COMPANY PROTECTEDSpace based vessel detection – Combining EarthObservation and AIS for Maritime surveillanceRolf Skatteboe...
Outline •                                 KSAT in brief •                                 Satellite baser Maritime Situati...
Kongsberg Satellite ServicesKSAT is a service provider dedicated to satelliteoperation and utilization of satellite dataCl...
Kongsberg Satellite Services, KSAT•   Established in 1967•   Kongsberg Satellite Services since 2002•   World leading comm...
KSAT has two business areasClick to edit Master text styles
The KSAT polar Network                                                         KSAT Operation                             ...
KSAT’s Extended Polar and Mid-Latitude Network                            /7/    16-May-12Click to edit Master text styles
Tromsø ; Operation Center 365/24/7SvalSat                                    Tromsø   TrollSat      Grimstad      Dubai   ...
Earth Observation Services • Operational Maritime Situational Awareness including   Global Marine Monitoring              ...
Earth Observation Services    OIL SPILL DETECTION                   VESSEL DETECTION     ANTI PIRACY                      ...
Norway and the High North                                   •   Vast ocean areas                                        • ...
Why use radar from satellites for Marine SituationalAwareness including to detect oil spills?                             ...
KSAT Service chain Satellite acquisition, multiple satellites    Automatic Identification   Sea-State      GIS -informatio...
Oil spill detection by analysis of SAR images •                                 Typical oil spill, black defined feature o...
Identification of source  Combining satellite images with AIS -a powerful combinationOil spill outside the Norwegian coast...
Identification of Source                Combining satellite images with more information layers, installations and pipelin...
Coordinated surveillance, satellite and airplane observation                                       An integrated system co...
Key user groups Coastal state authorities responsible for maritime surveillance                                   •Coastal...
What makes KSAT different?    Vendor-neutral availability guarantees user-friendly access and one-stop-shopping           ...
KSAT Multi mission concept secures coverage                                                 Multimission SAR and          ...
Satellite Radar Alone is not enoughClick to edit Master text styles
AIS from Satellite – Norwegian CapabilityNorthern area and marine focusIndustrial developmentMinistry of Trade and Industr...
A Month of Winter or Summer                                   01/2012                                   08/2011Click to ed...
A More Equatorial DimensionClick to edit Master text styles
Vessel/Target Detection and Identification – a core application for: •                                 Oil spill pollution...
KSAT Vessel Detection Service•   Use of Satellite images for detecting vessels at sea    •           Fisheries- monitoring...
Checking for illegal fishing in the NE AtlanticClick to edit Master text styles
Two vessels at Bear Island – No AIS receivedCompilation FFI      Click to edit Master text styles
Fishing vessels in the Barents Sea  Compilation FFI     Click to edit Master text styles
Barents Sea monitoring; Radarsat-2 and AISSAT-1                                                              AISSat-1     ...
MARISS: Barents Sea/Svalbard 24.10.2011Click to edit Master text styles
Transhipment activityClick to edit Master text styles                                   RADARSAT-2© McDonald, Dettwiler an...
Ice navigation                     / 33 / 16-May-12Click to edit Master text styles
Ship routing in ice waters reduces fuel, emissions and risks                                            Planned route thro...
Ship Routing in Ice •                                 Real time access to high                                   resolutio...
Climate change – opening new shipping lanes                                                  September 2007               ...
Different demands for satellite monitoring and               surveillance                                                 ...
Maritime Situational Awareness, including                                   OceanSurveillance from satellite –            ...
C-scope from KongsberNorwegian Coastal AdministrationVardø Vessel Traffic Services (VTS)• Monitoring all ships in the  Nor...
Conclusions• Satellite baser Maritime Situational Awareness   • Modern tool for large area surveillance and control   • Ko...
