Proyecto

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  • Proyecto

    1. 1. COMENIUS HERITAGE Teacher Training Programme – School project University of Ostrava – Jana Kapounová, Jelena Petrucijová Basic school Karviná-Mizerov – Aleš Homan Basic school Karviná-Nové Město – Jan Kodenko, Eva Vejmolová Czech Republic
    2. 2. Jan Amos Komenský Iohannes Amos Comenius March 28, 1592 – November 15, 1670 <ul><li>Czech teacher </li></ul><ul><li>scientist </li></ul><ul><li>educator </li></ul><ul><li>writer </li></ul><ul><li>Unity of the Brethren/Moravian Protestant bishop </li></ul><ul><li>religious refugee </li></ul><ul><li>defender of universal education </li></ul><ul><li>known as the teacher of nations </li></ul>
    3. 3. ? born Leszno Přerov Fulnek
    4. 4. Johan Amos Comenius 1592–1671 ORBIS PICTUS (1658) Veni, Puer! disce Sapere. Come Boy! learn to be wise.
    5. 5. Life (1) <ul><li>28. 3. 1592 born in Moravia (the birthplace of Comenius is not known; there are three possible locations) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>early orphaned (1604) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>education : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1608 – 11 Academy of Unity of the Brethren (Přerov) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1611 – 14 Academy at Herborn and the University of Heidelberg </li></ul></ul><ul><li>from 161 4 – pastor and school principal in towns Přerov, Fulnek – near Ostrava ( 1618   the   Thirty Years war began) </li></ul><ul><li>after 1620 – persecuted under the Counter Reformation, was a fugitive in his own country ( his young wife and two children died of the plague 1622) </li></ul><ul><li>1628 – fled Moravia to Poland, in Leszno led gymnasium </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Battle of White Mountain , November 8, 1620
    7. 7. Life (2) lived and worked in many different countries in Europe: Sweden, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Transylvania, the Holy Roman Empire, England, the Netherlands, Royal Hungary <ul><li>1641–42 England (family de Geer) </li></ul><ul><li>1642–48 Elblag (Polish Royal Prussia) </li></ul><ul><li>1648 Peace of Westphalia (end of the Thirty Years' War); his   second   wife   died, leaving him with four children </li></ul><ul><li>1649 married with the third wife </li></ul><ul><li>1648–50 in Leszno </li></ul><ul><li>1650–56 Sárospatak, Leszno (his manuscripts and the school’s printing press were burned down) </li></ul><ul><li>1656–70 Amstedam, buried in Naarden (his grave can be visited in the mausoleum devoted to him). </li></ul>
    8. 8. The Rose Meadow                                                
    9. 9. Historical context <ul><li>t he end of the 16 th up until the first half of the 17 th century </li></ul><ul><li>Late Renaissance, Reformation and Counter-Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>3 main periods of Comenius philosophy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1614- 16 22 : the World is a stage - Theatrum universitatis rerum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1622- 16 27 : the World is a Labyrinth - Labyrinth of the World and Paradise of the Heart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1628- 16 70 : the World is a place for remedy - The General Deliberation on the Remedy of Human Matters </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Work <ul><li>Czech poetry, ancient wisdoms, Czech dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>theological works, psalm, liturgical songs, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Didactical works (Opera didactica omnia) </li></ul><ul><li>Theatrum universitatis rerum </li></ul><ul><li>Labyrinth of the World and Paradise of the Heart </li></ul><ul><li>The General Deliberation on the Remedy of Human Matters (De rerum humanarum emendatione consultatio catholica) </li></ul><ul><li>Gate of languages ( Janua linguarum reserata ) </li></ul><ul><li>World in pictures ( Orbis sensualium p ictus ) </li></ul><ul><li>Learning by Play (Schola ludus) </li></ul><ul><li>Didactica Magna </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
    11. 11. ORBIS PICTUS (1658)
    12. 12. School project <ul><li>historical framework – the Lands of Bohemia Crown before and after the Battle of Bílá Hora (in 1620) </li></ul><ul><li>Comenius – the Teacher of Nations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comenius as a reformer – he endeavour at universal improvement of human kind be traced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comenius as a pedagogue – “human life is able, willing and glad to be fully occupied throughout every part and stage of its existence, if it is rightly directed” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comenius as a didactic – “everybody should be educated” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comenius heritage and its importance in 21 st century </li></ul>
    13. 13. COMENIUS AND HIS TIME <ul><li>The Gateway of Things – different spheres of Comenius’s work: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Astronomy, Diplomacy, Philology, Philosophy, History, Cartography, Literature, Nature, Education, Technology, Theology, Theatre </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Back to the Roots : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>historical context of the time : historical and biographical section through the Europe and the Czech state from the end of the 16th up until the first half of the 17th century </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Fount of Understanding : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>t he world is becoming a L abyrinth in which a pilgrim is wandering and try to find a Paths to the remedy of mankind’s situation </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. COMENIUS’S HERITAGE FOR THE PRESEN T DAY <ul><li>Comenius to Pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Learning by Play </li></ul><ul><li>Comenius to the Mankind </li></ul><ul><li>The General Deliberation on the Remedy of Human Matters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Panegersia – The General Awakening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panaugia – The Path of General Light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pansophia – The General Wisdom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pampaedia – The General Refinement of Minds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panglottia – The General Refinement of Languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panorthosia – The General Remedy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pannuthesia – The General Encouragement </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Museums and Exhibicions

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