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Mandarin Level 1 Unit 3

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Mandarin Level 1 Unit 3

  1. 1. 第三单元 unit threewǒ cóng yīngguó lúndūn lái 我从英国伦敦来
  2. 2. Phonetics• Initials: n h b p m• Finals: a o e i ai ao ei en
  3. 3. dì yī kè 第一 课 Lesson one 请(qǐng) : please qǐngjìn 请进 qǐng nǐ zài shuō yíbiàn 请 你 再 说 一 遍 qǐngzuò 请 坐
  4. 4. 请问 qǐngwèn: may I ask…?qǐngwèn,nǐn guìxìng? 请问,您贵姓? qǐngwèn,nǐ qù nǎr? 请问,你去哪儿? qǐngwèn,yīyuàn zài nǎr 请问,医院在哪 儿?
  5. 5. Basic ways to ask and tell one’s nationality• nǐ shì nǎ guó rén? —— wǒ shì zhōngguó rén? 你是哪国人?—— 我是中国人• tā shì nǎ guó rén? —— tā shì mǎláixīyà rén 她是哪国人? —— 她是马来西亚人• wanglei shì nǎ guórén? — wanglei shì xīnjiāpō rén 王磊是哪国人? —— 王磊是新加坡人
  6. 6. 的( de ) :of a noun or a pronoun may be used toshow possession, the structural partical的 must be used between the attributiveand the central word , e.g nǐ de hùzhào lǎoshī de shū wǒ de hùzhào wǒ mèimei de shū tā de hùzhào fēiyǎ de shū
  7. 7. 第二课 dì èr kèLesson Two
  8. 8. Question with the interrogative particle 吗 ( ma )• nǐshì xuésheng ma ?• tā shì mǎláixīyà rén ma?• nǐ búshì lǎoshī ma?• A simple question is formed by adding the interrogative particle to the end of a declarative sentence,either affiramative or negative.
  9. 9. The negative form• wǒ shì lǎoshī --------wǒ búshì lǎoshī• wǒ xǐhuān hànyǔ-----wǒ bù xǐhuān hànyǔ.• Usually,the negative is formed by adding 不 (bu) before the verb
  10. 10. The tones of 不• When 不 stands alone,it is pronounced in the fourth tone.when followed by a fourth tone,it becomes a syllable of the second tone and its tone-mark has to be given accordingly
  11. 11. Question with the particle 吧 (ba)nǐ bú shì xuésheng ba ?nǐ shì mǎláixīyà rén ba ?nǐ bù xǐhuān hànyǔ ba?“ 吧” question will be used when speaker already has a certain estimation but is still not quite sure about the thing he is asking and expects the listener to confirm it.
  12. 12. 第三课 dì sān kè Lesson Three
  13. 13. Basic ways to ask and tell one’origin1.nǐshì nǎr rén? —— wǒ shì shànghǎi rén. 你是哪儿人? —— 我是上海人。2.nǐ shì mǎláixīyà shénme dìfāng rén? 你是马来西亚什么地方人?—— wǒ shì mǎláixīyà jílóngpō rén 我是马来西亚吉隆坡人。3.nǐ cóng shénme dìfāng lái ? 你从什么地方来?—— wǒ cóng tàiguó màngǔ lái. 我从泰国曼谷来。
  14. 14. 但 (dàn):bute.g 1. wǒ shì mǎláixīyà rén ,dàn wǒ māma búshì mǎláixīyà rén. 我是马来西亚人,但我妈妈不是马来西亚人 。 2.wǒ xǐhuān hànyǔ,dàn wǒ búhuì shuō hànyǔ 。 我喜欢汉语,但我不会说汉语
  15. 15. 从…来 (cóng…lái):come frome.g1.wǒ cóng zhōngguó guǎngdōng lái. 我从中国广东来。2.wǒ cóng sùshè guòlái. 我从宿舍过来。
  16. 16. chūnjié kuàilè 春节快乐• 春节 chūnjié chinese new year• 饺子 jiǎozi dumpling• 灯笼 dēnglong lantern• 拜年 bàinián wish sb. a happy new year• 红包 hóngbāo lucky pocket money• 兔子 tùzi rabbit

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