Thank you                                   for your attention!Click to edit Master text styles
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Space based vessel detection – combining earth observation and ais for maritime surveillance

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Space based vessel detection – combining earth observation and ais for maritime surveillance

  1. 1. COMPANY PROTECTEDSpace based vessel detection – Combining EarthObservation and AIS for Maritime surveillanceRolf SkatteboePresident, Kongsberg Satellite ServicesSeoul, May 15, 2012
  2. 2. Outline • KSAT in brief • Satellite baser Maritime Situational Awareness • SAR technology and application • AIS (Automatic Identification System) • KSAT Vessel detection service in support of activities in different areas • Illegal fishing • Oil spill detection • Ice monitoring • Norwegian Korean cooperation • Concluding remarksClick to edit Master text styles
  3. 3. Kongsberg Satellite ServicesKSAT is a service provider dedicated to satelliteoperation and utilization of satellite dataClick to edit Master text styles
  4. 4. Kongsberg Satellite Services, KSAT• Established in 1967• Kongsberg Satellite Services since 2002• World leading commercial satellite centre• Providing products and services based on polar orbiting satellites• Round the clock operations (24h/365d) Click to edit Master text styles
  5. 5. KSAT has two business areasClick to edit Master text styles
  6. 6. The KSAT polar Network KSAT Operation TNOC, SvalSat and TEOS Jan MayenThe KSAT mid-Latitude Network Click to edit Master text styles
  7. 7. KSAT’s Extended Polar and Mid-Latitude Network /7/ 16-May-12Click to edit Master text styles
  8. 8. Tromsø ; Operation Center 365/24/7SvalSat Tromsø TrollSat Grimstad Dubai Singapore Hartebeestoek Network Operations Center KSAT clients World- wide Client sites Partner sites /8/ 16-May-12 Click to edit Master text styles
  9. 9. Earth Observation Services • Operational Maritime Situational Awareness including Global Marine Monitoring • Oil spill detection and environmental control (<30 minutes) • Vessel Detection and identification • Ice navigation and prediction • Data fusion (Automatic Identification System – AIS and environmental data like wind and waves) • Multi-Mission global near real time data access SAR and Optical • Disaster monitoring • Surveillance and monitoring • MultiMission-MultiUser services • Forest monitoring, Snow, Iceberg tracking… • Global Data AcquisitionClick to edit Master text styles
  10. 10. Earth Observation Services OIL SPILL DETECTION VESSEL DETECTION ANTI PIRACY ICE NAVIGATION SATELLITE IMAGES ICEBERG TRACKINGClick to edit Master text styles
  11. 11. Norway and the High North • Vast ocean areas • Approx. 7x mainland • Increasing oil and gas activity • Unregistred fishing (IUU) • Increasing vessel traffic • Shipment of Russian oil • Gas and LNG • Transport of goods and chemicals • Ecotourism In vulnerable arctic environment Weather; wind, darkness, cloud cover and fogClick to edit Master text styles
  12. 12. Why use radar from satellites for Marine SituationalAwareness including to detect oil spills? hei • Active sensor • Independent of daylight • Sees through clouds and fog • Large area coverage • Excellent tool for detecting slicks, vessels and installations / 12 / 16-May-12 Click to edit Master text styles
  13. 13. KSAT Service chain Satellite acquisition, multiple satellites Automatic Identification Sea-State GIS -information System (AIS) End user Operations centre SARProcessing VAProcessing Analysis and Notification Click to edit Master text styles
  14. 14. Oil spill detection by analysis of SAR images • Typical oil spill, black defined feature on the sea surface, a long tail combined with ship (small white spot) at the end. • The black colour is due to the SAR technology and is not true colour. • Ships marked by white circles. Oil spill in the south of Norway. Oil spill in Brazilian coastal water.Click to edit Master text styles
  15. 15. Identification of source Combining satellite images with AIS -a powerful combinationOil spill outside the Norwegian coast, Combined with AIS, tracked back, one of the ship ships in the area. Warning with lanes closely corresponds with the potensial spill.excact position, size and confidence The vessel can easily be identified, and level is given. authorities can decide on further action. / 15 / 16-May-12 Click to edit Master text styles
  16. 16. Identification of Source Combining satellite images with more information layers, installations and pipelines Oil spill from an oilrig detected from satellite where the image is overlaid with information of pipelines and offshore installations to identify the most likely source (marked with yellow in image to the right). The other bright dots are signatures of vessels / 16 / 16-May-12Click to edit Master text styles
  17. 17. Coordinated surveillance, satellite and airplane observation An integrated system combining available surveillance means represents the optimal and most cost efficient solution for environmental monitoring Ordered satellite images may be used for planning of airplane activity Click to edit Master text styles
  18. 18. Key user groups Coastal state authorities responsible for maritime surveillance •Coastal administration •Coast guard •Pollution control •Border control •Navy Operating oil companies and oil industry associations •Self monitoring •Early warning •Meeting national requirements •Documenting clean operations / 18 / 16-May-12Click to edit Master text styles
