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Camera shots


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descriptions of camera shots, angles, movement, and other camera use

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Camera shots

  1. 1. Movie Shots Framing, Angles, and Movement
  2. 2. Framing • How much do we see? • How far away?
  3. 3. Extreme Long Shot • Generally used to set the scene. • Normally shows an exterior (outside of a building or landscape) • Often used to show thrilling action, e.g. a war or disaster movie
  4. 4. Long shot • Shows whole body or space • Allows room for action
  5. 5. Medium shot • Characters shown from the knees or waist up • Allows room for gestures • Used for talking or to show an action detail. • Most commonly used shot
  6. 6. Close up • Shows very little background • Concentrates on a face or other detail • Can be used to make us very comfortable, or very uncomfortable about a character • We don’t let many people get that close!
  7. 7. Extreme Close Up! • Magnifies beyond what the human eye would normally see. • Might show only face or eyes • Might show tiny detail otherwise overlooked!
  8. 8. Camera Angles • Pay attention to the relationship between the camera and the object. • The more extreme the angle, the more symbolic the shot
  9. 9. Bird’s Eye View • A view from directly overhead • A very unnatural and strange angle.
  10. 10. High Angle • Not as extreme as bird’s eye
  11. 11. Eye level • Camera’s “eye” at same level as subject’s eye • Emotionally neutral shot (usually)
  12. 12. Low Angle • Camera is placed low, looking up • Makes short actors look taller! • Background mostly sky or ceiling • Can make viewer scared, impressed, or confused
  13. 13. Oblique Angle • Camera is not pointed directly at front of subject • Camera might be tilted to suggest imbalance or confusion • Often shows point of view of a particular character
  14. 14. Camera Movement • Actually moving the camera while filming • Director could also choose to use a series of cuts, keeping the action moving without moving the camera
  15. 15. Pans • Camera moves across the scene horizontally • Camera sits on a tripod or stationary axis as camera turns • Often follows a moving object which stays in the middle of the frame
  16. 16. Tilts • Camera scans vertically (up and down), unlike a pan.
  17. 17. Dolly shot • Sometimes called trucking or tracking shots • Camera put on vehicle that follows along next to the action
  18. 18. Hand-held shots • Allows person to move in and out of scenes easily • Gives jerky, ragged effect, unlike dolly shot • Offers gritty realism
  19. 19. Crane shots • Equivalent to dolly shots in the air. • Crane allows easy movement of the camera: up, down, left, right, swooping in and out of the action
  20. 20. Zoom lenses • Allows change in framing without moving the camera. • Keeps same subject in center, coming in closer to it or moving away.
  21. 21. Aerial shot • Usually from a helicopter • Can convey excitement with lots of movement, following anything from the air.
  22. 22. Fish-eye lens • Distorts image • Edges more distorted than center • Gives unreal sensation to viewer
  23. 23. Two-shot Shows two people to establish the relationship between them (how well do they know each other?) Used for conversation scenes
  24. 24. Over-the-Shoulder Shot • Used in dialogue scenes to show the face of one person • Often alternates: first over one character’s shoulder, then over the other’s shoulder