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MEASURING THE DIGITAL ECONOMY 
A NEW PERSPECTIVE 
Global Forum on the 
Knowledge Economy 
Tokyo 
2 October 2014 
Andrew Wy...
The mobile broadband 
revolution
125 
100 
75 
50 
25 
0 
3 out of 4 OECD inhabitants have a 
mobile wireless broadband 
Mobile wireless broadband penetrat...
Millions 
350 
300 
250 
200 
150 
100 
50 
0 
Devices are becoming powerful and 
affordable 
The progress of smartphones,...
New and more data-intensive 
applications
Fixed (wired) broadband penetration rates by speed tiers, December 2013 
50 
40 
30 
20 
10 
0 
Broadband speed has been i...
… while the cost of data storage has 
been declining 
Average data storage cost for consumers, 1998-2012 
Per Gbit 
60 
50...
Emerging data-mining techniques are leading 
to innovations that increase well-being 
Cost of genome sequencing, 2001-14 
...
Usage rates are reaching 
saturation in some countries, 
with catch up potential for 
laggers
People are increasingly using the 
Internet … 
Internet usage trends in the OECD 
By country change between 2006 and 2013 ...
… but large cross-country differences 
remain in uptake 
Internet usage trends in the OECD 
By country change between 2006...
and in the type of usage by 
individuals … 
The diffusion of selected online activities among Internet users, 2012-13 
Per...
… and businesses 
The diffusion of selected ICT tools and activities in enterprises, 2013 
Percentage of Internet users pe...
Participation in e-commerce differs 
across age groups and firm size 
Participation in e-commerce by individuals and enter...
ICT industries continue to 
be dynamic and 
innovative, despite 
sluggish employment in 
the crisis
The dynamism of the ICT sector 
showed up also during the crisis … 
Net business population growth between 2009 and 2012 
...
… but employment suffered from 
greater downswings 
ICT sector employment in the OECD, 1995-2012 
Annual growth rate (left...
… and information industries have 
maintained a lead in labour productivity. 
Apparent 
labour 
productivity 
levels, 
inf...
Harnessing the potential 
of the digital economy: 
new skills for workers, firms 
and users are needed
Cross-country differences in ICT skills 
use at work remain important … 
Computer use at work, 2012 
Percentage shares of ...
… as the generalised need for further 
acquisition of (new) ICT skills. 
Individuals who judge their computer skills to be...
Find MORE: 113 indicators 
 The digital economy today 
 Investing in smart infrastructure 
 Empowering society 
 Unlea...
An OECD effort to … 
 Mark progress on ICT indicators 
 Identify data gaps 
 Propose actions to advance the 
measuremen...
MEASURING THE DIGITAL ECONOMY 
A NEW PERSPECTIVE 
Send us feedback: 
sti.contact@oecd.org 
THANKS! 
www.oecd.org/sti/ 
mea...
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Measuring the Digital Economy: A New Perspective

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Presentation of a new OECD publication at the 2014 Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy in Tokyo on 2 October.

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Measuring the Digital Economy: A New Perspective

