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Bloch - Measuring Innovation in the public sector

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Parallel session 4 - Tuesday 20 September 2016

Published in: Data & Analytics
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Bloch - Measuring Innovation in the public sector

  1. 1. Measuring innovation in the public sector Anthony Arundel Australian Innovation Research Centre, University of Tasmania and UNU-MERIT, University of Maastricht Carter Bloch Danish Centre for Studies in Research and Research Policy (CFA), Aarhus University Barry Ferguson Australian Innovation Research Centre, University of Tasmania OECD Blue Sky III Ghent, Belgium September 19-21, 2016, Ghent
  2. 2. 31 MAY 2016 AARHUS UNIVERSITYAU PUBLIC SECTOR SHARE OF GDP EU-27 countries in 2008: 25% Denmark in 2010: 31.3% Australia in 2011/12: 23.1%
  3. 3. 31 MAY 2016 AARHUS UNIVERSITYAU Pre 2010: 1.Object-based studies 2.‘business practices’ studies 3.Surveys of municipalities with some questions on innovation 4.UK audit commission survey of innovation in UK local agencies 2008 – 2009 MEPIN survey in Scandinavia first large-scale dedicated innovation survey, approx 2,500 responses from CEOs 2010 Innobarometer survey of all EU member states, 3,700 responses from CEOs 2011 SOS survey in Australia, innovation module, 6,000 responses from all job levels 2012 APSII pilot survey in Australia, 344 responses from senior managers 2015/16 survey of Australian/NZ universities, 573 responses from senior managers
  4. 4. 31 MAY 2016 AARHUS UNIVERSITYAU Since MEPIN - General trend over time away from the Oslo Manual guidelines, except for similarities in questions on innovation types and sections (information sources, collaboration, obstacles etc.) Why? Shift from public-private comparison to policy focus on public sector Surveys need to address policy-relevant issues for the public sector MEPIN (2008/09) – Initial focus on comparison of innovation in public and private sector
  5. 5. 31 MAY 2016 AARHUS UNIVERSITYAU POLICY INTERESTS How innovation occurs – what encourages innovation and good outcomes?  Use of design-thinking (co-creation), other strategies to support innovation development  Is there an inclusive innovation culture and if yes, how does this influence innovation activities and outcomes?  Is innovation mostly ‘bottom-up’ or ‘top-down’ and which one of these two approaches works best?  Is there a systemic innovation strategy, and if not, how to build one?
  6. 6. 31 MAY 2016 AARHUS UNIVERSITYAU POLICY INTERESTS… How does diffusion and the up-take of good practice occur? Can we identify incremental and transformative innovations? What are the obstacles?  Effect of a risk-averse culture – what tools can managers use to work around this, or must managers embrace risk?  Innovating in response to a crisis or funding cuts?  Lack of incentives, staff resistance, resources
  7. 7. 31 MAY 2016 AARHUS UNIVERSITYAU FUTURE TOPICS FOR SURVEY RESEARCH ON PUBLIC SECTOR INNOVATION How to identify transformative (disruptive) innovation? Can we get better measures of innovation outcomes (particularly beneficial ones) Can we identify innovations that span organisations?  Includes a systemic innovation strategy Can we link innovation capabilities to governance models? We need more research on risk aversion and on the diffusion of best practice innovations

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