Tinganga proposal edited[1]

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Tinganga proposal edited[1]

  1. 1. TINGANGA WOMEN EMPOWERMENT ORGANIZATION (TWEO) P.O BOX 601-00900 KIAMBU COUNTY PROJECT PROPOSALEMPOWERING TINGANGA COMMUNITY GROUPS TO ADDRESS EXTREME POVERTY SENT TO BARKA FOUNDATION
  2. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTSExecutive Summary................................................................................................................................................ 31.0 Situation Analysis: ............................................................................................................................................ 41.1 Social Economic Issues ..................................................................................................................................... 41.2 Farming activities ............................................................................................................................................. 41.3 Employment opportunities ................................................................................................................................ 41.4 Other sources of income .................................................................................................................................... 41.5 Education standards .......................................................................................................................................... 51.6 Learning institutions ......................................................................................................................................... 51.7 Water and sanitation.......................................................................................................................................... 51.8 Gender Issues.................................................................................................................................................... 51.9 Vulnerable children ........................................................................................................................................... 62.0 Geographical Coverage ..................................................................................................................................... 63.0 Project justification ........................................................................................................................................... 74.0 Project Planning................................................................................................................................................ 74.1 Project Goal ...................................................................................................................................................... 74.2 How the project was identified .......................................................................................................................... 75.0 Description of proposed Intervention ................................................................................................................. 85.1 Improving Livestock Productivity ..................................................................................................................... 85.2 Assisting vulnerable community members ......................................................................................................... 86.0 Project Contribution: ......................................................................................................................................... 86.1 Project Impact................................................................................................................................................... 86.2 Outputs level..................................................................................................................................................... 96.3 Outcome level ................................................................................................................................................... 97.0 Project Sustainability and Community ownership: ............................................................................................. 98.0 Project’s environmental Impact: ...................................................................................................................... 109.0 Project Risk analysis ....................................................................................................................................... 1010.0 Project Management, Monitoring, Reporting and Future Prospects ................................................................. 1010.1 Monitoring and Evaluation: ........................................................................................................................... 1110.2 Procurement procedures ................................................................................................................................ 1110.3 Reporting: ..................................................................................................................................................... 1110.4 Future Prospects............................................................................................................................................ 1111.0 Performance Targets ..................................................................................................................................... 1212.0 Work Plan..................................................................................................................................................... 1313.0 Project Budget: Budget breakdown ................................................................................................................ 