An open-air lab

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An open-air lab to test a
complete digitalization process
in a mountain valley

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An open-air lab

  1. 1. TITULO An open-air lab to test a complete digitalization process in a mountain valley LIVING PIEMONTE SUSANNA LONGO Regione Piemonte 7 May 2009
  2. 2. Summary <ul><li>The concept of Living Labs </li></ul><ul><li>The background of Regional Innovation Policies </li></ul><ul><li>The approach to Living Lab in PIEMONTE </li></ul><ul><li>The case of Valli Orco & Soana project </li></ul>
  3. 3. Summary <ul><li>The concept of Living Labs </li></ul><ul><li>The background of Regional Innovation Policies </li></ul><ul><li>The approach to Living Lab in PIEMONTE </li></ul><ul><li>The case of Valli Orco & Soana project </li></ul>
  4. 4. Living Labs User-driven open innovation ecosystems based on a business – citizens - government partnership <ul><li>Enable various stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>(users, SMEs, large companies, research actors) </li></ul><ul><li>to take an active part in the research, </li></ul><ul><li>development and innovation process at all stages </li></ul>
  5. 5. Living Labs User-driven open innovation ecosystems based on a business – citizens - government partnership <ul><li>Aim at bridging the gaps between : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technology ideation and development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Market entry and fulfilment </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Living Labs <ul><li>User-driven open innovation methodologies </li></ul><ul><li>can improve the efficiency of the innovation </li></ul><ul><li>process and contribute to better take-up of R&D results, hence improving competitiveness and growth of European industry </li></ul><ul><li>European Dimension : ENoLL, the European Network of Living Labs. More than 100 living labs from all across Europe, to share knowledge and experiences. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Summary <ul><li>The concept of Living Labs </li></ul><ul><li>The background of Regional Innovation Policies </li></ul><ul><li>The approach to Living Lab in PIEMONTE </li></ul><ul><li>The case of Valli Orco & Soana project </li></ul>
  8. 8. Piemonte facts & figures <ul><li>4,4 million inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>8 Provinces </li></ul><ul><li>1.206 Municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>43,3% of the territory is </li></ul><ul><li>covered by mountain </li></ul>
  9. 9. Piemonte facts & figures <ul><li>€ 124 billion GDP ( 8,1% of national total) </li></ul><ul><li>1,8% of GDP invested in R&D </li></ul><ul><li>1st Italian region for private investment in R&D </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200 private and public R&D centers, 380 laboratories, 4 universities, 6 science and technology parks </li></ul>The regional Government recognizes research and innovation as a crucial factor in fostering local development . In 2005 a dedicated regional Authority was founded and in 2006 the first Law for Research and Innovation was approved, aiming at organizing, promoting and coordinating the regional R&I system
  10. 10. Regional R&I System – The rationale Public policy should be limited to areas where market dynamics alone are seen to be unable to promote innovative products, processes and services <ul><li>Bottlenecks in the innovation process : </li></ul><ul><li>the users’/consumers’ needs understanding: the </li></ul><ul><li>transfer of R&D results into new products and services </li></ul><ul><li>which could be appealing for the markets </li></ul><ul><li>the cost of internal R&I activity </li></ul><ul><li>the difficulty for enterprises in relating with researchers </li></ul>
  11. 11. Summary <ul><li>The concept of Living Labs </li></ul><ul><li>The background of Regional Innovation Policies </li></ul><ul><li>The approach to Living Lab in PIEMONTE </li></ul><ul><li>The case of Valli Orco & Soana project </li></ul>
  12. 12. Living Labs in PIEMONTE The approach to living labs in Piemonte is focusing on 2 complementary contexts: <ul><li>Local communities and digital divide </li></ul><ul><li>spread of innovation in isolated area </li></ul><ul><li>SMEs and Innovation Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>innovation development and experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>in vertical domains </li></ul>
  13. 13. Living Labs in PIEMONTE The approach to living labs in Piemonte is focusing on 2 complementary contexts: <ul><li>Local communities and digital divide </li></ul><ul><li>spread of innovation in isolated area </li></ul><ul><li>SMEs and Innovation Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>innovation development and experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>in vertical domains </li></ul>
  14. 14. Innovation Clusters <ul><li>Piemonte Region is now launching 12 new innovation clusters , based on the key sectors of the Regional competitiveness. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the EU legislation innovation clusters: </li></ul><ul><li>will be groupings of independent undertakings </li></ul><ul><li>operating in a particular scientific and technological </li></ul><ul><li>sector </li></ul><ul><li>are designed to stimulate innovative activity by </li></ul><ul><li>promoting intensive interactions , sharing of facilities </li></ul><ul><li>and exchange of knowledge and expertise. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Innovation Clusters <ul><li>Total number of companies: 655 </li></ul><ul><li>Large companies: 16% </li></ul><ul><li>SMEs: 61% </li></ul>
  16. 16. Innovation Clusters Enterprises in Piemonte innovation clusters will have the opportunity to benefit from 54M euros in the next 5 years to access innovation services and support innovation activities , among which: <ul><li>access to technology crowd sourcing </li></ul><ul><li>international network </li></ul><ul><li>support to user-driven innovation projects </li></ul><ul><li>addressing the start-up phase of innovation </li></ul><ul><li>and the final phases closest to the market </li></ul>
  17. 17. 1. Technology crowdsourcing <ul><li>Access to crowd sourcing international network: </li></ul><ul><li>Making use of external knowledge to complement own competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Getting the best talent from a wide network to carry out each task </li></ul><ul><li>Synergic effects from combining competences, possibly cross-disciplinary </li></ul>
