Insights into the Creative Process


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A presentation that presents a novel way to look at creativity covering paradigms, whole brain function, adult skill acquisition and the creative process.

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Insights into the Creative Process

  1. 1. Insights Into the Creative Process<br />Paul Schumann<br />
  2. 2. Paul Schumann<br />2<br />Paradigms<br />Whole Brain <br />Function<br />Creative Process<br />Adult Skill<br />Acquisition<br />
  3. 3. Paul Schumann<br />3<br />Paradigms<br />Whole Brain <br />Function<br />Creative Process<br />Adult Skill<br />Acquisition<br />
  4. 4. Paradigm<br />Example<br />Pattern<br />Set of rules<br />Beliefs<br />Perceptions<br />Values<br />Standards<br />Procedures<br />Theories<br />Paul Schumann<br />4<br />
  5. 5. The Franklin Paradigm<br />Paul Schumann<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Paradigms<br />Paul Schumann<br />6<br />Normal Progress<br />Anomalies<br />Crisis<br />Revolution<br />
  7. 7. Paul Schumann<br />7<br />A profound discovery which is essentially an <br />inconsistency in the system causes a reorganization <br />of the whole thing. And that reorganization is the <br />central act of imagination.<br />Jacob Bronowski<br />
  8. 8. Normal Progress = Puzzle Solving<br />Paul Schumann<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Normal Progress<br />Behavior is consistent with the past<br />Shared paradigm<br />Solving a problem is achieving the anticipated in a new way<br />Individuals are driven by the challenge of the puzzle<br />Problems are assumed to have solutions<br />Highly cumulative enterprise<br />Formation of specialized groups and activities<br />Leads to rigidity & resistance to change<br />Paul Schumann<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Anomalies<br />Disagreements between observations and paradigm<br />Some solved by minor positive changes to paradigm<br />Others are set aside<br />Paul Schumann<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Crisis<br />Collection of anomalies<br />Discovery of a destructive anomaly<br />Paul Schumann<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Revolution<br />Begin to lose faith and consider alternatives<br />One paradigm is rejected only when another one is available<br />Judgment to reject old & accept new<br />Comparison with world<br />Comparison with each other<br />Defenders of old can always point to problems that new paradigm has not solved but is easy for the old<br />Decision to switch is ultimately based not on the past achievements but on future promise<br />History is rewritten<br />Paul Schumann<br />12<br />
  13. 13. S Curves<br />Paul Schumann<br />13<br />Problem Solving Ability<br />Time<br />
  14. 14. S Curves<br />Paul Schumann<br />14<br />Paradigm 2<br />Paradigm 1<br />Problem Solving Ability<br />Time<br />
  15. 15. Paradigm Paradox<br />Paul Schumann<br />15<br />Anomaly exists only against <br />the background of the paradigm.<br />
  16. 16. Paul Schumann<br />16<br />Robust<br />Paradigm<br />Change<br />Resistance<br />Sensitivity<br />to Anomaly<br />Paradox<br />
  17. 17. Paul Schumann<br />17<br />Truth emerges more readily<br />from error than from confusion.<br />Francis Bacon<br />
  18. 18. Paul Schumann<br />18<br />Paradigms<br />Whole Brain <br />Function<br />Creative Process<br />Adult Skill<br />Acquisition<br />
  19. 19. Whole Brain Function<br />L Mode<br />A shoot of the sporophyte of a higher plant that is modified for reproduction and consists of a structured axis bearing modified leaves.<br />Paul Schumann<br />19<br /><ul><li>R Mode</li></li></ul><li>Whole Brain Function<br />L Mode<br />y = mx+b<br />Paul Schumann<br />20<br /><ul><li>R Mode</li></li></ul><li>L Mode<br />R Mode<br />Paul Schumann<br />21<br />Time<br />A<br />A<br />B<br />B<br />C<br />D<br />Whole Brain Function<br />C<br />D<br />
