature classes. Cluster tolerance can be set. Cannot use Geodatabase Topology Rules or set Ranks Limited tools ArcView – Topology Edit Tool & Show Shared Features ArcEditor – Construct and Split Polygons 57/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  58. 58. Tips and Tricks Other Editing Toolbars Map Topology Editing – Map Topology Geometry Works with logical edges and logical nodes Edges – shared parts of coincident lines or polygon boundaries. Nodes – vertices at the end of an edge or where features intersect. Hold down the “N” key to select nodes; “E” to select edges. Right-click on the edge and select the appropriate options. 58/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  59. 59. Tips and Tricks Other Editing Toolbars Topology Edit Tasks – tasks from the Editor Toolbar that work with map topology Select shared features to edit with the Topology Edit tool Reshape Edge – use Sketch tool to define how to reshape Modify Edge – use the Topology Edit or normal Edit tool to move shared vertexes. 59/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  60. 60. Tips and Tricks Other Editing Toolbars Cogo Toolbar – working with coordinate geometry in ArcMap 60/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  61. 61. Tips and Tricks Magnify and Viewer Windows – help see your edits Magnifier Window Viewer Window 61/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  62. 62. Tips and Tricks Bulk Editing Integrate Tool – Data Management>Feature Classes>Integrate Works out of an edit session, no undo - so work on copy of data 62/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  63. 63. Tips and Tricks Editing Attributes Field Calculator – VB examples Replace – Search and Replace 63/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  64. 64. Tips and Tricks Editing Attributes Field Calculator – VB examples Split – breaks a text string and selects part of the string 64/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  65. 65. Tips and Tricks Editing Attributes Field Calculator – VB examples Trim – Remove leading spaces 65/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  66. 66. Tips and Tricks Editing Attributes Field Calculator – VB examples Compound CalculationsConverting numbers to string with & 66/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer
  67. 67. Editing in ArcGIS 10 Conclusion More Help ESRI Help and Resource Center ESRI web-based training Free Editing Module “Editing Tips and Tricks” PowerPoint at www.junipergis.com Not updated for 10, but most information will be applicable Covers a lot of the more obscure editing tools 67/67 Copyright 2010-2011 – John Schaeffer

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