  18. 18. 2. User-centered innovation <ul><li>Supporting R&I projects that will: </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on user pull (vs. technology push) – producing what sells, rather than selling what is produced </li></ul><ul><li>Directly involve the user in the innovation process – either through observation processes, toolkits, user panels, or letting them do it themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Invest on understanding consumer needs, in order to develop solutions that are more specifically targeted. </li></ul><ul><li>Revenue-enhancing activities (vs. cost-cutting activities) by developing solutions that meet user needs. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Living Labs in PIEMONTE The approach to living labs in Piemonte is focusing on 2 complementary contexts: <ul><li>Local communities and digital divide </li></ul><ul><li>spread of innovation in isolated area </li></ul><ul><li>SMEs and Innovation Clusters </li></ul><ul><li>innovation development and experimentation </li></ul><ul><li>in vertical domains </li></ul>
  20. 20. THE CASE OF VALLI ORCO & SOANA A Pilot Project on integrated technologies for sustainable development in a mountain area with high risk of digital divide
  21. 21. BroadBand in Piemonte <ul><li>Thanks to the agreement between </li></ul><ul><li>Regione Piemonte and TELCO </li></ul><ul><li>operators, by Dec 2008 96% </li></ul><ul><li>of regional territory was covered </li></ul><ul><li>with broadband connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>The Mountain Valleys Orco & Soana are placed in that 4% of territory </li></ul><ul><li>which was excluded from the interest of TELCO operators and became therefore a PILOT CASE in the overcome of Digital Divide. </li></ul>
  22. 22. The trial area <ul><li>11 small municipalities </li></ul><ul><li>616.06 km 2 </li></ul><ul><li>8,300 inhabitants (density: 13.5 inh/km 2 ) </li></ul><ul><li>about 15,000 tourists every year </li></ul><ul><li>The trial area has been selected in order to maximize the transferability model into other regional areas, even with a different size. </li></ul>
  23. 23. The Pilot Project <ul><li>Main objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>Convert the area into a “digital territory”: an open-air lab </li></ul><ul><li>Trial digital convergence and its sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a replicable model to overcome digital divide </li></ul><ul><li>11 small rural municipalities have been provided with: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wireless broadband connectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>multimedia User-Generated Content system for IP-TV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IP-radio and blog </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>innovative services </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Partners <ul><li>“ A business – citizens - government partnership” </li></ul><ul><li>The heart of the innovation model is the cooperation set-up among public and private players , involved in the planning, set-up and experimentation </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>BROADBAND NETWORK </li></ul><ul><li>SERVICES </li></ul><ul><li>CONTENTS </li></ul>MAIN OUTPUTS PILOT USERS: Public Authorities, schools, businesses, citizens as test users for emerging technologies and experimental services
  26. 26. NETWORK: Architecture <ul><li>existing assets owned by local organisations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>underutilized dark fibre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TV-radio trellises </li></ul></ul><ul><li>wireless technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HiperLAN, Wi-Fi, DVB-T and DVB-H </li></ul></ul>For the delivery of broadband services, the project exploited the convergence of: A pervasive broadband wireless network with ADSL-like connection speed. (at least 2Mbps downstream and 512kbps upstream)
  27. 27. NETWORK: Architecture (2) Pre-existing Optical fibre backbone, connecting the electricity supplier stations to the regional backbone (Wi-PIE) Pre-existing TV-radio trellises
  28. 28. NETWORK: Architecture (2) Pre-existing Optical fibre backbone Wireless connection fibre to pre-existing trellises Wireless contribution network
  29. 29. NETWORK: Architecture (2) Pre-existing Optical fibre backbone Wireless connection fibre to pre-existing trellises Wireless contribution network Wireless access areas
  30. 30. Trellis wireless bridge and wireless equipment: minimal impact Radio equipment on trellises Receiving equipment near users
  31. 31. <ul><li>The network is used to deliver traditional internet services (web, e-mail, news, e-commerce...) together with innovative services such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VoIP; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hot-spot Wi-Fi; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>remote monitoring of environmental data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(dams, rivers, landslides, weather, seismic monitoring) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>high quality webcam streaming for tourist purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>digital television and digital radio broadcasting on IP and DVB-T/H </li></ul></ul>SERVICES
  32. 32. SERVICES <ul><li>The network is used to deliver traditional internet services (web, e-mail, news, e-commerce...) together with innovative services such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VoIP; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hot-spot Wi-Fi; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>remote monitoring of environmental data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(dams, rivers, landslides, weather, seismic monitoring) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>high quality webcam streaming for tourist purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>digital television and digital radio broadcasting on IP and DVB-T/H </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. A remote management system
  34. 34. A remote management system
  35. 35. Pilot users’ groups <ul><li>Broadband connectivity provided to 45 distributed points: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PA buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>churches, libraries, tourist offices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gran Paradiso National Park facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small local businesses, hotels, restaurants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>schools; post offices; astronomical observatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Protection offices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>9 hot-spots for tourists and nomadic users (more than 80 registered users; 810 accesses in 6 months) </li></ul><ul><li>1 alpine refuge has been selected to test innovative services (seismic and weather monitoring; webcam streaming; hot-spot Wi-Fi) </li></ul>
  36. 36. Broadband & innovative services at 2217m a.s.l.
