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STI Scoreboard 2015

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STI Scoreboard 2015

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STI Scoreboard 2015

  1. 1. STI SCOREBOARD 2015 INNOVATION FOR GROWTH AND SOCIETY Andrew Wyckoff, Director OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation 19 October 2015 World Science and Technology Forum Daejeon, Korea
  2. 2. Frontier technologies are needed to provide solutions to global challenges
  3. 3. 3 TOP PLAYERS IN SELECTED FRONTIER TECHNOLOGIES Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015. Economies’ share of IP5 patent families filed at USPTO and EPO, selected technologies, 2010-12 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 % Advanced materials New generation of ICT-related technologies Health-related technologies 2005-07 4336 41 40
  4. 4. The research mix: R. versus D. matters and so does government support for long-term, higher-risk research to help tackle global challenges
  5. 5. R&D GROWTH OVER THE BUSINESS CYCLE Annual real percentage growth rate of R&D, 2008-14 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015. -8 -4 0 4 8 12 % Government R&D budgets GDP Government-financed R&D expenditures Business-financed R&D expenditures -8 -4 0 4 8 12 % Government R&D budgets GDP Government-financed R&D expenditures Business-financed R&D expenditures -8 -4 0 4 8 12 % Government R&D budgets GDP Government-financed R&D expenditures Business-financed R&D expenditures
  6. 6. The research mix matters: R (basic and applied research) v. D (development) OECD area total GERD, Index 2007 = 100 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015.
  7. 7. GOVERNMENT BUDGETS FOR R&D: A DIVERSIFIED PICTURE Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015. G7 and Korea, Index 2008 = 100
  8. 8. THE RESEARCH MIX IN OECD AND EMERGING ECONOMIES: R VERSUS D Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015.
  9. 9. Research excellence and frontier innovation are fairly concentrated across countries, institutions and businesses
  10. 10. R&D IN OECD AND KEY PARTNER COUNTRIES, 2013 USA CHN JPN DEU KOR FRA IND GBR RUS BRA ITA CAN AUS ESP SWE NLD TUR CHE AUT ISR BEL MEX POL DNK FIN CZE NOR ZAF PRT IRL HUN GRC NZL IDN SVN CHL SVK LUX ISL EST 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 Gross domestic expenditures on R&D as a percentage of GDP Researchers, per thousand employment R&D expenditures in 2010 USD - constant prices and PPP 1 billion 10 billion 100 billion BRIICS North America EU Other OECD members Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015.
  11. 11. 4 PLAYERS IN 50-70% OF HIGH-IMPACT SCIENCE ACROSS ALL DISCIPLINES Top 4 countries with the largest number of 10% top-cited publications, by field, as % of all top-cited publications by authors in OECD and BRIICS countries, 2003-12 0 20 40 60 80 100 % USA GBR CHN DEU BRA CAN ESP AUS FRA IND JPN OTH Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015.
  12. 12. Cumulative percentage shares within the top 2000 R&D companies TOP 250 R&D COMPANIES ACCOUNT FOR OVER 60% OF GLOBAL BUSINESS R&D, 2012 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015.
  13. 13. How can other countries and actors benefit from frontier innovation ? The role of collaboration and scientists mobility
  14. 14. THE PREMIUM FROM SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION The citation impact of scientific production and the extent of international collaboration, 2003-12 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015.
  15. 15. INTERNATIONAL NET FLOWS OF SCIENTIFIC AUTHORS, SELECTED ECONOMIES Difference between annual inflows and outflows, as percentage of cumulative net flows , 1999-2013 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015.
  16. 16. 5 PILLARS FOR MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT KNOWLEDGE, TALENT & SKILLS KNOWLEDGE DIFFUSION COMPETITIVENESS INNOVATION IN FIRMS SOCIETY
  17. 17. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, INDUSTRY SCOREBOARD 2015 INNOVATION FOR GROWTH AND SOCIETY Send us feedbacks, THANK YOU! Help us disseminate: www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard Launch @ countries Andrew.Wyckoff@oecd.org

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