1413.1 Human resources........................................................................................................................................... 1413.2 Material cost ................................................................................................................................................. 1413.3 Operational Cost ........................................................................................................................................... 1413.4 Equipments/stationary cost ............................................................................................................................ 1413.5 Capacity building .......................................................................................................................................... 14Budget Summary .................................................................................................................................................. 14Annex 1. Needs and SWOT analysis ..................................................................................................................... 15 2
  3. 3. Executive Summary 1. Background informationProject Title Empowering Tinganga Community groups to address extreme povertyProject site Tinganga and Kagongo Locations Kiambu CountyImplementing Institution Tinganga Women Empowerment Organization (TWEO)Implementing Institution’s Contact Name Oliva Muthoni WagutaImplementing Institutions Contact E-mail tinganga2012@gmail.comImplementing Institutions Contact phone Tel 0727050768; P.O Box 601 - 00900 Kiambuand Address Name Position Contact (Tel) 1 Stephen Kinyanjui Chairperson 0733245660Proposed Project Management Committee 2 Oliva Muthoni Secretary 0727050768 David Ichangai Treasurer 0722867499 3 Lilian Muthoni Group representative 0720327581 4 Sister Charity Church representative 0720407332Project Duration (Days) 24 monthsEstimated Starting Date: 15th September 2012Estimated Ending Date: 14th September 2014 2. Summary of proposed intervention/s:Intervention 1 Livestock productivity improvementIntervention 2 Support to vulnerable householdsIntervention 3 Capacity building and community institutional strengthening 3. Beneficiaries Analysis:Intervention Targeted households/vulnerableCapacity building 1000 hh Gender M – 500; F - 500Livestock productivity improvement Embryo transplant – 100 Poultry – 100 Forage conservation - 500 4. Summary of costs Amount requested from BARKA Foundation Item Description Total (Ksh) Total (US$) Human resources 2,040,000 25,000 Community contribution Project materials 20,100,000 237,117 500 hay storage houses @ 500,000 Operational 600,000 7,060 100 chicken houses @ 2,000,000 Equipments/stationery 200,000 2,352 Capacity building 600,000 7,059 Total community contribution Subtotal 23,540,000 278,588 Ksh. 2,500,000 or US$ 29412 CBO administration cost 7% 1,647,800 19,501 Grand Total 25,187,800 298,089 3
  4. 4. 1.0 Situation Analysis:1.1 Social Economic IssuesThe inhabitants of Tinganga and Kogonga Locations are small scale farmers. Agricultural outputs are howevergreatly limited by small land holdings of 1/8 acre on average. Those whose main source of income is farming live inextreme poverty. Small land holdings in Kiambu district is blamed on land allocation in the follow up to theindependence in 1963. The then rich and enlightened acquired huge coffee and tea plantations which left the poorwho were the majority with very little to share. Over the years, poverty levels have increased due to landsubdivisions. Culturally, sons are supposed to be given a portion of land by their fathers on reaching maturity wherethey can build their own homes, start families and develop their livelihoods. There are some who have fought theirway out of poverty but majority are still trapped.1.2 Farming activitiesFarmers practice mixed farming where crops are grown and livestock reared on the same piece of land. Livestockkept include cattle, chicken and to a small extent pigs. Due to limited land sizes, no family is able to produce enoughfor home consumption and all depend on other sources of income. Those who keep cattle face the challenge of lackof feeds as the land holdings are too small to produce enough forage. Inadequate foods and poor quality breedingstock has resulted to very low milk production averaging 5 litres per cow. Framers with additional funds such asfrom well paying jobs can afford livestock to purchase feeds and make decent incomes from livestock farming.1.3 Employment opportunitiesThousands flock the tea and coffee plantations to work as casual labourers. The plantations are their main source ofemployment. The daily wage is a paltry Ksh.200 (US$2.4) per day. It is an amount that can make only one meal forthe family. For the poor families paying for their children school fees and providing other basic necessities is achallenge. Others benefit from other forms of employment such as in the transport sector to the urban centers. Girlsare valuable as they readily find employment as domestic servants in the urban centre which permanently deny thenan opportunity to live a decent live in future. Only people with good education get decent jobs that sustainablysupport their families.1.4 Other sources of incomeSources of income include sale of milk, pigs and poultry meat. Afew farmers rear chicken and sell the meat to middle men whotake to the city of Nairobi. Other sources of income by the womengroups involve making bead works and woven baskets which theysell for income (Picture). They also make soap and sell. Thewomen groups have informal micro-finance arrangements wheremembers make contributions to the group which is later sharedafter accumulation or given to members as loans and paid at aninterest. 4