  37. 37. web 2.0 technologies <ul><li>For the active participation of the local community, </li></ul><ul><li>an integrated multi-channel platform was developed, </li></ul><ul><li>in order to collect User Generated Content </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>TV </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RADIO </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>BLOG </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A a local editorial staff was trained by professionals on audio-video digital content production. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The formats is based on episodes. </li></ul></ul>www.orcosoana.tv
  38. 38. CONTENT: channels <ul><li>Main channels for the local content delivery: </li></ul><ul><li>TV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>digital TV channel, transmitting local content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provided by a TV local network as well as by RAI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(national public network). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The TV is transmitted on DVB-T channel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(digital terrestrial television); Web channel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(NetTV, IPTV); DVB-H channel (mobile and palmtop). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Piemonte will switch over to Digital Terrestrial Television by 20 may 2008! </li></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>Main channels for the local content delivery: </li></ul>CONTENT: channels <ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><ul><li>digital radio channel transmitted on the web, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>providing music 24/24 and local information. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OBlog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Online digital community </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Net TV Blog Radio
  41. 41. Usage and results <ul><li>In 1 year of experimentation: </li></ul><ul><li>20 citizens trained to produce contents for TV and radio </li></ul><ul><li>One local secondary school run a journalism course and was provided with a radio-laboratory to produce contents </li></ul><ul><li>The TV collected more than 70 episodes </li></ul><ul><li>The radio collected more than 30 episodes and music 24/24 </li></ul><ul><li>The blog had 70 registered users, 150 posts, 40 comments </li></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>TECHNICAL </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENTAL </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMICAL </li></ul>PROJECT SUSTAINABILITY
  43. 43. A sustainable model <ul><li>The overall design of infrastructure, services and content production follows the principles of: </li></ul><ul><li>technology convergence </li></ul><ul><li>re-usability </li></ul><ul><li>sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>The network and services experimented </li></ul><ul><li>are now becoming patrimony of the area </li></ul><ul><li>and will be managed by a local business operator . </li></ul><ul><li>CALL FOR TENDERS IN DEC 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>For the network management and the broadband services delivery (10 years authorization). </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>Technology integration and complementarity innovative + “traditional”, wired + wireless technologies to deploy connectivity in very remote areas which, would be cut off from TELCOs’ commercial offers. </li></ul><ul><li>Re-use of existing facilities (trellises, under-utilised optical fiber, …) to produce the lowest environmental impact and cost for the local community </li></ul><ul><li>development and experimentation of innovative services to make a concrete and valuable use of the network </li></ul><ul><li>Local community direct participation Local bodies and users were involved throughout the whole project development, thus contributing to the network and services design, set-up, experimentation and improvement </li></ul>A sustainable model
  45. 45. Next Steps <ul><li>Switch into a commercial service By June 2009 a local operator will be selling broadband services to the different categories of users (citizens, enterprises, local PA premises, schools, …) </li></ul><ul><li>The implementation methodology and the Call for tender will become a model for digital divide public interventions in Piedmont mountain communities </li></ul><ul><li>The site has become a living lab for Piedmont, ensuring: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct involvement of different categories of final users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future experimentations of new technologies and services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An existing wireless infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A stable cooperation set-up with local actors </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. Contacts Ministry for Research, Innovation, Industry and Energy P.za Castello, 165 - 10122 Torino Regione Piemonte - Bruxelles Liaison Office   62, Rue du Trône - 1050 Bruxelles  THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! [email_address]
  47. 47. NETWORK: node Open source based multi-standard professional equipment 2 or 4 radios operating at same time on different frequencies (2.4/5.6GHz) and standards (802.11 a/b/g/h) A standard “mil” case for simple installation and “unattended” service

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