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Scoreboard- 2015 Japan Launch

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Scoreboard- 2015 Japan Launch

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Scoreboard- 2015 Japan Launch

  1. 1. STI SCOREBOARD 2015 INNOVATION FOR GROWTH AND SOCIETY JAPAN HIGHLIGHTS Andrew Wyckoff, Director OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation 26 October 2015 National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) Tokyo, Japan
  2. 2. The productivity challenge and the falling working-age population make innovation today’s imperative
  3. 3. THE PRODUCTIVITY CHALLENGE Labour productivity growth based on hours worked, total economy level, 2001-14 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933272766Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015.
  4. 4. LIVING STANDARDS IN JAPAN ARE WELL BELOW THE TOP HALF OF THE OECD Source: OECD Economic Survey Japan, April 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933201725
  5. 5. INNOVATION RELIES ON INVESTMENT IN BROADER KNOWLEDGE, BEYOND R&D Knowledge intensity of business investment, selected EU economies and the United States, 1995-2013 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933273008
  6. 6. Frontier technologies and data-driven applications are needed to provide solutions to global challenges
  7. 7. 3 TOP PLAYERS IN SELECTED FRONTIER TECHNOLOGIES, 2005-07 AND 2010-12 Economies’ share of IP5 patent families filed at USPTO and EPO, selected technologies Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 % Advanced materials New generation of ICT-related technologies Health-related technologies 2005-07 4336 41 40 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933273474
  8. 8. The research mix: R. versus D. matters and so does government support for long-term, higher-risk research to help tackle global challenges
  9. 9. R&D GROWTH OVER THE BUSINESS CYCLE Annual real percentage growth rate of R&D, 2008-14 -8 -4 0 4 8 12 % Government R&D budgets GDP Government-financed R&D expenditures Business-financed R&D expenditures -8 -4 0 4 8 12 % Government R&D budgets GDP Government-financed R&D expenditures Business-financed R&D expenditures -8 -4 0 4 8 12 % Government R&D budgets GDP Government-financed R&D expenditures Business-financed R&D expenditures Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933273253
  10. 10. GOVERNMENT BUDGETS FOR R&D: A DIVERSIFIED PICTURE G7 and Korea, Index 2008 = 100 Source: OECD Research and Development Database, July 2015. www.oecd.org/sti/rds
  11. 11. Research excellence and frontier innovation are fairly concentrated across countries, institutions and businesses
  12. 12. R&D IN OECD AND KEY PARTNER COUNTRIES, 2013 USA CHN JPN DEU KOR FRA IND GBR RUS BRA ITA CAN AUS ESP SWE NLD TUR CHE AUT ISR BEL MEX POL DNK FIN CZE NOR ZAF PRT IRL HUN GRC NZL IDN SVN CHL SVK LUX ISL EST 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 Gross domestic expenditures on R&D as a percentage of GDP Researchers, per thousand employment R&D expenditures in 2010 USD - constant prices and PPP 1 billion 10 billion 100 billion BRIICS North America EU Other OECD members Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933273287
  13. 13. Cumulative percentage shares within the top 2000 R&D companies TOP 250 R&D COMPANIES ACCOUNT FOR OVER 60% OF GLOBAL BUSINESS R&D, 2012 About 25% of the TOP 100 R&D corporations are located in Japan Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933273408
  14. 14. 4 PLAYERS IN 50-70% OF HIGH-IMPACT SCIENCE ACROSS ALL DISCIPLINES Top 4 countries with the largest number of 10% top-cited publications, by field, as % of all top-cited publications by authors in OECD and BRIICS countries, 2003-12 0 20 40 60 80 100 % USA GBR CHN DEU BRA CAN ESP AUS FRA IND JPN OTH Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933273312
  15. 15. STRENGTHENING INNOVATION AND COMPETITIVENESS: 5 PILLARS KNOWLEDGE, TALENT & SKILLS KNOWLEDGE DIFFUSION COMPETITIVENESS INNOVATION IN FIRMS SOCIETY
  16. 16. INVESTING IN WORKERS SKILLS: TRAINING Investment as a percentage of gross value added by type of training Estimating Cross-Country Investment in Training, STI WP 9, 2015 KNOWLEDGE ASSETS IN FIRMS Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 75 69 75 6566 77 70 5662 51 46 34 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 DNK AUS NLD GBR CAN FIN USA DEU KOR JPN FRA ITA % Formal only On-the-job only Formal and on-the-job Percentage of total employed persons receiving training http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933273718
  17. 17. THE PREMIUM FROM SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION The citation impact of scientific production and the extent of international collaboration, 2003-12 RESEARCH CAPABILITIES Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933273878
  18. 18. INTERNATIONAL MOBILITY OF SCIENTIFIC AUTHORS Difference between annual inflows and outflows of scientific authors, as percentage of cumulative net flows , selected economies,1999-2013 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015. RESEARCH CAPABILITIES http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933273360
  19. 19. WOMEN IN SCIENCE Female scientific authors in selected fields, by country, 2011, As a percentage of corresponding authors, estimated shares RESEARCH CAPABILITIES Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933273335
  20. 20. FIRMS TAPPING INTO INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION NETWORKS Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 Firms engaged in international collaboration by firm size, 2010-12, as a percentage of product and/or process innovative firms in each size category INNOVATION IN FIRMS 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 % Large firms SMEs http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888932891416
  21. 21. ENGAGING IN GLOBAL VALUE CHAIN Foreign value added shares in exports by source region, 2011 As a percentage of total exports COMPETING IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933274544
  22. 22. GLOBAL OR REGIONAL VALUE CHAINS? Value added needed to satisfy final regional demand for Computer, electronic and optical equipment products 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 1995 2011 1995 2011 1995 2011 NAFTA Europe East and Southeast Asia % Intra-regional NAFTA Europe East and Southeast Asia Rest of the world Inter-regional 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 1995 2011 East and Southeast Asia JPN KOR CHN TWN ASEAN USD billion Intra-regional: East and Southeast Asia 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 1995 2011 Europe FRA DEU ITA GBR EU13 Other USD billion Intra-regional: Europe COMPETING IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933273179
  23. 23. a long shelf life! R&D tax incentives Country notes Science and research today Interactive charts www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, INDUSTRY SCOREBOARD 2015 INNOVATION FOR GROWTH AND SOCIETY http://www.oecd.org/sti/rd-tax-stats.htm THEMATIC BRIEFS THEMATIC COUNTRY NOTES COUNTRY NOTES http://www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard-2015-interactive-charts.htm
  24. 24. SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, INDUSTRY SCOREBOARD 2015 INNOVATION FOR GROWTH AND SOCIETY Send us feedbacks, THANK YOU! Help us disseminate: www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard Andrew.Wyckoff@oecd.org

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