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Core self-evaluations in Greece: relative effects on life satisfaction, affective disposition and employee attitudes Ioann...
Origins of Core-Self Evaluations (CSES) <ul><li>Initially, an explanatory variable of job satisfaction </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Core-Self Evaluations Core-Self Evaluations Self - esteem   Generalized Self - Efficacy   Locus of Control   Emotional Sta...
Cross-cultural examination of CSES <ul><li>Limited number of studies have explored the validity of CSE in non-US and non-W...
Hypotheses <ul><li>Self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, neuroticism, and locus of control will indicate the existence o...
Method - Measures <ul><li>Two studies carried out in Greece </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students (N=176) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Reliability .91 N/A Job Satisfaction .92 N/A Attitudes towards change .83 .82 Life Satisfaction .82 .81 NA .79 .60 PA .80 ...
PCA Exploratory Factor Analysis - Students 61% variance explained
PCA Exploratory Factor Analysis - Employees 56% variance explained
Confirmatory Factor Analysis - Employees
Inter-correlation matrix – Students (N=176)
Inter-correlation matrix – Employees (N=301)
The relative validity of CSE .21** .26** CSES .16** .18* -.18* PA NA R 2 β Predictors Life Satisfaction Students .14 .09 ....
Hypotheses Review <ul><li>Self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, neuroticism, and locus of control will indicate the exis...
Conclusions <ul><li>CSES seems to exist in a collectivistic country, such as Greece </li></ul><ul><li>The four composing t...
Implications-Limitations <ul><li>Research : Further research is needed on the generalizability and stability of CSES </li>...
Thank you for your attention <ul><li>For more information please contact: </li></ul>Ioannis Nikolaou (inikol@aueb.gr) Depa...
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Core self-evaluations in Greece

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Nikolaou, I. & Judge, T. (2007). Core self-evaluations in Greece: relative effects on life satisfaction, affective disposition and employee attitudes. 13th European Conference of Work & Organisational Psychology, Stockholm, Sweden.

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Core self-evaluations in Greece

  1. 1. Core self-evaluations in Greece: relative effects on life satisfaction, affective disposition and employee attitudes Ioannis Nikolaou Department of Management Science & Technology Athens University of Economics & Business, Greece Timothy A. Judge Department of Management, College of Business University of Florida, Warrington, USA
  2. 2. Origins of Core-Self Evaluations (CSES) <ul><li>Initially, an explanatory variable of job satisfaction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But recently also related to life satisfaction, job performance and motivation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A higher-order concept comprised of four more specific lower-order traits </li></ul>
  3. 3. Core-Self Evaluations Core-Self Evaluations Self - esteem Generalized Self - Efficacy Locus of Control Emotional Stability
  4. 4. Cross-cultural examination of CSES <ul><li>Limited number of studies have explored the validity of CSE in non-US and non-West European samples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan (Piccolo et al., 2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The aim of the current research is to explore the existence of the CSE construct in a collectivistic country, such as Greece, and to explore its effects on life satisfaction, affective disposition and employee attitudes </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hypotheses <ul><li>Self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, neuroticism, and locus of control will indicate the existence of CSES in Greece </li></ul><ul><li>The four composing traits will be related to PA-NA, job-life satisfaction and attitudes towards organizational change </li></ul><ul><li>CSES will be related to these outcomes stronger than the four sub-traits </li></ul><ul><li>CSES will explain incremental variance in the criteria controlling for PA-NA </li></ul>
  6. 6. Method - Measures <ul><li>Two studies carried out in Greece </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students (N=176) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employees (N=301) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students : </li></ul><ul><li>CSES (Judge et al., 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Neuroticism (Tsaousis & Kerpelis, 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Efficacy (Judge et al, 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>Locus of Control (Levenson, 1981) </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Esteem ( Rosenberg, 1965) </li></ul><ul><li>PANAS ( Watson et al. 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>Life satisfaction (Diener et al., 1985) </li></ul><ul><li>Employees </li></ul><ul><li>Also completed: </li></ul><ul><li>Job satisfaction (Warr et al., 1979) </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes towards organizational </li></ul><ul><li>Change (Vakola et al., 2003) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reliability .91 N/A Job Satisfaction .92 N/A Attitudes towards change .83 .82 Life Satisfaction .82 .81 NA .79 .60 PA .80 .81 Self-esteem .64 .64 Locus of Control .83 .83 Self-efficacy .87 .80 Neuroticism .73 .80 CSES Employees (N=301) Students (N=176) Scales
  8. 8. PCA Exploratory Factor Analysis - Students 61% variance explained
  9. 9. PCA Exploratory Factor Analysis - Employees 56% variance explained
  10. 10. Confirmatory Factor Analysis - Employees
  11. 11. Inter-correlation matrix – Students (N=176)
  12. 12. Inter-correlation matrix – Employees (N=301)
  13. 13. The relative validity of CSE .21** .26** CSES .16** .18* -.18* PA NA R 2 β Predictors Life Satisfaction Students .14 .09 .12** .30** .26** .42** CSES .13** .29** -.16** .05** .00 -.11 .13** .12* -.10 PA NA R 2 β R 2 β R 2 β Predictors Attitudes towards change Job Satisfaction Life Satisfaction Employees
  14. 14. Hypotheses Review <ul><li>Self-esteem, generalized self-efficacy, neuroticism, and locus of control will indicate the existence of CSES in Greece  SUPPORTED </li></ul><ul><li>The four composing traits will be related to PA-NA, job-life satisfaction and attitudes towards organizational change  SUPPORTED </li></ul><ul><li>CSES will be related to these outcomes stronger than the four sub-traits  ONLY PARTIALLY SUPPORTED </li></ul><ul><li>CSES will explain incremental variance in the criteria controlling for PA-NA  SUPPORTED </li></ul>
  15. 15. Conclusions <ul><li>CSES seems to exist in a collectivistic country, such as Greece </li></ul><ul><li>The four composing traits of CSES are related to life satisfaction, affective disposition and employee attitudes, replicating previous results from more individualistic countries </li></ul><ul><li>A strong dispositional element of life satisfaction existed in both samples </li></ul><ul><li>CSES is not correlated to outcomes more strongly than the four composing traits </li></ul><ul><li>CSES in a significant predictor of life-job satisfaction above and beyond the effect of affective dispositions </li></ul>
  16. 16. Implications-Limitations <ul><li>Research : Further research is needed on the generalizability and stability of CSES </li></ul><ul><li>Practise : CSES might be a very useful add-on in psychological testing at work even in more collectivistic countries than the US or West Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-sectional samples & common method variance effects </li></ul>
  17. 17. Thank you for your attention <ul><li>For more information please contact: </li></ul>Ioannis Nikolaou (inikol@aueb.gr) Department of Management Science & Technology Athens University of Economics & Business, Greece

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