  5. 5. 1.5 Education standardsThe Kenyan Government of Kenya is implementing free Universal Primary education for all the children. Educationin day secondary schools is also highly subsidized. Good secondary schools in Kenya have boarding facilities. Dayschools are always a poor families’ option and majority perform dismally due to limited learning resources andindiscipline. Most school drop outs are from day schools. For Tinganga, students attending nearby day schools oftenfail to go to school as a result of various family issues, majority related to poverty such as family member fallingsick, sick livestock, cows calving, etc. On such days, the children fail to go to school as they have to take their turnand work at the plantation to provide the days food, thus foregoing learning. Transition rate from Primary school toSecondary schools stand at 64.53 (Boys 56.71 Girls 72,12) % for Kiambu County. 29.82 (college)1.6 Learning institutionsThe area has a number of learning institutions which include Tinganga primary school, Model primary school,Benson Njau primary school and St. Joseph private primary school. There is one secondary school - Tingangasecondary school. Waruhiu farm is a government agriculture institute that serves for demonstration training inagriculture1.7 Water and sanitation Shallow wells too close to latrinesThe main sources of water are shallow wells. Some homes have tanksfor rain water harvesting. Every household has a pit latrine. Due to thesmall land holdings, the distance between the latrines and shallowwells is small and it is feared most wells are contaminated (picture).1.8 Gender IssuesSeveral homes are women headed resulting from death of husbands,divorced or never married. During the needs analysis exercise, it wassuggested the windowed women to raise their hands just to get a feel of how many are windowed. In a group of 15women, a shocking 7 raised their hands. Members present estimated about 30% of households are windowed.Unlike woman, men who loose their wives remarry within a short time. Girls who aremothers and never got married or are divorced suffer greatly as culture does not In a randomly selectedallow women to inherit from their parents. Culture allocates custody of the children group, 50% of theto the women but not the resources. Such families are highly vulnerable with their women were windowedchildren growing up with serious difficulties and often ending up as delinquents.One of the worrying trends in Kiambu County is the status of the young men. The media repeatedly report aboutexcessive fatal drinking habits and Tinganga is one of the affected areas. Several of young men have turned todrinking the illicit brewed alcohol products which in most are cases laced with dangerous chemicals and are extremely unhygienic. Every year, there are several reported deaths and blindness resulting from the vice. Families headed by such men suffer tremendously with their wives and children paying After taking illicit drinks laced with methanol, these two dearly and ending up in (left) were lucky to be alive although they lost their sight. extreme poverty. The man on the right probably never woke up. 5
  6. 6. 1.9 Vulnerable childrenTinganga area has several homes where both parents have died. Such children headed households receive supportfrom the neighbors, government or the church. In Tinganga, school fees for such children is paid through theGovernment devolved fund facility Community Development Fund (CDF) for those willing to continue withsecondary schools. These children however receive school fees only but not other basic needs. Consequently,majority drop out of school. Some of the self help groups have purchased cows for such families to assist with milkand income which is highly commendable.2.0 Geographical CoverageThe proposed project will cover the bigger Tinganga Location which was recently divided into two smaller locationsnamely Tinganga (Population 7285) and Kagongo (population 5785). See map. Tinganga covers 9km2 whileKagongo covers 4.8km2. Population density is 1451 and 1999 persons per km2 respectively, making this among thehighest population density in the country. 6
  7. 7. 3.0 Project justificationSmall land holdings have resulted to some of the inhabitants being extremely poor despite being hard working.Intensive farming and alternative sources of livelihoods that can be accomplished on small space need to beexplored.Women headed households resulting from single motherhood, divorce and death of husbands are vulnerable andmajority are poor. As a result, their children grow up poorly, become desperate and often turn to desperate means toearn a living. These women headed households require support to be able to support their families sustainably. Alsoneeding support are households where the young men with families have resulted to excessive illicit alcoholconsumption leaving their wives as the sole bread weaners and their children vulnerable. While the government isexpected to take stern action against individuals who forfeit their parental duties, support through counseling andcapacity building can have positive social and economic benefits for such families.Women groups exist and it was reported during the needs analysis that they sometimes come to the aid of suchvulnerable orphaned children. Their capacity is however curtailed by their limited resources. The group activitiesneed to be enhanced especially those that improve their levels of income including the already ongoing activities inlivestock, micro-finance, beads and basket weaving and soap making.Dairy farming which support several homes need to be intensified through capacity building and investment.Increasing milk output from the dairy cows will have