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Science, Technology, Industry Scoreboard 2013

INNOVATION FOR GROWTH
Istanbul at the Global Forum
on the Knowledge Economy...
Cc

The value of the STI Scoreboard







Wide-ranging resource book of indicator
To inform policy making
Broad sco...
StatLinks and More data
StatLinks and More data
STI Scoreboard 2013
Knowledge economies – trends and features
Building knowledge

Connecting to knowledge
Targeting new gr...
The pace of recovery after
the crisis is rather uneven
across the OECD
Decomposition of growth in GDP per capita,
2007-09 and 2009-12
Total economy, annual percentage change

%
%
6.0
6.0

2007-...
… and unemployment
remains the most pressing
challenge today
Where people lost their jobs, 2008-11
Relative contribution to change in total employment by major sectors of economic act...
Job losses in Europe 2011-12
Relative contribution to change in total employment by major sectors of economic activity

%
...
…the challenge affects all
Demand in one country sustains jobs
in another
Jobs in the business sector sustained by foreign final demand, 1995 and 200...
and European demand is critical to
European jobs
Jobs sustained by foreign final demand, by region of demand, 2008
As a pe...
Young, dynamic firms
create more jobs than
destroy, even during crisis
periods …
Net job growth,
younger versus older firms, 2001-11
Average over 15 countries

Young firms (5 years or or less)
Old firms ...
Young firms, 5 years
old or
younger, generated on
average nearly half of
all new jobs over the
past decade, despite
accoun...
Net job growth,
younger versus older firms, 2001-11
Average over 15 countries
%

Employment

Job destruction

Job creation...
Patenting activity of young firms by
sector, 2009-11
Share of young patenting firms and share of patents filed by young pa...
Researchers on the move:
Brain circulation results in
higher scientific impact.
The 9 largest bilateral flows involve the US
International flows of scientific authors, 1996-2011
Selected bilateral flows...
Mobility patterns vary across economies
International mobility of scientific authors, 1996-2011
As a percentage of authors...
What is the impact of mobility?
Impact of scientific authors, by category of mobility, 1996-2011
Based on the median sourc...
The impact of scientific production and the
extent of international scientific collaboration

Whole counts of
internationa...
Business R&D remains
an important driver of
innovation and
economic growth.
Direct funding of business R&D and
R&D tax incentives, 2010
As a percentage of GDP, 2011
%
0.45

Direct government funding...
Tax incentive share of government
funds for R&D, 2006 and 2011
As a percentage of total support
%

2011

100
80
60
40
20
0...
Business R&D intensity and
government support to business R&D

Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 20...
Dedicated Web Page
www.oecd.org/sti/rd-tax-stats.htm .
But innovation today is
more than R&D …
Product innovation, 2008-10
By R&D status
%

Non R&D-active product innovators

100

75
50
25
0

Source: OECD Science, Tec...
… involves investments and
policies beyond R&D …
Barriers to entrepreneurship, 2008
Scale from 0 to 6 from least to most restrictive

Index

Administrative burdens on star...
Investment in physical and knowledgebased capital, 2010
As a percentage of value added of the business sector
Non-resident...
… better policies for better lives.
Public perception of the impact of science and
technology on personal well-being, 2010
"Science and technology are making ...
Science, Technology, Industry Scoreboard 2013

INNOVATION FOR GROWTH
Send us feedbacks, THANK YOU!
Andrew.Wyckoff@oecd.org...
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OECD Scoreboard 2013 Istanbul Launch

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On 23 October 2013, the OECD launched the "Science, Technology and Industry (STI) Scoreboard: Innovation for Growth 2013" in Istanbul, Turkey at the OECD Global Forum on Knowledge Economy. The 260 indicators in the STI Scoreboard 2013 show how OECD and partner economies are performing in a wide range of areas to help governments design more effective and efficient policies and monitor progress towards their desired goals.

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OECD Scoreboard 2013 Istanbul Launch