  19. 19. What makes KSAT different? Vendor-neutral availability guarantees user-friendly access and one-stop-shopping Radarsat-1/ Radarsat-2 Cosmo Skymed 1,2,3,4 WorldView-1/WorldView-2/QuickBirWhat KSAT does; Envisat TerraSAR-X/Tandem-X GeoEye Kompsat-2 QuickBird- Order handling- Planning- Tasking- Data acquisition- Processing- Analysing- Dissemination Unique infrastructure ensures fast access and delivery in near – real time / 19 / 16-May-12 Click to edit Master text styles
  20. 20. KSAT Multi mission concept secures coverage Multimission SAR and optical satellite data provide recognised situation picture: Envisat, Radarsat, TerraSAR Envisat/MERIS, DigitalGlobe Copyright raw data ESA, CSA/MDA, InfoTerra, DigitalGlobe Data processing/analysis KSAT Click to edit Master text styles
  21. 21. Satellite Radar Alone is not enoughClick to edit Master text styles
  22. 22. AIS from Satellite – Norwegian CapabilityNorthern area and marine focusIndustrial developmentMinistry of Trade and Industry and NorwegianSpace Centre in the lead for AISSat-1.European and transatlantic dimensionAISSat-2 awaiting launch. Third and largersatellite in planning Norways AISSat-1 Size does (not) matter - 20x20 cm 22 Click to edit Master text styles
  23. 23. A Month of Winter or Summer 01/2012 08/2011Click to edit Master text styles
  24. 24. A More Equatorial DimensionClick to edit Master text styles
  25. 25. Vessel/Target Detection and Identification – a core application for: • Oil spill pollution • Identification of source • Risk assessment • Fisheries control • Illegal fishing • Fishing pattern • Effort estimation • Safety • Maritime traffic density • Accident risk • Compliance with traffic separation schemes • Security • Border control, illegal immigration, smuggling • Piracy • Non-reporting vesselsClick to edit Master text styles
  26. 26. KSAT Vessel Detection Service• Use of Satellite images for detecting vessels at sea • Fisheries- monitoring and control • Traffic safety • Maritime security• Methodology • Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) for detection • Optical images for recognition • Correlation with AIS, VMS and LRIT• Key customer • European Maritime Safety Agency Ship detected only by satellite SAR Ship detected by both satellite SAR and AIS 26 © KONGSBERG 16. mai 2012 Click to edit Master text styles
  27. 27. Checking for illegal fishing in the NE AtlanticClick to edit Master text styles
  28. 28. Two vessels at Bear Island – No AIS receivedCompilation FFI Click to edit Master text styles
  29. 29. Fishing vessels in the Barents Sea Compilation FFI Click to edit Master text styles
  30. 30. Barents Sea monitoring; Radarsat-2 and AISSAT-1 AISSat-1 / 30 / 16-May-12RADARSAT-2© MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates Ltd. (2011) Click to edit Master text styles
  31. 31. MARISS: Barents Sea/Svalbard 24.10.2011Click to edit Master text styles
  32. 32. Transhipment activityClick to edit Master text styles RADARSAT-2© McDonald, Dettwiler and Associates Ltd. (2011)
  33. 33. Ice navigation / 33 / 16-May-12Click to edit Master text styles
  34. 34. Ship routing in ice waters reduces fuel, emissions and risks Planned route through the ice 6 hours Actual route around the ice 3 hoursClick to edit Master text styles
  35. 35. Ship Routing in Ice • Real time access to high resolution satellite data • Saves time • Easiest, simplest route can be identified • Navigate around obstacles • Saves money • Less fuel consumed • Less hull maintenance • Less time in dry-dock and therefore potential increase in number of operating days per year. • Reduce riskClick to edit Master text styles
  36. 36. Climate change – opening new shipping lanes September 2007 Nordvest passasjen åpen• Growing concern (orange line) Nordø st passasjen delvis• Increasing transport åpen (blue line).• Eco-tourism• Search and Rescue?• oil-spill preparedness?Need for enhanced monitoring © KONGSBERG Click to edit Master text styles
  37. 37. Different demands for satellite monitoring and surveillance TransportOil & Gas Search & rescueTourism Fisheries 16.05.2012 Click to edit Master text styles Norsk Romsenter – www.romsenter.no
  38. 38. Maritime Situational Awareness, including OceanSurveillance from satellite – vessels, ice and pollution Norway first and is the world leader with civilian vessel and oil spill monitoring based on radar satellites. Requires access to new European and Canadian satellite radar systems. Integration of Satellite Radar and AIS a “winning team”. Norwegian actors in the lead: Kongsberg Seatex, KSAT, Kongsberg Spacetec, Kongsberg Norcontrol As well as FFI, NORUT, NERSC, NCA, met.noClick to edit Master text styles
  39. 39. C-scope from KongsberNorwegian Coastal AdministrationVardø Vessel Traffic Services (VTS)• Monitoring all ships in the Norwegian Coastal Waters• Information exchange with Local Maritime Safety Agency (MSA)• Linked to all regional VTS centers The KONGSBERG C-Scope VTS System / 39 / 16-May-12 Click to edit Master text styles
  40. 40. Conclusions• Satellite baser Maritime Situational Awareness • Modern tool for large area surveillance and control • Kongsberg capabilities are unique• KSAT Vessel detection service is a core component for control of • Illegal fishing • Oil spill detection • Ice monitoring• The Norwegian-Korean cooperation is extensive • Satellite operation • Costal monitoring • Maritime activity Click to edit Master text styles
  41. 41. Thank you for your attention!Click to edit Master text styles

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