great impacts on reducing poverty in the area. In addition,farming activities that require little space such as poultry keeping need to be enhanced.Poverty in the area can also be blamed on lack of capacity to manage the few resources properly. Thus this projectwill have the component of capacity building so as to improve livelihoods as well as for project sustainability.4.0 Project Planning4.1 Project GoalTo improve livelihoods and eradicate extreme povertyProject objectives 1. To improve livestock productivity 2. To assist vulnerable community members 3. To build capacity and strengthen community institutions4.2 How the project was identifiedDevelopment of this proposal is a follow up to a visit by a member of TheBarka Foundation. During the meeting, it was agreed the existing socialgroups make an umbrella community based organization and make aproposal with interventions that can improve the well being of the localpeople. The area sub-chief identified women groups who formed anumbrella community based organization (CBO) The Tinganga WomenEmpowerment Organization. This was followed by a participatory needsanalysis that was conducted assisted by an independent person at TingangaCatholic church hall (picture). The results of this exercise are in annex 1 ofthis proposal. After the needs analysis, proposed interventions weredeliberated on by those present. 7
  8. 8. 5.0 Description of proposed Intervention 5.1 Improving Livestock Productivity i. Embryo transfer for 100 cows benefiting 100 vulnerable households. Cows are inseminated with artificial insemination using locally acquired semen. More wealthy farmers acquire semen from exotic more superior pedigree bulls and more recently, embryo transfer. Embryo transfer cost about Ksh. 20,000 which is beyond reach of the common farmer. With this technology, the project will introduce a superior breeding stock which will give more milk thus increasing income. ii. Forage conservation. Tinganga region cannot meet forage requirements for their livestock owing to the small land holdings. Other parts of the country which are sparsely populated produce and sell hay. The hay cost less during rainy seasons and increases in cost as the drought period advances. With hey storage facilities, farmers can purchase and store enough hay to last during the drought period when they suffer most due to the high cost of livestock feeds. This will be a self sustaining activity as the hay will be for milk producing cows that make an income everyday that can be used to purchase more hay.iii. Chicken rearing. Tinganga is within easy reach of the city of Nairobi. Farmers who are able to supply chicken meat to the urban high population can make a decent earning. The reason given at the needs analysis workshop why the Tinganga farmers do not exploit this option is because it requires high capital investment. The project will put a micro-credit finance that will benefit those who will be able to exploit this opportunity. Vulnerable households will be assisted with the initial capital investment to acquire 500 broiler chicks. They will be given credit in kind for the feeds which they can start repayment after the first crop is sold. This fund will be repaid and move on to benefit more people under the CBO management and the church.iv. Livestock Health services. The Ministry of livestock will be fully involved and will assist the farmers with veterinary services. The government does not give the services free of charge and a budget will be put aside for the purpose. In addition, a livestock officer will be hired by this project and will act as the link between the government and the community, offering trainings and monitoring the progress. v. Capacity building. The Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Livestock, Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Public Health will be the line ministries which will be incorporated and requested to assist with capacity building. Involving the government agencies is also important for sustainability. Government officers take precautions and ensure success of projects that have been entrusted to them and being an office, outgoing officers hand over to the incoming thus providing continuity. The capacity building will be in livestock production focusing on dairy production, poultry, pigs production, livestock feeding, nutrition and forage conservation. In addition there will be environmental sanitation, hygiene, family well being, drugs and substance abuse. 5.2 Assisting vulnerable community members Each group operating under the umbrella CBO - Tinganga Women Empowerment Organization (TWEO) will identify the most vulnerable among them. A selection criteria will be developed in a participatory way where members will be given an opportunity to contribute on who should be considered vulnerable. Those identified will benefit from the livestock improvement activities. These will include households where one or both parents have died, extremely poor, with chronically ill family members including HIV/AIDs, diabetes and Cancer patients. The individual self help groups will receive credit on behalf of the beneficiaries and support the vulnerable to succeed. 6.0 Project Contribution: 6.1 Project Impact The proposed interventions are expected to have the following impacts;  Improved livelihoods; Vulnerable households who will become beneficiaries will improve their income levels. These will result from sale of broiler chicken, increased levels of milk production and sale of high value cattle breeds after the calves are born. As a result they will have more to spend on better diet, housing and education  Replacement of the breeding stock; the improved quality of cattle will lead to increased livestock productivity namely milk and calves which will replace the breeding stock. It is hoped the improved livestock will find ready market within the area to further improve productivity by indirect project beneficiaries. In the long term, the breeding stock will be replaced by high value animals. 8
