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PIE (Plentziako Itsas Estazioa) - La salud de los ecosistemas a través de los animales

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Formación sobre la salud de los ecosistemas a través de los animales impartida por PIE, (Plentziako itsas estazioa), de la mano de la Cátedra de Cultura Científica UPV/EHU, para ayudar a los equipos de la First Lego League Euskadi a resolver el desafío de 2017: Animal Allies

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PIE (Plentziako Itsas Estazioa) - La salud de los ecosistemas a través de los animales

  1. 1. OCEAN HEALTH OZEANOAREN OSASUNA LA SALUD DEL OCEANO Manu Soto Plentzia Marine Station PiE- UPV/EHU
  2. 2. Human Impact on Oceans’ health The health of the world’s oceans and marine life is degrading rapidly as a result of excess human activities Over exploitation of resources Fishing activities Pollution (Persistent, Spills,…)
  3. 3. Population increase
  4. 4. Over-exploitation of resources Fuel extraction & accidental oil spills & other accidents
  5. 5. Plastics Persistant, chronic & long-term pollution Synthetic Hormones Bisphenol A Phtalates Reproductive problems & cancer Pharmaceuticals & cosmetics
  6. 6. DDT Biomagnification DDTconcentrations in living organisms tissues rise along the trophic chain Methylmercury Bioaccumulation Tissue concentrations rise with age
  7. 7. Biological effects: Human Health Minamata / Hg Itai-itai / Cd
  8. 8. Hake Merluccius merluccius (demersal) Thicklip grey mullet Chelon labrosus Anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus (pelagic) Turbot Scophthalmus maximus Mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis Cod fish Gadus morhua Slug Arion ater Earthworm Eisenia fetida SENTINEL SPECIES
  9. 9. SHORT-TERM RESPONSE LOW ECOLOGICAL RELEVANCE HIGH ECOLOGICAL RELEVANCE LONG-TERM RESPONSE Biochemical parameters Detoxification enzymes Physiological parameters Immunological parameters Histopathological parameters Condition bioenergetics Population & community Reproductive competence BIOMARKER (early-warning signals) Measurements at single level of biological complexity that indicate the presence of pollutants (exposure biomarkers) or the magnitude of organism responses (effects biomarkers) (MacCarthy and Shugart, 1990) Short-term indicators of long-term biological effects
  10. 10. Hermaphrodite mussel gonad Hermaphroditism (Urdaibai)
  11. 11. Organometallic compounds (TBT) Antifouling agent Forbidden 2003 (Regulation 782/2003 EC ) Imposex 1979: Oysters Arcachon (France) Cantabria
  12. 12. APRIL 04/05/06 JULY 03/04/05 SEPTEMBER 03 OCTOBER 04/05 1 SÃO BARTOLOMEU 2 ONS 3 CIES 4 OIA 5 AGUIÑO 6 CALDEBARCOS 7 CAMELLE 8 SEGAÑO 9 ESTACA 10 LLANES 11 SAN VICENTE 12 SUANCES 13 PEDREÑA 14 LAREDO 15 MUSKIZ 16 ARRIGUNAGA 17 GORLIZ 18 BAKIO 19 MUNDAKA 20 MUTRIKU 21 ORIO 22 HONDARRIBIA Mussel Watch: effects of POS SCREENING
  13. 13. July 2003 Sep 2003 April 2004 July 2004 Oct 2004 April 2005 July 2005 Oct 2005 April 2006 Lysosomal Destabilisation Lysosomal Enlargement Lysosomal Size Reduction 3 2 1 0 0.5 -1 -2 -3 1 1.5 32.52 LP Component (B) 15-Muskiz 16-Arrigunaga 17-Gorliz 18-Bakio 19-Mundaka 20-Mutriku 21-Orio 22-Hondarribia July-03 Oct-04 April-05 July-05 Oct-05 April-06 July-04 April-04 Sept-03 Lysosomal Response Index (LRI) Biscay Bay Lysosomal Destabilisation Lysosomal Enlargement Lysosomal Size Reduction 3 2 1 0 0.5 -1 -2 -3 1 1.5 32.52 LP Component (B) 10-Llanes 11-San Vicente 12-Suances 13-Pedreña 14-Laredo July-03 Oct-04 April-05 July-05 Oct-05 April-06 July-04 April-04 Sept-03 Unstressed (LRI<0.5) Distress signal (0.5 <LRI<1) Moderately stressed (1<LRI<√2) Highly stressed (LRI >√2) Mussel Watch: effects of POS
  14. 14. No problematic zone Zone with potential environmental problem Zone with environmental risk Deteriorated environmental zone 10. LLANES 11. SAN VICENTE 12. SUANCES 13. PEDREÑA 14. LAREDO 15. MUSKIZ 16. ARRIGUNAGA 17. GORLIZ 18. BAKIO 19. MUNDAKA 20. MUTRIKU 21. ORIO 22. HONDARRIBIA EHCC Biscay Bay 10 12 13 1415 16 17 18 19 April-03 July-03 Sep-03 April-04 July-04 Oct-04 April-05 July-05 Oct-05 April-06 11 20 21 22 AOXexp AOXeff LP VvL VvBAS MLR MET CIIR CIPI After RBU-Rep (1994) Ecosystem health indicesEcological Health Condition Chart (EHCC)
  15. 15. Omics: genomics, transcriptomics….” Mugil: 8300 genes!! Aquatic Organisms
