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IMPERSONAL PASSIVE SENTENCES <ul><li>THAT CLAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>TO INFINITIVE CLAUSE </li></ul>
IT IS SAID THAT <ul><li>A common way of reporting what is said by people in general or by an unspecified group of people i...
OTHER VERBS   <ul><li>Other verbs that can be used in this pattern include:  </li></ul><ul><li>AGREE / ALLEGE / ANNOUNCE /...
TO INFINITIVE IMPERSONAL PASSIVES   <ul><li>An alternative to  it + passive verb + that clause  is to use  the subject of ...
MORE EXAMPLES <ul><li>It is thought that he stole over a million pounds  or </li></ul><ul><li>He is thought to have stolen...
THERE + BE IN THE PASSIVE VOICE <ul><li>When a  that-clause  begins  that + there , we can make a passive form:  there + p...
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Impersonal passive sentences

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Impersonal passive sentences

  1. 1. IMPERSONAL PASSIVE SENTENCES <ul><li>THAT CLAUSE </li></ul><ul><li>TO INFINITIVE CLAUSE </li></ul>
  2. 2. IT IS SAID THAT <ul><li>A common way of reporting what is said by people in general or by an unspecified group of people is to use: it + passive verb ( be+ past participle)+ that clause : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is reported that the defence minister is to resign. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It has been acknowledged that lack of funding is part of the problem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be seen that unemployment figures rose sharply in November. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. OTHER VERBS <ul><li>Other verbs that can be used in this pattern include: </li></ul><ul><li>AGREE / ALLEGE / ANNOUNCE / ASSUME / BELIEVE/ CALCULATE / CLAIM / CONSIDER / DECLARE / DISCOVER/ESTIMATE / EXPECT / FEEL / FIND / KNOW/ MENTION / PROPOSE / RECOMMEND / RUMOUR / SAY/ SHOW / SUPPOSE / THINK / UNDERSTAND </li></ul>
  4. 4. TO INFINITIVE IMPERSONAL PASSIVES <ul><li>An alternative to it + passive verb + that clause is to use the subject of the main sentence + passive verb (be+past participle)+ to-infinitive . Here are a few examples using some of the words above: </li></ul><ul><li>It is claimed that the terrorist is living abroad or </li></ul><ul><li>The terrorist is claimed to be living abroad. </li></ul><ul><li>It is alleged that three hundred people died in the plane crash or </li></ul><ul><li>Three hundred people are alleged to have died in the plane crash. </li></ul>
  5. 5. MORE EXAMPLES <ul><li>It is thought that he stole over a million pounds or </li></ul><ul><li>He is thought to have stolen over a million pounds. </li></ul><ul><li>It was reported that he was killed in a fire or </li></ul><ul><li>He is reported to have been killed in a fire. </li></ul><ul><li>It is expected that the strike will begin tomorrow or </li></ul><ul><li>The strike is expected to begin tomorrow. </li></ul>
  6. 6. THERE + BE IN THE PASSIVE VOICE <ul><li>When a that-clause begins that + there , we can make a passive form: there + passive verb + to be . Compare: </li></ul><ul><li>It is thought (that) there are too many obstacles to peace or </li></ul><ul><li>There are thought to be too many obstacles to peace. </li></ul><ul><li>It was alleged (that) there had been an explosion or </li></ul><ul><li>There was alleged to have been an explosion. </li></ul>

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