  1. 1. MEASURING THE DIGITAL ECONOMY A NEW PERSPECTIVE Global Forum on the Knowledge Economy Tokyo 2 October 2014 Andrew Wyckoff Director for Science, Technology and Innovation OECD
  2. 2. The mobile broadband revolution
  3. 3. 125 100 75 50 25 0 3 out of 4 OECD inhabitants have a mobile wireless broadband Mobile wireless broadband penetration, by technology, Terrestrial mobile wireless Satellite Terrestrial fixed wireless All technologies, 2009 Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants December 2009 and 2013 Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933147973
  4. 4. Millions 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 Devices are becoming powerful and affordable The progress of smartphones, 2010-13 Quarterly global shipping trends Smartphones Other mobile phones Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933147808
  5. 5. New and more data-intensive applications
  6. 6. Fixed (wired) broadband penetration rates by speed tiers, December 2013 50 40 30 20 10 0 Broadband speed has been increasing … > 10 mbps > 4 mbps / < 10 mbps < 4 mbps Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants As a percentage of subscriptions Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933148053
  7. 7. … while the cost of data storage has been declining Average data storage cost for consumers, 1998-2012 Per Gbit 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 USD Hard disk drives Solid-state drives Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933147819
  8. 8. Emerging data-mining techniques are leading to innovations that increase well-being Cost of genome sequencing, 2001-14 Cost per genome, logarithmic scale USD current 100000 10000 1000 100 10 1 1 million USD 10 000 USD Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933147871
  9. 9. Usage rates are reaching saturation in some countries, with catch up potential for laggers
  10. 10. People are increasingly using the Internet … Internet usage trends in the OECD By country change between 2006 and 2013 % 100 80 60 40 Inter-country gap (percentage points) Average (all countries) Highest ranking country 20 0 Lowest ranking country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933147770
  11. 11. … but large cross-country differences remain in uptake Internet usage trends in the OECD By country change between 2006 and 2013 % 100 80 60 40 20 0 2006 2013 Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933147770
  12. 12. and in the type of usage by individuals … The diffusion of selected online activities among Internet users, 2012-13 Percentage of Internet users performing each activity 100 75 50 25 0 E-mail Product information News reading Social networking E-banking E-gov. (any interaction) Online purchases Gaming/ audio-video Travel/ accomod. % Highest Lowest Average Web radio/TV Telephone E-gov. (download) E-gov. (upload) Software download Job search Online sales Medical appointment Content creation Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933148228
  13. 13. … and businesses The diffusion of selected ICT tools and activities in enterprises, 2013 Percentage of Internet users performing each activity 100 75 50 25 0 Broadband Website % Highest Lowest Average E-purchases Social network ERP Supply chain mngt. (ADE) E-sales RFID Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933148510
  14. 14. Participation in e-commerce differs across age groups and firm size Participation in e-commerce by individuals and enterprises, 2007-08 and 2012-13 Individuals by age and enterprises by employment size 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2007 2013 Via handheld devices (2013) % As a percentage of all individuals As a percentage of Internet users Top 3 countries Bottom 3 countries 25-44 year-olds (2013) 65-74 year-olds (2013) 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2008 2012 10-49 (2012) 50-249 (2012) 250+ (2012) % As a percentage of all enterprises As a percentage of enterprises in each employment size class Top 3 countries Bottom 3 countries Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933147963
  15. 15. ICT industries continue to be dynamic and innovative, despite sluggish employment in the crisis
  16. 16. The dynamism of the ICT sector showed up also during the crisis … Net business population growth between 2009 and 2012 Average annual growth rate % 10 8 6 4 2 0 -2 -4 -6 ICT sector Business economy 16 Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933148696
  17. 17. … but employment suffered from greater downswings ICT sector employment in the OECD, 1995-2012 Annual growth rate (left-hand scale) and percentage share on total employment (right-hand scale) % % 4.2 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.4 6 3 0 -3 -6 Employment growth in the ICT sector Total employment growth Employment share of the ICT sector (Right-hand scale) Employment growth in the ICT sector Total employment growth Employment share of the ICT sector (Right-hand scale) Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933147936
  18. 18. … and information industries have maintained a lead in labour productivity. Apparent labour productivity levels, information industries vs. total economy, 2012 OECD total economy level = 100 Information industries GRC PRT CAN IRL USA CZE ESP JPN BEL SVK POL OECD GBR ITA SWE HUN SVN FRA NLD CHE EST DEU AUT DNK FIN 250 200 150 100 50 50 75 100 125 150 Total economy Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933147890
  19. 19. Harnessing the potential of the digital economy: new skills for workers, firms and users are needed
  20. 20. Cross-country differences in ICT skills use at work remain important … Computer use at work, 2012 Percentage shares of workers % 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 Straightforward and moderate use Complex use No computer use Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933148332
  21. 21. … as the generalised need for further acquisition of (new) ICT skills. Individuals who judge their computer skills to be sufficient if they were to apply for a new job within a year, 2013 As a percentage of all individuals % 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 All Individuals Individuals with high formal education Individuals with no or low formal education Source: OECD (2014), Measuring the Digital Economy. A New Perspective, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/888933148354
  22. 22. Find MORE: 113 indicators  The digital economy today  Investing in smart infrastructure  Empowering society  Unleashing creativity and innovation  Delivering growth and jobs
  23. 23. An OECD effort to …  Mark progress on ICT indicators  Identify data gaps  Propose actions to advance the measurement agenda
  24. 24. MEASURING THE DIGITAL ECONOMY A NEW PERSPECTIVE Send us feedback: sti.contact@oecd.org THANKS! www.oecd.org/sti/ measuring-the-digital-economy.htm

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