  9. 9.  Improved capacity to take care of the livestock. These will result from the capacity building that will be conducted. Sustained productivity during drought periods . Forage conservation and storage for dry seasons will enhance productivity during drought periods when milk prices are at their highest. This way the income will be available throughout the year.6.2 Outputs levelThe following are the outputs that will contribute to the impacts and outcomes outlined  100 embryo transfers  10,000 bales of hay as initial load  500 hey storage houses built (Community contribution)  1,000 farmers trained in livestock improvement, forage conservation and livestock nutrition  50,000 chicks procured  100 poultry houses built (community contribution)  200,000 kg of broiler feeds procured  Line ministries support to farmers (County administration contribution)6.3 Outcome level (a) Employment; the proposed activities will serve as a source of self employment. These will engage the beneficiaries in fruitful activities which will deter them from engaging in dangerous activities. (b) Income Generation; The activities will result to more income in the long run (c) Local Community empowerment; The support the project will give to direct and indirect beneficiaries in form of kind support and capacity building will result to community empowerment (d) Human resources development; Vocational as well as capacity building will build a human resource with a wealth of knowledge which they can utilize there after the project life. (e) Institutional Building; The project will be implemented under a CBO which is an umbrella organization for several community self-help group. In addition, government departments and other institutions with complimentary activities will be involved. These will strengthen the institutions with the ultimate beneficiary being the community. (f) More social stability; Families with resources act responsibly and live decent lives. This will increase their confidence and social stability. (g) Less drunkenness; through counseling and assisting the youth, less men will engage in destructive activities such as drunkenness. (h) Better diets for the families; Poor households feed on poor diets that lack proper nutrition and are often unhygienic. This project will provide better diet through more income and capacity building on water and sanitation.7.0 Project Sustainability and Community ownership: Community participation; during preparation for this proposal, the community came together and carried out a SWOT analysis that gave rise to the proposed interventions. The proposed interventions were done in a participatory way with the members present deliberating on the issues and arriving at possible interventions. In addition, Government administration was adequately involved through the presence of the area sub-chief who is also a resident in the area. The Tinganga Catholic church which is a highly respected institution is one of stakeholders and contributors to the project. The beneficiaries will continue to be involved in all other project activities through planning, implementation and monitoring. Capacity building; One of the proposed interventions is capacity building in the different fields. These include livestock husbandry, entrepreneurship, forage preservation, ration making, water and sanitation. The improved capacity will be important as a sustainability measure. Government Involvement; The participation of the government departments in the line ministries will be a 9
  10. 10. stabilizing factor in the project. This is because it will be part of the Location achievements and since government officials are regularly evaluated, they will be motivated to keep tabs at the success of the overall project. Community contribution; The beneficiaries have agreed to work hard and make a contribution of up to 10% in cash and kind. Community contribution will increase project ownership by the beneficiaries. For example, the community will be expected to build livestock houses and purchase half the amount of chicken feed required for this project.8.0 Project’s environmental Impact:The capacity building on water and sanitation will positively contribute to the environment. A sample of the shallowwells water will be tested for E.coli presence and necessary measures discussed and adopted. Beneficiaries will alsobe encouraged to plant trees where possible.Capacity building on livestock management will also include biogas generation as an alternative to using firewoodor charcoal. Use of livestock waste for improve soil fertility is well established and more capacity building on thiswill be done. This will help improve sanitation and reduce energy povert. This project is not foreseen to have anynegative environmental impact and those identified such as sanitation will be properly mitigated.9.0 Project Risk analysisDimension Risk/ Conflict Mitigation measure Responsible RemarksSecurity Ordinary Involving the communities and working with Community criminals may the local administration who are charged groups pose a security with the responsibility of ensuring security Local challenge for all administrationOperationa TWEO that The Tinganga Catholic Church will form part Sister Charity The locall and will be of the project management. Church to have a will be in the church isfinancial charged with monitoring and mentoring role project wellmanagemen project management establishedt management is and relatively new respected.Environme Large presence The capacity building and involvement of the TWEO, Farmersntal of livestock ministry of Public health will assist deal with Ministry of utilize the within a small any sanitation issues that may arise. public health, dung from space could Tinganga livestock to pose sanitary Catholic church make complications organic manure10.0 Project Management, Monitoring, Reporting and Future ProspectsThe umbrella CBO will be overall in charge of the project management. The four managers are as listed. 