  20. 20. Whole Brain Function<br />L Mode<br />Verbal<br />Analytic<br />Symbolic<br />Abstract<br />Temporal<br />Rational<br />Digital<br />Logical<br />Linear<br />R Mode<br />Nonverbal<br />Synthetic<br />Concrete<br />Analogical<br />Non-temporal<br />Non-rational<br />Spatial<br />Intuitive<br />Holistic<br />Paul Schumann<br />22<br />
  21. 21. Franklin Paradigm<br />Paul Schumann<br />23<br />Past experience<br />Prestige<br />Pride<br />Image<br />Drive<br />Timing<br />L Mode Paradigm R Mode<br />
  22. 22. Paul Schumann<br />24<br />He who has collected<br />the most toys<br />when he dies<br />wins!<br />
  23. 23. Paul Schumann<br />25<br />Paradigms<br />Whole Brain <br />Function<br />Creative Process<br />Adult Skill<br />Acquisition<br />
  24. 24. Adult Skill Acquisition<br />Paul Schumann<br />26<br />Novice<br />Advanced <br />Beginner<br />Competence<br />Proficiency<br />Expert<br />
  25. 25. Novice<br />Objective features<br />Rules<br />Context free descriptions<br />Performance judged on how well rules are followed<br />Exercise of skill at this level is demanding of full concentration<br />Paul Schumann<br />27<br />
  26. 26. Advanced Beginner<br />Situational aspects begin to be considered<br />Communication by examples<br />Paul Schumann<br />28<br />
  27. 27. Competence<br />Increased experience renders previous strategies unworkable<br />Goal oriented<br />Focus on relevant features<br />Develop a plan<br />Become involved<br />Paul Schumann<br />29<br />
  28. 28. Proficiency<br />Intuitive understanding<br />Develop organization and structure<br />Thinks analytical about what to do<br />Paul Schumann<br />30<br />
  29. 29. Expertise<br />Performs appropriate actions<br />No problem solving<br />No reasoning<br />Paul Schumann<br />31<br />
  30. 30. Paul Schumann<br />32<br />Paradigms<br />Whole Brain <br />Function<br />Creative Process<br />Adult Skill<br />Acquisition<br />
  31. 31. Paul Schumann<br />33<br />Skill Acquisition Paradigm Progress Thinking<br />Novice Normal ProgressNon Creative<br />Advanced Beginner<br />CompetenceAnomaliesPuzzle Solving<br />Proficiency<br />Crisis Creative<br />Expertise<br />Revolution<br />
  32. 32. Paul Schumann<br />34<br />What type of activity are you <br />engaging in when you get your <br />creative ideas?<br />
  33. 33. Paul Schumann<br />35<br />Skill Acquisition Thinking Characteristics<br />Novice Symbolic L Mode Single<br /> Logical Process<br /> Analytic<br />Advanced<br />Beginner<br />Competence<br />Proficiency<br />ExpertiseIntuitive R Mode Multiple<br /> Holistic Processes<br /> Non verbal<br /> Spatial<br />
  34. 34. The Gossamer Albatross<br />Paul Schumann<br />36<br />
  35. 35. Lessons<br />There was a need<br />Not tied to existing ways of thought<br />Idea occurred while performing an expert skill<br />Expert in several skills<br />Melded different technologies to create solutions<br />Courage to pursue<br />Paul Schumann<br />37<br />
  36. 36. Paul Schumann<br />38<br />Expertise in several fields<br />increases probability of<br />creative behavior!<br />
  37. 37. Creative Process<br />Paul Schumann<br />39<br />Insight<br />Saturation<br />Incubation<br />Aha!<br />Verification<br />
  38. 38. Creative Person<br />Paul Schumann<br />40<br />Artist<br />Explorer<br />Creative<br />Person<br />Warrior<br />Judge<br />
  39. 39. Paul Schumann<br />41<br />Models Thinking Style<br />Insight <br /> Explorer State Whole Brain <br />Saturation Problem (R/L Mode)<br />Incubation <br /> Artist Develop R Mode<br /> Alternatives <br />Aha! <br />Verification Judge Evaluate L Mode<br /> Warrior Implement Whole Brain<br />
  40. 40. Questions<br />Are you driven by improper forces?<br />Have you equated luck with skill?<br />Do you have the “Franklin Paradigm” for your business?<br />Are you ready for the arctic environment of the future?<br />Will you take the new technology and innovations with you but not utilize their full potential?<br />Where are you in the creative process?<br />Will you carry silver spoons into an environment in which there is no need for spoons?<br />Paul Schumann<br />42<br />
  41. 41. Paul Schumann<br />PO Box 161475<br />Austin, TX 78716<br />(512) 632-6586<br /><br /><br />Twitter: innovant2003<br />Paul Schumann<br />43<br />