  16. 16. PLENTZIAKO ITSAS-ESTAZIOA (PIE) ITSAS-BIOLOGIA ETA -BIOTEKNOLOGIARAKO ESTAZIO ESPERIMENTALA ESTACION EXPERIMENTAL DE BIOLOGIA Y BIOTECNOLOGIA MARINAS EXPERIMENTAL STATION FOR MARINE BIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY BiO MARKERS ASSAYS TOXINS DRUGS SENSORS REMEDIATION ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR ECOSYSTEM HEALTH
  17. 17. ORGANISATION Three functional units: Environment & Resources Education Unit Ocean & Health Research Unit Exp. services Unit ENVIRONMENT & RESOURCES EDUCATION UNIT MASTERS COURSES DOCTORAL PROGRAMMES LIFE LONG LEARNING DISSEMINATION & AWARENESS OCEAN & HEALTH RESEARCH UNIT DIAGNOseas DISEAseas PROGNOseas PROPHEseas DELICATEseaN BIOMEDIseaN MBB EXPERIMENTAL SERVICES UNIT EXPERIMENTAL AQUARIUM MBB RESEARCH LABS BBEBB PL3 BIOSAFETY AQUARIUM GLOBAL OBSERVATORY
  18. 18. ENVIRONMENT & RESOURCES EDUCATION UNIT • LLL courses • International Postgraduate Courses • Postgraduate & doctorate formation (national and international) OUTREACH •Scientific meetings •PIE MBB Seminars •Topical workshops • Open Lab Programme •Cinema-Club Programme •HSGS Conferences •Summer Marine Science Camp •Slow Science Programme www.merconsortium.eu MASTERS OF SCIENCE  Eur MSc in Marine Environment & Resources - MER Consortium  Environmental Contamination & Toxicology (MDC) DOCTORAL PROGRAMMES  Marine Environment & Resources (MHE)  Environmental Contamination & Toxicology (MHE)
  19. 19. MARINE ECOSYSTEM HEALTH how human activities can influence ecosystem health how alterations in ecosystem health embrace a risk for human health/wealth DIAGNOseas: understand marine ecosystem health and disease, develop methodologies and technologies for marine ecosystem health assessment, apply these bio-tools in biological effects monitoring programmes ECODIseas: characterise and understand the effects of environmental alterations (stress, chemicals, bio-toxins, pathogens) on the health of marine wildlife and resources (fisheries, aquaculture) PROPHEseas: understand how global syndromes (global warming, ocean acidification, invasive species) impinge on ecosystem health and its assessment (integrate scales at different levels of biological complexity, transgress time scales, foresee tools of the future such as most advanced analytical and molecular technologies, and develop an environmental bio-specimen bank) OCEAN & HEALTH RESEARCH UNIT It is aimed at acquiring knowledge and at developing tools (biotechnology) for marine ecosystem health assessment (biomarkers, bioassays, biosensors, and biodiversity) and seafood quality and safety assurance, and at exploring marine resources of interest in biomedicine (biotoxins, biodrugs, alternative bioassay models)
  20. 20. ENVIRON HUMAN HEALTH  DELICATESseaN (Seafood Safety and Quality Research Programme): fish and shellfish wellbeing, pathogens, bio-toxins and chemical pollutants in seafood, and environmental factors affecting seafood quality  BIOMEDIseaN (Marine Resources for Biomedicine Research Programme): biodiversity exploration, marine chemical ecology, genes of pharmaceutical interest, characterisation and risk assessment of biologically active natural compounds (bio-toxins, biodrugs) of biomedical interest, alternative animal models in biomedical research & environmental risk assessment COMMON TO RF MEH & RF EHH • PROGNOseas (Environmental Risk Assessment Research Programme): develop and apply assays for environmental regulatory policies (i.e., methodologies/technologies for integral ecotoxicological assessment of the environmental risk of chemical compounds/spills) OCEAN & HEALTH RESEARCH UNIT It is aimed at acquiring knowledge and at developing tools (biotechnology) for marine ecosystem health assessment (biomarkers, bioassays, biosensors, and biodiversity) and seafood quality and safety assurance, and at exploring marine resources of interest in biomedicine (biotoxins, biodrugs, alternative bioassay models)
  21. 21. MBB EXPERIMENTAL SERVICES UNIT •Field Services •MBB Seawater Experimentation •MBB Research & Analysis •Environmental Bioespecimen Banking •Environmental Bioanalytical Chemistry •Global Environment Observatory SPECIAL FACILITIES  PL3 Biosafety Aquarium (aquatic pathology)  Experimental seawater mesocosmos  Modern laboratories: Cell & Mol Biology, Histology, Microbiology, Quant Microscopy, and Analytical Chemistry  Multiuse laboratories (occasional users)
  22. 22. Eskerrik asko!!! Thanks!!! Cell Biology in Environmental Toxicology Res Grp www.ehu.es/GrupoBCTA Cell Biology and Histology Lab - Plentzia Marine Station Zoology and Animal Cell Biology Dept University of the Basque Country

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