1. Stephen Kinyanjui (Chairperson) 2. Oliva Muthoni (Secretary) 3. David Ichangai (Treasurer) 4. Sister Charity (Tinganga Catholic Church representative) 5. Lilian Muthoni Nganga (Groups representative)The CBO will hire a secretariat that will consist of the livestock field officer and an accountant. Stakeholders will beincorporated in the project management. For example, the Government of Kenya supports such institutions throughworking with the departments dealing with the subject at hard. In this regard, capacity building and most of the other 10
  11. 11. proposed activities will be conducted in partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Livestock,Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Cooperatives and the provincial administration.Veterinary services will also be assisted by the Ministry of livestockProject’s implementation Framework Tinganga Women Empowerment Organisation Tinganga Catholic Church (TWEO) Government Departments Self Help Groups Self Help Groups Self Help Groups (Beneficiaries) (Beneficiaries) (Beneficiaries)10.1 Monitoring and Evaluation:The TWEO Board who will consist of the chairperson, secretary, the treasure, self help group representative and thechurch representative will meet once a week to review the implementation progress and recommend any adjustmentsthat may be necessary. The project manager will make weekly monitoring reports and submit to the board. Theboard will make monthly field visits to the beneficiaries to verify the manager’s report and make monthlymonitoring reports. It is also expected the donor will make periodic monitoring visits, organize for a mid-termreview and end of project evaluation. The monitoring reports will be shared with the donor on monthly basis or asmay be agreed between the CBO and the donor.10.2 Procurement proceduresMaterials proposed will be procured following the Government of Kenya procurement rules and procedures. Thesame will be applied for the other services proposed to be implemented in this project.10.3 Reporting: The CBO will provide BARKA foundation with the following reports Monthly progress narrative reports with financial status: Ad-hoc reports: Upon the request by the BARKA Project Management Final financial report, Final narrative report (reflecting achievements, impacts and outcomes, challenges, issues, risks, impact, roles of various stakeholders, pictures, and community handover letter. Success stories and case studies10.4 Future Prospects The community ultimate goal is are strong institutions that will get to the level of marketing own produce and value addition for the livestock products. These include milk processing plant, slaughter house and packaging for poultry products. Other communities have done it in Kenya and the benefits are public - The Tinganga community foresee a future of self sufficiency through determination. 11
  12. 12. 11.0 Performance TargetsExpected Activities Indicators (SMART Source(s) of Assumptions ResponsibleOutputs/results verification partyImproved Identification 200 vulnerable households Outline of selection Selection criteria will be fair and CBO, ChurchLivestock of vulnerable identified by end of 1st quarter criteria that is objective acceptable to allProductivity households Embryo 100 embryo transfers within 2 Ministry of Agriculture Success rate will be high CBO transfer years reports MOA, MOLD Project reports Church reports Forage 500 hey storage houses build Ministry of Agriculture Sources of hay will be identified from CBO conservation within 2 years reports outside Kiambu county MOA, MOLD and storage Project reports Church reports Training on 1000 farmers trained in forage Project reports, MOA Beneficiaries will identify and CBO, MOEnv livestock conservation and livestock reports, MOLD reports, contribute locally building materials management nutrition field survey Acquisition of 50,000 chicks procured within Project reports, MOA Beneficiaries will maintain standards CBO, MOLD broilers chicks 12 months reports, MOLD reports, as expected by the livestock field verification production officer Building 100 poultry houses built Project reports, MOA Community will orporate as this will CBO, MOLD Poultry houses reports, MOLD reports, be community contribution. MOEn field verification Chicken feeds 200,000 kg of broiler feeds Project reports, MOA Towards the end of the project, the CBO, Ministry acquisition acquired within 18 months of reports, MOLD reports, CBO will maintain a micro-finance on of cooperative project initiation field verification a sustainable basis that will continue development to assist more members after the project life Health Signed contract between CBO Signed contracts, Project Current government policies on CBO, MOLD services for the and Ministry of Livestock report, healthy livestock livestock management will prevail farmers development. Livestock production officer hired within one month of project onset Capacity 1000 farmers trained on Training manuals, Farmers will co-orporate CBO, Tinganga building livestock improvement, attendance list, project Catholic church, environmental sanitation reports, MOA, MOLD MOA, MOLD, reports MOCD,