  1. 1. Science, Technology, Industry Scoreboard 2013 INNOVATION FOR GROWTH Istanbul at the Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy (GFKE) Paris at the Committee for Industry, Innovation & Entrepreneurship Simultaneous Release date 23 October 2013 www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard
  2. 2. Cc The value of the STI Scoreboard       Wide-ranging resource book of indicator To inform policy making Broad scope – includes BRIICS New, experimental indicators Web book: StatLinks and additional data Visualisation online
  3. 3. StatLinks and More data
  4. 4. StatLinks and More data
  5. 5. STI Scoreboard 2013 Knowledge economies – trends and features Building knowledge Connecting to knowledge Targeting new growth areas Unleashing innovation in firms Competing in the knowledge economy Participating in the global economy
  6. 6. The pace of recovery after the crisis is rather uneven across the OECD
  7. 7. Decomposition of growth in GDP per capita, 2007-09 and 2009-12 Total economy, annual percentage change % % 6.0 6.0 2007-09 2007-09 4.0 4.0 2.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 -2.0 -2.0 -4.0 -4.0 -6.0 -6.0 -8.0 -8.0 -10.0 -10.0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. 2009-12
  8. 8. … and unemployment remains the most pressing challenge today
  9. 9. Where people lost their jobs, 2008-11 Relative contribution to change in total employment by major sectors of economic activity % 100 75 50 25 0 -25 -50 -75 -100 Manufacturing Construction Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  10. 10. Job losses in Europe 2011-12 Relative contribution to change in total employment by major sectors of economic activity % 100 75 50 25 0 -25 -50 -75 -100 Construction Manufacturing Public services Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  11. 11. …the challenge affects all
  12. 12. Demand in one country sustains jobs in another Jobs in the business sector sustained by foreign final demand, 1995 and 2008 As a percentage of total business sector employment % 2008 1995 40 30 20 10 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  13. 13. and European demand is critical to European jobs Jobs sustained by foreign final demand, by region of demand, 2008 As a percentage of total jobs embodied in foreign final demand Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  14. 14. Young, dynamic firms create more jobs than destroy, even during crisis periods …
  15. 15. Net job growth, younger versus older firms, 2001-11 Average over 15 countries Young firms (5 years or or less) Old firms (6 years oldold more) Youngfirms (6 years old or more) Old firms (5 years old or less) Total % 6 4 2 0 -2 -4 -6 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11
  16. 16. Young firms, 5 years old or younger, generated on average nearly half of all new jobs over the past decade, despite accounting for only about 20% of total business sector jobs, excluding finance.
  17. 17. Net job growth, younger versus older firms, 2001-11 Average over 15 countries % Employment Job destruction Job creation 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Small young Small old Medium young Medium old Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. Large young Large old
  18. 18. Patenting activity of young firms by sector, 2009-11 Share of young patenting firms and share of patents filed by young patenting firms % 50 High and medium-high-technology manufactures Low and medium-low-technology manufactures Share of patents filed by young firms 1 2 2 1 1 2 7 Business-sector services, excluding real estate Other sectors 5 3 3 2 2 5 2 3 18 40 30 Average number of patents filed by firms under 5 years old, 2009-11 20 10 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  19. 19. Researchers on the move: Brain circulation results in higher scientific impact.
  20. 20. The 9 largest bilateral flows involve the US International flows of scientific authors, 1996-2011 Selected bilateral flows, by first and last affiliation Total bilateral flows (x + y) Pairs, ordered by net flow direction % Bilateral flows 25000 20000 For DEU↔CHE, the lozenge shows that CHE gains 31% of total bilateral flows. 15000 10000 5000 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. 50 70 45 60 40 50 35 30 40 25 30 20 15 20 10 10 5 0
  21. 21. Mobility patterns vary across economies International mobility of scientific authors, 1996-2011 As a percentage of authors with two or more publications, by last reported affiliation % Stayers Returnees 100 90 80 70 60 50 0 40 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. New inflows
  22. 22. What is the impact of mobility? Impact of scientific authors, by category of mobility, 1996-2011 Based on the median source-normalized impact per paper (SNIP) Stayers Returnees New inflows Impact factor 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. Outflows
  23. 23. The impact of scientific production and the extent of international scientific collaboration Whole counts of internationally co-authored documents, 2003-2011 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  24. 24. Business R&D remains an important driver of innovation and economic growth.
  25. 25. Direct funding of business R&D and R&D tax incentives, 2010 As a percentage of GDP, 2011 % 0.45 Direct government funding of BERD Indirect government support through R&D tax incentives 0.40 0.35 0.30 0.25 0.20 0.15 0.10 0.05 0.00 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. Data on tax incentive support not available
  26. 26. Tax incentive share of government funds for R&D, 2006 and 2011 As a percentage of total support % 2011 100 80 60 40 20 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. 2006 R&D tax incentives abolished
  27. 27. Business R&D intensity and government support to business R&D Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  28. 28. Dedicated Web Page www.oecd.org/sti/rd-tax-stats.htm .
  29. 29. But innovation today is more than R&D …
  30. 30. Product innovation, 2008-10 By R&D status % Non R&D-active product innovators 100 75 50 25 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. R&D-active product innovators
  31. 31. … involves investments and policies beyond R&D …
  32. 32. Barriers to entrepreneurship, 2008 Scale from 0 to 6 from least to most restrictive Index Administrative burdens on start-ups Barriers to competition 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. Regulatory and administrative opacity Barriers to entrepreneurship in 1998
  33. 33. Investment in physical and knowledgebased capital, 2010 As a percentage of value added of the business sector Non-residential physical assets % Software and databases R&D and other intellectual property products Brand equity, firm-specific human capital, organisational capital 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013.
  34. 34. … better policies for better lives.
  35. 35. Public perception of the impact of science and technology on personal well-being, 2010 "Science and technology are making our lives healthier, easier and more comfortable" Strongly agree Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree As a percentage of respondents 100 80 60 40 20 0 Source: OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2013. Strongly disagree Don’t know
  36. 36. Science, Technology, Industry Scoreboard 2013 INNOVATION FOR GROWTH Send us feedbacks, THANK YOU! Andrew.Wyckoff@oecd.org Alessandra.Colecchia@oecd.org Help us disseminate: www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard Launch @ countries

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