  13. 13. 12.0 Work PlanImproved Livestock Productivity Year 1 Year 2 Qrt 1 Qrt 2 Qrt 3 Qrt 4 Qrt 1 Qrt 2 Qrt 3 Qrt 4Activities Indicators (SMARTEmbryo transfer 100 embryo transfers by end of 2nd qtr yr 2Forage conservation and 1000 hey storage houses build within 2 yearsstorage (Community contribution)Training on livestock 1000 farmers trained in forage conservation andmanagement livestock nutrition by the end of the 2nd quarter of project year 2Acquisition of broilers 50,000 chicks procured within 15 months ofchicks project onsetBuilding Poultry houses At least 100 poultry houses built (community contribution) within15 months of project onset.Chicken feeds 200,000 kg of broiler feeds acquired within 15acquisition months of project initiationHealth services for the Signed contract between CBO and the Ministry offarmers Livestock development to offer health services to the project within the first qtr of project onset. Livestock production officer hired within one month from the project onsetCapacity building 1000 farmers trained on livestock improvement, environmental sanitation within the first year of project lifeVulnerable households assisted Qrt 1 Qrt 2 Qrt 3 Qrt 4 Qrt 1 Qrt 2 Qrt 3 Qrt 4Identification of 200 vulnerable households identified for livestockvulnerable households improvement activities within the first qtr ofand orphans project onset 13
  14. 14. 13.0 Project Budget: Budget breakdown 13.1 Human resources Position Duration Monthly salary Monthly salary (US$) Cost (Ks) Cost (US$)Livestock production officer 24 45,000 529 1,080,000 12,706Accountant 24 40,000 471 960,000 12,294 Total cost; human resources 2,040,000 25,000 13.2 Material cost Item Unit Quantity Price/Unit (Ksh) Price/unit (US$) Cost (Ksh) Cost (US$)Embryos pc 100 20,000 235 2,000,000 23,529Hay (Initial load) pc 10000 260 3 2,600,000 30,000Broiler chicks pc 50,000 70 0.8 3,500,000 42,176Chicken feeds kg 200,000 55 0.6 11,000,000 129,412Group activities SHG 10 100,000 1200 1,000,000 12000 Total 20,100,000 237,117 13.3 Operational Cost Item Unit Quantity Price/Unit (Ksh) Price/Unit (US$) Cost (Ksh) Cost (US$)Transport Months 24 10,000 118 240,000 2,824Communication Months 24 5,000 59 120,000 1,412Office rent Months 24 10,000 118 240,000 2,824 Total 600,000 7,060 13.4 Equipments/stationary cost Item Unit Quantity Price/Unit (Ksh) Cost (Ksh) Cost (US$) ICT equipment Lump sum Lump sum 100,000 1,176 Stationary Lump sum Lump sum 100,000 1,176 Total 200,000 2,352 13.5 Capacity building Item Quantity Monthly Rate(Ksh) Rate (US$) Cost(ksh) Cost (US$) Training facilitation 6 months 100,000 600,000 7059 Total 600,000 7059 Budget Summary Item Description Total (Ksh) Total (US$) Community contribution Human resources 2,040,000 25,000 500 hay storage houses @ 500,000 Project materials 20,100,000 237,117 100 chicken houses @ 2,000,000 Operational 600,000 7,060 Total estimated cost Ksh. 2,500,000 Equipments/stationery 200,000 2,352 or US$ 29412 Capacity building 600,000 7,059 Subtotal 23,540,000 278,588 CBO administration cost 7% 1,647,800 19,501 Grand Total 25,187,800 298,089
  15. 15. Annex 1. Needs and SWOT analysis Background information Family size av. 6 Farm land size 1/8 acre per family Income sources; Milk for about 60% of farmers (av. 5 litres per cow); Broiler chicken by about 10% of farmers with an average of 200 birds. 200 birds are not sustainable. Need at least 500 to be sustainable.SWOT AnalysisStrengthsStrong will power to improve living standards demonstrated by already existing self help groups and their activitiessuch as beads making, soap making, making of woven basketsGenerate income that goes to microfinanceHave contributed cows to the most vulnerable children headed householdsThe small land holdings have high productivityHigh rainfall amountsGood roads infrastructureHave shallow wells as water sourcesWeaknessesLittle income – high production cost coupled with low price of produce due to middle man exploitationLack of motivation by group members which minimize synergiesLow education standards – majority are primary school drop outs.Too small land holdingsLimited job opportunitiesInaccessibility of market by individual producers which give opportunity to middle menThreatsHigh orphans burdensHigh burden for women – some husbands and sons have turned to excessive alcohol consumptionDrugs and alcoholHIV/AIDS – some lose hope and intentionally spread the diseaseFailure of children to advance to self sufficiency30% of households are headed by windows (widowers remarry) and another 20% are divorced or never marriedOpportunitiesHigh micro finance opportunity with poultry, dairy farming and pigsReadily available marketsGood roads networkElectricity is availableCommunity open to skills development including entrepreneurshipPoultry meat demand is highPlantations offer employment for those who are desperateCooperatives for marketing produce to kick out middle men can result to huge benefitsCommunity willing to contribute locally available materials, unskilled labour, water, fuel etc Way forward There are several social function that require tents. Clients demand modern tents especially for weddings Poultry keeping require small space Dairy cows have low productivity 5 litres / herd 15
  16. 16. Learning institutions in the area1. Tinganga Primary school2. Model Primary school3. Benson Njau primary school4. St. Joseph Private primary school5. Tinganga Secondary schoolProject sustainabilityTraining on poultry rearing, entrepreneurship, ration mixing, water management, water qualityStakeholdersCBO, self help groups, relevant Government departments, Waruhiu farm (government agriculture institute),KARI, Tinganga Catholic churchInstitutional set upTinganga Women Empowerment Organisation – Community Based Organisation and several Self HelpGroups with support from Tinganga Catholic Church. 16

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